Cleveland, OH

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Population

385,552

0.0669% decline

Median Age

36.2


Median Household Income

$28,974

5.16% growth

Poverty Rate

35.2%


Number of Employees

159,210

1.44% growth

Median Property Value

$70,200

5.09% growth

About

In 2017, Cleveland, OH had a population of 386k people with a median age of 36.2 and a median household income of $28,974. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cleveland, OH declined from 385,810 to 385,552, a -0.0669% decrease and its median household income grew from $27,551 to $28,974, a 5.16% increase.

The population of Cleveland, OH is 48.3% Black or African American Alone, 32.9% White Alone, and 12.4% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Cleveland, OH speak a non-English language, and 96.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cleveland, OH are Cleveland State University (4,053 degrees awarded in 2016), Cuyahoga Community College District (3,796 degrees), and Case Western Reserve University (3,402 degrees).

The median property value in Cleveland, OH is $70,200, and the homeownership rate is 40.4%. Most people in Cleveland, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Cleveland, OH is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Cleveland, OH employs 159k people. The largest industries in Cleveland, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (32,149 people), Manufacturing (20,186 people), and Retail Trade (16,609 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($49,538), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($48,543), and Public Administration ($46,311).

Median household income in Cleveland, OH is $28,974. Males in Cleveland, OH have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,904. The income inequality in Cleveland, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$28,974

2017 value

± $1,602

5.16%

1 Year Growth

± 6.93%

Households in Cleveland, OH have a median annual income of $28,974, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $27,551 in 2016, which represents a 5.16% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cleveland, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Ohio.

$62,297

Average Male Salary

± $959

$46,904

Average Female Salary

± $740

In 2017, full-time male employees in Cleveland, OH made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Cleveland, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $73,640 ± $48,775

  2. Asian

    $63,304 ± $4,969

  3. American Indian

    $53,849 ± $24,595

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Cleveland, OH workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Cleveland, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cleveland, OH is from Ohio.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.19% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1043

  2. Census Tract 1231

  3. Census Tract 1071.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cleveland, OH was Census Tract 1043 with a value of $74,605, followed by Census Tract 1231 and Census Tract 1071.01, with respective values of $68,906 and $64,398.

The following map shows all of the places in Cleveland, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

35.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cleveland, OH (133k out of 378k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    82,429 ± 1,815

  2. White

    37,274 ± 1,289

  3. Hispanic

    15,302 ± 791

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cleveland, OH is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

159k

2017 Value

± 6,165

1.44%

1 Year growth

± 5.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cleveland, OH grew at a rate of 1.44%, from 157k employees to 159k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cleveland, OH, are Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (7,346 people), Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (6,803 people), and Nursing, Psychiatric, & Home Health Aides (6,297 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cleveland, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cleveland, OH, by number of employees, are Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (7,346 people), Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (6,803 people), and Nursing, Psychiatric, & Home Health Aides (6,297 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Cleveland, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Special Education Te (8.18 times higher than expected), Other Transportation Workers (3.78 times), and Nursing, Psychiatric, & Home Health Aides (3.04 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cleveland, OH, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($65,326), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($62,222), and Legal Occupations ($61,363).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

159k

2017 Value

± 6,165

1.44%

1 Year growth

± 5.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cleveland, OH grew at a rate of 1.44%, from 157k employees to 159k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cleveland, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (32,149 people), Manufacturing (20,186 people), and Retail Trade (16,609 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cleveland, OH, though some of these residents may live in Cleveland, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cleveland, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (32,149 people), Manufacturing (20,186 people), and Retail Trade (16,609 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Cleveland, OH has an unusually high number of Health Care & Social Assistance (1.45 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.31 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.12 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cleveland, OH, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($49,538), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($48,543), and Public Administration ($46,311).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $64.2B and Machinery and $45.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93% of the population of Cleveland, OH has health coverage, with 31.8% on employee plans, 42% on Medicaid, 9.61% on Medicare, 8.38% on non-group plans, and 1.18% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Cleveland, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Cleveland, OH see 1307 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1656 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 561 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

1307 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1307 patients per year. This represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.01%

