Erie County, NY

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Population

925,528

0.487% growth

Median Age

40.3


Median Household Income

$55,604

2.5% growth

Poverty Rate

14.9%


Number of Employees

458,793

3.65% growth

Median Property Value

$153,300

4.71% growth

About

In 2017, Erie County, NY had a population of 926k people with a median age of 40.3 and a median household income of $55,604. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Erie County, NY grew from 921,046 to 925,528, a 0.487% increase and its median household income grew from $54,246 to $55,604, a 2.5% increase.

The population of Erie County, NY is 75.3% White Alone, 12.7% Black or African American Alone, and 5.47% Hispanic or Latino. 10.8% of the people in Erie County, NY speak a non-English language, and 96.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Erie County, NY are University at Buffalo (8,919 degrees awarded in 2016), SUNY Buffalo State (2,607 degrees), and Erie Community College (2,322 degrees).

The median property value in Erie County, NY is $153,300, and the homeownership rate is 64.2%. Most people in Erie County, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Erie County, NY is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Entrance to Buffalo and Erie County Botanical Gardens

Economy

The economy of Erie County, NY employs 459k people. The largest industries in Erie County, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (74,948 people), Educational Services (51,711 people), and Retail Trade (49,409 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($67,258), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($66,296), and Public Administration ($61,293).

Median household income in Erie County, NY is $55,604. Males in Erie County, NY have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $60,672. The income inequality in Erie County, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.497, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,604

2017 value

± $1,224

2.5%

1 Year Growth

± 3.31%

Households in Erie County, NY have a median annual income of $55,604, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $54,246 in 2016, which represents a 2.5% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Erie County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the New York.

$78,550

Average Male Salary

± $1,168

$60,672

Average Female Salary

± $854

In 2017, full-time male employees in Erie County, NY made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Erie County, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $67,169 ± $870

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $62,618 ± $15,800

  3. Asian

    $62,444 ± $2,225

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Erie County, NY workers was White. These workers were paid 1.07 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Erie County, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Erie County, NY is from New York.

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

0.499

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New York was 0.497 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.375% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 135.02

  2. Census Tract 90.07

  3. Census Tract 146.04

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Erie County, NY was Census Tract 135.02 with a value of $130,083, followed by Census Tract 90.07 and Census Tract 146.04, with respective values of $129,069 and $112,951.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Erie County, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Erie County, NY (134k out of 898k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    65,910 ± 1,752

  2. Black

    40,271 ± 1,327

  3. Hispanic

    16,753 ± 802

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Erie County, NY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

459k

2017 Value

± 10,892

3.65%

1 Year growth

± 3.27%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Erie County, NY grew at a rate of 3.65%, from 443k employees to 459k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Erie County, NY, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (24,819 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (13,532 people), and Other Office & Administrative Support Workers (11,614 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Erie County, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Erie County, NY, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (24,819 people), Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (13,532 people), and Other Office & Administrative Support Workers (11,614 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Erie County, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Bus Drivers (2.44 times higher than expected), Judges, Magistrates, & Other Judicial Workers (2.22 times), and First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers, All Other (2.05 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Erie County, NY, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($71,982), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($70,568), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($70,376).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

459k

2017 Value

± 10,892

3.65%

1 Year growth

± 3.27%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Erie County, NY grew at a rate of 3.65%, from 443k employees to 459k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Erie County, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (74,948 people), Educational Services (51,711 people), and Retail Trade (49,409 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Erie County, NY, though some of these residents may live in Erie County, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Erie County, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (74,948 people), Educational Services (51,711 people), and Retail Trade (49,409 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Erie County, NY has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.47 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.23 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.17 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Erie County, NY, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($67,258), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($66,296), and Public Administration ($61,293).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics with $47.2B and Misc. mfg. prods. and $45.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.7% of the population of Erie County, NY has health coverage, with 51.7% on employee plans, 20.7% on Medicaid, 13.2% on Medicare, 10.2% on non-group plans, and 0.929% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Erie County, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Erie County, NY see 1243 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.161% decrease from the previous year (1245 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1241 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 405 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1243 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Erie County, NY see an average of 1243 patients per year. This represents a 0.161% decrease from the previous year (1245 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Erie County, NY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.27%

