Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2019 Population
194,254
0.192% 1-year growth
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
39.5
0% 1-year change
2019 Poverty Rate
15.5%
7.48% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$50,110
3.93% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$118,600
5.42% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
80,121
0.562% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI had a population of 194k people with a median age of 39.5 and a median household income of $50,110. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew from 193,881 to 194,254, a 0.192% increase and its median household income grew from $48,217 to $50,110, a 3.93% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (90.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.97%), White (Hispanic) (2.64%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.74%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.463%). 3.36% of the households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

99.3% of the residents in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are Ferris State University (4,111 degrees awarded in 2019), Montcalm Community College (402 degrees), and School of Missionary Aviation Technology (24 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was $118,600, and the homeownership rate was 76.9%. Most people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is home to a population of 194k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2019, 1.44% of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country (2.79k people).

In 2019, there were 30.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (176k people) in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.77k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 5.13k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are Spanish (2,759 speakers), German (1,037 speakers), and Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (933 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    176k ± 55
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    5.77k ± 231
  3. White (Hispanic)
    5.13k ± 259
3.47%
Hispanic Population
6.74k people

In 2019, there were 30.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (176k people) in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.77k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 5.13k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.47% of the people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are hispanic (6.74k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    2,759 speakers (1.5%)
  2. German
    1,037 speakers (0.565%)
  3. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages
    933 speakers (0.508%)

3.36% of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Spanish. 1.5% of the overall population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are native Spanish speakers. 0.565% speak German and 0.508% speak Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.44%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
2.79k people
1.46%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
2.83k people

As of 2019, 1.44% of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents (2.79k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 1.46%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.3
45
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.7

In 2019, the median age of all people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 39.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are getting staying the same age. In 2018, the average age of all Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents was 40.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    540 ± 570 people
  2. Philippines
    203 ± 350 people
  3. Germany
    168 ± 318 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 540 Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents, followed by Philippines with 203 and Germany with 168.

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Citizenship

99.3%
2019 Citizenship
99.2%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 99.3% of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,659 ± 234
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,635 ± 235
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,508 ± 228

Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.85 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Michigan. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Michigan, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Michigan across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is $50,110. In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $122,150, followed by Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $103,535 and $96,812.

Males in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,867. The income inequality in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.422, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI employs 80.1k people. The largest industries in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are Construction (5,320 people), Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (4,946 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,204 people), and the highest paying industries are Commercial, industrial & other intangible assets rental & leasing ($119,088), Household appliance manufacturing ($109,732), and Pipeline transportation ($103,441).

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,110
2019 value
± $808
3.93%
1 Year Growth
± 2.32%

Households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have a median annual income of $50,110, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $48,217 in 2018, which represents a 3.93% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$50,511
Average Male Salary in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI
± $5,088
$39,867
Average Female Salary in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI
± $4,508

In 2019, full-time male employees in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI made 1.27 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI
  1. American Indian
    $42,119 ± $75,205
  2. White
    $39,192 ± $3,212
  3. Other
    $37,295 ± $25,291

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI workers was American Indian. These workers were paid 1.07 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.422
2019 Wage GINI in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI
0.429
2018 Wage GINI in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI

In 2019, the income inequality in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 0.422 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.57% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $122,150, followed by Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $103,535 and $96,812.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI (28.5k out of 184k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    25,759 ± 833
  2. Black
    1,016 ± 260
  3. Hispanic
    1,014 ± 160

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

80.1k
2019 Value
0.562%
1 Year growth
± 0.562%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 0.562%, from 79.7k employees to 80.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, are Janitors & building cleaners (2,477 people), Cashiers (2,216 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,129 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Janitors & building cleaners (2,477 people), Cashiers (2,216 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,129 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Shoe & leather workers (21.5 times higher than expected), Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic (10.8 times), and Sawing machine setters, operators, & tenders, wood (8.45 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Physicians ($256,699), Dentists ($171,846), and Chief executives & legislators ($131,766).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

