Harrisonburg, VA

Census Place

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2022 Population
51,784
0.534% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
25.4
0.392% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
27.2%
5.53% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$56,050
9.78% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$263,700
14% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
24,694
0.744% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Harrisonburg, VA had a population of 51.8k people with a median age of 25.4 and a median household income of $56,050. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Harrisonburg, VA declined from 52,062 to 51,784, a −0.534% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,055 to $56,050, a 9.78% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Harrisonburg, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (63.8%), White (Hispanic) (7.25%), Two+ (Hispanic) (7.02%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.97%), and Other (Hispanic) (5.52%).

None of the households in Harrisonburg, VA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

88.7% of the residents in Harrisonburg, VA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Harrisonburg, VA are James Madison University (5,530 degrees awarded in 2022) and Eastern Mennonite University (463 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Harrisonburg, VA was $263,700, and the homeownership rate was 38.1%.

Most people in Harrisonburg, VA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 17.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Harrisonburg, VA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Harrisonburg, VA is home to a population of 51.8k people, from which 88.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 17.6% of Harrisonburg, VA residents were born outside of the country (9.1k people).

In 2022, there were 8.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (33k people) in Harrisonburg, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.75k White (Hispanic) and 3.64k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

88.7%
2022 Citizenship
89.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 88.7% of Harrisonburg, VA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Harrisonburg, VA was 89.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Harrisonburg, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Harrisonburg, VA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    33k ± 179
  2. White (Hispanic)
    3.75k ± 652
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    3.64k ± 804
20.8%
Hispanic Population
10.8k people

In 2022, there were 8.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (33k people) in Harrisonburg, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.75k White (Hispanic) and 3.64k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

20.8% of the people in Harrisonburg, VA are hispanic (10.8k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Harrisonburg, VA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    107,605 ± 8,003 people
  2. India
    98,735 ± 7,670 people
  3. Mexico
    59,855 ± 5,986 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 107,605 Virginia residents, followed by India with 98,735 and Mexico with 59,855.

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Foreign-Born Population

17.6%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
9.1k people
15.8%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
8.22k people

As of 2022, 17.6% of Harrisonburg, VA residents (9.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Harrisonburg, VA was 15.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Harrisonburg, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    397 ± 178
  2. Vietnam
    352 ± 143
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    200 ± 102

Harrisonburg, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.13 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Harrisonburg, VA employs 24.7k people. The largest industries in Harrisonburg, VA are Educational Services (3,763 people), Retail Trade (3,242 people), and Manufacturing (3,206 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($56,394), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,378), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($51,138).

Males in Virginia have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $69,674. The income inequality in Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.475, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

24.7k
2022 Value
± 1,298
−0.744%
1 Year decline
± 7.43%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Harrisonburg, VA declined at a rate of −0.744%, from 24.9k employees to 24.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Harrisonburg, VA, are Sales & Related Occupations (2,278 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2,231 people), and Production Occupations (2,087 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Harrisonburg, VA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

24.7k
2022 Value
± 1,298
−0.744%
1 Year decline
± 7.43%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Harrisonburg, VA declined at a rate of −0.744%, from 24.9k employees to 24.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Harrisonburg, VA, are Educational Services (3,763 people), Retail Trade (3,242 people), and Manufacturing (3,206 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Harrisonburg, VA, though some of these residents may live in Harrisonburg, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$36,164
Median earning men ± $2,900
$21,744
Median earning women ± $1,776

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($63,840), Public Administration ($53,097), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,750).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($45,513), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($43,400), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($41,111).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Y-Axis
2.48%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.1M people employed in Virginia. This represents a 2.48% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Virginia.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Virginia went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 54.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (44%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.45%).

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Harrisonburg, VA awarded 5,993 degrees. The student population of Harrisonburg, VA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 9,750 male students and 13,808 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Harrisonburg, VA are White (4,537 and 77%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (386 and 6.55%), Black or African American (287 and 4.87%), and Asian (259 and 4.39%).

