Elgin, IL

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Population

112,628

0.633% growth

Poverty Rate

13.2%


Median Age

34.1


Median Household Income

$63,655

5.43% growth

Number of Employees

55,424

2.11% growth

Median Property Value

$171,200

2.82% growth

About

In 2017, Elgin, IL had a population of 113k people with a median age of 34.1 and a median household income of $63,655. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Elgin, IL grew from 111,919 to 112,628, a 0.633% increase and its median household income grew from $60,375 to $63,655, a 5.43% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Elgin, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (40.9%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (21.3%), White (Hispanic) (20.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.16%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (6.08%). N/A% of the people in Elgin, IL speak a non-English language, and 84.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Elgin, IL are Elgin Community College (2,054 degrees awarded in 2017), Judson University (410 degrees), and J Renee College (51 degrees).

The median property value in Elgin, IL is $171,200, and the homeownership rate is 66.9%. Most people in Elgin, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Elgin, IL is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Illinois, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Illinois across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Elgin, IL employs 55.4k people. The largest industries in Elgin, IL are Manufacturing (11,306 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,526 people), and Retail Trade (6,065 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($69,844), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,329), and Information ($55,917).

Median household income in Elgin, IL is $63,655. Males in Elgin, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Elgin, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$63,655

2017 value

± $2,592

5.43%

1 Year Growth

± 5.42%

Households in Elgin, IL have a median annual income of $63,655, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,375 in 2016, which represents a 5.43% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Elgin, IL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elgin, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 8043.10

  2. Census Tract 8043.11

  3. Census Tract 8044.03

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elgin, IL was Census Tract 8043.10 with a value of $100,000, followed by Census Tract 8043.11 and Census Tract 8044.03, with respective values of $97,305 and $78,799.

The following map shows all of the places in Elgin, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elgin, IL (14.6k out of 111k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    8,173 ± 738

  2. White

    7,132 ± 729

  3. Other

    3,776 ± 537

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elgin, IL is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

55.4k

2017 Value

± 1,788

2.11%

1 Year growth

± 4.53%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elgin, IL grew at a rate of 2.11%, from 54.3k employees to 55.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elgin, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,778 people), Production Occupations (7,055 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (5,894 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elgin, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elgin, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,778 people), Production Occupations (7,055 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (5,894 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Elgin, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.2 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.84 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.55 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elgin, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($190,313), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($94,314), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($82,386).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

55.4k

2017 Value

± 1,788

2.11%

1 Year growth

± 4.53%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elgin, IL grew at a rate of 2.11%, from 54.3k employees to 55.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elgin, IL, are Manufacturing (11,306 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,526 people), and Retail Trade (6,065 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elgin, IL, though some of these residents may live in Elgin, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elgin, IL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (11,306 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,526 people), and Retail Trade (6,065 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Elgin, IL has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (4.83 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (2.01 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.56 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elgin, IL, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($69,844), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,329), and Information ($55,917).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $82.9B

  2. $78.3B

  3. $75B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $82.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($78.3B) and Gasoline ($75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$952B

2020 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

37.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Illinois trade was $952B. This is expected to increase 37.7% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $69.2B

  2. $54.7B

  3. $36.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $69.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $54.7B and Michigan and $36.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.9% of the population of Elgin, IL has health coverage, with 48.8% on employee plans, 20.7% on Medicaid, 8.62% on Medicare, 8.24% on non-group plans, and 0.542% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Elgin, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Elgin, IL see 2380 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.54% increase from the previous year (2344 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1597 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 512 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Kane County, IL.

2,380 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kane County, IL see an average of 2,380 patients per year. This represents a 1.54% increase from the previous year (2,344 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kane County, IL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.1%

Uninsured

48.8%

Employer Coverage

20.7%

Medicaid

8.62%

Medicare

8.24%

Non-Group

0.542%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elgin, IL declined by 8.21% from 14.2% to 13.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elgin, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Elgin, IL is home to a population of 113k people, from which 84.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 26.5% of Elgin, IL residents were born outside of the country (29.9k people).

In 2017, there were 1.92 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (46.1k people) in Elgin, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 24k Some Other Race (Hispanic) and 23.4k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

28

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.1

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Elgin, IL was 34.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 28, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Elgin, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Elgin, IL residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

26.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

29.9k people

26.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

30.1k people

As of 2017, 26.5% of Elgin, IL residents (29.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elgin, IL was 26.9%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elgin, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

84.3%

2017 Citizenship

83.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 84.3% of Elgin, IL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Elgin, IL was 83.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elgin, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Elgin, IL

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    46.1k ± 1.61k

  2. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    24k ± 2.07k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    23.4k ± 1.96k

In 2017, there were 1.92 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (46.1k people) in Elgin, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 24k Some Other Race (Hispanic) and 23.4k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Elgin, IL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,086 ± 233

  2. Korea

    532 ± 191

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    467 ± 141

Elgin, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Elgin, IL awarded 2,565 degrees. The student population of Elgin, IL is skewed towards women, with 5,002 male students and 6,116 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Elgin, IL are White (1,411 and 55.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (698 and 27.5%), Black or African American (127 and 5.01%), and Asian (117 and 4.61%).

The largest universities in Elgin, IL by number of degrees awarded are Elgin Community College (2,054 and 80.1%), Judson University (410 and 16%), and J Renee College (51 and 1.99%).

The most popular majors in Elgin, IL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (568 and 22.1%), Automobile Mechanics Technology (237 and 9.24%), and Biological & Physical Sciences (182 and 7.1%).

The median tuition costs in Elgin, IL are $28,408 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 563 degrees awarded

  2. 182 degrees awarded

  3. 98 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Elgin, IL was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 563 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Elgin, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,054 degrees awarded

  2. 410 degrees awarded

  3. 51 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$28,408

Median Private

In 2017, the Elgin, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Elgin Community College with 2,054 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,244

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,321

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,244 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Elgin, IL, which is 0.942 times less than the 1,321 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Elgin, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,411 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    698 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    127 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Elgin, IL were to White students. These 1,411 degrees mean that there were 2.02 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 698 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elgin, IL was $171,200 in 2017, which is 0.745 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $166,500 to $171,200, a 2.82% increase. The homeownership rate in Elgin, IL is 66.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Elgin, IL have an average commute time of 27.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Elgin, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$171,200

2017 Median

± $3,155

$166,500

2016 Median

± $3,234

In 2017, the median property value in Elgin, IL grew to to $171,200 from the previous year's value of $166,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elgin, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elgin, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$63,655

Median Household Income

± $2,592

35.9k

Number of Households

± 1,373

In 2017, the median household income of the 35.9k households in Elgin, IL grew to $63,655 from the previous year's value of $60,375.

The following chart displays the households in Elgin, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elgin, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elgin, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

66.9%

2017 Homeownership

66%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.9% of the housing units in Elgin, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elgin, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

27.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elgin, IL have a longer commute time (27.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.65% of the workforce in Elgin, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elgin, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.8%

  2. Carpooled

    11.3%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.29%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Elgin, IL was Drove Alone (79.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.3%) and those who Worked At Home (3.29%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elgin, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elgin, IL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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