Cumberland County, NC

Add Comparison

Population

332,330

0.065% decline

Median Age

31.5


Median Household Income

$46,716

6.76% growth

Poverty Rate

18.2%


Number of Employees

126,347

1.89% decline

Median Property Value

$138,700

1.61% growth

About

In 2018, Cumberland County, NC had a population of 332k people with a median age of 31.5 and a median household income of $46,716. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Cumberland County, NC declined from 332,546 to 332,330, a -0.065% decrease and its median household income grew from $43,759 to $46,716, a 6.76% increase.

The population of Cumberland County, NC is 42.5% White Alone, 36.7% Black or African American Alone, and 11.9% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Cumberland County, NC speak a non-English language, and 96.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cumberland County, NC are Fayetteville Technical Community College (4,248 degrees awarded in 2017), Fayetteville State University (1,187 degrees), and Miller-Motte College-Fayetteville (624 degrees).

The median property value in Cumberland County, NC is $138,700, and the homeownership rate is 51.6%. Most people in Cumberland County, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Cumberland County, NC is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Carvers Creek, NC

Economy

The economy of Cumberland County, NC employs 126k people. The largest industries in Cumberland County, NC are Health Care & Social Assistance (20,085 people), Retail Trade (18,975 people), and Public Administration (13,056 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($51,032), Public Administration ($44,946), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($42,393).

Median household income in Cumberland County, NC is $46,716. Males in Cumberland County, NC have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,552. The income inequality in Cumberland County, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.47, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,716

2018 value

± $1,524

6.76%

1 Year Growth

± 4.57%

Households in Cumberland County, NC have a median annual income of $46,716, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,759 in 2017, which represents a 6.76% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cumberland County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$62,551

Average Male Salary

± $1,091

$47,552

Average Female Salary

± $846

In 2018, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,551 ± $4,420

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $53,592 ± $28,568

  3. White

    $52,871 ± $810

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.24 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cumberland County, NC is from North Carolina.

0.47

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.47 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.556% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 32.01

  2. Census Tract 34.06

  3. Census Tract 31.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cumberland County, NC was Census Tract 32.01 with a value of $86,009, followed by Census Tract 34.06 and Census Tract 31.02, with respective values of $82,031 and $70,469.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cumberland County, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cumberland County, NC (57.6k out of 317k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    28,368 ± 1,000

  2. White

    21,790 ± 986

  3. Hispanic

    6,876 ± 566

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cumberland County, NC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Occupations

Employment by Occupations

126k

2018 Value

± 5,173

-1.89%

1 Year decline

± 5.91%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Cumberland County, NC declined at a rate of -1.89%, from 129k employees to 126k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cumberland County, NC, are Sales & Related Occupations (14,831 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,621 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (10,039 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, NC.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, NC, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (14,831 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,621 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (10,039 people).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cumberland County, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (1.75 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.69 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.43 times).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, NC, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($80,350), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($65,616), and Management Occupations ($64,633).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Industries

Employment by Industries

126k

2018 Value

± 5,173

-1.89%

1 Year decline

± 5.91%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Cumberland County, NC declined at a rate of -1.89%, from 129k employees to 126k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cumberland County, NC, are Health Care & Social Assistance (20,085 people), Retail Trade (18,975 people), and Public Administration (13,056 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cumberland County, NC, though some of these residents may live in Cumberland County, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Common

The most common industries in Cumberland County, NC, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (20,085 people), Retail Trade (18,975 people), and Public Administration (13,056 people).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cumberland County, NC has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.26 times higher than expected), Retail Trade (1.36 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.15 times) industries.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cumberland County, NC, by median earnings, are Utilities ($51,032), Public Administration ($44,946), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($42,393).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $54.9B

  2. $41.2B

  3. $40B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $54.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($41.2B) and Machinery ($40B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$443B

2020 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

42.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound North Carolina trade was $443B. This is expected to increase 42.7% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.4B

  2. $28.1B

  3. $28B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $28.4B, followed by Virginia with $28.1B and Georgia and $28B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health

90.1% of the population of Cumberland County, NC has health coverage, with 26.8% on employee plans, 18.4% on Medicaid, 6.81% on Medicare, 19.5% on non-group plans, and 18.7% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cumberland County, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, NC see 1349 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.66% increase from the previous year (1327 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1038 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 359 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,349 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, NC see an average of 1,349 patients per year. This represents a 1.66% increase from the previous year (1,327 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cumberland County, NC in comparison to neighboring states.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Coverage