The largest universities in Harrisonburg, VA by number of degrees awarded are James Madison University (5,530 and 92.3%) and Eastern Mennonite University (463 and 7.73%).

The most popular majors in Harrisonburg, VA are Community Health Services (453 and 7.56%), Registered Nursing (369 and 6.16%), and General Psychology (302 and 5.04%).

The median tuition costs in Harrisonburg, VA are $40,590 for private four year colleges, and $7,684 and $24,744 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Harrisonburg, VA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 79.1%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 20.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 23,558 (41.4% men and 58.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 23,558 students enrolled in Harrisonburg, VA, 41.4% men and 58.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 17,424 records, of which 58.8% were women and 41.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 365 degrees awarded
  2. 283 degrees awarded
  3. 453 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Harrisonburg, VA was Registered Nursing with 365 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Harrisonburg, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 5,530 degrees awarded
  2. 463 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was James Madison University with 5,530 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 2,235 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Harrisonburg, VA, which is 0.595 times less than the 3,758 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 4,537 degrees mean that there were 11.8 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 386 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($40,590) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($5,408) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,098) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Measure

In 2022, 0.884% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.904% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.71M), Bachelors Degree (1.47M), and Some college (1.4M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Harrisonburg, VA was $263,700 in 2022, which is 0.935 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $231,300 to $263,700, a 14% increase. The homeownership rate in Harrisonburg, VA is 38.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Harrisonburg, VA have an average commute time of 17.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Harrisonburg, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Harrisonburg, VA is $56,050. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Harrisonburg, VA was Census Tract 2.06 with a value of $152,656, followed by Census Tract 3.01 and Census Tract 2.03, with respective values of $82,241 and $77,500.

Property

$263,700
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,964
$6,534
Median Property Taxes
±$579

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Harrisonburg, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Harrisonburg, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

38.1%
Homeownership
2022
68.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 38.1% of the housing units in Harrisonburg, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 39.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Harrisonburg, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 2.06
  2. Census Tract 3.01
  3. Census Tract 2.03

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Harrisonburg, VA was Census Tract 2.06 with a value of $152,656, followed by Census Tract 3.01 and Census Tract 2.03, with respective values of $82,241 and $77,500.

The following map shows all of the places in Harrisonburg, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$56,050
Median Household Income
± $1,802
17.1k
Number of Households
± 978

In 2022, the median household income of the 17.1k households in Harrisonburg, VA grew to $56,050 from the previous year's value of $51,055.

The following chart displays the households in Harrisonburg, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Harrisonburg, VA is from Virginia.
0.475
2022 Wage GINI in Virginia
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Virginia

In 2022, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.475 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.164% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (69.7%)
  2. Carpooled (12.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.59%)

In 2022, 69.7% of workers in Harrisonburg, VA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (12.4%) and those who worked at home (7.59%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

17.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Harrisonburg, VA have a shorter commute time (17.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.32% of the workforce in Harrisonburg, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Harrisonburg, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Harrisonburg, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Harrisonburg, VA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

27.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Harrisonburg, VA (12.1k out of 44.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Harrisonburg, VA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

89.4% of the population of Harrisonburg, VA has health coverage, with 48.8% on employee plans, 16.3% on Medicaid, 7.53% on Medicare, 14.4% on non-group plans, and 2.42% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Harrisonburg city, VA see 736 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.66% decrease from the previous year (772 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 760 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 191 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Harrisonburg city, VA.
736 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Harrisonburg city, VA

Primary care physicians in Harrisonburg city, VA see an average of 736 patients per year. This represents a 4.66% decrease from the previous year (772 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Harrisonburg city, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.1% under 18 years, 38.7% between 18 and 34 years, 28% between 35 and 64 years, and 9.25% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.9% were men and 53.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

10.6%
Uninsured
48.8%
Employer Coverage
16.3%
Medicaid
7.53%
Medicare
14.4%
Non-Group
2.42%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Harrisonburg, VA declined by 4.67% from 11.1% to 10.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Harrisonburg, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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