Dallas County, TX

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Population

2.62M

1.68% growth

Median Age

33.5


Median Household Income

$56,718

4.26% growth

Poverty Rate

17.7%


Number of Employees

1.31M

1.63% growth

Median Property Value

$175,000

13.4% growth

About

In 2017, Dallas County, TX had a population of 2.62M people with a median age of 33.5 and a median household income of $56,718. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Dallas County, TX grew from 2.57M to 2.62M, a 1.68% increase and its median household income grew from $54,399 to $56,718, a 4.26% increase.

The population of Dallas County, TX is 40.2% Hispanic or Latino, 29% White Alone, and 22.2% Black or African American Alone. 43.7% of the people in Dallas County, TX speak a non-English language, and 82.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dallas County, TX are The University of Texas at Dallas (7,010 degrees awarded in 2016), Southern Methodist University (3,993 degrees), and Richland College (2,642 degrees).

The median property value in Dallas County, TX is $175,000, and the homeownership rate is 49.9%. Most people in Dallas County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Dallas County, TX is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Dallas County, TX employs 1.31M people. The largest industries in Dallas County, TX are Retail Trade (145,308 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (142,670 people), and Construction (141,320 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($80,607), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,257), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,786).

Median household income in Dallas County, TX is $56,718. Males in Dallas County, TX have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,183. The income inequality in Dallas County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,718

2017 value

± $1,077

4.26%

1 Year Growth

± 2.65%

Households in Dallas County, TX have a median annual income of $56,718, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $54,399 in 2016, which represents a 4.26% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Dallas County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$65,834

Average Male Salary

± $720

$47,183

Average Female Salary

± $513

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,972 ± $2,204

  2. White

    $53,020 ± $510

  3. Two or More Races

    $45,863 ± $2,727

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dallas County, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.678% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 193.01

  2. Census Tract 133

  3. Census Tract 197

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dallas County, TX was Census Tract 193.01 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 133 and Census Tract 197, with respective values of $249,219 and $246,389.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Dallas County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dallas County, TX (447k out of 2.52M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    244,942 ± 3,978

  2. Hispanic

    229,287 ± 3,779

  3. Black

    128,252 ± 2,858

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dallas County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.31M

2017 Value

± 20,439

1.63%

1 Year growth

± 2.13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dallas County, TX grew at a rate of 1.63%, from 1.28M employees to 1.31M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dallas County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (176,565 people), Sales & Related Occupations (133,578 people), and Management Occupations (124,840 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dallas County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dallas County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (176,565 people), Sales & Related Occupations (133,578 people), and Management Occupations (124,840 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dallas County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.8 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.29 times), and Legal Occupations (1.22 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dallas County, TX, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($100,860), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($81,444), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,924).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.31M

2017 Value

± 20,439

1.63%

1 Year growth

± 2.13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dallas County, TX grew at a rate of 1.63%, from 1.28M employees to 1.31M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dallas County, TX, are Retail Trade (145,308 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (142,670 people), and Construction (141,320 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dallas County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Dallas County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dallas County, TX, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (145,308 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (142,670 people), and Construction (141,320 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dallas County, TX has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.84 times higher than expected), Construction (1.66 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.39 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dallas County, TX, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($80,607), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,257), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,786).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

79% of the population of Dallas County, TX has health coverage, with 43.4% on employee plans, 17.8% on Medicaid, 7.7% on Medicare, 9.18% on non-group plans, and 0.874% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Dallas County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Dallas County, TX see 1476 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.472% decrease from the previous year (1483 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1240 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 780 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,476 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Dallas County, TX see an average of 1,476 patients per year. This represents a 0.472% decrease from the previous year (1,483 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Dallas County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

21%

Uninsured

43.4%

Employer Coverage

17.8%

Medicaid

7.7%

Medicare

9.18%

Non-Group

0.874%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dallas County, TX grew by 7.07% from 19.6% to 21%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dallas County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dallas County, TX is home to a population of 2.62M people, from which 82.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 23.4% of Dallas County, TX residents were born outside of the country (611k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Dallas County, TX is composed of 1.05M Hispanic or Latino residents (40.2%), 760k White Alone residents (29%), 581k Black or African American Alone residents (22.2%), 165k Asian Alone residents (6.31%), 44.5k Two or More Races residents (1.7%), 7.62k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.291%), 5.38k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.206%), and 752 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0287%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Dallas County, TX are Spanish (853,773 speakers), Vietnamese (26,880 speakers), and Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages (18,396 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Dallas County, TX was 33.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Dallas County, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Dallas County, TX residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

