Elk County, PA

County

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Population
30,608
0.562% 1-year decline
US Senator
Bob Casey Jr.
Democratic Party
US Senator
Pat Toomey
Republican Party
Median Age
46.9

Poverty Rate
9.83%

Median Household Income
$51,112
2.48% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$99,000
1.96% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
15,225
0.369% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Elk County, PA had a population of 30.6k people with a median age of 46.9 and a median household income of $51,112. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Elk County, PA declined from 30,781 to 30,608, a -0.562% decrease and its median household income grew from $49,876 to $51,112, a 2.48% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Elk County, PA are White (Non-Hispanic) (97.4%), White (Hispanic) (0.565%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.523%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.523%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (0.47%). NaNk% of the people in Elk County, PA speak a non-English language, and 99.7% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Elk County, PA is $99,000, and the homeownership rate is 77.5%. Most people in Elk County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Elk County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Beaver Run Shallow Water Impoundment, Elk County, within the Quehanna Wild Area of Moshannon State Forest.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Pennsylvania. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Pennsylvania, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Pennsylvania (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Pennsylvania across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Elk County, PA went to Donald J. Trump with 69.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (26.7%), followed by Other (3.8%). The most partisan county was Fulton County, PA with 84.1% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Bob Casey Jr. and Pat Toomey are the senators currently representing the state of Pennsylvania. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Pennsylvania.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Elk County, PA
69.5% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Pennsylvania
  1. 84.1% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 82.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 82.5% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Pennsylvania was Fulton County, PA with 84.1% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Pennsylvania colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Pennsylvania

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Bob Casey Jr.
Senator from Pennsylvania1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Pat Toomey
Senator from Pennsylvania3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Bob Casey Jr. and Pat Toomey are the senators currently representing Pennsylvania.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Pennsylvania over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Pennsylvania have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Elk County, PA is home to a population of 30.6k people, from which 99.7% are citizens. As of 2018, 0.849% of Elk County, PA residents were born outside of the country (260 people).

In 2018, there were 172 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (29.8k people) in Elk County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 173 White (Hispanic) and 160 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Elk County, PA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    29.8k ± 8
  2. White (Hispanic)
    173 ± 48
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    160 ± 62
0.787%
Hispanic Population
241 people

In 2018, there were 172 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (29.8k people) in Elk County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 173 White (Hispanic) and 160 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

0.787% of the people in Elk County, PA are hispanic (241 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Elk County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.849%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
260 people
0.737%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
227 people

As of 2018, 0.849% of Elk County, PA residents (260 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elk County, PA was 0.737%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elk County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

47
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.4
29
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 7.6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Elk County, PA was 46.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 47, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 29. But people in Elk County, PA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Elk County, PA residents was 47.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    81,562 ± 6,989 people
  2. China
    63,036 ± 6,149 people
  3. Mexico
    54,918 ± 5,741 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 81,562 Pennsylvania residents, followed by China with 63,036 and Mexico with 54,918.

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Citizenship

99.7%
2018 Citizenship
99.8%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 99.7% of Elk County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Elk County, PA was 99.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elk County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    955 ± 137
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    311 ± 117
  3. Korea
    243 ± 63

Elk County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.07 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Elk County, PA is $51,112. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Elk County, PA was Census Tract 9513 with a value of $58,750, followed by Census Tract 9502 and Census Tract 9501, with respective values of $56,200 and $55,804.

Males in Pennsylvania have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,502. The income inequality in Pennsylvania (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Elk County, PA employs 15.2k people. The largest industries in Elk County, PA are Manufacturing (6,108 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,209 people), and Retail Trade (1,401 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($73,189), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($63,958), and Utilities ($53,945).

