Jackson, MS

Census Place

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2022 Population
153,271
2.25% 1-year decline
US Senator
Roger Wicker
Republican Party
US Senator
Cindy Hyde-Smith
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
34.1
1.79% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
25.9%
0.637% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$42,193
5.56% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$104,900
12.9% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
65,911
2.94% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Jackson, MS had a population of 153k people with a median age of 34.1 and a median household income of $42,193. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Jackson, MS declined from 156,803 to 153,271, a −2.25% decrease and its median household income grew from $39,969 to $42,193, a 5.56% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jackson, MS are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (82%), White (Non-Hispanic) (14.7%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.15%), Two+ (Hispanic) (0.515%), and Other (Hispanic) (0.423%).

None of the households in Jackson, MS reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99% of the residents in Jackson, MS are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson, MS are Jackson State University (1,760 degrees awarded in 2022), Belhaven University (1,654 degrees), and Millsaps College (208 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Jackson, MS was $104,900, and the homeownership rate was 48.9%.

Most people in Jackson, MS drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson, MS was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Jackson, MS is home to a population of 153k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.36% of Jackson, MS residents were born outside of the country (2.08k people).

In 2022, there were 5.57 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (126k people) in Jackson, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 22.5k White (Non-Hispanic) and 1.76k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99%
2022 Citizenship
99.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99% of Jackson, MS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson, MS was 99.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jackson, MS
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    126k ± 1.15k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    22.5k ± 1.07k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    1.76k ± 530
1.68%
Hispanic Population
2.57k people

In 2022, there were 5.57 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (126k people) in Jackson, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 22.5k White (Non-Hispanic) and 1.76k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.68% of the people in Jackson, MS are hispanic (2.57k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jackson, MS as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    16,383 ± 3,134 people
  2. India
    5,084 ± 1,749 people
  3. Guatemala
    3,926 ± 1,537 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Mississippi was Mexico, the natal country of 16,383 Mississippi residents, followed by India with 5,084 and Guatemala with 3,926.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.36%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
2.08k people
1.31%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
2.06k people

As of 2022, 1.36% of Jackson, MS residents (2.08k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson, MS was 1.31%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,031 ± 361
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,013 ± 264
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    923 ± 255

Jackson, MS has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Jackson, MS employs 65.9k people. The largest industries in Jackson, MS are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,725 people), Retail Trade (8,289 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (6,683 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,114), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($68,558), and Utilities ($59,009).

Males in Mississippi have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,477. The income inequality in Mississippi (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

65.9k
2022 Value
± 2,359
−2.94%
1 Year decline
± 5.04%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jackson, MS declined at a rate of −2.94%, from 67.9k employees to 65.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson, MS, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,983 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (5,829 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (5,808 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson, MS.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Mississippi (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

65.9k
2022 Value
± 2,359
−2.94%
1 Year decline
± 5.04%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jackson, MS declined at a rate of −2.94%, from 67.9k employees to 65.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson, MS, are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,725 people), Retail Trade (8,289 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (6,683 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson, MS, though some of these residents may live in Jackson, MS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$35,958
Median earning men ± $1,708
$28,400
Median earning women ± $988

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($52,409), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($50,495), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($48,981).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($42,100), Public Administration ($41,278), and Information ($40,341).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Y-Axis
1.38%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.17M people employed in Mississippi. This represents a 1.38% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 12.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Mississippi.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Mississippi went to Donald J. Trump with 57.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (41.1%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.611%).

Roger Wicker and Cindy Hyde-Smith are the senators currently representing the state of Mississippi. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Mississippi is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Mississippi

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Roger Wicker
Senator from Mississippi1
Assumed office on December 31, 2007
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Trent Lott.
Cindy Hyde-Smith
Senator from Mississippi2
Assumed office on April 9, 2018
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Thad Cochran.

