Jackson County, IL

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Population

59,115

0.123% decline

Median Age

31.1


Median Household Income

$36,008

6.39% growth

Poverty Rate

27.9%


Number of Employees

25,594

1.62% decline

Median Property Value

$108,600

0.367% decline

About

In 2017, Jackson County, IL had a population of 59.1k people with a median age of 31.1 and a median household income of $36,008. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jackson County, IL declined from 59,188 to 59,115, a -0.123% decrease and its median household income grew from $33,845 to $36,008, a 6.39% increase.

The population of Jackson County, IL is 74.5% White Alone, 14.5% Black or African American Alone, and 4.26% Hispanic or Latino. 9.73% of the people in Jackson County, IL speak a non-English language, and 96.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson County, IL are Southern Illinois University-Carbondale (4,737 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Jackson County, IL is $108,600, and the homeownership rate is 53.1%. Most people in Jackson County, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson County, IL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Jackson County, IL employs 25.6k people. The largest industries in Jackson County, IL are Educational Services (6,177 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,963 people), and Retail Trade (3,139 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($72,500), Utilities ($48,333), and Public Administration ($47,464).

Median household income in Jackson County, IL is $36,008. Males in Jackson County, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Jackson County, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$36,008

2017 value

± $1,699

6.39%

1 Year Growth

± 7.09%

Households in Jackson County, IL have a median annual income of $36,008, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $33,845 in 2016, which represents a 6.39% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jackson County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Jackson County, IL made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Jackson County, IL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Jackson County, IL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Jackson County, IL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson County, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 116

  2. Census Tract 110

  3. Census Tract 101

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson County, IL was Census Tract 116 with a value of $65,568, followed by Census Tract 110 and Census Tract 101, with respective values of $59,556 and $53,059.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jackson County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

27.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson County, IL (15.3k out of 54.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    9,552 ± 597

  2. Black

    4,171 ± 402

  3. Hispanic

    921 ± 238

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson County, IL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

25.6k

2017 Value

± 1,053

-1.62%

1 Year decline

± 6.01%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson County, IL declined at a rate of -1.62%, from 26k employees to 25.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson County, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,856 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (3,461 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,270 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson County, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jackson County, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,856 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (3,461 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,270 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jackson County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2.23 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.08 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jackson County, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($76,182), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($53,914), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($53,125).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

25.6k

2017 Value

± 1,053

-1.62%

1 Year decline

± 6.01%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson County, IL declined at a rate of -1.62%, from 26k employees to 25.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson County, IL, are Educational Services (6,177 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,963 people), and Retail Trade (3,139 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Jackson County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jackson County, IL, by number of employees, are Educational Services (6,177 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,963 people), and Retail Trade (3,139 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jackson County, IL has an unusually high number of Educational Services (2.6 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.67 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jackson County, IL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($72,500), Utilities ($48,333), and Public Administration ($47,464).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline with $75B and Pharmaceuticals and $66.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.5% of the population of Jackson County, IL has health coverage, with 43.9% on employee plans, 18.8% on Medicaid, 10.4% on Medicare, 17.4% on non-group plans, and 1.89% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jackson County, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, IL see 824 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.74% decrease from the previous year (865 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1369 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 483 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

824 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, IL see an average of 824 patients per year. This represents a 4.74% decrease from the previous year (865 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jackson County, IL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.48%

Uninsured

43.9%

Employer Coverage

18.8%

Medicaid

10.4%

Medicare

17.4%

Non-Group

1.89%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson County, IL declined by 7.59% from 8.1% to 7.48%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jackson County, IL is home to a population of 59.1k people, from which 96.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.46% of Jackson County, IL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Jackson County, IL is composed of 44k White Alone residents (74.5%), 8.56k Black or African American Alone residents (14.5%), 2.52k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.26%), 1.98k Asian Alone residents (3.36%), 1.75k Two or More Races residents (2.95%), 159 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.269%), 134 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.227%), and 2 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00338%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jackson County, IL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,550 speakers), Chinese (615 speakers), and German (504 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

32

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jackson County, IL was 31.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 32. But people in Jackson County, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jackson County, IL residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.46%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

5.97%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 5.46% of Jackson County, IL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson County, IL was 5.97%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Jackson County, IL was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Jackson County, IL residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

96.1%

2017 Citizenship

95.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.1% of Jackson County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson County, IL was 95.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    44k ± 138

  2. Black or African American Alone

    8.56k ± 313

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.52k ± 402

In 2017, there were 5.14 times more White Alone residents (44k people) in Jackson County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.56k Black or African American Alone and 2.52k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jackson County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,550 speakers (2.74%)

  2. Chinese

    615 speakers (1.09%)

  3. German

    504 speakers (0.893%)

9.73% of Jackson County, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Jackson County, IL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 2.74% of the overall population of Jackson County, IL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.09% speak Chinese and 0.893% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,170 ± 144

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    678 ± 193

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    447 ± 92

Jackson County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.73 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jackson County, IL awarded 4,737 degrees. The student population of Jackson County, IL is skewed towards men, with 8,583 male students and 7,404 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson County, IL are White (3,075 and 72.4%), followed by Black or African American (642 and 15.1%), Hispanic or Latino (288 and 6.78%), and Asian (97 and 2.29%).

The largest universities in Jackson County, IL by number of degrees awarded are Southern Illinois University-Carbondale (4,737 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Jackson County, IL are Trade & Industrial Teacher Education (357 and 7.54%), General Psychology (145 and 3.06%), and Social Work (140 and 2.96%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson County, IL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $8,691 and $21,728 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 115 degrees awarded

  2. 115 degrees awarded

  3. 325 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jackson County, IL was Airway Management & Operations with 115 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jackson County, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

4,737 degrees awarded

$8,691

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Jackson County, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southern Illinois University-Carbondale with 4,737 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,620

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,117

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,620 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson County, IL, which is 1.24 times more than the 2,117 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jackson County, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,075 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    642 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    288 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jackson County, IL were to White students. These 3,075 degrees mean that there were 4.79 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 642 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson County, IL was $108,600 in 2017, which is 0.499 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $109,000 to $108,600, a 0.367% decrease. The homeownership rate in Jackson County, IL is 53.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jackson County, IL have an average commute time of 18.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jackson County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$36,008

Median Household Income

± $1,699

23.9k

Number of Households

± 1,014

In 2017, the median household income of the 23.9k households in Jackson County, IL grew to $36,008 from the previous year's value of $33,845.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$108,600

2017 Median

± $5,736

$109,000

2016 Median

± $4,769

In 2017, the median property value in Jackson County, IL declined from to $108,600 from the previous year's value of $109,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jackson County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jackson County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

53.1%

2017 Homeownership

51.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 53.1% of the housing units in Jackson County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 51.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jackson County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson County, IL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson County, IL have a shorter commute time (18.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.96% of the workforce in Jackson County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.5%

  2. Carpooled

    8.93%

  3. Walked

    6.09%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jackson County, IL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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