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,112
2018 value
± $2,209
2.48%
1 Year Growth
± 5.95%

Households in Elk County, PA have a median annual income of $51,112, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,876 in 2017, which represents a 2.48% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Elk County, PA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.
$67,039
Average Male Salary in Pennsylvania
± $1,040
$49,502
Average Female Salary in Pennsylvania
± $757

In 2017, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Pennsylvania
  1. Asian
    $61,450 ± $4,076
  2. White
    $51,412 ± $642
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $38,644 ± $21,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Pennsylvania.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elk County, PA is from Pennsylvania.
0.469
2017 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania
0.469
2016 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.19% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9513
  2. Census Tract 9502
  3. Census Tract 9501

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elk County, PA was Census Tract 9513 with a value of $58,750, followed by Census Tract 9502 and Census Tract 9501, with respective values of $56,200 and $55,804.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Elk County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.83% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elk County, PA (2.96k out of 30.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,732 ± 291
  2. Black
    113 ± 137
  3. Two Or More
    94 ± 112

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elk County, PA is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

15.2k
2018 Value
± 679
0.369%
1 Year growth
± 6.33%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Elk County, PA grew at a rate of 0.369%, from 15.2k employees to 15.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elk County, PA, are Production Occupations (3,095 people), Material Moving Occupations (1,581 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,497 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elk County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elk County, PA, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (3,095 people), Material Moving Occupations (1,581 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,497 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Elk County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (3.54 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.79 times), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.7 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elk County, PA, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($68,665), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($68,375), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,389).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

15.2k
2018 Value
± 679
0.369%
1 Year growth
± 6.33%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Elk County, PA grew at a rate of 0.369%, from 15.2k employees to 15.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elk County, PA, are Manufacturing (6,108 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,209 people), and Retail Trade (1,401 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elk County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Elk County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elk County, PA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (6,108 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,209 people), and Retail Trade (1,401 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Elk County, PA has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (3.98 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.79 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.05 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elk County, PA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($73,189), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($63,958), and Utilities ($53,945).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $83B
  2. $50.6B
  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania.
$618B
2015 Value in Pennsylvania
$954B
Projected 2045 Value in Pennsylvania
54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $61B
  2. $57.7B
  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elk County, PA was $99,000 in 2018, which is 0.431 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $97,100 to $99,000, a 1.96% increase. The homeownership rate in Elk County, PA is 77.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Elk County, PA have an average commute time of 18.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Elk County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$99,000
2018 Median
± $3,887
$97,100
2017 Median
± $3,712

In 2018, the median property value in Elk County, PA grew to to $99,000 from the previous year's value of $97,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elk County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elk County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$51,112
Median Household Income
± $2,209
13.7k
Number of Households
± 644

In 2018, the median household income of the 13.7k households in Elk County, PA grew to $51,112 from the previous year's value of $49,876.

The following chart displays the households in Elk County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elk County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elk County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

77.5%
2018 Homeownership
78.8%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 77.5% of the housing units in Elk County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 78.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elk County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

18.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elk County, PA have a shorter commute time (18.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 1.74% of the workforce in Elk County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elk County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    86.7%
  2. Carpooled
    7.17%
  3. Worked At Home
    3.16%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Elk County, PA was Drove Alone (86.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.17%) and those who Worked At Home (3.16%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elk County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elk County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

96.9% of the population of Elk County, PA has health coverage, with 53% on employee plans, 12.9% on Medicaid, 15.7% on Medicare, 13.9% on non-group plans, and 1.27% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Pennsylvania was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Elk County, PA see 2573 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.04% decrease from the previous year (2600 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3810 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1604 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,573 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Elk County, PA

Primary care physicians in Elk County, PA see an average of 2,573 patients per year. This represents a 1.04% decrease from the previous year (2,600 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Elk County, PA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
$9,258
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Pennsylvania
$4,634
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,407
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,243
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.14%
Uninsured
53%
Employer Coverage
12.9%
Medicaid
15.7%
Medicare
13.9%
Non-Group
1.27%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elk County, PA declined by 20.6% from 3.95% to 3.14%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elk County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 16% prevalence
  2. 13.4% prevalence
  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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