80.1k
2019 Value
0.562%
1 Year growth
± 0.562%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 0.562%, from 79.7k employees to 80.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, are Construction (5,320 people), Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (4,946 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,204 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Construction (5,320 people), Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (4,946 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,204 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of Footwear manufacturing (23.9 times higher than expected), Metalworking machinery manufacturing (11.6 times), and Metal forgings & stampings (10.1 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Commercial, industrial & other intangible assets rental & leasing ($119,088), Household appliance manufacturing ($109,732), and Pipeline transportation ($103,441).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $213B
  2. $50.8B
  3. $37.9B

In 2018, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $213B, followed by Machinery ($50.8B) and Mixed freight ($37.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan.
$636B
2018 Value in Michigan
$1.17T
Projected 2045 Value in Michigan
83.6% growth

In 2018, total outbound Michigan trade was $636B. This is expected to increase 83.6% to $1.17T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $44B
  2. $33.2B
  3. $30.5B

In 2018, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $44B, followed by Indiana with $33.2B and Texas and $30.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Michigan went to Donald J. Trump with 47.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (47.3%), followed by Gary Johnson (3.59%). The most partisan county was Missaukee County, MI with 73.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Michigan.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Michigan
47.5% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Michigan
  1. 73.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 70.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 69.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Michigan was Missaukee County, MI with 73.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Michigan colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI awarded 4,537 degrees. The student population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is skewed towards women, with 6,340 male students and 7,688 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are White (3,701 and 83.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (188 and 4.26%), Black or African American (184 and 4.16%), and Unknown (124 and 2.81%).

The largest universities in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI by number of degrees awarded are Ferris State University (4,111 and 90.6%), Montcalm Community College (402 and 8.86%), and School of Missionary Aviation Technology (24 and 0.529%).

The most popular majors in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are Criminal Justice - Police Science (385 and 8.49%), General Business Administration & Management (313 and 6.9%), and Registered Nursing (241 and 5.31%).

The median tuition cost in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI for a public four year colleges is $12,376 for in-state students and $12,376 for out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 187 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 286 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 207 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Registered Nursing with 187 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 4,111 degrees awarded
  2. 402 degrees awarded
  3. 24 degrees awarded
$12,376
Median In-State Public

In 2019, the Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Ferris State University with 4,111 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,166
Degrees Awarded to Men
2,371
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 2,166 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, which is 0.914 times less than the 2,371 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    3,701 degrees awarded
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    188 degrees awarded
  3. Black or African American
    184 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was White students. These 3,701 degrees mean that there were 19.7 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 188 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was $118,600 in 2019, which is 0.493 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $112,500 to $118,600, a 5.42% increase. The homeownership rate in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is 76.9%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 25.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$118,600
2019 Median
± $1,882
$112,500
2018 Median
± $1,935

In 2019, the median property value in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew to to $118,600 from the previous year's value of $112,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$50,110
Median Household Income
± $808
71.9k
Number of Households
± 1,313

In 2019, the median household income of the 71.9k households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew to $50,110 from the previous year's value of $48,217.

The following chart displays the households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

76.9%
2019 Homeownership
77.2%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 76.9% of the housing units in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 77.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have a shorter commute time (25.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.77% of the workforce in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (81.5%)
  2. Carpooled (9.62%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.55%)

In 2019, 81.5% of workers in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.62%) and those who worked at home (4.55%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

92.9% of the population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI has health coverage, with 45.9% on employee plans, 19.5% on Medicaid, 13.7% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 1.14% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Michigan was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Michigan see 1266 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.861% decrease from the previous year (1277 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1308 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 355 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Montmorency County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.6%). Additionally, Gratiot County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
1,266 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Michigan

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,266 patients per year. This represents a 0.861% decrease from the previous year (1,277 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
$8,055
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Michigan
$3,950
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,915
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,318
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.09%
Uninsured
45.9%
Employer Coverage
19.5%
Medicaid
13.7%
Medicare
12.7%
Non-Group
1.14%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI declined by 3.32% from 7.33% to 7.09%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 18.6% prevalence
  2. 18.3% prevalence
  3. 17.1% prevalence

Montmorency County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 18.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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