Greensboro, NC

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Population

290,201

1.11% growth

Median Age

36.4


Median Household Income

$47,043

4.39% growth

Poverty Rate

19.2%


Number of Employees

143,068

4.17% growth

Median Property Value

$157,000

3.22% growth

About

In 2017, Greensboro, NC had a population of 290k people with a median age of 36.4 and a median household income of $47,043. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Greensboro, NC grew from 287,019 to 290,201, a 1.11% increase and its median household income grew from $45,064 to $47,043, a 4.39% increase.

The population of Greensboro, NC is 43.5% White Alone, 42.5% Black or African American Alone, and 6.88% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Greensboro, NC speak a non-English language, and 94.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Greensboro, NC are University of North Carolina at Greensboro (4,099 degrees awarded in 2016), North Carolina A & T State University (1,995 degrees), and Guilford College (533 degrees).

The median property value in Greensboro, NC is $157,000, and the homeownership rate is 50.3%. Most people in Greensboro, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Greensboro, NC is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: City Center Park, Greensboro, NC

Economy

The economy of Greensboro, NC employs 143k people. The largest industries in Greensboro, NC are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,825 people), Retail Trade (18,459 people), and Manufacturing (18,060 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,324), Finance & Insurance ($48,940), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($44,025).

Median household income in Greensboro, NC is $47,043. Males in Greensboro, NC have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,208. The income inequality in Greensboro, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,043

2017 value

± $3,027

4.39%

1 Year Growth

± 9.16%

Households in Greensboro, NC have a median annual income of $47,043, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,064 in 2016, which represents a 4.39% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Greensboro, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$62,048

Average Male Salary

± $1,147

$46,208

Average Female Salary

± $809

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,340 ± $4,747

  2. White

    $51,739 ± $820

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $47,717 ± $31,159

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Greensboro, NC is from North Carolina.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.293% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 104.04

  2. Census Tract 157.06

  3. Census Tract 125.10

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Greensboro, NC was Census Tract 104.04 with a value of $112,273, followed by Census Tract 157.06 and Census Tract 125.10, with respective values of $108,611 and $107,875.

The following map shows all of the places in Greensboro, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Greensboro, NC (52.4k out of 273k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    30,477 ± 1,424

  2. White

    15,706 ± 972

  3. Hispanic

    6,215 ± 610

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Greensboro, NC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

143k

2017 Value

± 6,838

4.17%

1 Year growth

± 6.48%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Greensboro, NC grew at a rate of 4.17%, from 137k employees to 143k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Greensboro, NC, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,453 people), Sales & Related Occupations (15,883 people), and Management Occupations (13,179 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Greensboro, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Greensboro, NC, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,453 people), Sales & Related Occupations (15,883 people), and Management Occupations (13,179 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Greensboro, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (1.53 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.5 times), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.36 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Greensboro, NC, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($72,635), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,149), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($65,833).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

143k

2017 Value

± 6,838

4.17%

1 Year growth

± 6.48%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Greensboro, NC grew at a rate of 4.17%, from 137k employees to 143k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Greensboro, NC, are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,825 people), Retail Trade (18,459 people), and Manufacturing (18,060 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Greensboro, NC, though some of these residents may live in Greensboro, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Greensboro, NC, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,825 people), Retail Trade (18,459 people), and Manufacturing (18,060 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Greensboro, NC has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.31 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.27 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.26 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Greensboro, NC, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,324), Finance & Insurance ($48,940), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($44,025).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $50.4B

  2. $35.3B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $50.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($35.3B) and Machinery ($34.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$407B

2015 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Carolina trade was $407B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.6B

  2. $25.4B

  3. $25.2B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $25.6B, followed by Georgia with $25.4B and Virginia and $25.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.1% of the population of Greensboro, NC has health coverage, with 48% on employee plans, 16% on Medicaid, 11.6% on Medicare, 13.1% on non-group plans, and 1.4% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Greensboro, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Greensboro, NC see 1417 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1410 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1829 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 464 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

1,417 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see an average of 1,417 patients per year. This represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1,410 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Carolina in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.87%

