Frederick, MD

Census Place

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2022 Population
78,390
2.64% 1-year growth
US Senator
Ben Cardin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Chris Van Hollen
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
37
0.271% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
9.81%
3.08% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$89,981
8.98% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$343,800
19% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
41,811
2.47% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Frederick, MD had a population of 78.4k people with a median age of 37 and a median household income of $89,981. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Frederick, MD grew from 76,376 to 78,390, a 2.64% increase and its median household income grew from $82,563 to $89,981, a 8.98% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Frederick, MD are White (Non-Hispanic) (54.2%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (17.2%), White (Hispanic) (8.13%), Two+ (Hispanic) (5.7%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (5.18%).

None of the households in Frederick, MD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

90.7% of the residents in Frederick, MD are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Frederick, MD are Frederick Community College (931 degrees awarded in 2022), Hood College (545 degrees), and The Temple-A Paul Mitchell Partner School (72 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Frederick, MD was $343,800, and the homeownership rate was 58.5%.

Most people in Frederick, MD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 29.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Frederick, MD was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Frederick, MD is home to a population of 78.4k people, from which 90.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 18.3% of Frederick, MD residents were born outside of the country (14.4k people).

In 2022, there were 3.15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (42.5k people) in Frederick, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 13.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.38k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

90.7%
2022 Citizenship
91.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 90.7% of Frederick, MD residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Frederick, MD was 91.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Frederick, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Frederick, MD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    42.5k ± 1.28k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    13.5k ± 1.12k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    6.38k ± 1.08k
17.7%
Hispanic Population
13.9k people

In 2022, there were 3.15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (42.5k people) in Frederick, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 13.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.38k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

17.7% of the people in Frederick, MD are hispanic (13.9k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Frederick, MD as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Maryland.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    115,960 ± 8,281 people
  2. India
    61,668 ± 6,066 people
  3. Nigeria
    45,887 ± 5,240 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maryland was El Salvador, the natal country of 115,960 Maryland residents, followed by India with 61,668 and Nigeria with 45,887.

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Foreign-Born Population

18.3%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
14.4k people
18.1%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
13.8k people

As of 2022, 18.3% of Frederick, MD residents (14.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Frederick, MD was 18.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Frederick, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,385 ± 265
  2. Vietnam
    959 ± 196
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    748 ± 203

Frederick, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.44 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Frederick, MD employs 41.8k people. The largest industries in Frederick, MD are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (5,842 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,333 people), and Retail Trade (4,912 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($104,167), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($93,947), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($91,699).

Males in Maryland have an average income that is 1.24 times higher than the average income of females, which is $77,266. The income inequality in Maryland (measured using the Gini index) is 0.454, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

41.8k
2022 Value
± 1,692
2.47%
1 Year growth
± 5.57%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Frederick, MD grew at a rate of 2.47%, from 40.8k employees to 41.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Frederick, MD, are Management Occupations (4,490 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,128 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (3,660 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Frederick, MD.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maryland (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

41.8k
2022 Value
± 1,692
2.47%
1 Year growth
± 5.57%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Frederick, MD grew at a rate of 2.47%, from 40.8k employees to 41.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Frederick, MD, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (5,842 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (5,333 people), and Retail Trade (4,912 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Frederick, MD, though some of these residents may live in Frederick, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$62,669
Median earning men ± $3,861
$45,934
Median earning women ± $1,848

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($118,273), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($87,317), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($83,032).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($81,370), Construction ($74,605), and Manufacturing ($73,603).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Y-Axis
0.617%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.69M people employed in Maryland. This represents a 0.617% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13.9%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Maryland.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Maryland went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 65.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (32.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.1%).

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing the state of Maryland. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Maryland

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Ben Cardin
Senator from Maryland1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Chris Van Hollen
Senator from Maryland3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing Maryland.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Maryland over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Maryland

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Maryland have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Frederick, MD awarded 1,548 degrees. The student population of Frederick, MD in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 3,283 male students and 4,753 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Frederick, MD are White (942 and 63.4%), followed by Black or African American (208 and 14%), Hispanic or Latino (183 and 12.3%), and Two or More Races (75 and 5.05%).

