Chattanooga, TN

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Population

176,291

0.472% growth

Median Age

37


Median Household Income

$41,911

1.53% growth

Poverty Rate

20.7%


Number of Employees

81,230

1.85% growth

Median Property Value

$153,900

1.25% growth

About

In 2017, Chattanooga, TN had a population of 176k people with a median age of 37 and a median household income of $41,911. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Chattanooga, TN grew from 175,462 to 176,291, a 0.472% increase and its median household income grew from $41,278 to $41,911, a 1.53% increase.

The population of Chattanooga, TN is 56.5% White Alone, 33.2% Black or African American Alone, and 5.59% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Chattanooga, TN speak a non-English language, and 96.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Chattanooga, TN are The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga (2,489 degrees awarded in 2016), Chattanooga State Community College (1,424 degrees), and Miller-Motte Technical College-Chattanooga (325 degrees).

The median property value in Chattanooga, TN is $153,900, and the homeownership rate is 52.6%. Most people in Chattanooga, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18 minutes. The average car ownership in Chattanooga, TN is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Chattanooga, TN employs 81.2k people. The largest industries in Chattanooga, TN are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,548 people), Retail Trade (9,918 people), and Manufacturing (9,636 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($102,578), Utilities ($84,643), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($59,231).

Median household income in Chattanooga, TN is $41,911. Males in Chattanooga, TN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,201. The income inequality in Chattanooga, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,911

2017 value

± $1,040

1.53%

1 Year Growth

± 3.24%

Households in Chattanooga, TN have a median annual income of $41,911, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,278 in 2016, which represents a 1.53% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Chattanooga, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

$57,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$42,201

Average Female Salary

± $943

In 2017, full-time male employees in Tennessee made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $53,011 ± $6,619

  2. White

    $46,471 ± $904

  3. American Indian

    $40,237 ± $11,516

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tennessee workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Chattanooga, TN is from Tennessee.

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.465

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.325% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 120

  2. Census Tract 113.25

  3. Census Tract 104.32

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Chattanooga, TN was Census Tract 120 with a value of $124,028, followed by Census Tract 113.25 and Census Tract 104.32, with respective values of $85,972 and $85,769.

The following map shows all of the places in Chattanooga, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Chattanooga, TN (34.9k out of 169k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    17,636 ± 988

  2. White

    15,326 ± 960

  3. Hispanic

    3,482 ± 530

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Chattanooga, TN is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

81.2k

2017 Value

± 2,186

1.85%

1 Year growth

± 3.68%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Chattanooga, TN grew at a rate of 1.85%, from 79.8k employees to 81.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Chattanooga, TN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,320 people), Sales & Related Occupations (9,737 people), and Management Occupations (7,618 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Chattanooga, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Chattanooga, TN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,320 people), Sales & Related Occupations (9,737 people), and Management Occupations (7,618 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Chattanooga, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.3 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.27 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.25 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Chattanooga, TN, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($82,532), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($68,702), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($64,007).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

81.2k

2017 Value

± 2,186

1.85%

1 Year growth

± 3.68%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Chattanooga, TN grew at a rate of 1.85%, from 79.8k employees to 81.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Chattanooga, TN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,548 people), Retail Trade (9,918 people), and Manufacturing (9,636 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Chattanooga, TN, though some of these residents may live in Chattanooga, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Chattanooga, TN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (11,548 people), Retail Trade (9,918 people), and Manufacturing (9,636 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Chattanooga, TN has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.34 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.08 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.36 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Chattanooga, TN, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($102,578), Utilities ($84,643), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($59,231).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $33.7B

  2. $31.1B

  3. $26.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $33.7B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($31.1B) and Mixed freight ($26.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$333B

2015 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

57.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Tennessee trade was $333B. This is expected to increase 57.7% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.6B

  2. $17.3B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $27.6B, followed by Texas with $17.3B and Georgia and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.7% of the population of Chattanooga, TN has health coverage, with 43.8% on employee plans, 18.2% on Medicaid, 12.8% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.51% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Chattanooga, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Chattanooga, TN see 1382 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1380 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1893 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 742 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

1,382 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see an average of 1,382 patients per year. This represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1,380 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tennessee in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.3%

