Gary, IN

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Population

77,416

0.568% decline

Median Age

38.6


Median Household Income

$29,293

1.38% growth

Poverty Rate

35.8%


Number of Employees

26,006

0.00769% decline

Median Property Value

$66,300

1.38% growth

About

In 2017, Gary, IN had a population of 77.4k people with a median age of 38.6 and a median household income of $29,293. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Gary, IN declined from 77,858 to 77,416, a -0.568% decrease and its median household income grew from $28,895 to $29,293, a 1.38% increase.

The population of Gary, IN is 80.2% Black or African American Alone, 11.8% White Alone, and 5.84% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Gary, IN speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gary, IN are Indiana University-Northwest (786 degrees awarded in 2016) and Lil Lou's Beauty and Barber College LLC (40 degrees).

The median property value in Gary, IN is $66,300, and the homeownership rate is 52%. Most people in Gary, IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Gary, IN is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Gary, IN employs 26k people. The largest industries in Gary, IN are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,250 people), Manufacturing (3,333 people), and Retail Trade (2,925 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($61,319), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($45,114), and Manufacturing ($44,950).

Median household income in Gary, IN is $29,293. Males in Gary, IN have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,677. The income inequality in Gary, IN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$29,293

2017 value

± $1,513

1.38%

1 Year Growth

± 6.94%

Households in Gary, IN have a median annual income of $29,293, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $28,895 in 2016, which represents a 1.38% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Gary, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

$59,508

Average Male Salary

± $1,197

$42,677

Average Female Salary

± $917

In 2017, full-time male employees in Indiana made 1.39 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $60,595 ± $7,828

  2. White

    $45,279 ± $744

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $41,920 ± $17,388

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Indiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.34 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gary, IN is from Indiana.

0.456

2017 Wage GINI

0.457

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0682% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 101

  2. Census Tract 125

  3. Census Tract 411

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gary, IN was Census Tract 101 with a value of $50,500, followed by Census Tract 125 and Census Tract 411, with respective values of $44,559 and $33,690.

The following map shows all of the places in Gary, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

35.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gary, IN (27.3k out of 76.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    22,123 ± 962

  2. White

    3,477 ± 460

  3. Hispanic

    1,691 ± 331

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gary, IN is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

26k

2017 Value

± 1,117

-0.00769%

1 Year decline

± 6.03%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gary, IN declined at a rate of -0.00769%, from 26k employees to 26k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gary, IN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,719 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,278 people), and Production Occupations (2,203 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gary, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gary, IN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,719 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,278 people), and Production Occupations (2,203 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Gary, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.52 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (2.4 times), and Material Moving Occupations (2.28 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gary, IN, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($115,556), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($86,641), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($61,250).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

26k

2017 Value

± 1,117

-0.00769%

1 Year decline

± 6.03%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gary, IN declined at a rate of -0.00769%, from 26k employees to 26k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gary, IN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,250 people), Manufacturing (3,333 people), and Retail Trade (2,925 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gary, IN, though some of these residents may live in Gary, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Gary, IN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,250 people), Manufacturing (3,333 people), and Retail Trade (2,925 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Gary, IN has an unusually high number of Transportation & Warehousing (1.57 times higher than expected), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.47 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gary, IN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($61,319), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($45,114), and Manufacturing ($44,950).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $69.1B

  2. $42.9B

  3. $39.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $69.1B, followed by Base metals ($42.9B) and Mixed freight ($39.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana state.

