Denver, CO

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Population

704,621

1.67% growth

Median Age

34.5


Median Household Income

$65,224

6.74% growth

Poverty Rate

15.1%


Number of Employees

402,288

4.57% growth

Median Property Value

$395,100

9.48% growth

About

In 2017, Denver, CO had a population of 705k people with a median age of 34.5 and a median household income of $65,224. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Denver, CO grew from 693,060 to 704,621, a 1.67% increase and its median household income grew from $61,105 to $65,224, a 6.74% increase.

The population of Denver, CO is 54.3% White Alone, 29.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 8.96% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Denver, CO speak a non-English language, and 90.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Denver, CO are University of Denver (4,195 degrees awarded in 2016), Metropolitan State University of Denver (3,546 degrees), and Regis University (2,993 degrees).

The median property value in Denver, CO is $395,100, and the homeownership rate is 50%. Most people in Denver, CO commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Denver, CO is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Sunrise over downtown Denver

Economy

The economy of Denver, CO employs 402k people. The largest industries in Denver, CO are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (50,502 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (49,455 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (35,635 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($101,632), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($86,143), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($73,690).

Median household income in Denver, CO is $65,224. Males in Denver, CO have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,627. The income inequality in Denver, CO (measured using the Gini index) is 0.471, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$65,224

2017 value

± $2,673

6.74%

1 Year Growth

± 4.43%

Households in Denver, CO have a median annual income of $65,224, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $61,105 in 2016, which represents a 6.74% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Denver, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

$70,370

Average Male Salary

± $1,540

$53,627

Average Female Salary

± $1,308

In 2017, full-time male employees in Colorado made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $63,284 ± $33,979

  2. Asian

    $57,318 ± $5,622

  3. White

    $55,910 ± $1,010

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Colorado workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Denver, CO is from Colorado.

0.471

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Colorado was 0.471 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.456% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Colorado was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Colorado in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Colorado across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 43.03

  2. Census Tract 32.03

  3. Census Tract 41.06

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Denver, CO was Census Tract 43.03 with a value of $179,653, followed by Census Tract 32.03 and Census Tract 41.06, with respective values of $173,750 and $142,083.

The following map shows all of the places in Denver, CO colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Denver, CO (101k out of 666k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    67,950 ± 1,942

  2. Hispanic

    44,968 ± 1,575

  3. Black

    16,705 ± 983

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Denver, CO is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

402k

2017 Value

± 10,518

4.57%

1 Year growth

± 3.59%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Denver, CO grew at a rate of 4.57%, from 385k employees to 402k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Denver, CO, are Management Occupations (55,660 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (43,326 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (41,306 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Denver, CO.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Denver, CO, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (55,660 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (43,326 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (41,306 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Denver, CO has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (1.86 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.51 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.46 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Denver, CO, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($87,510), Legal Occupations ($84,254), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($76,773).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

402k

2017 Value

± 10,518

4.57%

1 Year growth

± 3.59%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Denver, CO grew at a rate of 4.57%, from 385k employees to 402k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Denver, CO, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (50,502 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (49,455 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (35,635 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Denver, CO, though some of these residents may live in Denver, CO and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Denver, CO, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (50,502 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (49,455 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (35,635 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Denver, CO has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.14 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.84 times), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.68 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Denver, CO, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($101,632), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($86,143), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($73,690).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $30.1B

  2. $22.9B

  3. $15.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $30.1B, followed by Mixed freight ($22.9B) and Electronics ($15.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Colorado products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Colorado state.

$208B

2015 Value

$314B

Projected 2045 Value

51.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Colorado trade was $208B. This is expected to increase 51.4% to $314B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Colorado trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.5B

  2. $9.22B

  3. $7.43B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wyoming with $12.5B, followed by Nebraska with $9.22B and California and $7.43B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Colorado shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.4% of the population of Denver, CO has health coverage, with 47.8% on employee plans, 20.1% on Medicaid, 8.84% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 0.945% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Denver, CO was $6,804 in 2014. This is a 5.13% increase from the previous year ($6,472).

