Gary, IN

Census Place

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2022 Population
69,136
0.865% 1-year decline
US Senator
Todd Young
Republican Party
US Senator
Mike Braun
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
36.9
0.539% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
32.2%
0.449% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$36,874
8.18% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$81,800
15.9% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
23,041
0.685% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Gary, IN had a population of 69.1k people with a median age of 36.9 and a median household income of $36,874. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Gary, IN declined from 69,739 to 69,136, a −0.865% decrease and its median household income grew from $34,085 to $36,874, a 8.18% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Gary, IN are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (77.4%), White (Non-Hispanic) (9.74%), Two+ (Hispanic) (3.74%), White (Hispanic) (3.33%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.65%).

None of the households in Gary, IN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.7% of the residents in Gary, IN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gary, IN are Indiana University-Northwest (630 degrees awarded in 2022) and Lil Lou's Beauty and Barber College (25 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Gary, IN was $81,800, and the homeownership rate was 48.3%.

Most people in Gary, IN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 27.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Gary, IN was 1 car per household.

Population & Diversity

Gary, IN is home to a population of 69.1k people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.89% of Gary, IN residents were born outside of the country (1.31k people).

In 2022, there were 7.94 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (53.5k people) in Gary, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.74k White (Non-Hispanic) and 2.59k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.7%
2022 Citizenship
98.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.7% of Gary, IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Gary, IN was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gary, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Gary, IN
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    53.5k ± 1.17k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    6.74k ± 917
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    2.59k ± 589
9.4%
Hispanic Population
6.5k people

In 2022, there were 7.94 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (53.5k people) in Gary, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.74k White (Non-Hispanic) and 2.59k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

9.4% of the people in Gary, IN are hispanic (6.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Gary, IN as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Indiana.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    101,350 ± 7,757 people
  2. India
    35,477 ± 4,612 people
  3. China
    18,850 ± 3,366 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 101,350 Indiana residents, followed by India with 35,477 and China with 18,850.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.89%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.31k people
1.86%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.3k people

As of 2022, 1.89% of Gary, IN residents (1.31k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gary, IN was 1.86%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gary, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,418 ± 258
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    535 ± 279
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    442 ± 151

Gary, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.65 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Gary, IN employs 23k people. The largest industries in Gary, IN are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,842 people), Manufacturing (2,949 people), and Retail Trade (2,880 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($68,864), Information ($51,890), and Manufacturing ($48,010).

Males in Indiana have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,980. The income inequality in Indiana (measured using the Gini index) is 0.448, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

23k
2022 Value
± 1,242
−0.685%
1 Year decline
± 7.4%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Gary, IN declined at a rate of −0.685%, from 23.2k employees to 23k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gary, IN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,156 people), Material Moving Occupations (2,175 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,009 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gary, IN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Indiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

23k
2022 Value
± 1,242
−0.685%
1 Year decline
± 7.4%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Gary, IN declined at a rate of −0.685%, from 23.2k employees to 23k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gary, IN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,842 people), Manufacturing (2,949 people), and Retail Trade (2,880 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gary, IN, though some of these residents may live in Gary, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$35,486
Median earning men ± $2,748
$28,874
Median earning women ± $1,501

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($64,348), Information ($52,378), and Manufacturing ($50,802).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Manufacturing ($41,449), Public Administration ($41,176), and Information ($36,250).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.
Y-Axis
2.48%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.21M people employed in Indiana. This represents a 2.48% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 15.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Indiana.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Indiana went to Donald J. Trump with 57% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (41%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.95%).

Todd Young and Mike Braun are the senators currently representing the state of Indiana. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Indiana is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Indiana

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.
Todd Young
Senator from Indiana3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017
Mike Braun
Senator from Indiana1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019

Todd Young and Mike Braun are the senators currently representing Indiana.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Indiana over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Indiana

Indiana is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Indiana have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Gary, IN awarded 655 degrees. The student population of Gary, IN in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 823 male students and 2,413 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gary, IN are White (360 and 55.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (130 and 20%), Black or African American (111 and 17.1%), and Asian (22 and 3.38%).

The largest universities in Gary, IN by number of degrees awarded are Indiana University-Northwest (630 and 96.2%) and Lil Lou's Beauty and Barber College (25 and 3.82%).

The most popular majors in Gary, IN are General Business (79 and 12.1%), Registered Nursing (64 and 9.77%), and General Psychology (56 and 8.55%).

The median tuition cost in Gary, IN for a public four year colleges is $7,274 for in-state students and $20,634 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Gary, IN, the percentage of applicants admitted was 80.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 27.3%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 3,236 (25.4% men and 74.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 3,236 students enrolled in Gary, IN, 25.4% men and 74.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,484 records, of which 72.4% were women and 27.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 64 degrees awarded
  2. 56 degrees awarded
  3. 55 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Gary, IN was Registered Nursing with 64 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Gary, IN according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 630 degrees awarded
  2. 25 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Indiana University-Northwest with 630 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 172 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gary, IN, which is 0.356 times less than the 483 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 360 degrees mean that there were 2.77 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 130 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($7,274) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($667) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($980) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.
Measure

In 2022, 0.799% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.781% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.75M), Some college (1.13M), and Bachelors Degree (879k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gary, IN was $81,800 in 2022, which is 0.29 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $70,600 to $81,800, a 15.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Gary, IN is 48.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Gary, IN have an average commute time of 27.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Gary, IN is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Median household income in Gary, IN is $36,874. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Gary, IN was Census Tract 101 with a value of $69,855, followed by Census Tract 125 and Census Tract 112, with respective values of $52,653 and $51,853.

Property

$81,800
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,560
$13,324
Median Property Taxes
±$879

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gary, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Gary, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

48.3%
Homeownership
2022
63.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 48.3% of the housing units in Gary, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 49.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Gary, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 101
  2. Census Tract 125
  3. Census Tract 112

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gary, IN was Census Tract 101 with a value of $69,855, followed by Census Tract 125 and Census Tract 112, with respective values of $52,653 and $51,853.

The following map shows all of the places in Gary, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$36,874
Median Household Income
± $2,220
27.6k
Number of Households
± 1,289

In 2022, the median household income of the 27.6k households in Gary, IN grew to $36,874 from the previous year's value of $34,085.

The following chart displays the households in Gary, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gary, IN is from Indiana.
0.448
2022 Wage GINI in Indiana
0.449
2021 Wage GINI in Indiana

In 2022, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.448 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.283% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (78.3%)
  2. Carpooled (10.5%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.17%)

In 2022, 78.3% of workers in Gary, IN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.5%) and those who worked at home (4.17%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

27.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gary, IN have a longer commute time (27.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.82% of the workforce in Gary, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gary, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gary, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gary, IN have 1 car.

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Poverty & Diversity

32.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gary, IN (22k out of 68.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gary, IN is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

90.9% of the population of Gary, IN has health coverage, with 25.8% on employee plans, 41.7% on Medicaid, 13.8% on Medicare, 8.56% on non-group plans, and 0.922% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Lake County, IN see 1896 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.35% decrease from the previous year (1922 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1524 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 497 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Lake County, IN.
1,896 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Lake County, IN

Primary care physicians in Lake County, IN see an average of 1,896 patients per year. This represents a 1.35% decrease from the previous year (1,922 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Lake County, IN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 28.9% under 18 years, 18.8% between 18 and 34 years, 34.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 45.6% were men and 54.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.1%
Uninsured
25.8%
Employer Coverage
41.7%
Medicaid
13.8%
Medicare
8.56%
Non-Group
0.922%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gary, IN declined by 4.75% from 9.55% to 9.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gary, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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