23.4%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

611k people

23.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

594k people

As of 2017, 23.4% of Dallas County, TX residents (611k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dallas County, TX was 23.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dallas County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,536,761 ± 37,310 people

  2. India

    269,624 ± 12,687 people

  3. El Salvador

    222,793 ± 11,543 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,536,761 Texas residents, followed by India with 269,624 and El Salvador with 222,793.

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Citizenship

82.7%

2017 Citizenship

82.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 82.7% of Dallas County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Dallas County, TX was 82.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dallas County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    1.05M ± 20.7k

  2. White Alone

    760k ± 1.47k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    581k ± 4.43k

In 2017, there were 1.39 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (1.05M people) in Dallas County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 760k White Alone and 581k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dallas County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    853,773 speakers (35.3%)

  2. Vietnamese

    26,880 speakers (1.11%)

  3. Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages

    18,396 speakers (0.76%)

43.7% of Dallas County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Dallas County, TX was Spanish. 35.3% of the overall population of Dallas County, TX are native Spanish speakers. 1.11% speak Vietnamese and 0.76% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    31,014 ± 2,129

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    19,860 ± 2,906

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    16,935 ± 2,018

Dallas County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.56 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Dallas County, TX awarded 33,910 degrees. The student population of Dallas County, TX is skewed towards women, with 69,647 male students and 83,472 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dallas County, TX are White (11,585 and 38.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (7,847 and 26%), Black or African American (5,808 and 19.3%), and Asian (2,929 and 9.71%).

The largest universities in Dallas County, TX by number of degrees awarded are The University of Texas at Dallas (7,010 and 20.7%), Southern Methodist University (3,993 and 11.8%), and Richland College (2,642 and 7.79%).

The most popular majors in Dallas County, TX are General Studies (5,741 and 16.9%), General Business Administration & Management (2,234 and 6.59%), and Accounting (1,457 and 4.3%).

The median tuition costs in Dallas County, TX are $16,544 for private four year colleges, and $9,221 and $22,925 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 248 degrees awarded

  2. 5,740 degrees awarded

  3. 479 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Dallas County, TX was Culinary Arts & Chef Training with 248 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Dallas County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,010 degrees awarded

  2. 3,993 degrees awarded

  3. 2,642 degrees awarded

$9,221

Median In-State Public

$16,544

Median Private

In 2016, the Dallas County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Texas at Dallas with 7,010 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

15,428

Degrees Awarded to Men

18,482

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 15,428 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dallas County, TX, which is 0.835 times less than the 18,482 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Dallas County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    11,585 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    7,847 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    5,808 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dallas County, TX were to White students. These 11,585 degrees mean that there were 1.48 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 7,847 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dallas County, TX was $175,000 in 2017, which is 0.804 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $154,300 to $175,000, a 13.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Dallas County, TX is 49.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dallas County, TX have an average commute time of 26.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dallas County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,718

Median Household Income

± $1,077

929k

Number of Households

± 16,133

In 2017, the median household income of the 929k households in Dallas County, TX grew to $56,718 from the previous year's value of $54,399.

The following chart displays the households in Dallas County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$175,000

2017 Median

± $3,075

$154,300

2016 Median

± $2,517

In 2017, the median property value in Dallas County, TX grew to to $175,000 from the previous year's value of $154,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dallas County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dallas County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dallas County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dallas County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

49.9%

2017 Homeownership

49.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 49.9% of the housing units in Dallas County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 49.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dallas County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dallas County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dallas County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

26.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dallas County, TX have a longer commute time (26.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.78% of the workforce in Dallas County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dallas County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.2%

  2. Carpooled

    10.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.46%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Dallas County, TX was Drove Alone (79.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.8%) and those who Worked At Home (4.46%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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