Clay County, AL

County

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2019 Population
13,337
0.306% 1-year decline
US Senator
Richard Shelby
Republican Party
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
43.3
0.915% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
17.9%
2.69% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$40,845
0.922% 1-year decline
2019 Median Property Value
$107,800
5.48% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
5,527
0.271% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Clay County, AL had a population of 13.3k people with a median age of 43.3 and a median household income of $40,845. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Clay County, AL declined from 13,378 to 13,337, a −0.306% decrease and its median household income declined from $41,225 to $40,845, a −0.922% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (80.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (15.5%), White (Hispanic) (2.81%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (0.705%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Hispanic) (0.277%). 0% of the households in Clay County, AL speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

98.6% of the residents in Clay County, AL are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Clay County, AL was $107,800, and the homeownership rate was 75.5%. Most people in Clay County, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 27.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Clay County, AL was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Clay County, AL is home to a population of 13.3k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2019, 6.38% of Clay County, AL residents were born outside of the country (851 people).

In 2019, there were 5.18 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (10.7k people) in Clay County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.07k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 375 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    10.7k ± 19
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    2.07k ± 78
  3. White (Hispanic)
    375 ± 69
3.14%
Hispanic Population
419 people

In 2019, there were 5.18 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (10.7k people) in Clay County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.07k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 375 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.14% of the people in Clay County, AL are hispanic (419 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Clay County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.38%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
851 people
1.95%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
261 people

As of 2019, 6.38% of Clay County, AL residents (851 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Clay County, AL was 1.95%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Clay County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

43
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.8
55
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 10.7

In 2019, the median age of all people in Clay County, AL was 43.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 55. But people in Clay County, AL are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Clay County, AL residents was 44.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    48,648 ± 5,388 people
  2. Guatemala
    13,164 ± 2,813 people
  3. India
    9,844 ± 2,433 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 48,648 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 13,164 and India with 9,844.

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Citizenship

98.6%
2019 Citizenship
98.7%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 98.6% of Clay County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Clay County, AL was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Clay County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    349 ± 110
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    83 ± 66
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    76 ± 64

Clay County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.2 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Clay County, AL is $40,845. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Clay County, AL was Census Tract 9591 with a value of $46,930, followed by Census Tract 9589 and Census Tract 9592, with respective values of $44,265 and $42,600.

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,012. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Clay County, AL employs 5.53k people. The largest industries in Clay County, AL are Manufacturing (1,654 people), Retail Trade (736 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (627 people), and the highest paying industries are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($82,850), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($82,850), and Wholesale Trade ($65,781).

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,845
2019 value
± $6,518
−0.922%
1 Year Growth
± 19.3%

Households in Clay County, AL have a median annual income of $40,845, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,225 in 2018, which represents a −0.922% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Clay County, AL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
$61,746
Average Male Salary in Alabama
± $1,542
$43,012
Average Female Salary in Alabama
± $1,077

In 2019, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Alabama
  1. Asian
    $59,683 ± $10,574
  2. White
    $50,914 ± $1,134
  3. American Indian
    $44,130 ± $8,792

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Alabama.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Clay County, AL is from Alabama.
0.459
2019 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.46
2018 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2019, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.143% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9591
  2. Census Tract 9589
  3. Census Tract 9592

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Clay County, AL was Census Tract 9591 with a value of $46,930, followed by Census Tract 9589 and Census Tract 9592, with respective values of $44,265 and $42,600.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Clay County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Clay County, AL (2.34k out of 13k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 65 - 74.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    1,659 ± 284
  2. Black
    642 ± 157
  3. Hispanic
    276 ± 121

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Clay County, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

5.53k
2019 Value
± 522
−0.271%
1 Year decline
± 13.6%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Clay County, AL declined at a rate of −0.271%, from 5.54k employees to 5.53k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Clay County, AL, are Production Occupations (1,295 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (476 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (447 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Clay County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Clay County, AL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (1,295 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (476 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (447 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (4.14 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (2.36 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.72 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Clay County, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($97,232), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($90,500), and Management Occupations ($56,008).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

5.53k
2019 Value
± 522
−0.271%
1 Year decline
± 13.6%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Clay County, AL declined at a rate of −0.271%, from 5.54k employees to 5.53k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Clay County, AL, are Manufacturing (1,654 people), Retail Trade (736 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (627 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Clay County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Clay County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Clay County, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,654 people), Retail Trade (736 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (627 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, AL has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.99 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.45 times), and Retail Trade (1.19 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Clay County, AL, by median earnings, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($82,850), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($82,850), and Wholesale Trade ($65,781).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $52.4B
  2. $29.3B
  3. $21.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $52.4B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.3B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama.
$280B
2018 Value in Alabama
$481B
Projected 2045 Value in Alabama
71.8% growth

In 2018, total outbound Alabama trade was $280B. This is expected to increase 71.8% to $481B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $31.8B
  2. $17.8B
  3. $14.7B

In 2018, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $31.8B, followed by Florida with $17.8B and Tennessee and $14.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Clay County, AL went to Donald J. Trump with 79.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (18.7%), followed by Other (2.14%). The most partisan county was Winston County, AL with 89.5% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Alabama.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Clay County, AL
79.2% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Alabama
  1. 89.5% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 89.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 87.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Alabama was Winston County, AL with 89.5% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Alabama colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Richard Shelby
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 1987
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Clay County, AL was $107,800 in 2019, which is 0.448 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $102,200 to $107,800, a 5.48% increase. The homeownership rate in Clay County, AL is 75.5%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Clay County, AL have an average commute time of 27.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Clay County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$107,800
2019 Median
± $10,339
$102,200
2018 Median
± $14,244

In 2019, the median property value in Clay County, AL grew to to $107,800 from the previous year's value of $102,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Clay County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$40,845
Median Household Income
± $6,518
5.2k
Number of Households
± 464

In 2019, the median household income of the 5.2k households in Clay County, AL declined from $40,845 from the previous year's value of $41,225.

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Clay County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

75.5%
2019 Homeownership
72.4%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 75.5% of the housing units in Clay County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Clay County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

27.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Clay County, AL have a longer commute time (27.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 4.99% of the workforce in Clay County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Clay County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (87.4%)
  2. Carpooled (6.91%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.43%)

In 2019, 87.4% of workers in Clay County, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.91%) and those who worked at home (4.43%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Clay County, AL have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

89.7% of the population of Clay County, AL has health coverage, with 40.5% on employee plans, 21.7% on Medicaid, 13.4% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 1.05% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Alabama was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Clay County, AL see 2655 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.673% decrease from the previous year (2673 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 6618 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 6618 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bullock County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (29.5%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (50.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,655 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Clay County, AL

Primary care physicians in Clay County, AL see an average of 2,655 patients per year. This represents a 0.673% decrease from the previous year (2,673 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Clay County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
$7,281
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Alabama
$3,641
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,042
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,267
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.3%
Uninsured
40.5%
Employer Coverage
21.7%
Medicaid
13.4%
Medicare
13%
Non-Group
1.05%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Clay County, AL grew by 1.33% from 10.2% to 10.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Clay County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 29.5% prevalence
  2. 25.6% prevalence
  3. 24.8% prevalence

Bullock County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 29.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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