Gainesville, FL

Census Place

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2021 Population
138,741
3.84% 1-year growth
US Senator
Marco Rubio
Republican Party
US Senator
Rick Scott
Republican Party
2021 Median Household Income
$40,937
7.65% 1-year growth
2021 Median Property Value
$182,400
1.62% 1-year growth
2021 Employed Population
67,715
5.79% 1-year growth

About

In 2021, Gainesville, FL had a population of 139k people with a median age of N/A and a median household income of $40,937. Between 2020 and 2021 the population of Gainesville, FL grew from 133,611 to 138,741, a 3.84% increase and its median household income grew from $38,028 to $40,937, a 7.65% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Gainesville, FL are White (Non-Hispanic) (55.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (21%), White (Hispanic) (6.67%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (6.11%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.89%).

None of the households in Gainesville, FL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL are University of Florida (17,268 degrees awarded in 2021), University of Florida-Online (857 degrees), and Academy for Five Element Acupuncture (29 degrees).

In 2021, the median property value in Gainesville, FL was $182,400, and the homeownership rate was 39.7%.

Most people in Gainesville, FL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Gainesville, FL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Downtown Gainesville

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

In 2021, there were 2.67 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (77.6k people) in Gainesville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 9.25k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Gainesville, FL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    77.6k ± 1.95k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    29.1k ± 1.71k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    9.25k ± 823
12.3%
Hispanic Population
17k people

In 2021, there were 2.67 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (77.6k people) in Gainesville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 9.25k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

12.3% of the people in Gainesville, FL are hispanic (17k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Gainesville, FL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.
Most Common Origin
  1. Cuba
    993,450 ± 23,894 people
  2. Haiti
    340,538 ± 14,212 people
  3. Colombia
    292,600 ± 13,189 people

In 2021, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 993,450 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 340,538 and Colombia with 292,600.

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Foreign-Born Population

11.1%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
15.4k people
11.9%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
15.9k people

As of 2021, 11.1% of Gainesville, FL residents (15.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2020, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gainesville, FL was 11.9%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,945 ± 374
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,502 ± 360
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    873 ± 280

Gainesville, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.29 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Gainesville, FL employs 67.7k people. The largest industries in Gainesville, FL are Educational Services (15,544 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,833 people), and Retail Trade (7,138 people), and the highest paying industries are N/A.

Males in Florida have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $51,213. The income inequality in Florida (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

67.7k
2021 Value
± 2,561
5.79%
1 Year growth
± 5.04%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 5.79%, from 64k employees to 67.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gainesville, FL, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (8,437 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,342 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,712 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Florida (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

67.7k
2021 Value
± 2,561
5.79%
1 Year growth
± 5.04%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 5.79%, from 64k employees to 67.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gainesville, FL, are Educational Services (15,544 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,833 people), and Retail Trade (7,138 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gainesville, FL, though some of these residents may live in Gainesville, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$30,389
Median earning men ± $1,213
$27,691
Median earning women ± $1,829

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2021 are Public Administration ($45,096), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($42,040), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($41,038).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2021 are Construction ($42,262), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($39,657), and Public Administration ($38,462).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.
Y-Axis
2.75%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 155M people employed in Florida. This represents a 2.75% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Florida.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $93.7B
  2. $57.8B
  3. $56.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $93.7B, followed by Electronics ($57.8B) and Pharmaceuticals ($56.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida.
$640B
2020 Value in Florida
$1.41T
Projected 2050 Value in Florida
121% growth

In 2020, total outbound Florida trade was $640B. This is expected to increase 121% to $1.41T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $22.9B
  2. $17.8B
  3. $14.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $22.9B, followed by Texas with $17.8B and California and $14.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Florida went to Donald J. Trump with 51.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (47.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.635%).

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing the state of Florida. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Florida

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Marco Rubio
Senator from Florida3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Rick Scott
Senator from Florida1
Assumed office on January 8, 2019
Inauguration delayed in order to finish his term as Governor of Florida.

