Columbus, NM

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Population

995

20% decline

Poverty Rate

48.8%


Median Age

47.8


Median Household Income

$14,592

4.55% decline

Number of Employees

315

16.2% decline

Median Property Value

$65,000

31.8% growth

About

In 2017, Columbus, NM had a population of 995 people with a median age of 47.8 and a median household income of $14,592. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbus, NM declined from 1,244 to 995, a -20% decrease and its median household income declined from $15,288 to $14,592, a -4.55% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbus, NM are White (Hispanic) (82.2%), White (Non-Hispanic) (16.4%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Hispanic) (1.11%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (0.302%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (0%). N/A% of the people in Columbus, NM speak a non-English language, and 60.6% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Columbus, NM is $65,000, and the homeownership rate is 72.4%. Most people in Columbus, NM commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbus, NM is 3 cars per household.

About the photo: Very Large Array (VLA) interferometer near Magdalena, NM

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Mexico. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New Mexico, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for New Mexico. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Mexico across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Columbus, NM employs 315 people. The largest industries in Columbus, NM are Retail Trade (80 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (66 people), and Educational Services (49 people), and the highest paying industries are Manufacturing ($24,306), Health Care & Social Assistance ($20,682), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($20,511).

Median household income in Columbus, NM is $14,592. Males in Columbus, NM have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,925. The income inequality in Columbus, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$14,592

2017 value

± $3,623

-4.55%

1 Year Growth

± 35.1%

Households in Columbus, NM have a median annual income of $14,592, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $15,288 in 2016, which represents a -4.55% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Columbus, NM compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

$54,854

Average Male Salary

± $2,038

$41,925

Average Female Salary

± $1,598

In 2017, full-time male employees in New Mexico made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $52,566 ± $11,622

  2. White

    $43,679 ± $1,381

  3. Black

    $41,055 ± $8,510

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Mexico workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbus, NM is from New Mexico.

0.462

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.278% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4

  2. N/A

  3. N/A

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbus, NM was Census Tract 4 with a value of $27,580, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the places in Columbus, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

48.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbus, NM (486 out of 995 people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 55 - 64, followed by Females 65 - 74 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    475 ± 121

  2. Hispanic

    475 ± 122

  3. Native American

    11 ± 61

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbus, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

315

2017 Value

± 142

-16.2%

1 Year decline

± 75.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbus, NM declined at a rate of -16.2%, from 376 employees to 315 employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbus, NM, are Sales & Related Occupations (70 people), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (37 people), and Healthcare Support Occupations (30 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbus, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbus, NM, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (70 people), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (37 people), and Healthcare Support Occupations (30 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbus, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (17.4 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (3.98 times), and Legal Occupations (3.31 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbus, NM, by median earnings, are Education Information, & Library Occupations ($39,375), Education, Legal, Community Service, Arts, & Media Occupations ($38,125), and Management, Business, Science, & Arts Occupations ($37,604).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

315

2017 Value

± 142

-16.2%

1 Year decline

± 75.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbus, NM declined at a rate of -16.2%, from 376 employees to 315 employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbus, NM, are Retail Trade (80 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (66 people), and Educational Services (49 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbus, NM, though some of these residents may live in Columbus, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbus, NM, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (80 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (66 people), and Educational Services (49 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbus, NM has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (9.93 times higher than expected), Retail Trade (2.22 times), and Public Administration (2.04 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbus, NM, by median earnings, are Manufacturing ($24,306), Health Care & Social Assistance ($20,682), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($20,511).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $14.9B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $8.75B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $14.9B, followed by Crude petroleum ($13.1B) and Electronics ($8.75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico state.

$74.8B

2020 Value

$110B

Projected 2045 Value

47.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound New Mexico trade was $74.8B. This is expected to increase 47.6% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $10.6B

  2. $9.8B

  3. $6.35B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $10.6B, followed by Arizona with $9.8B and Oregon and $6.35B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

83% of the population of Columbus, NM has health coverage, with 8.04% on employee plans, 59.9% on Medicaid, 9.55% on Medicare, 5.53% on non-group plans, and 0% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Columbus, NM was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Columbus, NM see 2724 patients per year on average, which represents a 21.4% increase from the previous year (2243 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2445 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 741 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Luna County, NM.

2,724 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Luna County, NM see an average of 2,724 patients per year. This represents a 21.4% increase from the previous year (2,243 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Luna County, NM in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

$7,214

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,155

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,445

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,663

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

17%

Uninsured

8.04%

Employer Coverage

59.9%

Medicaid

9.55%

Medicare

5.53%

Non-Group

0%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbus, NM declined by 20.9% from 21.5% to 17%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbus, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbus, NM is home to a population of 995 people, from which 60.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 43.6% of Columbus, NM residents were born outside of the country (434 people).

In 2017, there were 5.02 times more White (Hispanic) residents (818 people) in Columbus, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 163 White (Non-Hispanic) and 11 American Indian & Alaska Native (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

23

Median Native-Born Age

± 4.9

61

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbus, NM was 47.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 23, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 61. But people in Columbus, NM are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Columbus, NM residents was 50.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

43.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

434 people

45.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

563 people

As of 2017, 43.6% of Columbus, NM residents (434 people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbus, NM was 45.3%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbus, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    145,710 ± 9,038 people

  2. Germany

    5,026 ± 1,738 people

  3. Philippines

    3,772 ± 1,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 145,710 New Mexico residents, followed by Germany with 5,026 and Philippines with 3,772.

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Citizenship

60.6%

2017 Citizenship

61.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 60.6% of Columbus, NM residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbus, NM was 61.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbus, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbus, NM

  1. White (Hispanic)

    818 ± 255

  2. White (Non-Hispanic)

    163 ± 124

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native (Hispanic)

    11 ± 18

In 2017, there were 5.02 times more White (Hispanic) residents (818 people) in Columbus, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 163 White (Non-Hispanic) and 11 American Indian & Alaska Native (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbus, NM as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    28 ± 30

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    8 ± 21

  3. Korea

    8 ± 17

Columbus, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbus, NM was $65,000 in 2017, which is 0.283 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $49,300 to $65,000, a 31.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbus, NM is 72.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbus, NM have an average commute time of 18.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbus, NM is higher than the national average, with an average of 3 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$65,000

2017 Median

± $31,426

$49,300

2016 Median

± $18,100

In 2017, the median property value in Columbus, NM grew to to $65,000 from the previous year's value of $49,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbus, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $70k - $80k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$14,592

Median Household Income

± $3,623

380

Number of Households

± 103

In 2017, the median household income of the 380 households in Columbus, NM declined from $14,592 from the previous year's value of $15,288.

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbus, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

72.4%

2017 Homeownership

66.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 72.4% of the housing units in Columbus, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbus, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

18.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbus, NM have a shorter commute time (18.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0% of the workforce in Columbus, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbus, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    66.9%

  2. Carpooled

    26.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.5%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbus, NM was Drove Alone (66.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (26.4%) and those who Worked At Home (4.5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

3 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbus, NM have 3 cars, followed by 1 car.

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