Chicago, IL

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Population

2.72M

0.425% growth

Median Age

34.6


Median Household Income

$55,295

4.32% growth

Poverty Rate

20.6%


Number of Employees

1.35M

0.413% growth

Median Property Value

$255,900

4.92% growth

About

In 2017, Chicago, IL had a population of 2.72M people with a median age of 34.6 and a median household income of $55,295. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Chicago, IL grew from 2.7M to 2.72M, a 0.425% increase and its median household income grew from $53,006 to $55,295, a 4.32% increase.

The population of Chicago, IL is 32.9% White Alone, 29.3% Black or African American Alone, and 29% Hispanic or Latino. 36.4% of the people in Chicago, IL speak a non-English language, and 88.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Chicago, IL are University of Illinois at Chicago (7,525 degrees awarded in 2016), DePaul University (6,428 degrees), and DeVry University-Illinois (6,038 degrees).

The median property value in Chicago, IL is $255,900, and the homeownership rate is 44.9%. Most people in Chicago, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 33.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Chicago, IL is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Chicago, IL employs 1.35M people. The largest industries in Chicago, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (186,461 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (148,019 people), and Educational Services (128,114 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($90,058), Public Administration ($77,117), and Finance & Insurance ($75,207).

Median household income in Chicago, IL is $55,295. Males in Chicago, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,388. The income inequality in Chicago, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,295

2017 value

± $1,185

4.32%

1 Year Growth

± 2.98%

Households in Chicago, IL have a median annual income of $55,295, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,006 in 2016, which represents a 4.32% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Chicago, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$72,886

Average Male Salary

± $1,176

$53,388

Average Female Salary

± $853

In 2017, full-time male employees in Chicago, IL made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Chicago, IL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $69,071 ± $3,279

  2. White

    $57,857 ± $795

  3. Two or More Races

    $44,999 ± $4,016

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Chicago, IL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Chicago, IL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Chicago, IL is from Illinois.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.484

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.488% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 3204

  2. Census Tract 8326

  3. Census Tract 706

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Chicago, IL was Census Tract 3204 with a value of $160,455, followed by Census Tract 8326 and Census Tract 706, with respective values of $148,750 and $147,596.

The following map shows all of the places in Chicago, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Chicago, IL (550k out of 2.67M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    259,625 ± 3,496

  2. White

    177,208 ± 3,288

  3. Hispanic

    168,182 ± 3,000

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Chicago, IL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.35M

2017 Value

± 19,656

0.413%

1 Year growth

± 2.04%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Chicago, IL grew at a rate of 0.413%, from 1.35M employees to 1.35M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Chicago, IL, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (79,011 people), Other Business Operations Specialists (44,998 people), and Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (43,197 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Chicago, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Chicago, IL, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (79,011 people), Other Business Operations Specialists (44,998 people), and Building Cleaning & Pest Control Workers (43,197 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Chicago, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Preschool & Kinder (3.45 times higher than expected), Motor Vehicle Operators Except Bus & Truck Drivers (2.51 times), and Baggage Porters & Concierges, & Tour & Travel Guides (1.99 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Chicago, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($91,167), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($86,548), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($76,386).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.35M

2017 Value

± 19,656

0.413%

1 Year growth

± 2.04%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Chicago, IL grew at a rate of 0.413%, from 1.35M employees to 1.35M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Chicago, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (186,461 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (148,019 people), and Educational Services (128,114 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Chicago, IL, though some of these residents may live in Chicago, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Chicago, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (186,461 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (148,019 people), and Educational Services (128,114 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Chicago, IL has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.47 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.34 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.29 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Chicago, IL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($90,058), Public Administration ($77,117), and Finance & Insurance ($75,207).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline with $75B and Pharmaceuticals and $66.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.2% of the population of Chicago, IL has health coverage, with 46.1% on employee plans, 25.6% on Medicaid, 9.11% on Medicare, 8.81% on non-group plans, and 0.647% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Chicago, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Chicago, IL see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1332 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 526 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

