Graves County, KY

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Population

37,259

0.321% decline

Median Age

40.3


Median Household Income

$40,369

0.251% growth

Poverty Rate

19.2%


Number of Employees

15,661

1.29% growth

Median Property Value

$95,600

1.27% growth

About

In 2017, Graves County, KY had a population of 37.3k people with a median age of 40.3 and a median household income of $40,369. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Graves County, KY declined from 37,379 to 37,259, a -0.321% decrease and its median household income grew from $40,268 to $40,369, a 0.251% increase.

The population of Graves County, KY is 87.1% White Alone, 6.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.46% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Graves County, KY speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Graves County, KY is $95,600, and the homeownership rate is 73.8%. Most people in Graves County, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22 minutes. The average car ownership in Graves County, KY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Graves County, KY employs 15.7k people. The largest industries in Graves County, KY are Manufacturing (2,438 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,231 people), and Retail Trade (1,724 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($72,321), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,729), and Transportation & Warehousing ($43,125).

Median household income in Graves County, KY is $40,369. Males in Graves County, KY have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,451. The income inequality in Graves County, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,369

2017 value

± $1,825

0.251%

1 Year Growth

± 6.85%

Households in Graves County, KY have a median annual income of $40,369, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,268 in 2016, which represents a 0.251% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Graves County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$56,557

Average Male Salary

± $1,518

$41,451

Average Female Salary

± $1,092

In 2017, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,164 ± $10,370

  2. White

    $43,856 ± $923

  3. American Indian

    $34,557 ± $13,648

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Graves County, KY is from Kentucky.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.455

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.329% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 206

  2. Census Tract 204

  3. Census Tract 208

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Graves County, KY was Census Tract 206 with a value of $52,872, followed by Census Tract 204 and Census Tract 208, with respective values of $51,419 and $48,750.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Graves County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Graves County, KY (7.04k out of 36.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,140 ± 520

  2. Hispanic

    1,058 ± 270

  3. Black

    845 ± 205

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Graves County, KY is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

15.7k

2017 Value

± 800

1.29%

1 Year growth

± 7.2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Graves County, KY grew at a rate of 1.29%, from 15.5k employees to 15.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Graves County, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,041 people), Production Occupations (1,281 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,274 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Graves County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Graves County, KY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,041 people), Production Occupations (1,281 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,274 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Graves County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (2.03 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.77 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.72 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Graves County, KY, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($61,250), Management Occupations ($57,538), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($53,846).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

15.7k

2017 Value

± 800

1.29%

1 Year growth

± 7.2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Graves County, KY grew at a rate of 1.29%, from 15.5k employees to 15.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Graves County, KY, are Manufacturing (2,438 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,231 people), and Retail Trade (1,724 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Graves County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Graves County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Graves County, KY, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (2,438 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,231 people), and Retail Trade (1,724 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Graves County, KY has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.3 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.54 times), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.44 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Graves County, KY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($72,321), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,729), and Transportation & Warehousing ($43,125).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $71.4B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals ($17.1B) and Gasoline ($17.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$282B

2015 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.9B

  2. $19.1B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.6% of the population of Graves County, KY has health coverage, with 41.6% on employee plans, 21.5% on Medicaid, 14.9% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 0.941% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Graves County, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Graves County, KY see 2495 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.13% increase from the previous year (2351 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2324 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1328 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,495 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Graves County, KY see an average of 2,495 patients per year. This represents a 6.13% increase from the previous year (2,351 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Graves County, KY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.4%

Uninsured

41.6%

Employer Coverage

21.5%

Medicaid

14.9%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

0.941%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Graves County, KY declined by 12% from 10.7% to 9.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Graves County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Graves County, KY is home to a population of 37.3k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.01% of Graves County, KY residents were born outside of the country (1.12k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Graves County, KY is composed of 32.5k White Alone residents (87.1%), 2.27k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.1%), 1.66k Black or African American Alone residents (4.46%), 553 Two or More Races residents (1.48%), 176 Asian Alone residents (0.472%), 84 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.225%), 57 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.153%), and 2 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.00537%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Graves County, KY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Graves County, KY was 40.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Graves County, KY are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Graves County, KY residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.01%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.12k people

3.02%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.13k people

As of 2017, 3.01% of Graves County, KY residents (1.12k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Graves County, KY was 3.02%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Graves County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,622 ± 4,418 people

  2. India

    10,932 ± 2,564 people

  3. Cuba

    8,780 ± 2,298 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 32,622 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 10,932 and Cuba with 8,780.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.8% of Graves County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Graves County, KY was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Graves County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    32.5k ± 4

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2.27k ± 512

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.66k ± 163

In 2017, there were 14.3 times more White Alone residents (32.5k people) in Graves County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.27k Hispanic or Latino and 1.66k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Graves County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Graves County, KY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Graves County, KY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Graves County, KY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    794 ± 162

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    375 ± 144

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    147 ± 79

Graves County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.12 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Graves County, KY was $95,600 in 2017, which is 0.439 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $94,400 to $95,600, a 1.27% increase. The homeownership rate in Graves County, KY is 73.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Graves County, KY have an average commute time of 22 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Graves County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,369

Median Household Income

± $1,825

14.3k

Number of Households

± 768

In 2017, the median household income of the 14.3k households in Graves County, KY grew to $40,369 from the previous year's value of $40,268.

The following chart displays the households in Graves County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$95,600

2017 Median

± $4,244

$94,400

2016 Median

± $3,887

In 2017, the median property value in Graves County, KY grew to to $95,600 from the previous year's value of $94,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Graves County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Graves County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Graves County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Graves County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.8%

2017 Homeownership

73.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.8% of the housing units in Graves County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 73.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Graves County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Graves County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Graves County, KY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Graves County, KY have a shorter commute time (22 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.38% of the workforce in Graves County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Graves County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87%

  2. Carpooled

    7.22%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.98%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Graves County, KY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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