Gainesville, FL

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Population

129,394

0.61% growth

Median Age

26


Median Household Income

$34,004

3.94% growth

Poverty Rate

33.6%


Number of Employees

59,955

3.94% growth

Median Property Value

$147,500

2.5% growth

About

In 2017, Gainesville, FL had a population of 129k people with a median age of 26 and a median household income of $34,004. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Gainesville, FL grew from 128,610 to 129,394, a 0.61% increase and its median household income grew from $32,716 to $34,004, a 3.94% increase.

The population of Gainesville, FL is 57.3% White Alone, 21.6% Black or African American Alone, and 10.7% Hispanic or Latino. 15.6% of the people in Gainesville, FL speak a non-English language, and 93.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL are University of Florida (14,667 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Florida-Online (241 degrees), and City College-Gainesville (130 degrees).

The median property value in Gainesville, FL is $147,500, and the homeownership rate is 38.8%. Most people in Gainesville, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17 minutes. The average car ownership in Gainesville, FL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Downtown Gainesville

Economy

The economy of Gainesville, FL employs 60k people. The largest industries in Gainesville, FL are Educational Services (13,395 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,538 people), and Retail Trade (7,550 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($43,009), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($42,746), and Wholesale Trade ($42,601).

Median household income in Gainesville, FL is $34,004. Males in Gainesville, FL have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,078. The income inequality in Gainesville, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$34,004

2017 value

± $1,624

3.94%

1 Year Growth

± 6.38%

Households in Gainesville, FL have a median annual income of $34,004, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,716 in 2016, which represents a 3.94% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Gainesville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

$58,931

Average Male Salary

± $842

$44,078

Average Female Salary

± $574

In 2017, full-time male employees in Gainesville, FL made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Gainesville, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $54,227 ± $3,227

  2. Alaska Native

    $50,175 ± $47,169

  3. White

    $47,927 ± $556

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Gainesville, FL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Gainesville, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gainesville, FL is from Florida.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Florida was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.259% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 22.04

  2. Census Tract 17.02

  3. Census Tract 11

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gainesville, FL was Census Tract 22.04 with a value of $80,586, followed by Census Tract 17.02 and Census Tract 11, with respective values of $78,306 and $72,233.

The following map shows all of the places in Gainesville, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

33.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gainesville, FL (38.7k out of 115k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    23,056 ± 1,396

  2. Black

    10,281 ± 948

  3. Hispanic

    5,080 ± 497

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gainesville, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

60k

2017 Value

± 2,511

3.94%

1 Year growth

± 5.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 3.94%, from 57.7k employees to 60k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gainesville, FL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,346 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (7,042 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,235 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,346 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (7,042 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,235 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Gainesville, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (4.11 times higher than expected), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.94 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.56 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($65,625), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($57,753), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($53,369).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

60k

2017 Value

± 2,511

3.94%

1 Year growth

± 5.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 3.94%, from 57.7k employees to 60k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gainesville, FL, are Educational Services (13,395 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,538 people), and Retail Trade (7,550 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gainesville, FL, though some of these residents may live in Gainesville, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Gainesville, FL, by number of employees, are Educational Services (13,395 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,538 people), and Retail Trade (7,550 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Gainesville, FL has an unusually high number of Educational Services (2.41 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.47 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gainesville, FL, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance ($43,009), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($42,746), and Wholesale Trade ($42,601).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $57.1B

  2. $44.9B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $57.1B, followed by Pharmaceuticals with $44.9B and Gasoline and $41.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$457B

2015 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

56.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound Florida trade was $457B. This is expected to increase 56.2% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $17.7B

  2. $15.1B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $17.7B, followed by Texas with $15.1B and California and $10.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89% of the population of Gainesville, FL has health coverage, with 52.1% on employee plans, 10.5% on Medicaid, 6.34% on Medicare, 18.1% on non-group plans, and 1.98% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Gainesville, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Gainesville, FL see 1376 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1379 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1735 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 703 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

1,376 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Florida see an average of 1,376 patients per year. This represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1,379 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Florida in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11%

