Cook County, IL

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Population

5.18M

0.59% decline

Poverty Rate

15.9%


Median Age

37


Median Household Income

$63,353

3.17% growth

Number of Employees

2.59M

0.879% growth

Median Property Value

$255,900

3.35% growth

About

In 2018, Cook County, IL had a population of 5.18M people with a median age of 37 and a median household income of $63,353. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Cook County, IL declined from 5.21M to 5.18M, a -0.59% decrease and its median household income grew from $61,405 to $63,353, a 3.17% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cook County, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (41.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (22.8%), White (Hispanic) (15.3%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (8.76%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (7.47%). 35.6% of the people in Cook County, IL speak a non-English language, and 90% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cook County, IL are Northwestern University (9,012 degrees awarded in 2017), University of Illinois at Chicago (7,605 degrees), and DePaul University (6,411 degrees).

The median property value in Cook County, IL is $255,900, and the homeownership rate is 57.2%. Most people in Cook County, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Cook County, IL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Seen from an open window on the 92nd floor of the John Hancock Center in Chicago.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Illinois, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Illinois across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Cook County, IL employs 2.59M people. The largest industries in Cook County, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (358,622 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (257,707 people), and Manufacturing (244,674 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,915), Utilities ($75,974), and Finance & Insurance ($75,850).

Median household income in Cook County, IL is $63,353. Males in Cook County, IL have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,889. The income inequality in Cook County, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$63,353

2018 value

± $1,098

3.17%

1 Year Growth

± 1.98%

Households in Cook County, IL have a median annual income of $63,353, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $61,405 in 2017, which represents a 3.17% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Cook County, IL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$74,413

Average Male Salary

± $1,190

$55,889

Average Female Salary

± $913

In 2018, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $70,233 ± $3,218

  2. White

    $60,032 ± $826

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $53,351 ± $34,221

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cook County, IL is from Illinois.

0.48

2018 Wage GINI

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.354% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 8004

  2. Census Tract 8001

  3. Census Tract 8006

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cook County, IL was Census Tract 8004 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 8001 and Census Tract 8006, with respective values of $250,001 and $210,000.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cook County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cook County, IL (822k out of 5.15M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    337,304 ± 4,048

  2. White

    309,454 ± 4,273

  3. Hispanic

    250,972 ± 3,601

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cook County, IL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.59M

2018 Value

± 26,260

0.879%

1 Year growth

± 1.47%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Cook County, IL grew at a rate of 0.879%, from 2.56M employees to 2.59M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cook County, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (293,229 people), Sales & Related Occupations (266,339 people), and Management Occupations (265,684 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cook County, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cook County, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (293,229 people), Sales & Related Occupations (266,339 people), and Management Occupations (265,684 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cook County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (1.52 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.34 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.29 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cook County, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($114,405), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($81,309), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($79,433).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.59M

2018 Value

± 26,260

0.879%

1 Year growth

± 1.47%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Cook County, IL grew at a rate of 0.879%, from 2.56M employees to 2.59M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cook County, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (358,622 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (257,707 people), and Manufacturing (244,674 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cook County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Cook County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cook County, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (358,622 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (257,707 people), and Manufacturing (244,674 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cook County, IL has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.57 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.53 times), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.32 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cook County, IL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,915), Utilities ($75,974), and Finance & Insurance ($75,850).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $82.9B

  2. $78.3B

  3. $75B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $82.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($78.3B) and Gasoline ($75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$952B

2020 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

37.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Illinois trade was $952B. This is expected to increase 37.7% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $69.2B

  2. $54.7B

  3. $36.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $69.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $54.7B and Michigan and $36.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.2% of the population of Cook County, IL has health coverage, with 49.3% on employee plans, 21.2% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 9.47% on non-group plans, and 0.592% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cook County, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Cook County, IL see 1062 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1062 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1134 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 444 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,062 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cook County, IL see an average of 1,062 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,062 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cook County, IL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.83%

Uninsured

49.3%

Employer Coverage

21.2%

Medicaid

10.7%

Medicare

9.47%

Non-Group

0.592%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cook County, IL grew by 6.23% from 8.31% to 8.83%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cook County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cook County, IL is home to a population of 5.18M people, from which 90% are citizens. As of 2017, 21.2% of Cook County, IL residents were born outside of the country (1.11M people).

