Elmore County, ID

County

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2020 Population
27,043
1.12% 1-year growth
US Senator
Mike Crapo
Republican Party
US Senator
Jim Risch
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
31.8
1.55% 1-year decrease
2020 Poverty Rate
14.3%
6.55% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$45,656
2.56% 1-year decline
2020 Median Property Value
$164,400
6.89% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
9,612
0.765% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Elmore County, ID had a population of 27k people with a median age of 31.8 and a median household income of $45,656. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Elmore County, ID grew from 26,743 to 27,043, a 1.12% increase and its median household income declined from $46,855 to $45,656, a −2.56% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Elmore County, ID are White (Non-Hispanic) (72%), White (Hispanic) (11%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.23%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.77%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (2.67%).

None of the households in Elmore County, ID reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

94.9% of the residents in Elmore County, ID are U.S. citizens.

In 2020, the median property value in Elmore County, ID was $164,400, and the homeownership rate was 61%. Most people in Elmore County, ID drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Elmore County, ID was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Elmore County, ID is home to a population of 27k people, from which 94.9% are citizens. As of 2020, 10.4% of Elmore County, ID residents were born outside of the country (2.81k people).

In 2020, there were 6.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (19.5k people) in Elmore County, ID than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.98k White (Hispanic) and 874 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Elmore County, ID
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    19.5k ± 113
  2. White (Hispanic)
    2.98k ± 340
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    874 ± 227
17.4%
Hispanic Population
4.7k people

In 2020, there were 6.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (19.5k people) in Elmore County, ID than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.98k White (Hispanic) and 874 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

17.4% of the people in Elmore County, ID are hispanic (4.7k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Elmore County, ID as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.4%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
2.81k people
9.76%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
2.61k people

As of 2020, 10.4% of Elmore County, ID residents (2.81k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elmore County, ID was 9.76%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elmore County, ID compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

31
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
44
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 2.4

In 2020, the median age of all people in Elmore County, ID was 31.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Elmore County, ID are getting getting younger. In 2019, the average age of all Elmore County, ID residents was 32.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Idaho.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    49,238 ± 5,371 people
  2. Canada
    5,691 ± 1,849 people
  3. China
    2,886 ± 1,318 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Idaho was Mexico, the natal country of 49,238 Idaho residents, followed by Canada with 5,691 and China with 2,886.

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Citizenship

94.9%
2020 Citizenship
94.8%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 94.9% of Elmore County, ID residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Elmore County, ID was 94.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elmore County, ID compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,862 ± 316
  2. Vietnam
    739 ± 145
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    605 ± 191

Elmore County, ID has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.52 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Idaho. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Idaho, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Idaho (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Idaho. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Idaho.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Idaho across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Elmore County, ID is $45,656. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Elmore County, ID was Census Tract 9605 with a value of $49,052, followed by Census Tract 9603 and Census Tract 9601, with respective values of $42,303 and $34,318.

Males in Idaho have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,243. The income inequality in Idaho (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Elmore County, ID employs 9.61k people. The largest industries in Elmore County, ID are Manufacturing (1,283 people), Retail Trade (1,186 people), and Public Administration (1,169 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($59,688), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($48,556), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($44,507).

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,656
2020 value
± $2,570
−2.56%
1 Year Growth
± 7.07%

Households in Elmore County, ID have a median annual income of $45,656, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,855 in 2019, which represents a −2.56% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Elmore County, ID compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Idaho.
$61,607
Average Male Salary in Idaho
± $2,488
$43,243
Average Female Salary in Idaho
± $1,885

In 2020, full-time male employees in Idaho made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Idaho by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Idaho.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Idaho
  1. Asian
    $48,641 ± $11,132
  2. White
    $46,841 ± $1,558
  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races
    $38,280 ± $39,851

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Idaho workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Idaho.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Idaho by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elmore County, ID is from Idaho.
0.469
2020 Wage GINI in Idaho
0.466
2019 Wage GINI in Idaho

In 2020, the income inequality in Idaho was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.667% growth from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Idaho was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Idaho in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Idaho across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9605
  2. Census Tract 9603
  3. Census Tract 9601

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elmore County, ID was Census Tract 9605 with a value of $49,052, followed by Census Tract 9603 and Census Tract 9601, with respective values of $42,303 and $34,318.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Elmore County, ID colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Males 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elmore County, ID (3.74k out of 26.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    3,061 ± 412
  2. Hispanic
    771 ± 229
  3. Native American
    309 ± 168