Uninsured

52.1%

Employer Coverage

10.5%

Medicaid

6.34%

Medicare

18.1%

Non-Group

1.98%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gainesville, FL declined by 15.9% from 13.1% to 11%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gainesville, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Gainesville, FL is home to a population of 129k people, from which 93.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 11.1% of Gainesville, FL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Gainesville, FL is composed of 74.1k White Alone residents (57.3%), 28k Black or African American Alone residents (21.6%), 13.8k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.7%), 8.86k Asian Alone residents (6.85%), 3.77k Two or More Races residents (2.91%), 398 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.308%), 301 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.233%), and 132 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.102%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Gainesville, FL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (8,334 speakers), Chinese (1,843 speakers), and Vietnamese (893 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

25

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

30

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Gainesville, FL was 26. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 25, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 30. But people in Gainesville, FL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Gainesville, FL residents was 26.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.1%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

11.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 11.1% of Gainesville, FL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gainesville, FL was 11.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    951,787 ± 23,383 people

  2. Haiti

    321,904 ± 13,819 people

  3. Mexico

    272,262 ± 12,724 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Gainesville, FL was Cuba, the natal country of 951,787 Gainesville, FL residents, followed by Haiti with 321,904 and Mexico with 272,262.

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Citizenship

93.6%

2017 Citizenship

93.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.6% of Gainesville, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Gainesville, FL was 93.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    74.1k ± 1.22k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    28k ± 1.25k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    13.8k ± 948

In 2017, there were 2.65 times more White Alone residents (74.1k people) in Gainesville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 28k Black or African American Alone and 13.8k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Gainesville, FL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    8,334 speakers (6.83%)

  2. Chinese

    1,843 speakers (1.51%)

  3. Vietnamese

    893 speakers (0.732%)

15.6% of Gainesville, FL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Gainesville, FL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 6.83% of the overall population of Gainesville, FL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.51% speak Chinese and 0.732% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,002 ± 294

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,114 ± 272

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    488 ± 145

Gainesville, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Gainesville, FL awarded 15,073 degrees. The student population of Gainesville, FL is skewed towards women, with 24,942 male students and 30,233 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gainesville, FL are White (8,332 and 61.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,369 and 17.5%), Black or African American (1,005 and 7.41%), and Asian (945 and 6.97%).

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL by number of degrees awarded are University of Florida (14,667 and 97.3%), University of Florida-Online (241 and 1.6%), and City College-Gainesville (130 and 0.862%).

The most popular majors in Gainesville, FL are General Business Administration & Management (1,036 and 6.87%), General Psychology (534 and 3.54%), and General Biological Sciences (449 and 2.98%).

The median tuition costs in Gainesville, FL are $11,520 for private four year colleges, and $3,918 and $20,347 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 394 degrees awarded

  2. 489 degrees awarded

  3. 449 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Gainesville, FL was General Finance with 394 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Gainesville, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 14,667 degrees awarded

  2. 241 degrees awarded

  3. 130 degrees awarded

$3,918

Median In-State Public

$11,520

Median Private

In 2016, the Gainesville, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Florida with 14,667 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,761

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,312

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 6,761 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gainesville, FL, which is 0.813 times less than the 8,312 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Gainesville, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    8,332 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2,369 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    1,005 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Gainesville, FL were to White students. These 8,332 degrees mean that there were 3.52 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,369 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gainesville, FL was $147,500 in 2017, which is 0.678 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $143,900 to $147,500, a 2.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Gainesville, FL is 38.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Gainesville, FL have an average commute time of 17 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Gainesville, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$34,004

Median Household Income

± $1,624

49k

Number of Households

± 1,578

In 2017, the median household income of the 49k households in Gainesville, FL grew to $34,004 from the previous year's value of $32,716.

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$147,500

2017 Median

± $5,138

$143,900

2016 Median

± $4,978

In 2017, the median property value in Gainesville, FL grew to to $147,500 from the previous year's value of $143,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gainesville, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gainesville, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gainesville, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

38.8%

2017 Homeownership

38.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 38.8% of the housing units in Gainesville, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 38.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gainesville, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gainesville, FL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

17 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gainesville, FL have a shorter commute time (17 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.99% of the workforce in Gainesville, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gainesville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    68%

  2. Public Transit

    7.39%

  3. Carpooled

    6.97%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Gainesville, FL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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