Hartford, CT

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Population

124,390

0.0563% growth

Median Age

30.9


Median Household Income

$33,841

5.44% growth

Poverty Rate

30.5%


Number of Employees

50,433

2.12% growth

Median Property Value

$162,300

2.01% growth

About

In 2017, Hartford, CT had a population of 124k people with a median age of 30.9 and a median household income of $33,841. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hartford, CT grew from 124,320 to 124,390, a 0.0563% increase and its median household income grew from $32,095 to $33,841, a 5.44% increase.

The population of Hartford, CT is 44.3% Hispanic or Latino, 35.3% Black or African American Alone, and 14.8% White Alone. N/A% of the people in Hartford, CT speak a non-English language, and 87.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hartford, CT are University of Hartford (1,945 degrees awarded in 2016), Trinity College (694 degrees), and Capital Community College (481 degrees).

The median property value in Hartford, CT is $162,300, and the homeownership rate is 23.8%. Most people in Hartford, CT commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Hartford, CT is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Hartford State House

Economy

The economy of Hartford, CT employs 50.4k people. The largest industries in Hartford, CT are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,998 people), Retail Trade (6,680 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (4,189 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,917), Finance & Insurance ($46,879), and Public Administration ($44,329).

Median household income in Hartford, CT is $33,841. Males in Hartford, CT have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $62,104. The income inequality in Hartford, CT (measured using the Gini index) is 0.504, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$33,841

2017 value

± $1,583

5.44%

1 Year Growth

± 5.49%

Households in Hartford, CT have a median annual income of $33,841, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,095 in 2016, which represents a 5.44% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hartford, CT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.

$89,173

Average Male Salary

± $3,087

$62,104

Average Female Salary

± $1,937

In 2017, full-time male employees in Connecticut made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Connecticut by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $74,650 ± $7,847

  2. White

    $68,654 ± $1,911

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $58,042 ± $101,408

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Connecticut workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Connecticut by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hartford, CT is from Connecticut.

0.504

2017 Wage GINI

0.505

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Connecticut was 0.504 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.198% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Connecticut was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Connecticut in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Connecticut across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 5021

  2. Census Tract 5247

  3. Census Tract 5023

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hartford, CT was Census Tract 5021 with a value of $70,202, followed by Census Tract 5247 and Census Tract 5023, with respective values of $52,958 and $47,349.

The following map shows all of the places in Hartford, CT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

30.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hartford, CT (35.9k out of 118k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    20,647 ± 948

  2. Black

    12,303 ± 783

  3. White

    11,531 ± 768

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hartford, CT is Hispanic, followed by Black and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

50.4k

2017 Value

± 1,635

2.12%

1 Year growth

± 4.39%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hartford, CT grew at a rate of 2.12%, from 49.4k employees to 50.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hartford, CT, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,317 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,754 people), and Production Occupations (3,453 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hartford, CT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hartford, CT, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,317 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,754 people), and Production Occupations (3,453 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Hartford, CT has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (2.78 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.73 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.6 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hartford, CT, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($97,411), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,806), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($68,151).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

50.4k

2017 Value

± 1,635

2.12%

1 Year growth

± 4.39%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hartford, CT grew at a rate of 2.12%, from 49.4k employees to 50.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hartford, CT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,998 people), Retail Trade (6,680 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (4,189 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hartford, CT, though some of these residents may live in Hartford, CT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hartford, CT, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,998 people), Retail Trade (6,680 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (4,189 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Hartford, CT has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.57 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.54 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hartford, CT, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,917), Finance & Insurance ($46,879), and Public Administration ($44,329).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $34.1B

  2. $20.4B

  3. $16.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Connecticut product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $34.1B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($20.4B) and Motorized vehicles ($16.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Connecticut products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Connecticut state.

$198B

2015 Value

$307B

Projected 2045 Value

54.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Connecticut trade was $198B. This is expected to increase 54.9% to $307B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Connecticut trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25B

  2. $20.8B

  3. $11.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Connecticut domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $25B, followed by Massachusetts with $20.8B and New Jersey and $11.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Connecticut shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.9% of the population of Hartford, CT has health coverage, with 28.6% on employee plans, 42.3% on Medicaid, 6.73% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 0.566% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Hartford, CT was $9,859 in 2014. This is a 3.59% increase from the previous year ($9,517).

Primary care physicians in Hartford, CT see 1180 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1180 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1184 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 288 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Windham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.3%). Additionally, Windham County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.