1,240 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.79%

Uninsured

46.1%

Employer Coverage

25.6%

Medicaid

9.11%

Medicare

8.81%

Non-Group

0.647%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Chicago, IL grew by 2.35% from 9.57% to 9.79%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Chicago, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Chicago, IL is home to a population of 2.72M people, from which 88.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 20.8% of Chicago, IL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Chicago, IL is composed of 893k White Alone residents (32.9%), 797k Black or African American Alone residents (29.3%), 788k Hispanic or Latino residents (29%), 179k Asian Alone residents (6.6%), 48.7k Two or More Races residents (1.79%), 6.89k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.254%), 2.8k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.103%), and 300 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.011%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Chicago, IL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (629,641 speakers), Chinese (50,843 speakers), and Polish (48,752 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Chicago, IL was 34.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Chicago, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Chicago, IL residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

20.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 20.8% of Chicago, IL residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Chicago, IL was 20.9%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Chicago, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    659,035 ± 19,411 people

  2. India

    155,935 ± 9,636 people

  3. Poland

    133,637 ± 8,928 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Chicago, IL was Mexico, the natal country of 659,035 Chicago, IL residents, followed by India with 155,935 and Poland with 133,637.

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Citizenship

88.5%

2017 Citizenship

88.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 88.5% of Chicago, IL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Chicago, IL was 88.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Chicago, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    893k ± 13.4k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    797k ± 13.5k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    788k ± 26.1k

In 2017, there were 1.12 times more White Alone residents (893k people) in Chicago, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 797k Black or African American Alone and 788k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Chicago, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    629,641 speakers (24.7%)

  2. Chinese

    50,843 speakers (2%)

  3. Polish

    48,752 speakers (1.92%)

36.4% of Chicago, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Chicago, IL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 24.7% of the overall population of Chicago, IL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 2% speak Chinese and 1.92% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    24,123 ± 2,211

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    12,295 ± 1,999

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    7,920 ± 1,397

Chicago, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.96 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Chicago, IL awarded 64,031 degrees. The student population of Chicago, IL is skewed towards women, with 95,638 male students and 129,670 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Chicago, IL are White (26,615 and 45.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (10,508 and 18.1%), Black or African American (10,352 and 17.8%), and Asian (5,422 and 9.33%).

The largest universities in Chicago, IL by number of degrees awarded are University of Illinois at Chicago (7,525 and 11.8%), DePaul University (6,428 and 10%), and DeVry University-Illinois (6,038 and 9.43%).

The most popular majors in Chicago, IL are General Business Administration & Management (5,252 and 8.2%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,467 and 3.85%), and Accounting (1,671 and 2.61%).

The median tuition costs in Chicago, IL are $26,840 for private four year colleges, and $7,450 and $14,907 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,408 degrees awarded

  2. 1,271 degrees awarded

  3. 1,252 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Chicago, IL was General Psychology with 1,408 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Chicago, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,525 degrees awarded

  2. 6,428 degrees awarded

  3. 6,038 degrees awarded

$7,450

Median In-State Public

$26,840

Median Private

In 2016, the Chicago, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Illinois at Chicago with 7,525 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

27,414

Degrees Awarded to Men

36,617

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 27,414 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Chicago, IL, which is 0.749 times less than the 36,617 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Chicago, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    26,615 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    10,508 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    10,352 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Chicago, IL were to White students. These 26,615 degrees mean that there were 2.53 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 10,508 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Chicago, IL was $255,900 in 2017, which is 1.18 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $243,900 to $255,900, a 4.92% increase. The homeownership rate in Chicago, IL is 44.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Chicago, IL have an average commute time of 33.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Chicago, IL is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,295

Median Household Income

± $1,185

1.05M

Number of Households

± 16,718

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.05M households in Chicago, IL grew to $55,295 from the previous year's value of $53,006.

The following chart displays the households in Chicago, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$255,900

2017 Median

± $4,394

$243,900

2016 Median

± $4,148

In 2017, the median property value in Chicago, IL grew to to $255,900 from the previous year's value of $243,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Chicago, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Chicago, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Chicago, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Chicago, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

44.9%

2017 Homeownership

43.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 44.9% of the housing units in Chicago, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 43.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Chicago, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Chicago, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Chicago, IL have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

33.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Chicago, IL have a longer commute time (33.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.27% of the workforce in Chicago, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Chicago, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    48.6%

  2. Public Transit

    28.3%

  3. Carpooled

    7.58%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Chicago, IL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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