$446B

2015 Value

$698B

Projected 2045 Value

56.6% growth

In 2015, total outbound Indiana trade was $446B. This is expected to increase 56.6% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.9B

  2. $32.7B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $39.9B, followed by Michigan with $32.7B and Illinois and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87% of the population of Gary, IN has health coverage, with 28.2% on employee plans, 35.7% on Medicaid, 13.1% on Medicare, 9.03% on non-group plans, and 1.02% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Gary, IN was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in Gary, IN see 1505 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1489 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1852 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 701 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

1,505 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Indiana see an average of 1,505 patients per year. This represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1,489 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Indiana in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

$8,300

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,078

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,285

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,714

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13%

Uninsured

28.2%

Employer Coverage

35.7%

Medicaid

13.1%

Medicare

9.03%

Non-Group

1.02%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gary, IN declined by 14.3% from 15.2% to 13%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gary, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.4% prevalence

  2. 15.1% prevalence

  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Gary, IN is home to a population of 77.4k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Gary, IN residents were born outside of the country (1.52k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Gary, IN is composed of 62.1k Black or African American Alone residents (80.2%), 9.13k White Alone residents (11.8%), 4.52k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.84%), 1.09k Two or More Races residents (1.41%), 295 Asian Alone residents (0.381%), 129 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.167%), 102 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.132%), and 45 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0581%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Gary, IN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Gary, IN was 38.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Gary, IN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Gary, IN residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    1.52k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Gary, IN residents (1.52k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gary, IN was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gary, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    106,451 ± 7,946 people

  2. India

    28,953 ± 4,168 people

  3. China

    22,599 ± 3,684 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 106,451 Indiana residents, followed by India with 28,953 and China with 22,599.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

99.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Gary, IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Gary, IN was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gary, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    62.1k ± 1.04k

  2. White Alone

    9.13k ± 792

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    4.52k ± 752

In 2017, there were 6.8 times more Black or African American Alone residents (62.1k people) in Gary, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.13k White Alone and 4.52k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Gary, IN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Gary, IN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Gary, IN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Gary, IN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,911 ± 259

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    531 ± 172

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    416 ± 154

Gary, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.6 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Gary, IN awarded 826 degrees. The student population of Gary, IN is skewed towards women, with 1,958 male students and 3,722 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gary, IN are White (486 and 58.9%), followed by Black or African American (164 and 19.9%), Hispanic or Latino (127 and 15.4%), and Two or More Races (17 and 2.06%).

The largest universities in Gary, IN by number of degrees awarded are Indiana University-Northwest (786 and 95.2%) and Lil Lou's Beauty and Barber College LLC (40 and 4.84%).

The most popular majors in Gary, IN are General Business (99 and 12%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (86 and 10.4%), and Registered Nursing (79 and 9.56%).

The median tuition costs in Gary, IN are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,478 and $18,088 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 82 degrees awarded

  2. 79 degrees awarded

  3. 61 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Gary, IN was Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities with 82 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Gary, IN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 786 degrees awarded

  2. 40 degrees awarded

$6,478

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Gary, IN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Indiana University-Northwest with 786 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

244

Degrees Awarded to Men

582

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 244 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gary, IN, which is 0.419 times less than the 582 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Gary, IN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    486 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    164 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    127 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Gary, IN were to White students. These 486 degrees mean that there were 2.96 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 164 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gary, IN was $66,300 in 2017, which is 0.305 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $65,400 to $66,300, a 1.38% increase. The homeownership rate in Gary, IN is 52%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Gary, IN have an average commute time of 26.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Gary, IN is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$29,293

Median Household Income

± $1,513

31.5k

Number of Households

± 1,115

In 2017, the median household income of the 31.5k households in Gary, IN grew to $29,293 from the previous year's value of $28,895.

The following chart displays the households in Gary, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$66,300

2017 Median

± $1,609

$65,400

2016 Median

± $1,863

In 2017, the median property value in Gary, IN grew to to $66,300 from the previous year's value of $65,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gary, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gary, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gary, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gary, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

52%

2017 Homeownership

51.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 52% of the housing units in Gary, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 51.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gary, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gary, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gary, IN have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

26.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gary, IN have a longer commute time (26.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.61% of the workforce in Gary, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gary, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.8%

  2. Carpooled

    10.4%

  3. Public Transit

    5.96%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Gary, IN was Drove Alone (77.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.4%) and those who Public Transit (5.96%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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