Uninsured

43.8%

Employer Coverage

18.2%

Medicaid

12.8%

Medicare

12.3%

Non-Group

1.51%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Chattanooga, TN declined by 9.25% from 12.5% to 11.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Chattanooga, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Chattanooga, TN is home to a population of 176k people, from which 96.1% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Chattanooga, TN residents were born outside of the country (10.3k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Chattanooga, TN is composed of 99.6k White Alone residents (56.5%), 58.5k Black or African American Alone residents (33.2%), 9.85k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.59%), 4.22k Asian Alone residents (2.39%), 3.46k Two or More Races residents (1.96%), 318 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.18%), 250 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.142%), and 80 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0454%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Chattanooga, TN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Chattanooga, TN was 37. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Chattanooga, TN are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Chattanooga, TN residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    10.3k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Chattanooga, TN residents (10.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Chattanooga, TN was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Chattanooga, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    92,263 ± 7,405 people

  2. India

    21,162 ± 3,566 people

  3. Guatemala

    12,669 ± 2,761 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 92,263 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 21,162 and Guatemala with 12,669.

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Citizenship

96.1%

2017 Citizenship

96.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.1% of Chattanooga, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Chattanooga, TN was 96.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Chattanooga, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    99.6k ± 1.45k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    58.5k ± 1.04k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    9.85k ± 1.18k

In 2017, there were 1.7 times more White Alone residents (99.6k people) in Chattanooga, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 58.5k Black or African American Alone and 9.85k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Chattanooga, TN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Chattanooga, TN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Chattanooga, TN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Chattanooga, TN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,710 ± 353

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,445 ± 314

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,316 ± 235

Chattanooga, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.57 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Chattanooga, TN awarded 4,617 degrees. The student population of Chattanooga, TN is skewed towards women, with 8,903 male students and 12,625 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Chattanooga, TN are White (3,402 and 74.9%), followed by Black or African American (540 and 11.9%), Two or More Races (302 and 6.65%), and Unknown (135 and 2.97%).

The largest universities in Chattanooga, TN by number of degrees awarded are The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga (2,489 and 53.9%), Chattanooga State Community College (1,424 and 30.8%), and Miller-Motte Technical College-Chattanooga (325 and 7.04%).

The most popular majors in Chattanooga, TN are General Business Administration & Management (564 and 12.2%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (471 and 10.2%), and Registered Nursing (323 and 7%).

The median tuition costs in Chattanooga, TN are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,768 and $22,886 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 145 degrees awarded

  2. 394 degrees awarded

  3. 210 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Chattanooga, TN was General Psychology with 145 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Chattanooga, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,489 degrees awarded

  2. 1,424 degrees awarded

  3. 325 degrees awarded

$6,768

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Chattanooga, TN institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga with 2,489 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,816

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,801

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,816 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Chattanooga, TN, which is 0.648 times less than the 2,801 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Chattanooga, TN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,402 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    540 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    302 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Chattanooga, TN were to White students. These 3,402 degrees mean that there were 6.3 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 540 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Chattanooga, TN was $153,900 in 2017, which is 0.707 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $152,000 to $153,900, a 1.25% increase. The homeownership rate in Chattanooga, TN is 52.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Chattanooga, TN have an average commute time of 18 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Chattanooga, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,911

Median Household Income

± $1,040

71.2k

Number of Households

± 1,800

In 2017, the median household income of the 71.2k households in Chattanooga, TN grew to $41,911 from the previous year's value of $41,278.

The following chart displays the households in Chattanooga, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$153,900

2017 Median

± $2,992

$152,000

2016 Median

± $2,712

In 2017, the median property value in Chattanooga, TN grew to to $153,900 from the previous year's value of $152,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Chattanooga, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Chattanooga, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Chattanooga, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Chattanooga, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

52.6%

2017 Homeownership

53.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 52.6% of the housing units in Chattanooga, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 53.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Chattanooga, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Chattanooga, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Chattanooga, TN have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Chattanooga, TN have a shorter commute time (18 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.23% of the workforce in Chattanooga, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Chattanooga, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.7%

  2. Carpooled

    8.46%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.42%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Chattanooga, TN was Drove Alone (80.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.46%) and those who Worked At Home (4.42%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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