Jackson, MS

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Population

170,393

0.957% decline

Median Age

32.4


Median Household Income

$35,308

7.43% growth

Poverty Rate

28.9%


Number of Employees

71,483

0.726% growth

Median Property Value

$88,700

0.894% decline

About

In 2017, Jackson, MS had a population of 170k people with a median age of 32.4 and a median household income of $35,308. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jackson, MS declined from 172,039 to 170,393, a -0.957% decrease and its median household income grew from $32,866 to $35,308, a 7.43% increase.

The population of Jackson, MS is 81.4% Black or African American Alone, 16.4% White Alone, and 1.14% Hispanic or Latino. 2.85% of the people in Jackson, MS speak a non-English language, and 99.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson, MS are Jackson State University (1,517 degrees awarded in 2016), Belhaven University (936 degrees), and Millsaps College (220 degrees).

The median property value in Jackson, MS is $88,700, and the homeownership rate is 51.5%. Most people in Jackson, MS commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson, MS is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Jackson, MS employs 71.5k people. The largest industries in Jackson, MS are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,987 people), Accommodation & Food Services (8,013 people), and Retail Trade (7,869 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($69,479), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,585), and Utilities ($38,750).

Median household income in Jackson, MS is $35,308. Males in Jackson, MS have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $36,636. The income inequality in Jackson, MS (measured using the Gini index) is 0.442, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,308

2017 value

± $1,096

7.43%

1 Year Growth

± 4.17%

Households in Jackson, MS have a median annual income of $35,308, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,866 in 2016, which represents a 7.43% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jackson, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Mississippi.

$52,323

Average Male Salary

± $1,698

$36,636

Average Female Salary

± $1,074

In 2017, full-time male employees in Jackson, MS made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Jackson, MS by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Mississippi.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $45,496 ± $1,341

  2. Asian

    $44,270 ± $11,739

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,514 ± $48,157

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Jackson, MS workers was White. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Jackson, MS by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson, MS is from Mississippi.

0.442

2017 Wage GINI

0.446

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Mississippi was 0.442 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.919% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Mississippi was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Mississippi in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Mississippi across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9800

  2. Census Tract 14

  3. Census Tract 108.06

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson, MS was Census Tract 9800 with a value of $114,063, followed by Census Tract 14 and Census Tract 108.06, with respective values of $94,265 and $79,071.

The following map shows all of the places in Jackson, MS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

28.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson, MS (47.3k out of 164k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    43,043 ± 1,449

  2. White

    3,343 ± 433

  3. Hispanic

    970 ± 322

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson, MS is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

71.5k

2017 Value

± 2,032

0.726%

1 Year growth

± 3.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson, MS grew at a rate of 0.726%, from 71k employees to 71.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson, MS, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,281 people), Sales & Related Occupations (7,271 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (5,886 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson, MS.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jackson, MS, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,281 people), Sales & Related Occupations (7,271 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (5,886 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Jackson, MS has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (1.79 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.77 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jackson, MS, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($84,122), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($58,750), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($56,250).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

71.5k

2017 Value

± 2,032

0.726%

1 Year growth

± 3.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson, MS grew at a rate of 0.726%, from 71k employees to 71.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson, MS, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,987 people), Accommodation & Food Services (8,013 people), and Retail Trade (7,869 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson, MS, though some of these residents may live in Jackson, MS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jackson, MS, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,987 people), Accommodation & Food Services (8,013 people), and Retail Trade (7,869 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Jackson, MS has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.65 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.47 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jackson, MS, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($69,479), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,585), and Utilities ($38,750).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $39.9B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $39.9B, followed by Textiles/leather with $25.1B and Mixed freight and $13.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Mississippi products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Mississippi state.

$187B

2015 Value

$277B

Projected 2045 Value

48.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Mississippi trade was $187B. This is expected to increase 48.7% to $277B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Mississippi trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.4B

  2. $16.3B

  3. $15.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Alabama with $34.4B, followed by Tennessee with $16.3B and Louisiana and $15.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Mississippi shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.8% of the population of Jackson, MS has health coverage, with 34.4% on employee plans, 28.4% on Medicaid, 7.32% on Medicare, 12.8% on non-group plans, and 1.79% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Jackson, MS was $7,646 in 2014. This is a 3.86% increase from the previous year ($7,362).

