Elmore County, AL

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Population

80,989

0.0395% growth

Median Age

38.5


Median Household Income

$54,981

2.96% growth

Poverty Rate

13.5%


Number of Employees

33,054

0.902% decline

Median Property Value

$155,300

1.84% growth

About

In 2017, Elmore County, AL had a population of 81k people with a median age of 38.5 and a median household income of $54,981. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Elmore County, AL grew from 80,957 to 80,989, a 0.0395% increase and its median household income grew from $53,398 to $54,981, a 2.96% increase.

The population of Elmore County, AL is 73.4% White Alone, 21.2% Black or African American Alone, and 2.86% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Elmore County, AL speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Elmore County, AL are J F Ingram State Technical College (794 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Elmore County, AL is $155,300, and the homeownership rate is 73%. Most people in Elmore County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Elmore County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Montgomery Biscuits, Montgomery, AL

Economy

The economy of Elmore County, AL employs 33.1k people. The largest industries in Elmore County, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,236 people), Manufacturing (4,000 people), and Public Administration (3,881 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($67,292), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($58,722), and Transportation & Warehousing ($56,447).

Median household income in Elmore County, AL is $54,981. Males in Elmore County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Elmore County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,981

2017 value

± $2,614

2.96%

1 Year Growth

± 6.57%

Households in Elmore County, AL have a median annual income of $54,981, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,398 in 2016, which represents a 2.96% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Elmore County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elmore County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 307.01

  2. Census Tract 307.02

  3. Census Tract 309.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elmore County, AL was Census Tract 307.01 with a value of $87,722, followed by Census Tract 307.02 and Census Tract 309.01, with respective values of $80,000 and $77,037.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Elmore County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elmore County, AL (10.3k out of 76.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    6,136 ± 669

  2. Black

    3,884 ± 579

  3. Hispanic

    660 ± 235

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elmore County, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

33.1k

2017 Value

± 1,314

-0.902%

1 Year decline

± 5.65%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elmore County, AL declined at a rate of -0.902%, from 33.4k employees to 33.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elmore County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,107 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,578 people), and Management Occupations (3,435 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elmore County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elmore County, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,107 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,578 people), and Management Occupations (3,435 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Elmore County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.45 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.4 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.36 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elmore County, AL, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,556), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($68,642), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($64,583).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

33.1k

2017 Value

± 1,314

-0.902%

1 Year decline

± 5.65%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elmore County, AL declined at a rate of -0.902%, from 33.4k employees to 33.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elmore County, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,236 people), Manufacturing (4,000 people), and Public Administration (3,881 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elmore County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Elmore County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elmore County, AL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,236 people), Manufacturing (4,000 people), and Public Administration (3,881 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Elmore County, AL has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.51 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.4 times), and Construction (1.24 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elmore County, AL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($67,292), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($58,722), and Transportation & Warehousing ($56,447).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.3% of the population of Elmore County, AL has health coverage, with 48.3% on employee plans, 13.2% on Medicaid, 9.39% on Medicare, 16.8% on non-group plans, and 4.55% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Elmore County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Elmore County, AL see 3394 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.8% decrease from the previous year (3681 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 7436 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 9089 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,394 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Elmore County, AL see an average of 3,394 patients per year. This represents a 7.8% decrease from the previous year (3,681 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Elmore County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.72%

Uninsured

48.3%

Employer Coverage

13.2%

Medicaid

9.39%

Medicare

16.8%

Non-Group

4.55%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elmore County, AL declined by 12% from 8.78% to 7.72%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elmore County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Elmore County, AL is home to a population of 81k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.82% of Elmore County, AL residents were born outside of the country (1.47k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Elmore County, AL is composed of 59.5k White Alone residents (73.4%), 17.2k Black or African American Alone residents (21.2%), 2.32k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.86%), 1.14k Two or More Races residents (1.4%), 461 Asian Alone residents (0.569%), 232 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.286%), 203 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.251%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Elmore County, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Elmore County, AL was 38.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Elmore County, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Elmore County, AL residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.82%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.47k people

1.95%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.58k people

As of 2017, 1.82% of Elmore County, AL residents (1.47k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elmore County, AL was 1.95%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elmore County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

98.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Elmore County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Elmore County, AL was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elmore County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    59.5k ± 212

  2. Black or African American Alone

    17.2k ± 164

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.32k ± 464

In 2017, there were 3.46 times more White Alone residents (59.5k people) in Elmore County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 17.2k Black or African American Alone and 2.32k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Elmore County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Elmore County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Elmore County, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Elmore County, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,173 ± 283

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,704 ± 321

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,465 ± 263

Elmore County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.28 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Elmore County, AL awarded 794 degrees. The student population of Elmore County, AL is skewed towards men, with 333 male students and 113 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Elmore County, AL are Black or African American (457 and 57.6%), followed by White (318 and 40.1%), Hispanic or Latino (15 and 1.89%), and Asian (3 and 0.378%).

The largest universities in Elmore County, AL by number of degrees awarded are J F Ingram State Technical College (794 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Elmore County, AL are Welding Technology (147 and 18.5%), Carpenter (84 and 10.6%), and Electrician (76 and 9.57%).

The median tuition costs in Elmore County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 123 degrees awarded

  2. 84 degrees awarded

  3. 69 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Elmore County, AL was Welding Technology with 123 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Elmore County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

794 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Elmore County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was J F Ingram State Technical College with 794 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

658

Degrees Awarded to Men

136

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 658 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Elmore County, AL, which is 4.84 times more than the 136 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Elmore County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    457 degrees awarded

  2. White

    318 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    15 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Elmore County, AL were to Black or African American students. These 457 degrees mean that there were 1.44 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 318 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elmore County, AL was $155,300 in 2017, which is 0.714 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $152,500 to $155,300, a 1.84% increase. The homeownership rate in Elmore County, AL is 73%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Elmore County, AL have an average commute time of 27.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Elmore County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,981

Median Household Income

± $2,614

29.1k

Number of Households

± 1,212

In 2017, the median household income of the 29.1k households in Elmore County, AL grew to $54,981 from the previous year's value of $53,398.

The following chart displays the households in Elmore County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$155,300

2017 Median

± $5,446

$152,500

2016 Median

± $5,238

In 2017, the median property value in Elmore County, AL grew to to $155,300 from the previous year's value of $152,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elmore County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elmore County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elmore County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elmore County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73%

2017 Homeownership

73.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73% of the housing units in Elmore County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elmore County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elmore County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elmore County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

27.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elmore County, AL have a longer commute time (27.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.78% of the workforce in Elmore County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elmore County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.2%

  2. Carpooled

    10.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.19%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Elmore County, AL was Drove Alone (86.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.2%) and those who Worked At Home (2.19%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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