Jackson, TN

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Population

66,977

0.275% decline

Median Age

36


Median Household Income

$40,398

1.64% growth

Poverty Rate

24.7%


Number of Employees

28,812

0.271% growth

Median Property Value

$131,800

2.41% growth

About

In 2017, Jackson, TN had a population of 67k people with a median age of 36 and a median household income of $40,398. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jackson, TN declined from 67,162 to 66,977, a -0.275% decrease and its median household income grew from $39,747 to $40,398, a 1.64% increase.

The population of Jackson, TN is 48.4% White Alone, 44.1% Black or African American Alone, and 4.38% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Jackson, TN speak a non-English language, and 98.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson, TN are Union University (1,168 degrees awarded in 2016), Jackson State Community College (654 degrees), and West Tennessee Business College (195 degrees).

The median property value in Jackson, TN is $131,800, and the homeownership rate is 54.2%. Most people in Jackson, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson, TN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: City at night

Economy

The economy of Jackson, TN employs 28.8k people. The largest industries in Jackson, TN are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,586 people), Retail Trade (4,200 people), and Manufacturing (3,239 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($84,464), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($43,648), and Public Administration ($42,766).

Median household income in Jackson, TN is $40,398. Males in Jackson, TN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,201. The income inequality in Jackson, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,398

2017 value

± $1,478

1.64%

1 Year Growth

± 5.26%

Households in Jackson, TN have a median annual income of $40,398, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,747 in 2016, which represents a 1.64% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jackson, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

$57,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$42,201

Average Female Salary

± $943

In 2017, full-time male employees in Tennessee made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $53,011 ± $6,619

  2. White

    $46,471 ± $904

  3. American Indian

    $40,237 ± $11,516

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tennessee workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson, TN is from Tennessee.

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.465

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.325% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 16.10

  2. Census Tract 16.09

  3. Census Tract 16.03

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson, TN was Census Tract 16.10 with a value of $110,815, followed by Census Tract 16.09 and Census Tract 16.03, with respective values of $71,058 and $65,926.

The following map shows all of the places in Jackson, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson, TN (15.7k out of 63.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    9,516 ± 684

  2. White

    5,622 ± 640

  3. Hispanic

    1,437 ± 365

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson, TN is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

28.8k

2017 Value

± 1,363

0.271%

1 Year growth

± 6.55%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson, TN grew at a rate of 0.271%, from 28.7k employees to 28.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson, TN, are Sales & Related Occupations (3,838 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,412 people), and Management Occupations (2,469 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jackson, TN, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (3,838 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,412 people), and Management Occupations (2,469 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Jackson, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.49 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.43 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jackson, TN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($90,250), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,927), and Management Occupations ($59,183).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

28.8k

2017 Value

± 1,363

0.271%

1 Year growth

± 6.55%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson, TN grew at a rate of 0.271%, from 28.7k employees to 28.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson, TN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,586 people), Retail Trade (4,200 people), and Manufacturing (3,239 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson, TN, though some of these residents may live in Jackson, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jackson, TN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,586 people), Retail Trade (4,200 people), and Manufacturing (3,239 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Jackson, TN has an unusually high number of Health Care & Social Assistance (1.4 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.28 times), and Retail Trade (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jackson, TN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($84,464), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($43,648), and Public Administration ($42,766).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $33.7B

  2. $31.1B

  3. $26.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $33.7B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($31.1B) and Mixed freight ($26.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$333B

2015 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

57.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Tennessee trade was $333B. This is expected to increase 57.7% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.6B

  2. $17.3B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $27.6B, followed by Texas with $17.3B and Georgia and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.8% of the population of Jackson, TN has health coverage, with 43.6% on employee plans, 22% on Medicaid, 11.5% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.39% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Jackson, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Jackson, TN see 1382 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1380 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1893 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 742 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

1,382 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see an average of 1,382 patients per year. This represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1,380 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tennessee in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.2%

Uninsured

43.6%

Employer Coverage

22%

Medicaid

11.5%

Medicare

11.3%

Non-Group

1.39%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson, TN declined by 9.76% from 11.3% to 10.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jackson, TN is home to a population of 67k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Jackson, TN residents were born outside of the country (2.33k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jackson, TN is composed of 32.4k White Alone residents (48.4%), 29.6k Black or African American Alone residents (44.1%), 2.93k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.38%), 1.02k Two or More Races residents (1.53%), 948 Asian Alone residents (1.42%), 60 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0896%), 38 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0567%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jackson, TN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 7.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jackson, TN was 36. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Jackson, TN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jackson, TN residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    2.33k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Jackson, TN residents (2.33k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson, TN was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    92,263 ± 7,405 people

  2. India

    21,162 ± 3,566 people

  3. Guatemala

    12,669 ± 2,761 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 92,263 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 21,162 and Guatemala with 12,669.

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Citizenship

98.3%

2017 Citizenship

98.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.3% of Jackson, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson, TN was 98.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    32.4k ± 648

  2. Black or African American Alone

    29.6k ± 728

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.93k ± 564

In 2017, there were 1.1 times more White Alone residents (32.4k people) in Jackson, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.6k Black or African American Alone and 2.93k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jackson, TN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Jackson, TN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Jackson, TN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Jackson, TN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,153 ± 235

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    678 ± 237

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    606 ± 208

Jackson, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.7 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jackson, TN awarded 2,158 degrees. The student population of Jackson, TN is skewed towards women, with 3,695 male students and 6,136 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson, TN are White (1,422 and 66.4%), followed by Black or African American (539 and 25.2%), Unknown (70 and 3.27%), and Hispanic or Latino (39 and 1.82%).

The largest universities in Jackson, TN by number of degrees awarded are Union University (1,168 and 54.1%), Jackson State Community College (654 and 30.3%), and West Tennessee Business College (195 and 9.04%).

The most popular majors in Jackson, TN are Liberal Arts & Sciences (349 and 16.2%), Registered Nursing (228 and 10.6%), and General Business Administration & Management (120 and 5.56%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson, TN are $19,150 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jackson, TN was Other Business Administration, Management, & Operations with 109 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jackson, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,168 degrees awarded

  2. 654 degrees awarded

  3. 195 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$19,150

Median Private

In 2016, the Jackson, TN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Union University with 1,168 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

688

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,470

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 688 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson, TN, which is 0.468 times less than the 1,470 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jackson, TN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,422 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    539 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    70 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jackson, TN were to White students. These 1,422 degrees mean that there were 2.64 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 539 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson, TN was $131,800 in 2017, which is 0.606 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $128,700 to $131,800, a 2.41% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson, TN is 54.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jackson, TN have an average commute time of 16.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jackson, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,398

Median Household Income

± $1,478

25.5k

Number of Households

± 1,141

In 2017, the median household income of the 25.5k households in Jackson, TN grew to $40,398 from the previous year's value of $39,747.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$131,800

2017 Median

± $5,413

$128,700

2016 Median

± $4,563

In 2017, the median property value in Jackson, TN grew to to $131,800 from the previous year's value of $128,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jackson, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jackson, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

54.2%

2017 Homeownership

54.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 54.2% of the housing units in Jackson, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 54.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jackson, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson, TN have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

16.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson, TN have a shorter commute time (16.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.11% of the workforce in Jackson, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.6%

  2. Carpooled

    7.09%

  3. Other

    3.77%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jackson, TN was Drove Alone (83.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.09%) and those who Other (3.77%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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