Roger Wicker and Cindy Hyde-Smith are the senators currently representing Mississippi.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Mississippi over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Mississippi

Mississippi is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Mississippi have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Jackson, MS awarded 3,888 degrees. The student population of Jackson, MS in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 4,351 male students and 8,140 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson, MS are Black or African American (2,646 and 69.5%), followed by White (540 and 14.2%), Unknown (481 and 12.6%), and Hispanic or Latino (58 and 1.52%).

The largest universities in Jackson, MS by number of degrees awarded are Jackson State University (1,760 and 45.3%), Belhaven University (1,654 and 42.5%), and Millsaps College (208 and 5.35%).

The most popular majors in Jackson, MS are General Business Administration & Management (784 and 20.2%), General Education (327 and 8.41%), and General Biological Sciences (218 and 5.61%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson, MS are $19,119 for private four year colleges, and $8,270 and $8,270 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Jackson, MS, the percentage of applicants admitted was 75%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 11.4%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 12,491 (34.8% men and 65.2% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 12,491 students enrolled in Jackson, MS, 34.8% men and 65.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Black or African American with 9,508 records, of which 68% were women and 32% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 98 degrees awarded
  2. 262 degrees awarded
  3. 197 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jackson, MS was General Psychology with 98 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jackson, MS according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,760 degrees awarded
  2. 1,654 degrees awarded
  3. 208 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Jackson State University with 1,760 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,125 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson, MS, which is 0.407 times less than the 2,763 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Black or African American students. These 2,646 degrees mean that there were 4.9 times more degrees awarded to Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 540 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($19,119) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($477) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,400) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Measure

In 2022, 1.04% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.852% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (690k), Some college (543k), and Secondary Education (397k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson, MS was $104,900 in 2022, which is 0.372 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $92,900 to $104,900, a 12.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson, MS is 48.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Jackson, MS have an average commute time of 20.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jackson, MS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jackson, MS is $42,193. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Jackson, MS was Census Tract 9800 with a value of $145,000, followed by Census Tract 14 and Census Tract 108.06, with respective values of $108,385 and $103,006.

Property

$104,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,746
$30,370
Median Property Taxes
±$1,510

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson, MS the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jackson, MS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

48.9%
Homeownership
2022
65.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 48.9% of the housing units in Jackson, MS were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 47.8%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jackson, MS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9800
  2. Census Tract 14
  3. Census Tract 108.06

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson, MS was Census Tract 9800 with a value of $145,000, followed by Census Tract 14 and Census Tract 108.06, with respective values of $108,385 and $103,006.

The following map shows all of the places in Jackson, MS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$42,193
Median Household Income
± $1,757
62.1k
Number of Households
± 2,275

In 2022, the median household income of the 62.1k households in Jackson, MS grew to $42,193 from the previous year's value of $39,969.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, MS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson, MS is from Mississippi.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Mississippi
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Mississippi

In 2022, the income inequality in Mississippi was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.553% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Mississippi was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Mississippi in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Mississippi across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (77.4%)
  2. Carpooled (13.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.21%)

In 2022, 77.4% of workers in Jackson, MS drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (13.4%) and those who worked at home (6.21%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson, MS have a shorter commute time (20.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.654% of the workforce in Jackson, MS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, MS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson, MS have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

25.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson, MS (38k out of 146k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson, MS is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

85.7% of the population of Jackson, MS has health coverage, with 35.7% on employee plans, 28% on Medicaid, 9.59% on Medicare, 11% on non-group plans, and 1.47% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Hinds County, MS see 1201 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.2% decrease from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 995 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 285 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Hinds County, MS.
1,201 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Hinds County, MS

Primary care physicians in Hinds County, MS see an average of 1,201 patients per year. This represents a 2.2% decrease from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hinds County, MS in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.1% under 18 years, 25.3% between 18 and 34 years, 34.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 44.6% were men and 55.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

14.3%
Uninsured
35.7%
Employer Coverage
28%
Medicaid
9.59%
Medicare
11%
Non-Group
1.47%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson, MS declined by 5.32% from 15.1% to 14.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson, MS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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