Clay County, TN

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Population

7,684

1.09% decline

Median Age

47.6


Median Household Income

$30,801

9.43% growth

Poverty Rate

26.6%


Number of Employees

2,568

1.82% growth

Median Property Value

$90,300

1.01% growth

About

In 2017, Clay County, TN had a population of 7.68k people with a median age of 47.6 and a median household income of $30,801. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Clay County, TN declined from 7,769 to 7,684, a -1.09% decrease and its median household income grew from $28,147 to $30,801, a 9.43% increase.

The population of Clay County, TN is 94.8% White Alone, 2.15% Black or African American Alone, and 1.56% Hispanic or Latino. 2.06% of the people in Clay County, TN speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Clay County, TN is $90,300, and the homeownership rate is 74.4%. Most people in Clay County, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27 minutes. The average car ownership in Clay County, TN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Dale Hollow National Fish Hatchery from the air.

Economy

The economy of Clay County, TN employs 2.57k people. The largest industries in Clay County, TN are Manufacturing (499 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (420 people), and Educational Services (283 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($75,500), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,795), and Construction ($42,727).

Median household income in Clay County, TN is $30,801. Males in Clay County, TN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,201. The income inequality in Clay County, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$30,801

2017 value

± $3,356

9.43%

1 Year Growth

± 15.5%

Households in Clay County, TN have a median annual income of $30,801, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $28,147 in 2016, which represents a 9.43% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Clay County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

$57,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$42,201

Average Female Salary

± $943

In 2017, full-time male employees in Clay County, TN made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Clay County, TN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $53,011 ± $6,619

  2. White

    $46,471 ± $904

  3. American Indian

    $40,237 ± $11,516

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Clay County, TN workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Clay County, TN by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Clay County, TN is from Tennessee.

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.465

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.325% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9551

  2. Census Tract 9550

  3. N/A

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Clay County, TN was Census Tract 9551 with a value of $35,182, followed by Census Tract 9550 and N/A, with respective values of $26,070 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Clay County, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 45 - 54

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

26.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Clay County, TN (2.02k out of 7.58k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Males 65 - 74.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,879 ± 271

  2. Black

    104 ± 99

  3. Hispanic

    39 ± 89

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Clay County, TN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.57k

2017 Value

± 322

1.82%

1 Year growth

± 17.4%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Clay County, TN grew at a rate of 1.82%, from 2.52k employees to 2.57k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Clay County, TN, are Production Occupations (331 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (221 people), and Health Technologists & Technicians (202 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Clay County, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Clay County, TN, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (331 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (221 people), and Health Technologists & Technicians (202 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (4.18 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.22 times), and Transportation Occupations (2.13 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Clay County, TN, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($57,500), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($55,000), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($52,000).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.57k

2017 Value

± 322

1.82%

1 Year growth

± 17.4%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Clay County, TN grew at a rate of 1.82%, from 2.52k employees to 2.57k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Clay County, TN, are Manufacturing (499 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (420 people), and Educational Services (283 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Clay County, TN, though some of these residents may live in Clay County, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Clay County, TN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (499 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (420 people), and Educational Services (283 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, TN has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.92 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.84 times), and Utilities (1.43 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Clay County, TN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($75,500), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,795), and Construction ($42,727).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $33.7B

  2. $31.1B

  3. $26.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $33.7B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $31.1B and Mixed freight and $26.9B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$333B

2015 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

57.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Tennessee trade was $333B. This is expected to increase 57.7% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.6B

  2. $17.3B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $27.6B, followed by Texas with $17.3B and Georgia and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.3% of the population of Clay County, TN has health coverage, with 27.7% on employee plans, 27.8% on Medicaid, 17.3% on Medicare, 10.2% on non-group plans, and 3.46% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Clay County, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Clay County, TN see 2590 patients per year on average, which represents a 33.3% decrease from the previous year (3882 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 7752 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 0 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,590 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Clay County, TN see an average of 2,590 patients per year. This represents a 33.3% decrease from the previous year (3,882 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Clay County, TN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.7%

Uninsured

27.7%

Employer Coverage

27.8%

Medicaid

17.3%

Medicare

10.2%

Non-Group

3.46%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Clay County, TN grew by 1.79% from 13.4% to 13.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Clay County, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Clay County, TN is home to a population of 7.68k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.61% of Clay County, TN residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Clay County, TN is composed of 7.28k White Alone residents (94.8%), 165 Black or African American Alone residents (2.15%), 120 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.56%), 56 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.729%), 35 Asian Alone residents (0.455%), 24 Two or More Races residents (0.312%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Clay County, TN are Spanish or Spanish Creole (114 speakers), Korean (19 speakers), and German (15 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

48

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.4

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 35.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Clay County, TN was 47.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 48, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Clay County, TN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Clay County, TN residents was 47.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.61%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.96%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.61% of Clay County, TN residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Clay County, TN was 1.96%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Clay County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    92,263 ± 7,405 people

  2. India

    21,162 ± 3,566 people

  3. Guatemala

    12,669 ± 2,761 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Clay County, TN was Mexico, the natal country of 92,263 Clay County, TN residents, followed by India with 21,162 and Guatemala with 12,669.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Clay County, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Clay County, TN was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Clay County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    7.28k ± 17

  2. Black or African American Alone

    165 ± 103

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    120 ± 115

In 2017, there were 44.1 times more White Alone residents (7.28k people) in Clay County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 165 Black or African American Alone and 120 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Clay County, TN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    114 speakers (1.54%)

  2. Korean

    19 speakers (0.257%)

  3. German

    15 speakers (0.203%)

2.06% of Clay County, TN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Clay County, TN was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.54% of the overall population of Clay County, TN are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.257% speak Korean and 0.203% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    242 ± 94

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    136 ± 83

  3. Korea

    70 ± 55

Clay County, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.78 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Clay County, TN was $90,300 in 2017, which is 0.415 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $89,400 to $90,300, a 1.01% increase. The homeownership rate in Clay County, TN is 74.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Clay County, TN have an average commute time of 27 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Clay County, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$30,801

Median Household Income

± $3,356

3.17k

Number of Households

± 343

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.17k households in Clay County, TN grew to $30,801 from the previous year's value of $28,147.

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$90,300

2017 Median

± $13,307

$89,400

2016 Median

± $8,974

In 2017, the median property value in Clay County, TN grew to to $90,300 from the previous year's value of $89,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Clay County, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Clay County, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.4%

2017 Homeownership

75.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.4% of the housing units in Clay County, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Clay County, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Clay County, TN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

27 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Clay County, TN have a longer commute time (27 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.12% of the workforce in Clay County, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Clay County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    88.8%

  2. Carpooled

    6.48%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.98%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Clay County, TN was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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