Cleveland, OH

Census Place

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2020 Population
383,331
0.506% 1-year decline
US Senator
Sherrod Brown
Democratic Party
US Senator
Rob Portman
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
36.3
0% 1-year change
2020 Poverty Rate
32%
2% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$31,838
3.01% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$73,400
5.46% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
161,489
1.51% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Cleveland, OH had a population of 383k people with a median age of 36.3 and a median household income of $31,838. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Cleveland, OH declined from 385,282 to 383,331, a −0.506% decrease and its median household income grew from $30,907 to $31,838, a 3.01% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cleveland, OH are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (47%), White (Non-Hispanic) (34.2%), White (Hispanic) (5.47%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.62%), and Other (Hispanic) (3.2%).

None of the households in Cleveland, OH reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97% of the residents in Cleveland, OH are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cleveland, OH are Cuyahoga Community College District (4,198 degrees awarded in 2020), Cleveland State University (3,955 degrees), and Case Western Reserve University (3,918 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Cleveland, OH was $73,400, and the homeownership rate was 41.9%. Most people in Cleveland, OH drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Cleveland, OH was 1 car per household.

Diversity

Cleveland, OH is home to a population of 383k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2020, 6.08% of Cleveland, OH residents were born outside of the country (23.3k people).

In 2020, there were 1.37 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (180k people) in Cleveland, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 131k White (Non-Hispanic) and 21k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cleveland, OH
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    180k ± 2.49k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    131k ± 2.65k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    21k ± 1.55k
11.9%
Hispanic Population
45.5k people

In 2020, there were 1.37 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (180k people) in Cleveland, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 131k White (Non-Hispanic) and 21k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

11.9% of the people in Cleveland, OH are hispanic (45.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Cleveland, OH as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.08%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
23.3k people
5.89%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
22.7k people

As of 2020, 6.08% of Cleveland, OH residents (23.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cleveland, OH was 5.89%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cleveland, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

36
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
43
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.8

In 2020, the median age of all people in Cleveland, OH was 36.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Cleveland, OH are getting staying the same age. In 2019, the average age of all Cleveland, OH residents was 36.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    65,307 ± 6,257 people
  2. Mexico
    43,106 ± 5,088 people
  3. China
    34,944 ± 4,583 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 65,307 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 43,106 and China with 34,944.

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Citizenship

97%
2020 Citizenship
96.8%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 97% of Cleveland, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Cleveland, OH was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cleveland, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    6,152 ± 527
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,196 ± 369
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,928 ± 313

Cleveland, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Ohio. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Ohio, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Ohio (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Ohio. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Ohio.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Ohio across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Cleveland, OH is $31,838. In 2020, the place with the highest median household income in Cleveland, OH was Census Tract 1071.01 with a value of $89,405, followed by Census Tract 1236.01 and Census Tract 1237, with respective values of $82,865 and $76,649.

Males in Ohio have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,988. The income inequality in Ohio (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Cleveland, OH employs 161k people. The largest industries in Cleveland, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (32,218 people), Manufacturing (20,362 people), and Retail Trade (15,923 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,771), Utilities ($53,260), and Public Administration ($48,846).

Wages

Median Household Income

$31,838
2020 value
± $754
3.01%
1 Year Growth
± 2.81%

Households in Cleveland, OH have a median annual income of $31,838, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $30,907 in 2019, which represents a 3.01% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Cleveland, OH compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.
$66,859
Average Male Salary in Ohio
± $1,043
$49,988
Average Female Salary in Ohio
± $782

In 2020, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Ohio
  1. Asian
    $66,781 ± $5,146
  2. White
    $52,037 ± $655
  3. Two or More Races
    $44,595 ± $3,825

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Ohio.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cleveland, OH is from Ohio.
0.457
2020 Wage GINI in Ohio
0.46
2019 Wage GINI in Ohio

In 2020, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.751% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 1071.01
  2. Census Tract 1236.01
  3. Census Tract 1237

In 2020, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cleveland, OH was Census Tract 1071.01 with a value of $89,405, followed by Census Tract 1236.01 and Census Tract 1237, with respective values of $82,865 and $76,649.

The following map shows all of the places in Cleveland, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

32% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cleveland, OH (119k out of 373k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    69,516 ± 2,108
  2. White
    33,949 ± 1,480
  3. Hispanic
    15,036 ± 917

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cleveland, OH is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

161k
2020 Value
± 3,231
1.51%
1 Year growth
± 2.58%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Cleveland, OH grew at a rate of 1.51%, from 159k employees to 161k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cleveland, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,426 people), Production Occupations (13,732 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (12,553 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cleveland, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cleveland, OH, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,426 people), Production Occupations (13,732 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (12,553 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Cleveland, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (1.97 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.52 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.45 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cleveland, OH, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($67,299), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,569), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($61,126).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