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing Florida.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Florida over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Florida

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Florida have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2021, universities in Gainesville, FL awarded 18,172 degrees. The student population of Gainesville, FL in 2021 is skewed towards women, with 26,460 male students and 34,678 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gainesville, FL are White (9,496 and 57.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (3,583 and 21.6%), Asian (1,315 and 7.93%), and Black or African American (945 and 5.7%).

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL by number of degrees awarded are University of Florida (17,268 and 95%), University of Florida-Online (857 and 4.72%), and Academy for Five Element Acupuncture (29 and 0.16%).

The most popular majors in Gainesville, FL are General Business Administration & Management (1,452 and 7.99%), General Psychology (708 and 3.9%), and General Computer & Information Sciences (700 and 3.85%).

The median tuition cost in Gainesville, FL for a public four year colleges is $3,918 for in-state students and $20,347 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2021 in Gainesville, FL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 31.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 47.3%. The number of students enrolled in 2021 was 61,138 (43.3% men and 56.7% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2021 there were 61,138 students enrolled in Gainesville, FL, 43.3% men and 56.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 31,144 records, of which 57.4% were women and 42.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 651 degrees awarded
  2. 629 degrees awarded
  3. 582 degrees awarded

In 2021, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Gainesville, FL was General Psychology with 651 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Gainesville, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 17,268 degrees awarded
  2. 857 degrees awarded
  3. 29 degrees awarded

In 2021, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Florida with 17,268 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2021, 7,844 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gainesville, FL, which is 0.759 times less than the 10,328 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2021 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 9,496 degrees mean that there were 2.65 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 3,583 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($3,918) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2021.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,211) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2021.

Public, 4-year or above ($890) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Measure

In 2021, 1.12% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.13% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2021 were High School or Equivalent (4.9M), Some college (3.57M), and Bachelors Degree (3.2M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Gainesville, FL was $182,400 in 2021, which is 0.745 times smaller than the national average of $244,900. Between 2020 and 2021 the median property value increased from $179,500 to $182,400, a 1.62% increase. The homeownership rate in Gainesville, FL is 39.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.6%.

People in Gainesville, FL have an average commute time of 19.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Gainesville, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Property

$182,400
Median Property Value 2021
±$5,945
N/A
Median Property Taxes
±N/A

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gainesville, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Gainesville, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

39.7%
Homeownership
2021
63.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2021

In 2021, 39.7% of the housing units in Gainesville, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 38.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Gainesville, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

The following map shows all of the places in Gainesville, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$40,937
Median Household Income
± $1,501
53.5k
Number of Households
± 2,043

In 2021, the median household income of the 53.5k households in Gainesville, FL grew to $40,937 from the previous year's value of $38,028.

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gainesville, FL is from Florida.
0.473
2021 Wage GINI in Florida
0.472
2020 Wage GINI in Florida

In 2021, the income inequality in Florida was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.108% growth from 2020 to 2021, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2021
  1. Drove Alone (65.6%)
  2. Carpooled (11%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.43%)

In 2021, 65.6% of workers in Gainesville, FL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11%) and those who worked at home (8.43%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

19.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gainesville, FL have a shorter commute time (19.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.8 minutes). Additionally, 1.42% of the workforce in Gainesville, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gainesville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gainesville, FL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gainesville, FL (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 12.6%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gainesville, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

91.2% of the population of Gainesville, FL has health coverage, with 50.2% on employee plans, 11.3% on Medicaid, 7.34% on Medicare, 20.4% on non-group plans, and 1.98% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Alachua County, FL see 627 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.03% decrease from the previous year (640 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 534 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 149 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Alachua County, FL.
627 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alachua County, FL

Primary care physicians in Alachua County, FL see an average of 627 patients per year. This represents a 2.03% decrease from the previous year (640 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alachua County, FL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2021, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 18.7% under 18 years, 45.5% between 18 and 34 years, 24.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 11.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.6% were men and 53.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.79%
Uninsured
50.2%
Employer Coverage
11.3%
Medicaid
7.34%
Medicare
20.4%
Non-Group
1.98%
Military or VA

Between 2020 and 2021, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gainesville, FL grew by 0.629% from 8.73% to 8.79%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gainesville, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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