Primary care physicians in Denver, CO see 1243 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.404% increase from the previous year (1238 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1291 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 326 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (8.8%). Additionally, Logan County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (28.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

1,243 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Colorado see an average of 1,243 patients per year. This represents a 0.404% increase from the previous year (1,238 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Colorado in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

$6,804

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,623

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,143

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,287

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Colorado (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.13%, from $6,472 to $6,804.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.59%

Uninsured

47.8%

Employer Coverage

20.1%

Medicaid

8.84%

Medicare

12.7%

Non-Group

0.945%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Denver, CO grew by 6.01% from 9.05% to 9.59%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Denver, CO changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 8.8% prevalence

  2. 8.7% prevalence

  3. 8.4% prevalence

Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Colorado, at 8.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Colorado by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Denver, CO is home to a population of 705k people, from which 90.7% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Denver, CO residents were born outside of the country (107k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Denver, CO is composed of 383k White Alone residents (54.3%), 211k Hispanic or Latino residents (29.9%), 63.1k Black or African American Alone residents (8.96%), 26.6k Asian Alone residents (3.77%), 16.7k Two or More Races residents (2.37%), 3.47k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.492%), 746 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.106%), and 416 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.059%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Denver, CO are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Denver, CO was 34.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Denver, CO are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Denver, CO residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    107k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Denver, CO residents (107k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Denver, CO was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Denver, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    234,816 ± 11,645 people

  2. India

    20,457 ± 3,505 people

  3. China

    19,921 ± 3,459 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Colorado was Mexico, the natal country of 234,816 Colorado residents, followed by India with 20,457 and China with 19,921.

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Citizenship

90.7%

2017 Citizenship

90.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 90.7% of Denver, CO residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Denver, CO was 90.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Denver, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    383k ± 340

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    211k ± 9.67k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    63.1k ± 2.52k

In 2017, there were 1.82 times more White Alone residents (383k people) in Denver, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 211k Hispanic or Latino and 63.1k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Denver, CO as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Denver, CO citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Denver, CO was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Denver, CO are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    10,416 ± 1,510

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,120 ± 1,476

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,209 ± 940

Denver, CO has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.7 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Denver, CO awarded 16,622 degrees. The student population of Denver, CO is skewed towards women, with 28,576 male students and 34,959 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Denver, CO are White (9,981 and 62.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,651 and 16.7%), Unknown (981 and 6.16%), and Black or African American (956 and 6.01%).

The largest universities in Denver, CO by number of degrees awarded are University of Denver (4,195 and 25.2%), Metropolitan State University of Denver (3,546 and 21.3%), and Regis University (2,993 and 18%).

The most popular majors in Denver, CO are Registered Nursing (909 and 5.47%), General Business Administration & Management (719 and 4.33%), and Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (617 and 3.71%).

The median tuition costs in Denver, CO are $30,396 for private four year colleges, and $5,693 and $18,859 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 823 degrees awarded

  2. 353 degrees awarded

  3. 351 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Denver, CO was Registered Nursing with 823 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Denver, CO according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,195 degrees awarded

  2. 3,546 degrees awarded

  3. 2,993 degrees awarded

$5,693

Median In-State Public

$30,396

Median Private

In 2016, the Denver, CO institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Denver with 4,195 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,543

Degrees Awarded to Men

10,079

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 6,543 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Denver, CO, which is 0.649 times less than the 10,079 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Denver, CO by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    9,981 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2,651 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    981 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Denver, CO were to White students. These 9,981 degrees mean that there were 3.76 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,651 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Denver, CO was $395,100 in 2017, which is 1.82 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $360,900 to $395,100, a 9.48% increase. The homeownership rate in Denver, CO is 50%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Denver, CO have an average commute time of 23.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Denver, CO is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$65,224

Median Household Income

± $2,673

297k

Number of Households

± 8,661

In 2017, the median household income of the 297k households in Denver, CO grew to $65,224 from the previous year's value of $61,105.

The following chart displays the households in Denver, CO distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$395,100

2017 Median

± $7,531

$360,900

2016 Median

± $10,521

In 2017, the median property value in Denver, CO grew to to $395,100 from the previous year's value of $360,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Denver, CO compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Denver, CO the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Denver, CO distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Denver, CO the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

50%

2017 Homeownership

50%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 50% of the housing units in Denver, CO were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 50%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Denver, CO compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Denver, CO distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Denver, CO have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

23.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Denver, CO have a shorter commute time (23.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.49% of the workforce in Denver, CO have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Denver, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    67.9%

  2. Worked At Home

    9.56%

  3. Carpooled

    8.02%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Denver, CO was Drove Alone (67.9%), followed by those who Worked At Home (9.56%) and those who Carpooled (8.02%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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