Elmore County, ID

County

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2019 Population
26,743
1.17% 1-year growth
US Senator
Mike Crapo
Republican Party
US Senator
Jim Risch
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
32.3
1.25% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
15.3%
11.1% 1-year increase
2019 Median Household Income
$46,855
0.3% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$153,800
5.63% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
9,539
1.99% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Elmore County, ID had a population of 26.7k people with a median age of 32.3 and a median household income of $46,855. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Elmore County, ID grew from 26,433 to 26,743, a 1.17% increase and its median household income grew from $46,715 to $46,855, a 0.3% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Elmore County, ID are White (Non-Hispanic) (72.6%), White (Hispanic) (12.5%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.27%), Other (Hispanic) (2.89%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.6%). 0% of the households in Elmore County, ID speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

94.8% of the residents in Elmore County, ID are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Elmore County, ID was $153,800, and the homeownership rate was 59.8%. Most people in Elmore County, ID drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Elmore County, ID was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Elmore County, ID is home to a population of 26.7k people, from which 94.8% are citizens. As of 2019, 26.7% of Elmore County, ID residents were born outside of the country (7.14k people).

In 2019, there were 5.82 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (19.4k people) in Elmore County, ID than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.34k White (Hispanic) and 875 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Elmore County, ID
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    19.4k ± 25
  2. White (Hispanic)
    3.34k ± 383
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    875 ± 197
17.1%
Hispanic Population
4.56k people

In 2019, there were 5.82 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (19.4k people) in Elmore County, ID than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.34k White (Hispanic) and 875 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

17.1% of the people in Elmore County, ID are hispanic (4.56k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Elmore County, ID as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

26.7%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
7.14k people
8.89%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
2.35k people

As of 2019, 26.7% of Elmore County, ID residents (7.14k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elmore County, ID was 8.89%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elmore County, ID compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

31
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
45
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 3.2

In 2019, the median age of all people in Elmore County, ID was 32.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Elmore County, ID are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Elmore County, ID residents was 32.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Idaho.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    49,740 ± 5,396 people
  2. Canada
    5,125 ± 1,755 people
  3. Philippines
    3,549 ± 1,461 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Idaho was Mexico, the natal country of 49,740 Idaho residents, followed by Canada with 5,125 and Philippines with 3,549.

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Citizenship

94.8%
2019 Citizenship
95.1%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 94.8% of Elmore County, ID residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Elmore County, ID was 95.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elmore County, ID compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,881 ± 309
  2. Vietnam
    794 ± 156
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    691 ± 205

Elmore County, ID has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.37 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Idaho. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Idaho, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Idaho (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Idaho. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Idaho.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Idaho across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Elmore County, ID is $46,855. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Elmore County, ID was Census Tract 9602 with a value of $52,616, followed by Census Tract 9604 and Census Tract 9605, with respective values of $47,431 and $44,007.

Males in Idaho have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,461. The income inequality in Idaho (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Elmore County, ID employs 9.54k people. The largest industries in Elmore County, ID are Public Administration (1,376 people), Manufacturing (1,139 people), and Retail Trade (1,114 people), and the highest paying industries are Wholesale Trade ($62,695), Utilities ($58,083), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($48,403).

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,855
2019 value
± $1,859
0.3%
1 Year Growth
± 5.97%

Households in Elmore County, ID have a median annual income of $46,855, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,715 in 2018, which represents a 0.3% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Elmore County, ID compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Idaho.
$58,781
Average Male Salary in Idaho
± $2,394
$41,461
Average Female Salary in Idaho
± $1,816

In 2019, full-time male employees in Idaho made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Idaho by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Idaho.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Idaho
  1. Asian
    $46,302 ± $10,512
  2. White
    $44,466 ± $1,472
  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races
    $38,846 ± $45,634

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Idaho workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Idaho.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Idaho by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elmore County, ID is from Idaho.
0.466
2019 Wage GINI in Idaho
0.468
2018 Wage GINI in Idaho

In 2019, the income inequality in Idaho was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.342% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Idaho was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Idaho in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Idaho across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9602
  2. Census Tract 9604
  3. Census Tract 9605

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elmore County, ID was Census Tract 9602 with a value of $52,616, followed by Census Tract 9604 and Census Tract 9605, with respective values of $47,431 and $44,007.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Elmore County, ID colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elmore County, ID (3.96k out of 25.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    3,297 ± 414
  2. Hispanic
    1,190 ± 262
  3. Native American
    242 ± 170