Uninsured

48%

Employer Coverage

16%

Medicaid

11.6%

Medicare

13.1%

Non-Group

1.4%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Greensboro, NC grew by 6.64% from 9.25% to 9.87%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Greensboro, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Greensboro, NC is home to a population of 290k people, from which 94.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.3% of Greensboro, NC residents were born outside of the country (30k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Greensboro, NC is composed of 126k White Alone residents (43.5%), 123k Black or African American Alone residents (42.5%), 20k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.88%), 13k Asian Alone residents (4.47%), 5.87k Two or More Races residents (2.02%), 925 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.319%), 847 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.292%), and 199 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0686%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Greensboro, NC are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.4

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Greensboro, NC was 36.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Greensboro, NC are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Greensboro, NC residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

30k people

10.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

29.9k people

As of 2017, 10.3% of Greensboro, NC residents (30k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Greensboro, NC was 10.4%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Greensboro, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,569 ± 11,827 people

  2. India

    71,743 ± 6,553 people

  3. Honduras

    36,265 ± 4,667 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 237,569 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 71,743 and Honduras with 36,265.

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Citizenship

94.8%

2017 Citizenship

94.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.8% of Greensboro, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Greensboro, NC was 94.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Greensboro, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    126k ± 4.98k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    123k ± 5.53k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    20k ± 3.69k

In 2017, there were 1.02 times more White Alone residents (126k people) in Greensboro, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 123k Black or African American Alone and 20k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Greensboro, NC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Greensboro, NC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Greensboro, NC was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Greensboro, NC are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,835 ± 1,131

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,466 ± 1,057

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,079 ± 593

Greensboro, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.96 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Greensboro, NC awarded 7,272 degrees. The student population of Greensboro, NC is skewed towards women, with 12,943 male students and 21,805 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Greensboro, NC are White (3,311 and 47.2%), followed by Black or African American (2,708 and 38.6%), Hispanic or Latino (345 and 4.91%), and Unknown (254 and 3.62%).

The largest universities in Greensboro, NC by number of degrees awarded are University of North Carolina at Greensboro (4,099 and 56.4%), North Carolina A & T State University (1,995 and 27.4%), and Guilford College (533 and 7.33%).

The most popular majors in Greensboro, NC are General Business Administration & Management (528 and 7.26%), General Psychology (412 and 5.67%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (295 and 4.06%).

The median tuition costs in Greensboro, NC are $27,350 for private four year colleges, and $3,903 and $17,714 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 260 degrees awarded

  2. 453 degrees awarded

  3. 396 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Greensboro, NC was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 260 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Greensboro, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,099 degrees awarded

  2. 1,995 degrees awarded

  3. 533 degrees awarded

$3,903

Median In-State Public

$27,350

Median Private

In 2016, the Greensboro, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of North Carolina at Greensboro with 4,099 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,515

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,757

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,515 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Greensboro, NC, which is 0.529 times less than the 4,757 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Greensboro, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,311 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,708 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    345 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Greensboro, NC were to White students. These 3,311 degrees mean that there were 1.22 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,708 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Greensboro, NC was $157,000 in 2017, which is 0.722 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $152,100 to $157,000, a 3.22% increase. The homeownership rate in Greensboro, NC is 50.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Greensboro, NC have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Greensboro, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,043

Median Household Income

± $3,027

116k

Number of Households

± 5,945

In 2017, the median household income of the 116k households in Greensboro, NC grew to $47,043 from the previous year's value of $45,064.

The following chart displays the households in Greensboro, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$157,000

2017 Median

± $6,804

$152,100

2016 Median

± $6,099

In 2017, the median property value in Greensboro, NC grew to to $157,000 from the previous year's value of $152,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Greensboro, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Greensboro, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Greensboro, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Greensboro, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

50.3%

2017 Homeownership

48.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 50.3% of the housing units in Greensboro, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 48.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Greensboro, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Greensboro, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Greensboro, NC have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Greensboro, NC have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.73% of the workforce in Greensboro, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Greensboro, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.97%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.58%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Greensboro, NC was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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