1,180 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Connecticut see an average of 1,180 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,180 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Connecticut in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.

$9,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,187

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,058

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,964

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Connecticut (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.59%, from $9,517 to $9,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.1%

Uninsured

28.6%

Employer Coverage

42.3%

Medicaid

6.73%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

0.566%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hartford, CT declined by 10.9% from 12.5% to 11.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hartford, CT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.3% prevalence

  2. 9.5% prevalence

  3. 9% prevalence

Windham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Connecticut, at 10.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Connecticut by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hartford, CT is home to a population of 124k people, from which 87.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 21.8% of Hartford, CT residents were born outside of the country (27.2k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hartford, CT is composed of 55.1k Hispanic or Latino residents (44.3%), 43.9k Black or African American Alone residents (35.3%), 18.4k White Alone residents (14.8%), 3.64k Asian Alone residents (2.93%), 2.58k Two or More Races residents (2.08%), 749 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.602%), 60 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0482%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hartford, CT are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

27

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hartford, CT was 30.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Hartford, CT are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Hartford, CT residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

21.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

27.2k people

21.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

26.4k people

As of 2017, 21.8% of Hartford, CT residents (27.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hartford, CT was 21.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hartford, CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    39,441 ± 4,849 people

  2. Jamaica

    35,154 ± 4,581 people

  3. Mexico

    29,001 ± 4,164 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Connecticut was India, the natal country of 39,441 Connecticut residents, followed by Jamaica with 35,154 and Mexico with 29,001.

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Citizenship

87.1%

2017 Citizenship

87.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 87.1% of Hartford, CT residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hartford, CT was 87.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hartford, CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    55.1k ± 2.75k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    43.9k ± 1.44k

  3. White Alone

    18.4k ± 963

In 2017, there were 1.26 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (55.1k people) in Hartford, CT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 43.9k Black or African American Alone and 18.4k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hartford, CT as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Hartford, CT citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Hartford, CT was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Hartford, CT are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    656 ± 130

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    627 ± 176

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    335 ± 134

Hartford, CT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.05 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hartford, CT awarded 3,482 degrees. The student population of Hartford, CT is skewed towards women, with 5,514 male students and 7,156 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hartford, CT are White (1,951 and 61.8%), followed by Black or African American (443 and 14%), Hispanic or Latino (367 and 11.6%), and Unknown (196 and 6.21%).

The largest universities in Hartford, CT by number of degrees awarded are University of Hartford (1,945 and 55.9%), Trinity College (694 and 19.9%), and Capital Community College (481 and 13.8%).

The most popular majors in Hartford, CT are General Business Administration & Management (213 and 6.12%), Registered Nursing (159 and 4.57%), and Mechanical Engineering (153 and 4.39%).

The median tuition costs in Hartford, CT are $42,693 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 108 degrees awarded

  2. 84 degrees awarded

  3. 110 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hartford, CT was General Political Science & Government with 108 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hartford, CT according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,945 degrees awarded

  2. 694 degrees awarded

  3. 481 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$42,693

Median Private

In 2016, the Hartford, CT institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Hartford with 1,945 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,585

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,897

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,585 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hartford, CT, which is 0.836 times less than the 1,897 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Hartford, CT by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,951 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    443 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    367 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hartford, CT were to White students. These 1,951 degrees mean that there were 4.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 443 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hartford, CT was $162,300 in 2017, which is 0.746 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $159,100 to $162,300, a 2.01% increase. The homeownership rate in Hartford, CT is 23.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hartford, CT have an average commute time of 22.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hartford, CT is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$33,841

Median Household Income

± $1,583

45.8k

Number of Households

± 1,375

In 2017, the median household income of the 45.8k households in Hartford, CT grew to $33,841 from the previous year's value of $32,095.

The following chart displays the households in Hartford, CT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$162,300

2017 Median

± $3,972

$159,100

2016 Median

± $3,499

In 2017, the median property value in Hartford, CT grew to to $162,300 from the previous year's value of $159,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hartford, CT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hartford, CT the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hartford, CT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hartford, CT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

23.8%

2017 Homeownership

23.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 23.8% of the housing units in Hartford, CT were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 23.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hartford, CT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hartford, CT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hartford, CT have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

22.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hartford, CT have a shorter commute time (22.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.82% of the workforce in Hartford, CT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hartford, CT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    58.6%

  2. Public Transit

    15.1%

  3. Carpooled

    13.8%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hartford, CT was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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