Uninsured

51.7%

Employer Coverage

20.7%

Medicaid

13.2%

Medicare

10.2%

Non-Group

0.929%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Erie County, NY grew by 0.564% from 3.25% to 3.27%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Erie County, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Erie County, NY is home to a population of 926k people, from which 96.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.82% of Erie County, NY residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Erie County, NY is composed of 697k White Alone residents (75.3%), 118k Black or African American Alone residents (12.7%), 50.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.47%), 33.8k Asian Alone residents (3.65%), 20.6k Two or More Races residents (2.23%), 4.66k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.504%), 672 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0726%), and 234 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0253%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Erie County, NY are Spanish or Spanish Creole (29,927 speakers), Chinese (6,971 speakers), and Arabic (6,640 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Erie County, NY was 40.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Erie County, NY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Erie County, NY residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.82%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.66%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 6.82% of Erie County, NY residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Erie County, NY was 6.66%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Erie County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    527,485 ± 17,593 people

  2. China

    441,157 ± 16,125 people

  3. Jamaica

    239,203 ± 11,935 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Erie County, NY was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 527,485 Erie County, NY residents, followed by China with 441,157 and Jamaica with 239,203.

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Citizenship

96.7%

2017 Citizenship

96.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.7% of Erie County, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Erie County, NY was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Erie County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    697k ± 284

  2. Black or African American Alone

    118k ± 2.68k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    50.6k ± 4.98k

In 2017, there were 5.91 times more White Alone residents (697k people) in Erie County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 118k Black or African American Alone and 50.6k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Erie County, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    29,927 speakers (3.43%)

  2. Chinese

    6,971 speakers (0.799%)

  3. Arabic

    6,640 speakers (0.761%)

10.8% of Erie County, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Erie County, NY was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 3.43% of the overall population of Erie County, NY are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.799% speak Chinese and 0.761% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    19,847 ± 1,861

  2. Korea

    5,454 ± 975

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,386 ± 1,346

Erie County, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.64 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Erie County, NY awarded 20,369 degrees. The student population of Erie County, NY is skewed towards women, with 31,582 male students and 39,728 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Erie County, NY are White (11,942 and 67.7%), followed by Black or African American (1,978 and 11.2%), Unknown (1,193 and 6.76%), and Asian (1,115 and 6.32%).

The largest universities in Erie County, NY by number of degrees awarded are University at Buffalo (8,919 and 43.8%), SUNY Buffalo State (2,607 and 12.8%), and Erie Community College (2,322 and 11.4%).

The most popular majors in Erie County, NY are General Business Administration & Management (1,736 and 8.52%), General Psychology (795 and 3.9%), and Registered Nursing (769 and 3.78%).

The median tuition costs in Erie County, NY are $24,740 for private four year colleges, and $6,470 and $20,015 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,190 degrees awarded

  2. 750 degrees awarded

  3. 515 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Erie County, NY was General Business Administration & Management with 1,190 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Erie County, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 8,919 degrees awarded

  2. 2,607 degrees awarded

  3. 2,322 degrees awarded

$6,470

Median In-State Public

$24,740

Median Private

In 2016, the Erie County, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was University at Buffalo with 8,919 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

8,485

Degrees Awarded to Men

11,884

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 8,485 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Erie County, NY, which is 0.714 times less than the 11,884 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Erie County, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    11,942 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,978 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    1,193 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Erie County, NY were to White students. These 11,942 degrees mean that there were 6.04 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,978 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Erie County, NY was $153,300 in 2017, which is 0.705 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $146,400 to $153,300, a 4.71% increase. The homeownership rate in Erie County, NY is 64.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Erie County, NY have an average commute time of 20.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Erie County, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,604

Median Household Income

± $1,224

386k

Number of Households

± 9,684

In 2017, the median household income of the 386k households in Erie County, NY grew to $55,604 from the previous year's value of $54,246.

The following chart displays the households in Erie County, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$153,300

2017 Median

± $2,373

$146,400

2016 Median

± $2,370

In 2017, the median property value in Erie County, NY grew to to $153,300 from the previous year's value of $146,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Erie County, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Erie County, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Erie County, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Erie County, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64.2%

2017 Homeownership

64.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.2% of the housing units in Erie County, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Erie County, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Erie County, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Erie County, NY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Erie County, NY have a shorter commute time (20.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.11% of the workforce in Erie County, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Erie County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.1%

  2. Carpooled

    7.18%

  3. Public Transit

    4.09%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Erie County, NY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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