Grand Rapids, MI

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Population

195,355

0.757% growth

Poverty Rate

22.5%


Median Age

31.1


Median Household Income

$44,369

5.59% growth

Number of Employees

96,858

3.35% growth

Median Property Value

$121,800

7.22% growth

About

In 2017, Grand Rapids, MI had a population of 195k people with a median age of 31.1 and a median household income of $44,369. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Grand Rapids, MI grew from 193,887 to 195,355, a 0.757% increase and its median household income grew from $42,019 to $44,369, a 5.59% increase.

The population of Grand Rapids, MI is 59.7% White Alone, 19.1% Black or African American Alone, and 15.3% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Grand Rapids, MI speak a non-English language, and 92.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Grand Rapids, MI are Grand Rapids Community College (1,876 degrees awarded in 2017), Calvin College (1,106 degrees), and Cornerstone University (586 degrees).

The median property value in Grand Rapids, MI is $121,800, and the homeownership rate is 54.4%. Most people in Grand Rapids, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Grand Rapids, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Downtown Grand Rapids

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Michigan.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Michigan compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Michigan.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Michigan across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Grand Rapids, MI employs 96.9k people. The largest industries in Grand Rapids, MI are Health Care & Social Assistance (15,878 people), Manufacturing (15,122 people), and Retail Trade (10,234 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($122,969), Utilities ($63,438), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($50,425).

Median household income in Grand Rapids, MI is $44,369. Males in Grand Rapids, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Grand Rapids, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,369

2017 value

± $1,212

5.59%

1 Year Growth

± 3.25%

Households in Grand Rapids, MI have a median annual income of $44,369, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,019 in 2016, which represents a 5.59% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Grand Rapids, MI compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Grand Rapids, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 118.03

  2. Census Tract 118.01

  3. Census Tract 23

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Grand Rapids, MI was Census Tract 118.03 with a value of $125,822, followed by Census Tract 118.01 and Census Tract 23, with respective values of $89,321 and $72,783.

The following map shows all of the places in Grand Rapids, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Grand Rapids, MI (42.2k out of 188k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    21,727 ± 1,061

  2. Black

    12,174 ± 857

  3. Hispanic

    10,685 ± 650

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Grand Rapids, MI is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

96.9k

2017 Value

± 2,130

3.35%

1 Year growth

± 3.02%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Grand Rapids, MI grew at a rate of 3.35%, from 93.7k employees to 96.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Grand Rapids, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,050 people), Production Occupations (9,860 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (9,299 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Grand Rapids, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Grand Rapids, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,050 people), Production Occupations (9,860 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (9,299 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Grand Rapids, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.12 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.76 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.51 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Grand Rapids, MI, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($61,957), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($57,132), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($55,367).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

96.9k

2017 Value

± 2,130

3.35%

1 Year growth

± 3.02%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Grand Rapids, MI grew at a rate of 3.35%, from 93.7k employees to 96.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Grand Rapids, MI, are Health Care & Social Assistance (15,878 people), Manufacturing (15,122 people), and Retail Trade (10,234 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Grand Rapids, MI, though some of these residents may live in Grand Rapids, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Grand Rapids, MI, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (15,878 people), Manufacturing (15,122 people), and Retail Trade (10,234 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Grand Rapids, MI has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.54 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.3 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Grand Rapids, MI, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($122,969), Utilities ($63,438), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($50,425).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $138B

  2. $38.2B

  3. $36.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $138B, followed by Mixed freight ($38.2B) and Machinery ($36.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$480B

2020 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

29.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound Michigan trade was $480B. This is expected to increase 29.8% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.4B

  2. $27.2B

  3. $21.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $37.4B, followed by Indiana with $27.2B and Illinois and $21.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.8% of the population of Grand Rapids, MI has health coverage, with 45.2% on employee plans, 24.7% on Medicaid, 8.23% on Medicare, 10.9% on non-group plans, and 0.77% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Grand Rapids, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Grand Rapids, MI see 1120 patients per year on average, which represents a 2% increase from the previous year (1098 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1433 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 349 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Kent County, MI.