9.91%

Uninsured

26.8%

Employer Coverage

18.4%

Medicaid

6.81%

Medicare

19.5%

Non-Group

18.7%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cumberland County, NC declined by 0.151% from 9.93% to 9.91%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cumberland County, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Diversity

Cumberland County, NC is home to a population of 332k people, from which 96.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.01% of Cumberland County, NC residents were born outside of the country (20k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cumberland County, NC is composed of 141k White Alone residents (42.5%), 122k Black or African American Alone residents (36.7%), 39.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (11.9%), 15.7k Two or More Races residents (4.73%), 8.12k Asian Alone residents (2.44%), 4.09k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.23%), 1.06k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.32%), and 698 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.21%).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Cumberland County, NC was 31.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Cumberland County, NC are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Cumberland County, NC residents was 31.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.01%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20k people

5.87%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

19.2k people

As of 2017, 6.01% of Cumberland County, NC residents (20k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cumberland County, NC was 5.87%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cumberland County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    229,977 ± 11,643 people

  2. India

    71,606 ± 6,547 people

  3. Honduras

    31,466 ± 4,348 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 229,977 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 71,606 and Honduras with 31,466.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Citizenship

96.7%

2018 Citizenship

97.4%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.7% of Cumberland County, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Cumberland County, NC was 97.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cumberland County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    141k ± 384

  2. Black or African American Alone

    122k ± 2.07k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    39.4k ± 3.68k

In 2018, there were 1.16 times more White Alone residents (141k people) in Cumberland County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 122k Black or African American Alone and 39.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cumberland County, NC as a share of the total population.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    23,359 ± 2,076

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    9,261 ± 1,528

  3. Vietnam

    7,441 ± 1,086

Cumberland County, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.52 times greater than any other conflict.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Education

In 2017, universities in Cumberland County, NC awarded 6,698 degrees. The student population of Cumberland County, NC is skewed towards women, with 8,401 male students and 12,917 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cumberland County, NC are White (2,701 and 40.9%), followed by Black or African American (2,553 and 38.6%), Hispanic or Latino (585 and 8.85%), and Unknown (228 and 3.45%).

The largest universities in Cumberland County, NC by number of degrees awarded are Fayetteville Technical Community College (4,248 and 63.4%), Fayetteville State University (1,187 and 17.7%), and Miller-Motte College-Fayetteville (624 and 9.32%).

The most popular majors in Cumberland County, NC are General Business Administration & Management (762 and 11.4%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (586 and 8.75%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (351 and 5.24%).

The median tuition costs in Cumberland County, NC are $6,020 for private four year colleges, and $2,982 and $14,590 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Cumberland County, NC was Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor with 268 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Cumberland County, NC according to their major.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,248 degrees awarded

  2. 1,187 degrees awarded

  3. 624 degrees awarded

$2,982

Median In-State Public

$6,020

Median Private

In 2017, the Cumberland County, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Fayetteville Technical Community College with 4,248 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,042

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,656

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 3,042 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cumberland County, NC, which is 0.832 times less than the 3,656 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cumberland County, NC by degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,701 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,553 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    585 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cumberland County, NC were to White students. These 2,701 degrees mean that there were 1.06 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,553 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Housing & Living

The median property value in Cumberland County, NC was $138,700 in 2018, which is 0.604 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $136,500 to $138,700, a 1.61% increase. The homeownership rate in Cumberland County, NC is 51.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cumberland County, NC have an average commute time of 20.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cumberland County, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$138,700

2018 Median

± $5,923

$136,500

2017 Median

± $5,019

In 2018, the median property value in Cumberland County, NC grew to to $138,700 from the previous year's value of $136,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cumberland County, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,716

Median Household Income

± $1,524

128k

Number of Households

± 4,942

In 2018, the median household income of the 128k households in Cumberland County, NC grew to $46,716 from the previous year's value of $43,759.

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cumberland County, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Rent vs Own

51.6%

2018 Homeownership

49.7%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 51.6% of the housing units in Cumberland County, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 49.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cumberland County, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commute Time

20.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cumberland County, NC have a shorter commute time (20.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.24% of the workforce in Cumberland County, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cumberland County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.5%

  2. Carpooled

    9.36%

  3. Walked

    5.78%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Cumberland County, NC was Drove Alone (79.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.36%) and those who Walked (5.78%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cumberland County, NC have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart