Ector County, TX

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Population

155,744

1.68% growth

Median Age

30.3


Median Household Income

$59,528

2.05% growth

Poverty Rate

12.3%


Number of Employees

72,576

1.55% growth

Median Property Value

$120,800

7.57% growth

About

In 2017, Ector County, TX had a population of 156k people with a median age of 30.3 and a median household income of $59,528. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ector County, TX grew from 153,177 to 155,744, a 1.68% increase and its median household income grew from $58,335 to $59,528, a 2.05% increase.

The population of Ector County, TX is 58.7% Hispanic or Latino, 34.5% White Alone, and 4.14% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Ector County, TX speak a non-English language, and 91.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ector County, TX are Odessa College (1,312 degrees awarded in 2016) and The University of Texas of the Permian Basin (957 degrees).

The median property value in Ector County, TX is $120,800, and the homeownership rate is 66%. Most people in Ector County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Ector County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Ector County, TX employs 72.6k people. The largest industries in Ector County, TX are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (10,309 people), Retail Trade (9,390 people), and Construction (7,294 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,294), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($62,079), and Utilities ($61,758).

Median household income in Ector County, TX is $59,528. Males in Ector County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Ector County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$59,528

2017 value

± $2,471

2.05%

1 Year Growth

± 6.59%

Households in Ector County, TX have a median annual income of $59,528, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $58,335 in 2016, which represents a 2.05% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ector County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ector County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 25.01

  2. Census Tract 29

  3. Census Tract 30

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ector County, TX was Census Tract 25.01 with a value of $92,880, followed by Census Tract 29 and Census Tract 30, with respective values of $88,693 and $88,669.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Ector County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ector County, TX (18.9k out of 154k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    14,039 ± 1,048

  2. Hispanic

    13,222 ± 1,148

  3. Other

    2,580 ± 519

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ector County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

72.6k

2017 Value

± 2,235

1.55%

1 Year growth

± 4.22%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ector County, TX grew at a rate of 1.55%, from 71.5k employees to 72.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ector County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,929 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (8,919 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (8,883 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ector County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ector County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,929 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (8,919 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (8,883 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ector County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.47 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.79 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.67 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ector County, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($74,457), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($73,375), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($72,451).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

72.6k

2017 Value

± 2,235

1.55%

1 Year growth

± 4.22%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ector County, TX grew at a rate of 1.55%, from 71.5k employees to 72.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ector County, TX, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (10,309 people), Retail Trade (9,390 people), and Construction (7,294 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ector County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Ector County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ector County, TX, by number of employees, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (10,309 people), Retail Trade (9,390 people), and Construction (7,294 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ector County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (26.3 times higher than expected), Construction (1.6 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ector County, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,294), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($62,079), and Utilities ($61,758).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

77.5% of the population of Ector County, TX has health coverage, with 46.7% on employee plans, 13.9% on Medicaid, 7.45% on Medicare, 8.47% on non-group plans, and 0.948% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Ector County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Ector County, TX see 1696 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.13% decrease from the previous year (1769 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2581 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2218 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,696 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ector County, TX see an average of 1,696 patients per year. This represents a 4.13% decrease from the previous year (1,769 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ector County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

22.5%

Uninsured

46.7%

Employer Coverage

13.9%

Medicaid

7.45%

Medicare

8.47%

Non-Group

0.948%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ector County, TX declined by 3.14% from 23.3% to 22.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ector County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ector County, TX is home to a population of 156k people, from which 91.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 13.7% of Ector County, TX residents were born outside of the country (21.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Ector County, TX is composed of 91.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (58.7%), 53.7k White Alone residents (34.5%), 6.45k Black or African American Alone residents (4.14%), 1.94k Two or More Races residents (1.24%), 1.63k Asian Alone residents (1.05%), 283 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.182%), 238 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.153%), and 26 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0167%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ector County, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

28

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ector County, TX was 30.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 28, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Ector County, TX are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Ector County, TX residents was 30.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

13.7%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

21.3k people

13.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

20.7k people

As of 2017, 13.7% of Ector County, TX residents (21.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ector County, TX was 13.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ector County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

91.1%

2017 Citizenship

91%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 91.1% of Ector County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Ector County, TX was 91%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ector County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    91.5k ± 2.31k

  2. White Alone

    53.7k ± 195

  3. Black or African American Alone

    6.45k ± 361

In 2017, there were 1.7 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (91.5k people) in Ector County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 53.7k White Alone and 6.45k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ector County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Ector County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Ector County, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Ector County, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,152 ± 283

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,408 ± 314

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,013 ± 256

Ector County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.53 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Ector County, TX awarded 2,269 degrees. The student population of Ector County, TX is skewed towards women, with 5,344 male students and 7,463 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ector County, TX are Hispanic or Latino (1,115 and 50.3%), followed by White (816 and 36.8%), Black or African American (137 and 6.19%), and Unknown (68 and 3.07%).

The largest universities in Ector County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Odessa College (1,312 and 57.8%) and The University of Texas of the Permian Basin (957 and 42.2%).

The most popular majors in Ector County, TX are General Studies (272 and 12%), General Business Administration & Management (179 and 7.89%), and General Psychology (140 and 6.17%).

The median tuition costs in Ector County, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $4,312 and $5,496 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 52 degrees awarded

  2. 109 degrees awarded

  3. 83 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ector County, TX was Accounting with 52 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ector County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,312 degrees awarded

  2. 957 degrees awarded

$4,312

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Ector County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Odessa College with 1,312 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

831

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,438

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 831 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ector County, TX, which is 0.578 times less than the 1,438 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Ector County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    1,115 degrees awarded

  2. White

    816 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    137 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ector County, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 1,115 degrees mean that there were 1.37 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 816 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ector County, TX was $120,800 in 2017, which is 0.555 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $112,300 to $120,800, a 7.57% increase. The homeownership rate in Ector County, TX is 66%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ector County, TX have an average commute time of 21.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ector County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$59,528

Median Household Income

± $2,471

51.5k

Number of Households

± 1,648

In 2017, the median household income of the 51.5k households in Ector County, TX grew to $59,528 from the previous year's value of $58,335.

The following chart displays the households in Ector County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$120,800

2017 Median

± $3,446

$112,300

2016 Median

± $3,252

In 2017, the median property value in Ector County, TX grew to to $120,800 from the previous year's value of $112,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ector County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ector County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ector County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ector County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

66%

2017 Homeownership

66.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66% of the housing units in Ector County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ector County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ector County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ector County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ector County, TX have a shorter commute time (21.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.17% of the workforce in Ector County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ector County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.1%

  2. Carpooled

    13.6%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.18%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ector County, TX was Drove Alone (81.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (13.6%) and those who Worked At Home (2.18%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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