161k
2020 Value
± 3,231
1.51%
1 Year growth
± 2.58%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Cleveland, OH grew at a rate of 1.51%, from 159k employees to 161k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cleveland, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (32,218 people), Manufacturing (20,362 people), and Retail Trade (15,923 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cleveland, OH, though some of these residents may live in Cleveland, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cleveland, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (32,218 people), Manufacturing (20,362 people), and Retail Trade (15,923 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Cleveland, OH has an unusually high number of Health Care & Social Assistance (1.43 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.32 times), and Manufacturing (1.26 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cleveland, OH, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,771), Utilities ($53,260), and Public Administration ($48,846).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $57.8B
  2. $53.5B
  3. $52.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Machinery with $57.8B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($53.5B) and Mixed freight ($52.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio.
$685B
2020 Value in Ohio
$1.25T
Projected 2050 Value in Ohio
81.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Ohio trade was $685B. This is expected to increase 81.7% to $1.25T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $46.1B
  2. $39.9B
  3. $32.3B

In 2020, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $46.1B, followed by Indiana with $39.9B and Pennsylvania and $32.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Ohio went to Donald J. Trump with 53.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (45.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.14%). The most partisan county was Holmes County, OH with 83.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Sherrod Brown and Rob Portman are the senators currently representing the state of Ohio. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Ohio is currently represented by 16 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Ohio.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Ohio
53.3% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Ohio
  1. 83.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 82.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 81.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Ohio was Holmes County, OH with 83.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Ohio colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Ohio

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Sherrod Brown
Senator from Ohio1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Rob Portman
Senator from Ohio3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Sherrod Brown and Rob Portman are the senators currently representing Ohio.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Ohio over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Ohio

Ohio is currently represented by 16 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Ohio have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2020, universities in Cleveland, OH awarded 12,626 degrees. The student population of Cleveland, OH is skewed towards women, with 20,253 male students and 26,649 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cleveland, OH are White (7,402 and 65.7%), followed by Black or African American (1,568 and 13.9%), Asian (802 and 7.12%), and Hispanic or Latino (703 and 6.24%).

The largest universities in Cleveland, OH by number of degrees awarded are Cuyahoga Community College District (4,198 and 33.2%), Cleveland State University (3,955 and 31.3%), and Case Western Reserve University (3,918 and 31%).

The most popular majors in Cleveland, OH are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,812 and 14.4%), Registered Nursing (572 and 4.53%), and General Business Administration & Management (554 and 4.39%).

The median tuition costs in Cleveland, OH are $41,557 for private four year colleges, and $11,185 and $15,952 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 277 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 209 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 294 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cleveland, OH was Registered Nursing with 277 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cleveland, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 4,198 degrees awarded
  2. 3,955 degrees awarded
  3. 3,918 degrees awarded
$11,185
Median In-State Public
$41,557
Median Private

In 2020, the Cleveland, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Cuyahoga Community College District with 4,198 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

5,560
Degrees Awarded to Men
7,066
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 5,560 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cleveland, OH, which is 0.787 times less than the 7,066 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cleveland, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    7,402 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    1,568 degrees awarded
  3. Asian
    802 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Cleveland, OH was White students. These 7,402 degrees mean that there were 4.72 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,568 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cleveland, OH was $73,400 in 2020, which is 0.319 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $69,600 to $73,400, a 5.46% increase. The homeownership rate in Cleveland, OH is 41.9%, which is lower than the national average of 64.4%. People in Cleveland, OH have an average commute time of 23.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Cleveland, OH is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$73,400
2020 Median
± $1,555
$69,600
2019 Median
± $1,064

In 2020, the median property value in Cleveland, OH grew to to $73,400 from the previous year's value of $69,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cleveland, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$31,838
Median Household Income
± $754
175k
Number of Households
± 3,486

In 2020, the median household income of the 175k households in Cleveland, OH grew to $31,838 from the previous year's value of $30,907.

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cleveland, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

41.9%
2020 Homeownership
41.6%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 41.9% of the housing units in Cleveland, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 41.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cleveland, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cleveland, OH have a shorter commute time (23.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.2% of the workforce in Cleveland, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cleveland, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (68.8%)
  2. Carpooled (10.1%)
  3. Public Transit (8.78%)

In 2020, 68.8% of workers in Cleveland, OH drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.1%) and those who used public transit to get to work (8.78%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cleveland, OH have 1 car, followed by false.

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Health

92.7% of the population of Cleveland, OH has health coverage, with 32.3% on employee plans, 41% on Medicaid, 9.86% on Medicare, 8.21% on non-group plans, and 1.38% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Ohio was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Cuyahoga County, OH see 887 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.44% decrease from the previous year (900 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 912 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 249 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Lawrence County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.1%). Additionally, Jackson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Cuyahoga County, OH.
887 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Cuyahoga County, OH

Primary care physicians in Cuyahoga County, OH see an average of 887 patients per year. This represents a 1.44% decrease from the previous year (900 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cuyahoga County, OH in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
$8,712
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Ohio
$4,371
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,007
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,038
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.28%
Uninsured
32.3%
Employer Coverage
41%
Medicaid
9.86%
Medicare
8.21%
Non-Group
1.38%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cleveland, OH declined by 5.16% from 7.68% to 7.28%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cleveland, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 19.1% prevalence
  2. 18.9% prevalence
  3. 18.7% prevalence

Lawrence County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 19.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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