Cocoa, FL

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Population

17,748

1.08% growth

Median Age

38.1


Median Household Income

$32,685

1.93% growth

Poverty Rate

26.3%


Number of Employees

7,031

1.05% growth

Median Property Value

$106,100

13.8% growth

About

In 2017, Cocoa, FL had a population of 17.7k people with a median age of 38.1 and a median household income of $32,685. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cocoa, FL grew from 17,558 to 17,748, a 1.08% increase and its median household income grew from $32,067 to $32,685, a 1.93% increase.

The population of Cocoa, FL is 51% White Alone, 28.4% Black or African American Alone, and 15.7% Hispanic or Latino. 16.5% of the people in Cocoa, FL speak a non-English language, and 93% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cocoa, FL are Eastern Florida State College (4,243 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Cocoa, FL is $106,100, and the homeownership rate is 52.9%. Most people in Cocoa, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Cocoa, FL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Viera Wetlands in Viera, Florida

Economy

The economy of Cocoa, FL employs 7.03k people. The largest industries in Cocoa, FL are Retail Trade (973 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (969 people), and Educational Services (707 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($83,194), Information ($48,176), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,100).

Median household income in Cocoa, FL is $32,685. Males in Cocoa, FL have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,078. The income inequality in Cocoa, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$32,685

2017 value

± $3,158

1.93%

1 Year Growth

± 16.7%

Households in Cocoa, FL have a median annual income of $32,685, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,067 in 2016, which represents a 1.93% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cocoa, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

$58,931

Average Male Salary

± $842

$44,078

Average Female Salary

± $574

In 2017, full-time male employees in Cocoa, FL made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Cocoa, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $54,227 ± $3,227

  2. Alaska Native

    $50,175 ± $47,169

  3. White

    $47,927 ± $556

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Cocoa, FL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Cocoa, FL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cocoa, FL is from Florida.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Florida was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.259% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 712

  2. Census Tract 715

  3. Census Tract 621.03

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cocoa, FL was Census Tract 712 with a value of $69,867, followed by Census Tract 715 and Census Tract 621.03, with respective values of $64,671 and $53,588.

The following map shows all of the places in Cocoa, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

26.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cocoa, FL (4.67k out of 17.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,295 ± 380

  2. Black

    1,766 ± 345

  3. Hispanic

    1,153 ± 306

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cocoa, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.03k

2017 Value

± 641

1.05%

1 Year growth

± 12.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cocoa, FL grew at a rate of 1.05%, from 6.96k employees to 7.03k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cocoa, FL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,051 people), Sales & Related Occupations (834 people), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (649 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cocoa, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cocoa, FL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,051 people), Sales & Related Occupations (834 people), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (649 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Cocoa, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (2.35 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (2.2 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.66 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cocoa, FL, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($68,487), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($62,457), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($62,112).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.03k

2017 Value

± 641

1.05%

1 Year growth

± 12.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cocoa, FL grew at a rate of 1.05%, from 6.96k employees to 7.03k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cocoa, FL, are Retail Trade (973 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (969 people), and Educational Services (707 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cocoa, FL, though some of these residents may live in Cocoa, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cocoa, FL, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (973 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (969 people), and Educational Services (707 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Cocoa, FL has an unusually high number of Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.84 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.36 times), and Retail Trade (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cocoa, FL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($83,194), Information ($48,176), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,100).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $57.1B

  2. $44.9B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $57.1B, followed by Pharmaceuticals with $44.9B and Gasoline and $41.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$457B

2015 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

56.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound Florida trade was $457B. This is expected to increase 56.2% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $17.7B

  2. $15.1B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $17.7B, followed by Texas with $15.1B and California and $10.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

83% of the population of Cocoa, FL has health coverage, with 28.5% on employee plans, 27.1% on Medicaid, 11.2% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 2.47% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Cocoa, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Cocoa, FL see 1376 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1379 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1735 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 703 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

1,376 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Florida see an average of 1,376 patients per year. This represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1,379 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Florida in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