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elmore County, ID is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.54k
2019 Value
± 734
−1.99%
1 Year decline
± 10.7%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Elmore County, ID declined at a rate of −1.99%, from 9.73k employees to 9.54k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elmore County, ID, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,191 people), Sales & Related Occupations (908 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (764 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elmore County, ID.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elmore County, ID, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,191 people), Sales & Related Occupations (908 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (764 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Elmore County, ID has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (8.03 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.02 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.59 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elmore County, ID, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($62,940), Management Occupations ($60,732), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($60,000).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.54k
2019 Value
± 734
−1.99%
1 Year decline
± 10.7%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Elmore County, ID declined at a rate of −1.99%, from 9.73k employees to 9.54k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elmore County, ID, are Public Administration (1,376 people), Manufacturing (1,139 people), and Retail Trade (1,114 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elmore County, ID, though some of these residents may live in Elmore County, ID and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elmore County, ID, by number of employees, are Public Administration (1,376 people), Manufacturing (1,139 people), and Retail Trade (1,114 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Elmore County, ID has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (6.72 times higher than expected), Public Administration (3.12 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elmore County, ID, by median earnings, are Wholesale Trade ($62,695), Utilities ($58,083), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($48,403).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $11.7B
  2. $5.17B
  3. $4.72B

In 2018, the top outbound Idaho product (by dollars) was Other foodstuffs with $11.7B, followed by Electronics ($5.17B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($4.72B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Idaho products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Idaho.
$61.3B
2018 Value in Idaho
$127B
Projected 2045 Value in Idaho
108% growth

In 2018, total outbound Idaho trade was $61.3B. This is expected to increase 108% to $127B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Idaho trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $8.04B
  2. $4.37B
  3. $2.87B

In 2018, the top outbound Idaho domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $8.04B, followed by California with $4.37B and Oregon and $2.87B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Idaho shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Elmore County, ID went to Donald J. Trump with 68.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (21.3%), followed by Other (10.5%). The most partisan county was Idaho County, ID with 78.2% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Mike Crapo and Jim Risch are the senators currently representing the state of Idaho. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Idaho is currently represented by 2 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Idaho.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Elmore County, ID
68.2% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Idaho
  1. 78.2% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 77.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 75.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Idaho was Idaho County, ID with 78.2% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Idaho colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Idaho

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.
Mike Crapo
Senator from Idaho3
Assumed office on January 3, 1999
Jim Risch
Senator from Idaho2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009

Mike Crapo and Jim Risch are the senators currently representing Idaho.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Idaho over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Idaho

Idaho is currently represented by 2 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Idaho have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elmore County, ID was $153,800 in 2019, which is 0.64 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $145,600 to $153,800, a 5.63% increase. The homeownership rate in Elmore County, ID is 59.8%, which is lower than the national average of 64.1%. People in Elmore County, ID have an average commute time of 19.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Elmore County, ID is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$153,800
2019 Median
± $6,828
$145,600
2018 Median
± $8,552

In 2019, the median property value in Elmore County, ID grew to to $153,800 from the previous year's value of $145,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elmore County, ID compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elmore County, ID the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$46,855
Median Household Income
± $1,859
10.6k
Number of Households
± 713

In 2019, the median household income of the 10.6k households in Elmore County, ID grew to $46,855 from the previous year's value of $46,715.

The following chart displays the households in Elmore County, ID distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elmore County, ID distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elmore County, ID the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

59.8%
2019 Homeownership
58.1%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 59.8% of the housing units in Elmore County, ID were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 58.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elmore County, ID compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elmore County, ID have a shorter commute time (19.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.96% of the workforce in Elmore County, ID have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elmore County, ID compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (79.2%)
  2. Carpooled (12.5%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.09%)

In 2019, 79.2% of workers in Elmore County, ID drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (12.5%) and those who worked at home (4.09%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elmore County, ID distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elmore County, ID have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

86.2% of the population of Elmore County, ID has health coverage, with 21.5% on employee plans, 15% on Medicaid, 7.52% on Medicare, 22.9% on non-group plans, and 19.4% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Idaho was $6,927 in 2014. This is a 5.07% increase from the previous year ($6,593).

Primary care physicians in Elmore County, ID see 1514 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.61% increase from the previous year (1490 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1250 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 640 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Owyhee County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.5%). Additionally, Owyhee County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,514 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Elmore County, ID

Primary care physicians in Elmore County, ID see an average of 1,514 patients per year. This represents a 1.61% increase from the previous year (1,490 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Elmore County, ID in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Idaho.
$6,927
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Idaho
$3,560
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,069
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,737
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Idaho (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.07%, from $6,593 to $6,927.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.8%
Uninsured
21.5%
Employer Coverage
15%
Medicaid
7.52%
Medicare
22.9%
Non-Group
19.4%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elmore County, ID grew by 16.8% from 11.8% to 13.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elmore County, ID changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 15.5% prevalence
  2. 15% prevalence
  3. 14.2% prevalence

Owyhee County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Idaho, at 15.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Idaho by county over multiple years.

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