The largest universities in Frederick, MD by number of degrees awarded are Frederick Community College (931 and 60.1%), Hood College (545 and 35.2%), and The Temple-A Paul Mitchell Partner School (72 and 4.65%).

The most popular majors in Frederick, MD are Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (183 and 11.8%), Other Science Technologies (112 and 7.24%), and Registered Nursing (100 and 6.46%).

The median tuition cost in Frederick, MD for private four year colleges is $43,800.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Frederick, MD, the percentage of applicants admitted was 77.9%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 12.7%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 8,036 (40.9% men and 59.1% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 8,036 students enrolled in Frederick, MD, 40.9% men and 59.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 4,549 records, of which 58% were women and 42% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Frederick, MD was General Social Sciences with 87 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Frederick, MD according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 931 degrees awarded
  2. 545 degrees awarded
  3. 72 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Frederick Community College with 931 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 556 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Frederick, MD, which is 0.56 times less than the 992 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 942 degrees mean that there were 4.53 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 208 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($43,800) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($700) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,288) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Measure

In 2022, 1.12% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.05% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.2M), Bachelors Degree (1.04M), and Some college (961k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Frederick, MD was $343,800 in 2022, which is 1.22 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $289,000 to $343,800, a 19% increase. The homeownership rate in Frederick, MD is 58.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Frederick, MD have an average commute time of 29.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Frederick, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Frederick, MD is $89,981. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Frederick, MD was Census Tract 7756 with a value of $169,125, followed by Census Tract 7512.01 and Census Tract 7506, with respective values of $153,056 and $134,609.

Property

$343,800
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,365
$18,351
Median Property Taxes
±$837

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Frederick, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Frederick, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

58.5%
Homeownership
2022
70.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 58.5% of the housing units in Frederick, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 58.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Frederick, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 7756
  2. Census Tract 7512.01
  3. Census Tract 7506

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Frederick, MD was Census Tract 7756 with a value of $169,125, followed by Census Tract 7512.01 and Census Tract 7506, with respective values of $153,056 and $134,609.

The following map shows all of the places in Frederick, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$89,981
Median Household Income
± $4,339
31.4k
Number of Households
± 1,416

In 2022, the median household income of the 31.4k households in Frederick, MD grew to $89,981 from the previous year's value of $82,563.

The following chart displays the households in Frederick, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Frederick, MD is from Maryland.
0.454
2022 Wage GINI in Maryland
0.456
2021 Wage GINI in Maryland

In 2022, the income inequality in Maryland was 0.454 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.498% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Maryland was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maryland in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maryland across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (71.9%)
  2. Worked At Home (12.8%)
  3. Carpooled (8.63%)

In 2022, 71.9% of workers in Frederick, MD drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (12.8%) and those who carpooled to work (8.63%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

29.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Frederick, MD have a longer commute time (29.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 4.1% of the workforce in Frederick, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Frederick, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Frederick, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Frederick, MD have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

9.81% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Frederick, MD (7.52k out of 76.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 35 - 44 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Frederick, MD is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

92.2% of the population of Frederick, MD has health coverage, with 51.3% on employee plans, 15.9% on Medicaid, 11.3% on Medicare, 12.2% on non-group plans, and 1.42% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Frederick County, MD see 1573 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.945% decrease from the previous year (1588 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1490 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 400 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Frederick County, MD.
1,573 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Frederick County, MD

Primary care physicians in Frederick County, MD see an average of 1,573 patients per year. This represents a 0.945% decrease from the previous year (1,588 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Frederick County, MD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.5% under 18 years, 23.6% between 18 and 34 years, 39.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.1% were men and 52.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.81%
Uninsured
51.3%
Employer Coverage
15.9%
Medicaid
11.3%
Medicare
12.2%
Non-Group
1.42%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Frederick, MD grew by 6.66% from 7.32% to 7.81%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Frederick, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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