Union County, IL

Add Comparison

Population

17,267

1.09% decline

Median Age

43.5


Median Household Income

$46,716

2.75% growth

Poverty Rate

16.8%


Number of Employees

7,245

2.33% decline

Median Property Value

$98,600

4.67% growth

About

In 2017, Union County, IL had a population of 17.3k people with a median age of 43.5 and a median household income of $46,716. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union County, IL declined from 17,458 to 17,267, a -1.09% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,464 to $46,716, a 2.75% increase.

The population of Union County, IL is 91.4% White Alone, 4.98% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.22% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Union County, IL speak a non-English language, and 98.3% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Union County, IL is $98,600, and the homeownership rate is 80.2%. Most people in Union County, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, IL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Union County, IL employs 7.25k people. The largest industries in Union County, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,467 people), Educational Services (872 people), and Retail Trade (816 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($80,032), Public Administration ($51,122), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($49,063).

Median household income in Union County, IL is $46,716. Males in Union County, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Union County, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,716

2017 value

± $3,562

2.75%

1 Year Growth

± 10.7%

Households in Union County, IL have a median annual income of $46,716, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,464 in 2016, which represents a 2.75% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9505

  2. Census Tract 9502

  3. Census Tract 9503

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, IL was Census Tract 9505 with a value of $51,042, followed by Census Tract 9502 and Census Tract 9503, with respective values of $46,406 and $45,741.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, IL (2.87k out of 17k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,617 ± 310

  2. Hispanic

    316 ± 104

  3. Other

    124 ± 90

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, IL is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.25k

2017 Value

± 487

-2.33%

1 Year decline

± 9.32%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, IL declined at a rate of -2.33%, from 7.42k employees to 7.25k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (684 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (657 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (592 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, IL.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union County, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (684 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (657 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (592 people).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.63 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.6 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (2.25 times).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union County, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($130,795), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($80,449), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($80,192).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Industries

Employment by Industries

7.25k

2017 Value

± 487

-2.33%

1 Year decline

± 9.32%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union County, IL declined at a rate of -2.33%, from 7.42k employees to 7.25k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,467 people), Educational Services (872 people), and Retail Trade (816 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Union County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Common

The most common industries in Union County, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,467 people), Educational Services (872 people), and Retail Trade (816 people).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Union County, IL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.49 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.05 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.76 times) industries.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union County, IL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($80,032), Public Administration ($51,122), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($49,063).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline ($75B) and Pharmaceuticals ($66.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health

92.3% of the population of Union County, IL has health coverage, with 44.4% on employee plans, 22.2% on Medicaid, 13.8% on Medicare, 10.2% on non-group plans, and 1.71% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Union County, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Union County, IL see 1339 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.224% decrease from the previous year (1342 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1912 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 861 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,339 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Union County, IL see an average of 1,339 patients per year. This represents a 0.224% decrease from the previous year (1,342 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, IL in comparison to neighboring states.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Coverage

7.75%

Uninsured

44.4%

Employer Coverage

22.2%

Medicaid

13.8%

Medicare

10.2%

Non-Group

1.71%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, IL declined by 8.91% from 8.5% to 7.75%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Diversity

Union County, IL is home to a population of 17.3k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.95% of Union County, IL residents were born outside of the country (509 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Union County, IL is composed of 15.8k White Alone residents (91.4%), 860 Hispanic or Latino residents (4.98%), 384 Two or More Races residents (2.22%), 128 Black or African American Alone residents (0.741%), 64 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.371%), 43 Asian Alone residents (0.249%), 7 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0405%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union County, IL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union County, IL was 43.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Union County, IL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Union County, IL residents was 44.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.95%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

509 people

2.64%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

461 people

As of 2017, 2.95% of Union County, IL residents (509 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, IL was 2.64%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Citizenship

98.3%

2017 Citizenship

98.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.3% of Union County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, IL was 98.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    15.8k ± 70

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    860 ± 204

  3. Two or More Races

    384 ± 70.1

In 2017, there were 18.4 times more White Alone residents (15.8k people) in Union County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 860 Hispanic or Latino and 384 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union County, IL as a share of the total population.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Union County, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Union County, IL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Union County, IL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    525 ± 107

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    169 ± 74

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    167 ± 54

Union County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.11 times greater than any other conflict.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, IL was $98,600 in 2017, which is 0.453 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $94,200 to $98,600, a 4.67% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, IL is 80.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union County, IL have an average commute time of 23.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,716

Median Household Income

± $3,562

6.69k

Number of Households

± 432

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.69k households in Union County, IL grew to $46,716 from the previous year's value of $45,464.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Housing

Property Value

$98,600

2017 Median

± $7,757

$94,200

2016 Median

± $10,360

In 2017, the median property value in Union County, IL grew to to $98,600 from the previous year's value of $94,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Rent vs Own

80.2%

2017 Homeownership

79.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 80.2% of the housing units in Union County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 79.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, IL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commute Time

23.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, IL have a shorter commute time (23.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.12% of the workforce in Union County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.3%

  2. Carpooled

    9.62%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.15%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union County, IL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart