Gaston County, NC

County

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2019 Population
219,271
1.24% 1-year growth
US Senator
Richard Burr
Republican Party
US Senator
Thom Tillis
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
40.1
0% 1-year change
2019 Poverty Rate
14.5%
7.43% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$52,835
6.99% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$144,200
5.64% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
102,010
3.14% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Gaston County, NC had a population of 219k people with a median age of 40.1 and a median household income of $52,835. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Gaston County, NC grew from 216,585 to 219,271, a 1.24% increase and its median household income grew from $49,384 to $52,835, a 6.99% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Gaston County, NC are White (Non-Hispanic) (72.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (16.2%), White (Hispanic) (4.59%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.27%), and Other (Hispanic) (1.87%). 0% of the households in Gaston County, NC speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

96.9% of the residents in Gaston County, NC are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gaston County, NC are Gaston College (1,586 degrees awarded in 2019), Belmont Abbey College (306 degrees), and Paul Mitchell the School-Gastonia (189 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Gaston County, NC was $144,200, and the homeownership rate was 65.3%. Most people in Gaston County, NC drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Gaston County, NC was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Gaston County, NC is home to a population of 219k people, from which 96.9% are citizens. As of 2019, 15% of Gaston County, NC residents were born outside of the country (32.8k people).

In 2019, there were 4.48 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (159k people) in Gaston County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 10.1k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Gaston County, NC
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    159k ± 125
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    35.5k ± 691
  3. White (Hispanic)
    10.1k ± 640
7.01%
Hispanic Population
15.4k people

In 2019, there were 4.48 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (159k people) in Gaston County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 10.1k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

7.01% of the people in Gaston County, NC are hispanic (15.4k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Gaston County, NC as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

15%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
32.8k people
5.54%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
12k people

As of 2019, 15% of Gaston County, NC residents (32.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gaston County, NC was 5.54%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gaston County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

40
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.3
42
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.7

In 2019, the median age of all people in Gaston County, NC was 40.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Gaston County, NC are getting staying the same age. In 2018, the average age of all Gaston County, NC residents was 40.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    229,947 ± 11,640 people
  2. India
    70,805 ± 6,510 people
  3. Honduras
    36,544 ± 4,685 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 229,947 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 70,805 and Honduras with 36,544.

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Citizenship

96.9%
2019 Citizenship
96.8%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 96.9% of Gaston County, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Gaston County, NC was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gaston County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,627 ± 341
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,334 ± 302
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,901 ± 296

Gaston County, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.98 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for North Carolina. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in North Carolina, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in North Carolina (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in North Carolina. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in North Carolina.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of North Carolina across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Gaston County, NC is $52,835. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Gaston County, NC was Census Tract 333.03 with a value of $102,909, followed by Census Tract 324.02 and Census Tract 325.08, with respective values of $100,900 and $98,125.

Males in North Carolina have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,862. The income inequality in North Carolina (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Gaston County, NC employs 102k people. The largest industries in Gaston County, NC are Manufacturing (17,948 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (13,229 people), and Retail Trade (12,481 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($83,309), Utilities ($74,511), and Finance & Insurance ($59,575).

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,835
2019 value
± $994
6.99%
1 Year Growth
± 2.88%

Households in Gaston County, NC have a median annual income of $52,835, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,384 in 2018, which represents a 6.99% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Gaston County, NC compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.
$63,585
Average Male Salary in North Carolina
± $1,168
$47,862
Average Female Salary in North Carolina
± $855

In 2019, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in North Carolina
  1. Asian
    $64,719 ± $4,583
  2. White
    $53,494 ± $850
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $42,933 ± $24,629

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in North Carolina.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gaston County, NC is from North Carolina.
0.472
2019 Wage GINI in North Carolina
0.473
2018 Wage GINI in North Carolina

In 2019, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.472 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0599% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 333.03
  2. Census Tract 324.02
  3. Census Tract 325.08

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gaston County, NC was Census Tract 333.03 with a value of $102,909, followed by Census Tract 324.02 and Census Tract 325.08, with respective values of $100,900 and $98,125.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Gaston County, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gaston County, NC (31.2k out of 216k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    20,535 ± 915
  2. Black
    7,414 ± 626
  3. Hispanic
    3,806 ± 434

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gaston County, NC is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

102k
2019 Value
± 2,051
3.14%
1 Year growth
± 2.76%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Gaston County, NC grew at a rate of 3.14%, from 98.9k employees to 102k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gaston County, NC, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,747 people), Production Occupations (10,990 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (10,690 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gaston County, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gaston County, NC, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,747 people), Production Occupations (10,990 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (10,690 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Gaston County, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.9 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.69 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.24 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gaston County, NC, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($68,901), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($68,470), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($68,317).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

102k
2019 Value
± 2,051
3.14%
1 Year growth
± 2.76%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Gaston County, NC grew at a rate of 3.14%, from 98.9k employees to 102k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gaston County, NC, are Manufacturing (17,948 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (13,229 people), and Retail Trade (12,481 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gaston County, NC, though some of these residents may live in Gaston County, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Gaston County, NC, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (17,948 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (13,229 people), and Retail Trade (12,481 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Gaston County, NC has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.06 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.76 times), and Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gaston County, NC, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($83,309), Utilities ($74,511), and Finance & Insurance ($59,575).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $54.1B
  2. $40B
  3. $36.8B

In 2018, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $54.1B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($40B) and Machinery ($36.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina.
$430B
2018 Value in North Carolina
$840B
Projected 2045 Value in North Carolina
95.4% growth

In 2018, total outbound North Carolina trade was $430B. This is expected to increase 95.4% to $840B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $28.2B
  2. $27.5B
  3. $24.4B

In 2018, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $28.2B, followed by South Carolina with $27.5B and Virginia and $24.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Gaston County, NC went to Donald J. Trump with 64.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (32.3%), followed by Other (3.58%). The most partisan county was Graham County, NC with 78.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Richard Burr and Thom Tillis are the senators currently representing the state of North Carolina. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

North Carolina is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of North Carolina.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Gaston County, NC
64.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in North Carolina
  1. 78.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 78.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 77.7% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in North Carolina was Graham County, NC with 78.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in North Carolina colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from North Carolina

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.
Richard Burr
Senator from North Carolina3
Assumed office on January 3, 2005
Thom Tillis
Senator from North Carolina2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Richard Burr and Thom Tillis are the senators currently representing North Carolina.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in North Carolina over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from North Carolina

North Carolina is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for North Carolina have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Gaston County, NC awarded 2,081 degrees. The student population of Gaston County, NC is skewed towards women, with 2,731 male students and 4,791 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gaston County, NC are White (1,306 and 64.5%), followed by Black or African American (336 and 16.6%), Unknown (210 and 10.4%), and Hispanic or Latino (99 and 4.89%).

The largest universities in Gaston County, NC by number of degrees awarded are Gaston College (1,586 and 76.2%), Belmont Abbey College (306 and 14.7%), and Paul Mitchell the School-Gastonia (189 and 9.08%).

The most popular majors in Gaston County, NC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (311 and 14.9%), General Cosmetology (210 and 10.1%), and General Business Administration & Management (207 and 9.95%).

The median tuition cost in Gaston County, NC for private four year colleges is $18,500.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 102 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 59 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 57 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Gaston County, NC was General Business Administration & Management with 102 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Gaston County, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,586 degrees awarded
  2. 306 degrees awarded
  3. 189 degrees awarded
$18,500
Median Private

In 2019, the Gaston County, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Gaston College with 1,586 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

774
Degrees Awarded to Men
1,307
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 774 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gaston County, NC, which is 0.592 times less than the 1,307 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Gaston County, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    1,306 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    336 degrees awarded
  3. Unknown
    210 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Gaston County, NC was White students. These 1,306 degrees mean that there were 3.89 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 336 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gaston County, NC was $144,200 in 2019, which is 0.6 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $136,500 to $144,200, a 5.64% increase. The homeownership rate in Gaston County, NC is 65.3%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Gaston County, NC have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Gaston County, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$144,200
2019 Median
± $2,439
$136,500
2018 Median
± $2,066

In 2019, the median property value in Gaston County, NC grew to to $144,200 from the previous year's value of $136,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gaston County, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gaston County, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$52,835
Median Household Income
± $994
83.7k
Number of Households
± 1,744

In 2019, the median household income of the 83.7k households in Gaston County, NC grew to $52,835 from the previous year's value of $49,384.

The following chart displays the households in Gaston County, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gaston County, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gaston County, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.3%
2019 Homeownership
66.3%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 65.3% of the housing units in Gaston County, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gaston County, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gaston County, NC have a longer commute time (25.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.64% of the workforce in Gaston County, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gaston County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (85.3%)
  2. Carpooled (9.12%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.23%)

In 2019, 85.3% of workers in Gaston County, NC drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.12%) and those who worked at home (3.23%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gaston County, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gaston County, NC have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

89.7% of the population of Gaston County, NC has health coverage, with 46.6% on employee plans, 17.4% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 11.5% on non-group plans, and 1.56% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in North Carolina was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Gaston County, NC see 1755 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.82% increase from the previous year (1643 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1796 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 394 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jones County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (27.2%). Additionally, Bladen County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (49.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,755 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Gaston County, NC

Primary care physicians in Gaston County, NC see an average of 1,755 patients per year. This represents a 6.82% increase from the previous year (1,643 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Gaston County, NC in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.
$7,264
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in North Carolina
$3,859
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,225
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,260
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.3%
Uninsured
46.6%
Employer Coverage
17.4%
Medicaid
12.7%
Medicare
11.5%
Non-Group
1.56%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gaston County, NC declined by 4.98% from 10.8% to 10.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gaston County, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 27.2% prevalence
  2. 25.2% prevalence
  3. 23.2% prevalence

Jones County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 27.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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