Jackson, TN

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
180,446
0.281% 1-year growth
US Senator
Marsha Blackburn
Republican Party
US Senator
Bill Hagerty
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
38.9
0% 1-year change
2022 Poverty Rate
16.5%
4.21% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$55,807
8.78% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$152,200
15.2% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
79,945
3.09% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Jackson, TN had a population of 180k people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $55,807. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Jackson, TN grew from 179,941 to 180,446, a 0.281% increase and its median household income grew from $51,304 to $55,807, a 8.78% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jackson, TN are White (Non-Hispanic) (64.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (26.6%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.09%), Other (Hispanic) (1.84%), and White (Hispanic) (1.34%).

None of the households in Jackson, TN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.2% of the residents in Jackson, TN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson, TN are Union University (982 degrees awarded in 2022), Jackson State Community College (220400) (665 degrees), and Freed-Hardeman University (220215) (532 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Jackson, TN was $152,200, and the homeownership rate was 65.1%.

Most people in Jackson, TN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson, TN was 2 cars per household.

Jackson, TN borders Brownsville, TN and Dyersburg, TN.

Population & Diversity

Jackson, TN is home to a population of 180k people, from which 98.2% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.94% of Jackson, TN residents were born outside of the country (5.3k people).

In 2022, there were 2.43 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (117k people) in Jackson, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 48k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 5.57k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.2%
2022 Citizenship
98.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.2% of Jackson, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson, TN was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jackson, TN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    117k ± 534
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    48k ± 700
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    5.57k ± 724
4.36%
Hispanic Population
7.87k people

In 2022, there were 2.43 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (117k people) in Jackson, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 48k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 5.57k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.36% of the people in Jackson, TN are hispanic (7.87k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jackson, TN as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    84,446 ± 7,091 people
  2. India
    23,758 ± 3,778 people
  3. Guatemala
    22,245 ± 3,656 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 84,446 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 23,758 and Guatemala with 22,245.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.94%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
5.3k people
2.61%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
4.7k people

As of 2022, 2.94% of Jackson, TN residents (5.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson, TN was 2.61%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,407 ± 408
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,201 ± 367
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,149 ± 269

Jackson, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.55 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Jackson, TN employs 79.9k people. The largest industries in Jackson, TN are Manufacturing (13,959 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (13,738 people), and Retail Trade (10,093 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($74,130), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($65,938), and Wholesale Trade ($53,525).

Males in Tennessee have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,544. The income inequality in Tennessee (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

79.9k
2022 Value
± 2,241
3.09%
1 Year growth
± 3.9%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jackson, TN grew at a rate of 3.09%, from 77.5k employees to 79.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson, TN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,170 people), Production Occupations (9,155 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (8,119 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson, TN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

79.9k
2022 Value
± 2,241
3.09%
1 Year growth
± 3.9%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jackson, TN grew at a rate of 3.09%, from 77.5k employees to 79.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson, TN, are Manufacturing (13,959 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (13,738 people), and Retail Trade (10,093 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson, TN, though some of these residents may live in Jackson, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,018
Median earning men ± $1,980
$32,440
Median earning women ± $996

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($76,917), Wholesale Trade ($58,491), and Information ($57,813).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($50,796), Information ($45,288), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($43,963).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Y-Axis
3.15%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.29M people employed in Tennessee. This represents a 3.15% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Tennessee.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,262
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 859
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 700
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Tennessee went to Donald J. Trump with 60.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (37.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.978%).

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing the state of Tennessee. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Tennessee

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Marsha Blackburn
Senator from Tennessee1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Bill Hagerty
Senator from Tennessee2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing Tennessee.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Tennessee over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Tennessee

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Tennessee have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Jackson, TN awarded 2,767 degrees. The student population of Jackson, TN in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 4,955 male students and 6,935 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson, TN are White (1,791 and 65.5%), followed by Black or African American (625 and 22.8%), Unknown (139 and 5.08%), and Hispanic or Latino (76 and 2.78%).

The largest universities in Jackson, TN by number of degrees awarded are Union University (982 and 35.5%), Jackson State Community College (220400) (665 and 24%), and Freed-Hardeman University (220215) (532 and 19.2%).

The most popular majors in Jackson, TN are Liberal Arts & Sciences (363 and 13.1%), Registered Nursing (271 and 9.79%), and General Business Administration & Management (161 and 5.82%).

The median tuition cost in Jackson, TN for private four year colleges is $18,313.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Jackson, TN, the percentage of applicants admitted was 63.1%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 27%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 11,890 (41.7% men and 58.3% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 11,890 students enrolled in Jackson, TN, 41.7% men and 58.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 6,864 records, of which 59.3% were women and 40.7% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 205 degrees awarded
  2. 48 degrees awarded
  3. 44 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jackson, TN was Registered Nursing with 205 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jackson, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 982 degrees awarded
  2. 665 degrees awarded
  3. 532 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Union University with 982 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,021 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson, TN, which is 0.585 times less than the 1,746 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,791 degrees mean that there were 2.87 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 625 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($18,313) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,785) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,300) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Measure

In 2022, 0.806% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.744% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.75M), Some college (1.2M), and Bachelors Degree (956k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson, TN was $152,200 in 2022, which is 0.54 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $132,100 to $152,200, a 15.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson, TN is 65.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Jackson, TN have an average commute time of 22 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jackson, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jackson, TN is $55,807. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Jackson, TN was Williamson County, TN with a value of $125,943, followed by Wilson County, TN and Sumner County, TN, with respective values of $89,462 and $81,883.

Property

$152,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,579
$45,981
Median Property Taxes
±$1,613

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jackson, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

65.1%
Homeownership
2022
67.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 65.1% of the housing units in Jackson, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 65.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jackson, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson, TN was Williamson County, TN with a value of $125,943, followed by Wilson County, TN and Sumner County, TN, with respective values of $89,462 and $81,883.

The following map shows all of the counties in Jackson, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$55,807
Median Household Income
± $2,354
70.6k
Number of Households
± 2,115

In 2022, the median household income of the 70.6k households in Jackson, TN grew to $55,807 from the previous year's value of $51,304.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson, TN is from Tennessee.
0.462
2022 Wage GINI in Tennessee
0.463
2021 Wage GINI in Tennessee

In 2022, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.289% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (80%)
  2. Carpooled (9.68%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.95%)

In 2022, 80% of workers in Jackson, TN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.68%) and those who worked at home (5.95%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson, TN have a shorter commute time (22 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.68% of the workforce in Jackson, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson, TN have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

16.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson, TN (28.7k out of 174k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson, TN is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

89.4% of the population of Jackson, TN has health coverage, with 41.1% on employee plans, 21.5% on Medicaid, 13.1% on Medicare, 11.8% on non-group plans, and 2.01% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see 1401 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.358% increase from the previous year (1396 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1794 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 594 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
1,401 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Tennessee

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see an average of 1,401 patients per year. This represents a 0.358% increase from the previous year (1,396 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tennessee in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.6% under 18 years, 20.8% between 18 and 34 years, 37.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 17% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.5% were men and 53.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

10.6%
Uninsured
41.1%
Employer Coverage
21.5%
Medicaid
13.1%
Medicare
11.8%
Non-Group
2.01%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson, TN grew by 1.26% from 10.5% to 10.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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