Dawson County, TX

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Population

13,095

1.67% decline

Median Age

33.1


Median Household Income

$43,201

2% growth

Poverty Rate

18.5%


Number of Employees

4,968

2.01% growth

Median Property Value

$66,400

6.75% growth

About

In 2017, Dawson County, TX had a population of 13.1k people with a median age of 33.1 and a median household income of $43,201. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Dawson County, TX declined from 13,317 to 13,095, a -1.67% decrease and its median household income grew from $42,354 to $43,201, a 2% increase.

The population of Dawson County, TX is 56.4% Hispanic or Latino, 36.3% White Alone, and 5.65% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Dawson County, TX speak a non-English language, and 94.7% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Dawson County, TX is $66,400, and the homeownership rate is 71.1%. Most people in Dawson County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Dawson County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Dawson County, TX employs 4.97k people. The largest industries in Dawson County, TX are Educational Services (573 people), Retail Trade (522 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (467 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($74,692), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($73,846), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($52,813).

Median household income in Dawson County, TX is $43,201. Males in Dawson County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Dawson County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,201

2017 value

± $4,374

2%

1 Year Growth

± 12.9%

Households in Dawson County, TX have a median annual income of $43,201, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,354 in 2016, which represents a 2% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Dawson County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dawson County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9506

  2. Census Tract 9504.01

  3. Census Tract 9504.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dawson County, TX was Census Tract 9506 with a value of $54,375, followed by Census Tract 9504.01 and Census Tract 9504.02, with respective values of $54,063 and $36,250.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Dawson County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dawson County, TX (2.08k out of 11.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,554 ± 229

  2. Hispanic

    1,490 ± 229

  3. Other

    359 ± 162

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dawson County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.97k

2017 Value

± 440

2.01%

1 Year growth

± 12.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dawson County, TX grew at a rate of 2.01%, from 4.87k employees to 4.97k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dawson County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (574 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (538 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (510 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dawson County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dawson County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (574 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (538 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (510 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dawson County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (6.95 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (4.48 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.18 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dawson County, TX, by median earnings, are Transportation Occupations ($72,712), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($65,486), and Management Occupations ($63,750).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.97k

2017 Value

± 440

2.01%

1 Year growth

± 12.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dawson County, TX grew at a rate of 2.01%, from 4.87k employees to 4.97k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dawson County, TX, are Educational Services (573 people), Retail Trade (522 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (467 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dawson County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Dawson County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dawson County, TX, by number of employees, are Educational Services (573 people), Retail Trade (522 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (467 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dawson County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (16.1 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (7.95 times), and Public Administration (1.59 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dawson County, TX, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($74,692), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($73,846), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($52,813).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

83.5% of the population of Dawson County, TX has health coverage, with 35.6% on employee plans, 19.7% on Medicaid, 12.2% on Medicare, 15% on non-group plans, and 0.97% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Dawson County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Dawson County, TX see 3380 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (3343 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2622 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 0 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,380 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Dawson County, TX see an average of 3,380 patients per year. This represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (3,343 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Dawson County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

16.5%

Uninsured

35.6%

Employer Coverage

19.7%

Medicaid

12.2%

Medicare

15%

Non-Group

0.97%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dawson County, TX declined by 20.8% from 20.8% to 16.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dawson County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dawson County, TX is home to a population of 13.1k people, from which 94.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.34% of Dawson County, TX residents were born outside of the country (961 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Dawson County, TX is composed of 7.39k Hispanic or Latino residents (56.4%), 4.75k White Alone residents (36.3%), 740 Black or African American Alone residents (5.65%), 112 Asian Alone residents (0.855%), 52 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.397%), 46 Two or More Races residents (0.351%), 3 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0229%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Dawson County, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.2

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 11.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Dawson County, TX was 33.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Dawson County, TX are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Dawson County, TX residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.34%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

961 people

7.54%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1k people

As of 2017, 7.34% of Dawson County, TX residents (961 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dawson County, TX was 7.54%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dawson County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

94.7%

2017 Citizenship

94.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.7% of Dawson County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Dawson County, TX was 94.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dawson County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    7.39k ± 555

  2. White Alone

    4.75k ± 17

  3. Black or African American Alone

    740 ± 41

In 2017, there were 1.56 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (7.39k people) in Dawson County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.75k White Alone and 740 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dawson County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Dawson County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Dawson County, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Dawson County, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    167 ± 57

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    89 ± 76

  3. Korea

    51 ± 40

Dawson County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.88 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dawson County, TX was $66,400 in 2017, which is 0.305 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $62,200 to $66,400, a 6.75% increase. The homeownership rate in Dawson County, TX is 71.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dawson County, TX have an average commute time of 16.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dawson County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,201

Median Household Income

± $4,374

4.34k

Number of Households

± 401

In 2017, the median household income of the 4.34k households in Dawson County, TX grew to $43,201 from the previous year's value of $42,354.

The following chart displays the households in Dawson County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$66,400

2017 Median

± $5,709

$62,200

2016 Median

± $6,560

In 2017, the median property value in Dawson County, TX grew to to $66,400 from the previous year's value of $62,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dawson County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dawson County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $40k - $50k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dawson County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dawson County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

71.1%

2017 Homeownership

71.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 71.1% of the housing units in Dawson County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dawson County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dawson County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dawson County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

16.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dawson County, TX have a shorter commute time (16.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.823% of the workforce in Dawson County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dawson County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.8%

  2. Carpooled

    16.5%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.92%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Dawson County, TX was Drove Alone (77.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (16.5%) and those who Worked At Home (2.92%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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