Primary care physicians in Jackson, MS see 1883 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1896 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2186 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 764 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.1%). Additionally, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

1883 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see an average of 1883 patients per year. This represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1896 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mississippi in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

$7,646

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,045

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,690

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,021

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Mississippi (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.86%, from $7,362 to $7,646.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.2%

Uninsured

34.4%

Employer Coverage

28.4%

Medicaid

7.32%

Medicare

12.8%

Non-Group

1.79%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson, MS declined by 7.81% from 16.5% to 15.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson, MS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.1% prevalence

  2. 17.8% prevalence

  3. 17.7% prevalence

Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi, at 18.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jackson, MS is home to a population of 170k people, from which 99.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.28% of Jackson, MS residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Jackson, MS is composed of 139k Black or African American Alone residents (81.4%), 27.9k White Alone residents (16.4%), 1.94k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.14%), 951 Two or More Races residents (0.558%), 656 Asian Alone residents (0.385%), 108 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0634%), 85 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0499%), and 5 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.00293%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jackson, MS are Spanish or Spanish Creole (3,020 speakers), French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (375 speakers), and African Languages (240 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jackson, MS was 32.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Jackson, MS are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jackson, MS residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.28%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.47%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.28% of Jackson, MS residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson, MS was 1.47%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    22,332 ± 3,655 people

  2. Vietnam

    4,461 ± 1,639 people

  3. India

    4,072 ± 1,566 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Jackson, MS was Mexico, the natal country of 22,332 Jackson, MS residents, followed by Vietnam with 4,461 and India with 4,072.

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Citizenship

99.2%

2017 Citizenship

98.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.2% of Jackson, MS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson, MS was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    139k ± 966

  2. White Alone

    27.9k ± 934

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.94k ± 548

In 2017, there were 4.98 times more Black or African American Alone residents (139k people) in Jackson, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 27.9k White Alone and 1.94k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jackson, MS as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    3,020 speakers (1.88%)

  2. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    375 speakers (0.233%)

  3. African Languages

    240 speakers (0.149%)

2.85% of Jackson, MS citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Jackson, MS was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.88% of the overall population of Jackson, MS are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.233% speak French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) and 0.149% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,617 ± 308

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,340 ± 231

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,093 ± 230

Jackson, MS has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.95 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jackson, MS awarded 3,203 degrees. The student population of Jackson, MS is skewed towards women, with 5,806 male students and 11,407 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson, MS are Black or African American (2,290 and 73.9%), followed by White (591 and 19.1%), Unknown (97 and 3.13%), and Hispanic or Latino (45 and 1.45%).

The largest universities in Jackson, MS by number of degrees awarded are Jackson State University (1,517 and 47.4%), Belhaven University (936 and 29.2%), and Millsaps College (220 and 6.87%).

The most popular majors in Jackson, MS are General Business Administration & Management (496 and 15.5%), Social Work (184 and 5.74%), and General Biological Sciences (170 and 5.31%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson, MS are $22,726 for private four year colleges, and $7,141 and $7,141 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 130 degrees awarded

  2. 231 degrees awarded

  3. 168 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jackson, MS was Other Multidisciplinary Studies with 130 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jackson, MS according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,517 degrees awarded

  2. 936 degrees awarded

  3. 220 degrees awarded

$7,141

Median In-State Public

$22,726

Median Private

In 2016, the Jackson, MS institution with the largest number of graduating students was Jackson State University with 1,517 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

994

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,209

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 994 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson, MS, which is 0.45 times less than the 2,209 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Jackson, MS by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    2,290 degrees awarded

  2. White

    591 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    97 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jackson, MS were to Black or African American students. These 2,290 degrees mean that there were 3.87 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 591 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson, MS was $88,700 in 2017, which is 0.408 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $89,500 to $88,700, a 0.894% decrease. The homeownership rate in Jackson, MS is 51.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jackson, MS have an average commute time of 20.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jackson, MS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$35,308

Median Household Income

± $1,096

62.9k

Number of Households

± 1,729

In 2017, the median household income of the 62.9k households in Jackson, MS grew to $35,308 from the previous year's value of $32,866.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, MS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$88,700

2017 Median

± $1,832

$89,500

2016 Median

± $1,847

In 2017, the median property value in Jackson, MS declined from to $88,700 from the previous year's value of $89,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jackson, MS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson, MS the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jackson, MS distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson, MS the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

51.5%

2017 Homeownership

51.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 51.5% of the housing units in Jackson, MS were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 51.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jackson, MS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, MS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson, MS have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson, MS have a shorter commute time (20.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.985% of the workforce in Jackson, MS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.3%

  2. Carpooled

    10.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    1.91%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jackson, MS was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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