17%

Uninsured

28.5%

Employer Coverage

27.1%

Medicaid

11.2%

Medicare

13.8%

Non-Group

2.47%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cocoa, FL declined by 13.9% from 19.7% to 17%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cocoa, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cocoa, FL is home to a population of 17.7k people, from which 93% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.5% of Cocoa, FL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Cocoa, FL is composed of 9.06k White Alone residents (51%), 5.03k Black or African American Alone residents (28.4%), 2.78k Hispanic or Latino residents (15.7%), 568 Two or More Races residents (3.2%), 152 Asian Alone residents (0.856%), 63 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.355%), 54 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.304%), and 41 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.231%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cocoa, FL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (2,187 speakers), Arabic (237 speakers), and French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (96 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 4.2

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cocoa, FL was 38.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Cocoa, FL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cocoa, FL residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

11.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 10.5% of Cocoa, FL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cocoa, FL was 11.4%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cocoa, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    951,787 ± 23,383 people

  2. Haiti

    321,904 ± 13,819 people

  3. Mexico

    272,262 ± 12,724 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Cocoa, FL was Cuba, the natal country of 951,787 Cocoa, FL residents, followed by Haiti with 321,904 and Mexico with 272,262.

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Citizenship

93%

2017 Citizenship

92.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93% of Cocoa, FL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cocoa, FL was 92.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cocoa, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    9.06k ± 676

  2. Black or African American Alone

    5.03k ± 582

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.78k ± 649

In 2017, there were 1.8 times more White Alone residents (9.06k people) in Cocoa, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.03k Black or African American Alone and 2.78k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cocoa, FL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    2,187 speakers (13.6%)

  2. Arabic

    237 speakers (1.48%)

  3. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    96 speakers (0.598%)

16.5% of Cocoa, FL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Cocoa, FL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 13.6% of the overall population of Cocoa, FL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.48% speak Arabic and 0.598% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    503 ± 134

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    361 ± 157

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    248 ± 116

Cocoa, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cocoa, FL awarded 4,243 degrees. The student population of Cocoa, FL is skewed towards women, with 6,409 male students and 9,416 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cocoa, FL are White (3,006 and 71.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (473 and 11.2%), Black or African American (395 and 9.38%), and Two or More Races (130 and 3.09%).

The largest universities in Cocoa, FL by number of degrees awarded are Eastern Florida State College (4,243 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Cocoa, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,305 and 54.3%), Child Care Provider (205 and 4.83%), and Emergency Medical Technician (EMT Paramedic) (159 and 3.75%).

The median tuition costs in Cocoa, FL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $1,892 and $7,573 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 34 degrees awarded

  2. 2,305 degrees awarded

  3. 113 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Cocoa, FL was General Business Administration & Management with 34 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Cocoa, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

4,243 degrees awarded

$1,892

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Cocoa, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Eastern Florida State College with 4,243 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,652

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,591

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,652 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cocoa, FL, which is 0.638 times less than the 2,591 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cocoa, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,006 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    473 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    395 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cocoa, FL were to White students. These 3,006 degrees mean that there were 6.36 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 473 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cocoa, FL was $106,100 in 2017, which is 0.488 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $93,200 to $106,100, a 13.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Cocoa, FL is 52.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cocoa, FL have an average commute time of 22.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cocoa, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$32,685

Median Household Income

± $3,158

6.8k

Number of Households

± 562

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.8k households in Cocoa, FL grew to $32,685 from the previous year's value of $32,067.

The following chart displays the households in Cocoa, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$106,100

2017 Median

± $10,574

$93,200

2016 Median

± $9,338

In 2017, the median property value in Cocoa, FL grew to to $106,100 from the previous year's value of $93,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cocoa, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cocoa, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cocoa, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cocoa, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

52.9%

2017 Homeownership

53.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 52.9% of the housing units in Cocoa, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 53.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cocoa, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cocoa, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cocoa, FL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cocoa, FL have a shorter commute time (22.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.706% of the workforce in Cocoa, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cocoa, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.81%

  3. Public Transit

    3.71%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cocoa, FL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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