Uninsured

31.8%

Employer Coverage

42%

Medicaid

9.61%

Medicare

8.38%

Non-Group

1.18%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cleveland, OH declined by 5.42% from 7.41% to 7.01%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cleveland, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cleveland, OH is home to a population of 386k people, from which 96.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.22% of Cleveland, OH residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Cleveland, OH is composed of 186k Black or African American Alone residents (48.3%), 127k White Alone residents (32.9%), 48k Hispanic or Latino residents (12.4%), 13.8k Two or More Races residents (3.57%), 9.22k Asian Alone residents (2.39%), 1.24k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.322%), 552 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.143%), and 36 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00934%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cleveland, OH are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cleveland, OH was 36.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Cleveland, OH are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Cleveland, OH residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.22%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.97%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 5.22% of Cleveland, OH residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cleveland, OH was 4.97%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cleveland, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    63,926 ± 6,190 people

  2. Mexico

    49,870 ± 5,471 people

  3. China

    31,441 ± 4,347 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Cleveland, OH was India, the natal country of 63,926 Cleveland, OH residents, followed by Mexico with 49,870 and China with 31,441.

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Citizenship

96.9%

2017 Citizenship

97%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.9% of Cleveland, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cleveland, OH was 97%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cleveland, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    186k ± 5.62k

  2. White Alone

    127k ± 5.46k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    48k ± 5.47k

In 2017, there were 1.47 times more Black or African American Alone residents (186k people) in Cleveland, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 127k White Alone and 48k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cleveland, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Cleveland, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Cleveland, OH was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Cleveland, OH are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,436 ± 993

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,203 ± 971

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,401 ± 610

Cleveland, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.7 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cleveland, OH awarded 12,281 degrees. The student population of Cleveland, OH is skewed towards women, with 24,361 male students and 30,682 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cleveland, OH are White (7,092 and 64.6%), followed by Black or African American (1,952 and 17.8%), Asian (705 and 6.42%), and Hispanic or Latino (508 and 4.63%).

The largest universities in Cleveland, OH by number of degrees awarded are Cleveland State University (4,053 and 33%), Cuyahoga Community College District (3,796 and 30.9%), and Case Western Reserve University (3,402 and 27.7%).

The most popular majors in Cleveland, OH are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,300 and 10.6%), General Business Administration & Management (641 and 5.22%), and Registered Nursing (455 and 3.7%).

The median tuition costs in Cleveland, OH are $45,592 for private four year colleges, and $9,636 and $13,687 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 191 degrees awarded

  2. 152 degrees awarded

  3. 298 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cleveland, OH was General Biological Sciences with 191 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cleveland, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,053 degrees awarded

  2. 3,796 degrees awarded

  3. 3,402 degrees awarded

$9,636

Median In-State Public

$45,592

Median Private

In 2016, the Cleveland, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Cleveland State University with 4,053 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,632

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,649

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,632 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cleveland, OH, which is 0.847 times less than the 6,649 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cleveland, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    7,092 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,952 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    705 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cleveland, OH were to White students. These 7,092 degrees mean that there were 3.63 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,952 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cleveland, OH was $70,200 in 2017, which is 0.323 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $66,800 to $70,200, a 5.09% increase. The homeownership rate in Cleveland, OH is 40.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cleveland, OH have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cleveland, OH is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$28,974

Median Household Income

± $1,602

172k

Number of Households

± 6,113

In 2017, the median household income of the 172k households in Cleveland, OH grew to $28,974 from the previous year's value of $27,551.

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$70,200

2017 Median

± $2,567

$66,800

2016 Median

± $2,588

In 2017, the median property value in Cleveland, OH grew to to $70,200 from the previous year's value of $66,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cleveland, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cleveland, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

40.4%

2017 Homeownership

41.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 40.4% of the housing units in Cleveland, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 41.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cleveland, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cleveland, OH have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cleveland, OH have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.37% of the workforce in Cleveland, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cleveland, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    70.8%

  2. Carpooled

    12.4%

  3. Public Transit

    8.6%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cleveland, OH was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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