Clay County, IL

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Population

13,393

0.542% decline

Poverty Rate

14%


Median Age

44


Median Household Income

$47,427

3.14% growth

Number of Employees

6,348

1.32% growth

Median Property Value

$77,200

0.915% growth

About

In 2017, Clay County, IL had a population of 13.4k people with a median age of 44 and a median household income of $47,427. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Clay County, IL declined from 13,466 to 13,393, a -0.542% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,984 to $47,427, a 3.14% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (96.4%), White (Hispanic) (1.41%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.739%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (0.732%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.672%). N/A% of the people in Clay County, IL speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Clay County, IL is $77,200, and the homeownership rate is 79.1%. Most people in Clay County, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Clay County, IL is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Illinois, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Illinois across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Clay County, IL employs 6.35k people. The largest industries in Clay County, IL are Manufacturing (1,518 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,034 people), and Retail Trade (595 people), and the highest paying industries are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($130,577), Utilities ($56,111), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services ($55,982).

Median household income in Clay County, IL is $47,427. Males in Clay County, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Clay County, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,427

2017 value

± $3,055

3.14%

1 Year Growth

± 8.8%

Households in Clay County, IL have a median annual income of $47,427, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,984 in 2016, which represents a 3.14% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Clay County, IL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Clay County, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9720

  2. Census Tract 9722

  3. Census Tract 9719

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Clay County, IL was Census Tract 9720 with a value of $51,979, followed by Census Tract 9722 and Census Tract 9719, with respective values of $50,724 and $49,787.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Clay County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 45 - 54

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Clay County, IL (1.84k out of 13.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,768 ± 249

  2. Black

    43 ± 82

  3. Two Or More

    29 ± 88

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Clay County, IL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.35k

2017 Value

± 478

1.32%

1 Year growth

± 10.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Clay County, IL grew at a rate of 1.32%, from 6.27k employees to 6.35k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Clay County, IL, are Production Occupations (1,052 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (876 people), and Management Occupations (468 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Clay County, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Clay County, IL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (1,052 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (876 people), and Management Occupations (468 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.08 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.86 times), and Material Moving Occupations (2.15 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Clay County, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($66,838), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($65,489), and Protective Service Occupations ($65,054).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.35k

2017 Value

± 478

1.32%

1 Year growth

± 10.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Clay County, IL grew at a rate of 1.32%, from 6.27k employees to 6.35k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Clay County, IL, are Manufacturing (1,518 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,034 people), and Retail Trade (595 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Clay County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Clay County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Clay County, IL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,518 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,034 people), and Retail Trade (595 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, IL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.69 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.88 times), and Manufacturing (2.36 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Clay County, IL, by median earnings, are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($130,577), Utilities ($56,111), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services ($55,982).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $82.9B

  2. $78.3B

  3. $75B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $82.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($78.3B) and Gasoline ($75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$952B

2020 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

37.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Illinois trade was $952B. This is expected to increase 37.7% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $69.2B

  2. $54.7B

  3. $36.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $69.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $54.7B and Michigan and $36.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of Clay County, IL has health coverage, with 40.1% on employee plans, 23.1% on Medicaid, 14.9% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 0.65% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Clay County, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Clay County, IL see 6714 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.68% decrease from the previous year (6760 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1900 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 782 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

6,714 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Clay County, IL see an average of 6,714 patients per year. This represents a 0.68% decrease from the previous year (6,760 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Clay County, IL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.36%

Uninsured

40.1%

Employer Coverage

23.1%

Medicaid

14.9%

Medicare

13.8%

Non-Group

0.65%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Clay County, IL declined by 7.62% from 7.97% to 7.36%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Clay County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Clay County, IL is home to a population of 13.4k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.49% of Clay County, IL residents were born outside of the country (199 people).

In 2017, there were 68.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (12.9k people) in Clay County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 189 White (Hispanic) and 99 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

62

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 20.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Clay County, IL was 44. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 62. But people in Clay County, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Clay County, IL residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.49%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

199 people

1.17%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

158 people

As of 2017, 1.49% of Clay County, IL residents (199 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Clay County, IL was 1.17%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Clay County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

99.5%

2017 Citizenship

99.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.5% of Clay County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Clay County, IL was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Clay County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, IL

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    12.9k ± 17

  2. White (Hispanic)

    189 ± 17

  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)

    99 ± 55

In 2017, there were 68.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (12.9k people) in Clay County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 189 White (Hispanic) and 99 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Clay County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    448 ± 102

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    160 ± 92

  3. Korea

    104 ± 53

Clay County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Clay County, IL was $77,200 in 2017, which is 0.336 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $76,500 to $77,200, a 0.915% increase. The homeownership rate in Clay County, IL is 79.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Clay County, IL have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Clay County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$77,200

2017 Median

± $5,289

$76,500

2016 Median

± $4,176

In 2017, the median property value in Clay County, IL grew to to $77,200 from the previous year's value of $76,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Clay County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $70k - $80k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,427

Median Household Income

± $3,055

5.62k

Number of Households

± 425

In 2017, the median household income of the 5.62k households in Clay County, IL grew to $47,427 from the previous year's value of $45,984.

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Clay County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

79.1%

2017 Homeownership

77.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 79.1% of the housing units in Clay County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 77.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Clay County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Clay County, IL have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.82% of the workforce in Clay County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Clay County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.4%

  2. Carpooled

    8.48%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.48%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Clay County, IL was Drove Alone (85.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.48%) and those who Worked At Home (2.48%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Clay County, IL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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