In 2018, there were 1.84 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.17M people) in Cook County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.18M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 792k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cook County, IL are Spanish (1,019,597 speakers), Polish (127,308 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (63,855 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.4

In 2018, the median age of all people in Cook County, IL was 37. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Cook County, IL are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Cook County, IL residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

21.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.11M people

21.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.1M people

As of 2017, 21.2% of Cook County, IL residents (1.11M people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cook County, IL was 21.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cook County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    642,065 ± 19,171 people

  2. India

    174,548 ± 10,187 people

  3. Poland

    126,880 ± 8,702 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 642,065 Illinois residents, followed by India with 174,548 and Poland with 126,880.

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Citizenship

90%

2018 Citizenship

89.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 90% of Cook County, IL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Cook County, IL was 89.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cook County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cook County, IL

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    2.17M ± 2.9k

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    1.18M ± 5.75k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    792k ± 18.6k

In 2018, there were 1.84 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.17M people) in Cook County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.18M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 792k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Cook County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    1,019,597 speakers (21%)

  2. Polish

    127,308 speakers (2.62%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    63,855 speakers (1.31%)

35.6% of Cook County, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Cook County, IL was Spanish. 21% of the overall population of Cook County, IL are native Spanish speakers. 2.62% speak Polish and 1.31% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    52,572 ± 2,924

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    22,000 ± 2,462

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    16,561 ± 2,259

Cook County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Cook County, IL awarded 90,477 degrees. The student population of Cook County, IL is skewed towards women, with 139,097 male students and 188,331 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cook County, IL are White (39,436 and 48.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (15,419 and 18.8%), Black or African American (12,678 and 15.5%), and Asian (7,412 and 9.05%).

The largest universities in Cook County, IL by number of degrees awarded are Northwestern University (9,012 and 9.96%), University of Illinois at Chicago (7,605 and 8.41%), and DePaul University (6,411 and 7.09%).

The most popular majors in Cook County, IL are General Business Administration & Management (7,195 and 7.95%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (5,366 and 5.93%), and Biological & Physical Sciences (2,601 and 2.87%).

The median tuition costs in Cook County, IL are $28,095 for private four year colleges, and $7,957 and $15,915 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 2,150 degrees awarded

  2. 1,686 degrees awarded

  3. 1,406 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cook County, IL was General Business Administration & Management with 2,150 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cook County, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,012 degrees awarded

  2. 7,605 degrees awarded

  3. 6,411 degrees awarded

$7,957

Median In-State Public

$28,095

Median Private

In 2017, the Cook County, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Northwestern University with 9,012 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

38,626

Degrees Awarded to Men

51,851

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 38,626 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cook County, IL, which is 0.745 times less than the 51,851 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cook County, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    39,436 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    15,419 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    12,678 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cook County, IL were to White students. These 39,436 degrees mean that there were 2.56 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 15,419 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cook County, IL was $255,900 in 2018, which is 1.11 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $247,600 to $255,900, a 3.35% increase. The homeownership rate in Cook County, IL is 57.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cook County, IL have an average commute time of 31.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cook County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$255,900

2018 Median

± $2,659

$247,600

2017 Median

± $2,208

In 2018, the median property value in Cook County, IL grew to to $255,900 from the previous year's value of $247,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cook County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cook County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$63,353

Median Household Income

± $1,098

1.98M

Number of Households

± 22,548

In 2018, the median household income of the 1.98M households in Cook County, IL grew to $63,353 from the previous year's value of $61,405.

The following chart displays the households in Cook County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cook County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cook County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

57.2%

2018 Homeownership

56.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 57.2% of the housing units in Cook County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 56.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cook County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

31.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cook County, IL have a longer commute time (31.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.32% of the workforce in Cook County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cook County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    61.1%

  2. Public Transit

    19.1%

  3. Carpooled

    8.24%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Cook County, IL was Drove Alone (61.1%), followed by those who Public Transit (19.1%) and those who Carpooled (8.24%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cook County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cook County, IL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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