1,120 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kent County, MI see an average of 1,120 patients per year. This represents a 2% increase from the previous year (1,098 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kent County, MI in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.2%

Uninsured

45.2%

Employer Coverage

24.7%

Medicaid

8.23%

Medicare

10.9%

Non-Group

0.77%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Grand Rapids, MI declined by 6.8% from 11% to 10.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Grand Rapids, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Grand Rapids, MI is home to a population of 195k people, from which 92.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.3% of Grand Rapids, MI residents were born outside of the country (20.1k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Grand Rapids, MI is composed of 117k White Alone residents (59.7%), 37.3k Black or African American Alone residents (19.1%), 30k Hispanic or Latino residents (15.3%), 6.61k Two or More Races residents (3.38%), 4.01k Asian Alone residents (2.05%), 617 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.316%), 277 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.142%), and 35 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0179%).

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Grand Rapids, MI was 31.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Grand Rapids, MI are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Grand Rapids, MI residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20.1k people

9.98%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

19.3k people

As of 2017, 10.3% of Grand Rapids, MI residents (20.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Grand Rapids, MI was 9.98%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Grand Rapids, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Michigan residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

92.6%

2017 Citizenship

92.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.6% of Grand Rapids, MI residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Grand Rapids, MI was 92.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Grand Rapids, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    117k ± 1.7k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    37.3k ± 1.36k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    30k ± 1.94k

In 2017, there were 3.13 times more White Alone residents (117k people) in Grand Rapids, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 37.3k Black or African American Alone and 30k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Grand Rapids, MI as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,427 ± 269

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    947 ± 195

  3. Korea

    888 ± 178

Grand Rapids, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.56 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Grand Rapids, MI awarded 4,197 degrees. The student population of Grand Rapids, MI is skewed towards women, with 10,609 male students and 12,077 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Grand Rapids, MI are White (3,167 and 78.8%), followed by Black or African American (250 and 6.22%), Hispanic or Latino (224 and 5.57%), and Unknown (173 and 4.3%).

The largest universities in Grand Rapids, MI by number of degrees awarded are Grand Rapids Community College (1,876 and 44.7%), Calvin College (1,106 and 26.4%), and Cornerstone University (586 and 14%).

The most popular majors in Grand Rapids, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (896 and 21.3%), General Business Administration & Management (403 and 9.6%), and Registered Nursing (164 and 3.91%).

The median tuition costs in Grand Rapids, MI are $28,948 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 106 degrees awarded

  2. 99 degrees awarded

  3. 219 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Grand Rapids, MI was General Psychology with 106 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Grand Rapids, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,876 degrees awarded

  2. 1,106 degrees awarded

  3. 586 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$28,948

Median Private

In 2017, the Grand Rapids, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Grand Rapids Community College with 1,876 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,846

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,351

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,846 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Grand Rapids, MI, which is 0.785 times less than the 2,351 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Grand Rapids, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,167 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    250 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    224 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Grand Rapids, MI were to White students. These 3,167 degrees mean that there were 12.7 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 250 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Grand Rapids, MI was $121,800 in 2017, which is 0.53 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $113,600 to $121,800, a 7.22% increase. The homeownership rate in Grand Rapids, MI is 54.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Grand Rapids, MI have an average commute time of 18.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Grand Rapids, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$121,800

2017 Median

± $2,201

$113,600

2016 Median

± $1,673

In 2017, the median property value in Grand Rapids, MI grew to to $121,800 from the previous year's value of $113,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Grand Rapids, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Grand Rapids, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,369

Median Household Income

± $1,212

73.4k

Number of Households

± 1,740

In 2017, the median household income of the 73.4k households in Grand Rapids, MI grew to $44,369 from the previous year's value of $42,019.

The following chart displays the households in Grand Rapids, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Grand Rapids, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Grand Rapids, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

54.4%

2017 Homeownership

54.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 54.4% of the housing units in Grand Rapids, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 54.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Grand Rapids, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

18.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Grand Rapids, MI have a shorter commute time (18.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.2% of the workforce in Grand Rapids, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Grand Rapids, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75%

  2. Carpooled

    10.8%

  3. Public Transit

    4.21%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Grand Rapids, MI was Drove Alone (75%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.8%) and those who Public Transit (4.21%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Grand Rapids, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Grand Rapids, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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