Dayton, OH

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Population

140,939

0.145% decline

Median Age

33.1


Median Household Income

$30,128

4.81% growth

Poverty Rate

32.7%


Number of Employees

55,818

1% growth

Median Property Value

$66,500

0.15% decline

About

In 2017, Dayton, OH had a population of 141k people with a median age of 33.1 and a median household income of $30,128. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Dayton, OH declined from 141,143 to 140,939, a -0.145% decrease and its median household income grew from $28,745 to $30,128, a 4.81% increase.

The population of Dayton, OH is 52.6% White Alone, 38.9% Black or African American Alone, and 3.95% Hispanic or Latino. 6.7% of the people in Dayton, OH speak a non-English language, and 97.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dayton, OH are Sinclair Community College (4,777 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Dayton (3,016 degrees), and Ohio Medical Career College (151 degrees).

The median property value in Dayton, OH is $66,500, and the homeownership rate is 47.9%. Most people in Dayton, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Dayton, OH is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Dayton, OH

Economy

The economy of Dayton, OH employs 55.8k people. The largest industries in Dayton, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,062 people), Manufacturing (6,869 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (6,010 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($71,625), Utilities ($60,124), and Public Administration ($57,602).

Median household income in Dayton, OH is $30,128. Males in Dayton, OH have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,809. The income inequality in Dayton, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$30,128

2017 value

± $962

4.81%

1 Year Growth

± 4.71%

Households in Dayton, OH have a median annual income of $30,128, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $28,745 in 2016, which represents a 4.81% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Dayton, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Ohio.

$61,819

Average Male Salary

± $967

$45,809

Average Female Salary

± $722

In 2017, full-time male employees in Dayton, OH made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Dayton, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,297 ± $5,164

  2. White

    $47,402 ± $598

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $43,729 ± $34,565

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Dayton, OH workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.29 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Dayton, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dayton, OH is from Ohio.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.461

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0776% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1101

  2. Census Tract 903.03

  3. Census Tract 903.04

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dayton, OH was Census Tract 1101 with a value of $82,386, followed by Census Tract 903.03 and Census Tract 903.04, with respective values of $77,273 and $75,154.

The following map shows all of the places in Dayton, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

32.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dayton, OH (42.4k out of 130k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    22,094 ± 1,003

  2. White

    17,816 ± 980

  3. Hispanic

    2,426 ± 373

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dayton, OH is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

55.8k

2017 Value

± 1,556

1%

1 Year growth

± 3.88%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dayton, OH grew at a rate of 1%, from 55.3k employees to 55.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dayton, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,556 people), Production Occupations (5,091 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (4,957 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dayton, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dayton, OH, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,556 people), Production Occupations (5,091 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (4,957 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Dayton, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (2.06 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.57 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.52 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dayton, OH, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($75,279), Protective Service Occupations ($60,774), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($55,688).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

55.8k

2017 Value

± 1,556

1%

1 Year growth

± 3.88%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dayton, OH grew at a rate of 1%, from 55.3k employees to 55.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dayton, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,062 people), Manufacturing (6,869 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (6,010 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dayton, OH, though some of these residents may live in Dayton, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dayton, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,062 people), Manufacturing (6,869 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (6,010 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Dayton, OH has an unusually high number of Accommodation & Food Services (1.41 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.3 times), and Manufacturing (1.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dayton, OH, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($71,625), Utilities ($60,124), and Public Administration ($57,602).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $64.2B and Machinery and $45.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.7% of the population of Dayton, OH has health coverage, with 33.6% on employee plans, 33.5% on Medicaid, 9.77% on Medicare, 10% on non-group plans, and 1.86% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Dayton, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Dayton, OH see 1307 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1656 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 561 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

1307 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1307 patients per year. This represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.3%