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elmore County, ID is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.61k
2020 Value
± 747
0.765%
1 Year growth
± 10.9%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Elmore County, ID grew at a rate of 0.765%, from 9.54k employees to 9.61k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elmore County, ID, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,155 people), Sales & Related Occupations (843 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (806 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elmore County, ID.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elmore County, ID, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,155 people), Sales & Related Occupations (843 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (806 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Elmore County, ID has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (7.24 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.71 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elmore County, ID, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($64,523), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($62,886), and Management Occupations ($62,396).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.61k
2020 Value
± 747
0.765%
1 Year growth
± 10.9%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Elmore County, ID grew at a rate of 0.765%, from 9.54k employees to 9.61k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elmore County, ID, are Manufacturing (1,283 people), Retail Trade (1,186 people), and Public Administration (1,169 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elmore County, ID, though some of these residents may live in Elmore County, ID and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elmore County, ID, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,283 people), Retail Trade (1,186 people), and Public Administration (1,169 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Elmore County, ID has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.61 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.61 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.43 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elmore County, ID, by median earnings, are Utilities ($59,688), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($48,556), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($44,507).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $11.3B
  2. $8.1B
  3. $7.63B

In 2020, the top outbound Idaho product (by dollars) was Other foodstuffs with $11.3B, followed by Electronics ($8.1B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($7.63B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Idaho products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Idaho.
$71.5B
2020 Value in Idaho
$123B
Projected 2050 Value in Idaho
72.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Idaho trade was $71.5B. This is expected to increase 72.3% to $123B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Idaho trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $7.47B
  2. $4.51B
  3. $3.06B

In 2020, the top outbound Idaho domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $7.47B, followed by California with $4.51B and Utah and $3.06B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Idaho shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Elmore County, ID went to Donald J. Trump with 71% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (25.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (2.2%). The most partisan county was Bear Lake County, ID with 87.9% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Mike Crapo and Jim Risch are the senators currently representing the state of Idaho. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Idaho is currently represented by 2 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Idaho.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Elmore County, ID
71% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Idaho
  1. 87.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 87.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 87.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Idaho was Bear Lake County, ID with 87.9% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Idaho colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Idaho

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.
Mike Crapo
Senator from Idaho3
Assumed office on January 3, 1999
Jim Risch
Senator from Idaho2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009

Mike Crapo and Jim Risch are the senators currently representing Idaho.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Idaho over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Idaho

Idaho is currently represented by 2 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Idaho have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elmore County, ID was $164,400 in 2020, which is 0.715 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $153,800 to $164,400, a 6.89% increase. The homeownership rate in Elmore County, ID is 61%, which is lower than the national average of 64.4%. People in Elmore County, ID have an average commute time of 20.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Elmore County, ID is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$164,400
2020 Median
± $8,231
$153,800
2019 Median
± $6,828

In 2020, the median property value in Elmore County, ID grew to to $164,400 from the previous year's value of $153,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elmore County, ID compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elmore County, ID the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$45,656
Median Household Income
± $2,570
10.9k
Number of Households
± 788

In 2020, the median household income of the 10.9k households in Elmore County, ID declined from $45,656 from the previous year's value of $46,855.

The following chart displays the households in Elmore County, ID distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elmore County, ID distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elmore County, ID the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

61%
2020 Homeownership
59.8%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 61% of the housing units in Elmore County, ID were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 59.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elmore County, ID compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elmore County, ID have a shorter commute time (20.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.53% of the workforce in Elmore County, ID have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elmore County, ID compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (81.1%)
  2. Carpooled (11.8%)
  3. Worked At Home (2.78%)

In 2020, 81.1% of workers in Elmore County, ID drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.8%) and those who worked at home (2.78%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elmore County, ID distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elmore County, ID have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

85.7% of the population of Elmore County, ID has health coverage, with 20.7% on employee plans, 13.2% on Medicaid, 7.37% on Medicare, 24% on non-group plans, and 20.4% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Idaho was $6,927 in 2014. This is a 5.07% increase from the previous year ($6,593).

Primary care physicians in Elmore County, ID see 1514 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.61% increase from the previous year (1490 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1250 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 640 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Owyhee County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.5%). Additionally, Owyhee County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,514 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Elmore County, ID

Primary care physicians in Elmore County, ID see an average of 1,514 patients per year. This represents a 1.61% increase from the previous year (1,490 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Elmore County, ID in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.
$6,927
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Idaho
$3,560
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,069
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,737
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Idaho (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.07%, from $6,593 to $6,927.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.3%
Uninsured
20.7%
Employer Coverage
13.2%
Medicaid
7.37%
Medicare
24%
Non-Group
20.4%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elmore County, ID grew by 4.18% from 13.8% to 14.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elmore County, ID changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 15.5% prevalence
  2. 15% prevalence
  3. 14.2% prevalence

Owyhee County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Idaho, at 15.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Idaho by county over multiple years.

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