Uninsured

33.6%

Employer Coverage

33.5%

Medicaid

9.77%

Medicare

10%

Non-Group

1.86%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dayton, OH declined by 12.1% from 12.9% to 11.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dayton, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dayton, OH is home to a population of 141k people, from which 97.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.82% of Dayton, OH residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Dayton, OH is composed of 74.1k White Alone residents (52.6%), 54.9k Black or African American Alone residents (38.9%), 5.56k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.95%), 4.46k Two or More Races residents (3.17%), 1.3k Asian Alone residents (0.922%), 436 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.309%), 141 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.1%), and 36 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0255%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Dayton, OH are Spanish or Spanish Creole (3,990 speakers), Other Asian Languages (1,384 speakers), and Chinese (641 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

34

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Dayton, OH was 33.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 34. But people in Dayton, OH are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Dayton, OH residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.82%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.52%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 4.82% of Dayton, OH residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dayton, OH was 4.52%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dayton, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    56,561 ± 5,825 people

  2. Mexico

    44,953 ± 5,195 people

  3. China

    32,750 ± 4,437 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Dayton, OH was India, the natal country of 56,561 Dayton, OH residents, followed by Mexico with 44,953 and China with 32,750.

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Citizenship

97.4%

2017 Citizenship

97.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.4% of Dayton, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Dayton, OH was 97.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dayton, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    74.1k ± 1.13k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    54.9k ± 1.27k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    5.56k ± 789

In 2017, there were 1.35 times more White Alone residents (74.1k people) in Dayton, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 54.9k Black or African American Alone and 5.56k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dayton, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    3,990 speakers (3.02%)

  2. Other Asian Languages

    1,384 speakers (1.05%)

  3. Chinese

    641 speakers (0.485%)

6.7% of Dayton, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Dayton, OH was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 3.02% of the overall population of Dayton, OH are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.05% speak Other Asian Languages and 0.485% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,924 ± 324

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,497 ± 286

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,248 ± 248

Dayton, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.95 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Dayton, OH awarded 8,114 degrees. The student population of Dayton, OH is skewed towards women, with 13,754 male students and 15,962 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dayton, OH are White (5,346 and 71.3%), followed by Unknown (926 and 12.4%), Black or African American (804 and 10.7%), and Hispanic or Latino (194 and 2.59%).

The largest universities in Dayton, OH by number of degrees awarded are Sinclair Community College (4,777 and 58.9%), University of Dayton (3,016 and 37.2%), and Ohio Medical Career College (151 and 1.86%).

The most popular majors in Dayton, OH are Criminal Justice - Police Science (607 and 7.48%), General Business Administration & Management (384 and 4.73%), and Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (257 and 3.17%).

The median tuition costs in Dayton, OH are $40,940 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 556 degrees awarded

  2. 257 degrees awarded

  3. 218 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Dayton, OH was Criminal Justice - Police Science with 556 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Dayton, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,777 degrees awarded

  2. 3,016 degrees awarded

  3. 151 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$40,940

Median Private

In 2016, the Dayton, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Sinclair Community College with 4,777 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,788

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,326

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,788 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dayton, OH, which is 0.876 times less than the 4,326 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Dayton, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,346 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    926 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    804 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dayton, OH were to White students. These 5,346 degrees mean that there were 5.77 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 926 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dayton, OH was $66,500 in 2017, which is 0.306 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $66,600 to $66,500, a 0.15% decrease. The homeownership rate in Dayton, OH is 47.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dayton, OH have an average commute time of 20.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dayton, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$30,128

Median Household Income

± $962

57.8k

Number of Households

± 1,571

In 2017, the median household income of the 57.8k households in Dayton, OH grew to $30,128 from the previous year's value of $28,745.

The following chart displays the households in Dayton, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$66,500

2017 Median

± $1,184

$66,600

2016 Median

± $1,039

In 2017, the median property value in Dayton, OH declined from to $66,500 from the previous year's value of $66,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dayton, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dayton, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dayton, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dayton, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

47.9%

2017 Homeownership

48.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 47.9% of the housing units in Dayton, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 48.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dayton, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dayton, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dayton, OH have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dayton, OH have a shorter commute time (20.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.5% of the workforce in Dayton, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dayton, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.9%

  2. Carpooled

    9.16%

  3. Walked

    6.63%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Dayton, OH was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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