Charlottesville, VA

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Population

46,487

2.08% growth

Median Age

30.9


Median Household Income

$54,739

7.91% growth

Poverty Rate

24.5%


Number of Employees

24,447

1.28% growth

Median Property Value

$277,800

0.821% decline

About

In 2017, Charlottesville, VA had a population of 46.5k people with a median age of 30.9 and a median household income of $54,739. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Charlottesville, VA grew from 45,538 to 46,487, a 2.08% increase and its median household income grew from $50,727 to $54,739, a 7.91% increase.

The population of Charlottesville, VA is 65.7% White Alone, 18.7% Black or African American Alone, and 7.2% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Charlottesville, VA speak a non-English language, and 92% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Charlottesville, VA are Virginia School of Massage (54 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Charlottesville, VA is $277,800, and the homeownership rate is 44.1%. Most people in Charlottesville, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Charlottesville, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

Economy

The economy of Charlottesville, VA employs 24.4k people. The largest industries in Charlottesville, VA are Educational Services (5,107 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,135 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,910 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,521), Finance & Insurance ($55,461), and Utilities ($54,554).

Median household income in Charlottesville, VA is $54,739. Males in Charlottesville, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Charlottesville, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,739

2017 value

± $3,418

7.91%

1 Year Growth

± 7.77%

Households in Charlottesville, VA have a median annual income of $54,739, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,727 in 2016, which represents a 7.91% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Charlottesville, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Charlottesville, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 5.02

  2. Census Tract 10

  3. Census Tract 9

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Charlottesville, VA was Census Tract 5.02 with a value of $82,680, followed by Census Tract 10 and Census Tract 9, with respective values of $75,625 and $69,574.

The following map shows all of the places in Charlottesville, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Charlottesville, VA (10.8k out of 43.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    6,671 ± 429

  2. Black

    2,521 ± 368

  3. Asian

    1,163 ± 217

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Charlottesville, VA is White, followed by Black and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

24.4k

2017 Value

± 1,028

1.28%

1 Year growth

± 5.83%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Charlottesville, VA grew at a rate of 1.28%, from 24.1k employees to 24.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Charlottesville, VA, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2,746 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2,538 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,342 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Charlottesville, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Charlottesville, VA, by number of employees, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2,746 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2,538 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,342 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Charlottesville, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (3.72 times higher than expected), Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (2.36 times), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1.86 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Charlottesville, VA, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($92,665), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($83,242), and Management Occupations ($68,455).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

24.4k

2017 Value

± 1,028

1.28%

1 Year growth

± 5.83%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Charlottesville, VA grew at a rate of 1.28%, from 24.1k employees to 24.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Charlottesville, VA, are Educational Services (5,107 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,135 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,910 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Charlottesville, VA, though some of these residents may live in Charlottesville, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Charlottesville, VA, by number of employees, are Educational Services (5,107 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,135 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (2,910 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Charlottesville, VA has an unusually high number of Educational Services (2.25 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.56 times), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Charlottesville, VA, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,521), Finance & Insurance ($55,461), and Utilities ($54,554).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $29.9B

  2. $27.8B

  3. $26B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $29.9B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($27.8B) and Electronics ($26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$277B

2020 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

34.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Virginia trade was $277B. This is expected to increase 34.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $14B

  3. $12.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $25.5B, followed by North Carolina with $14B and Pennsylvania and $12.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.8% of the population of Charlottesville, VA has health coverage, with 53.3% on employee plans, 9.63% on Medicaid, 7.86% on Medicare, 18.6% on non-group plans, and 1.35% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Charlottesville, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Charlottesville, VA see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1317 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1494 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 684 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

1,316 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Virginia see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1,317 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.21%

Uninsured

53.3%

Employer Coverage

9.63%

Medicaid

7.86%

Medicare

18.6%

Non-Group

1.35%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Charlottesville, VA declined by 8.32% from 10.1% to 9.21%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Charlottesville, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Charlottesville, VA is home to a population of 46.5k people, from which 92% are citizens. As of 2017, 12.5% of Charlottesville, VA residents were born outside of the country (5.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Charlottesville, VA is composed of 30.5k White Alone residents (65.7%), 8.7k Black or African American Alone residents (18.7%), 3.35k Asian Alone residents (7.2%), 2.43k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.23%), 1.3k Two or More Races residents (2.79%), 126 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.271%), 38 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0817%), and 17 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0366%).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

30

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Charlottesville, VA was 30.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 30. But people in Charlottesville, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Charlottesville, VA residents was 30.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

5.8k people

12.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

5.53k people

As of 2017, 12.5% of Charlottesville, VA residents (5.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Charlottesville, VA was 12.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Charlottesville, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

92%

2017 Citizenship

91.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92% of Charlottesville, VA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Charlottesville, VA was 91.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Charlottesville, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    30.5k ± 24

  2. Black or African American Alone

    8.7k ± 251

  3. Asian Alone

    3.35k ± 199

In 2017, there were 3.51 times more White Alone residents (30.5k people) in Charlottesville, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.7k Black or African American Alone and 3.35k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Charlottesville, VA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    554 ± 127

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    278 ± 107

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    158 ± 86

Charlottesville, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.99 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Charlottesville, VA awarded 54 degrees. The student population of Charlottesville, VA is skewed towards women, with 10 male students and 50 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Charlottesville, VA are White (37 and 68.5%), followed by Black or African American (5 and 9.26%), Unknown (5 and 9.26%), and Hispanic or Latino (4 and 7.41%).

The largest universities in Charlottesville, VA by number of degrees awarded are Virginia School of Massage (54 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Charlottesville, VA are Massage Therapy (35 and 64.8%) and Aesthetician & Skin Care Specialist (19 and 35.2%).

The median tuition costs in Charlottesville, VA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 35 degrees awarded

  2. 19 degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Charlottesville, VA was Massage Therapy with 35 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Charlottesville, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

54 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Charlottesville, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Virginia School of Massage with 54 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6

Degrees Awarded to Men

48

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 6 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Charlottesville, VA, which is 0.125 times less than the 48 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Charlottesville, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    37 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    5 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    5 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Charlottesville, VA were to White students. These 37 degrees mean that there were 7.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 5 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Charlottesville, VA was $277,800 in 2017, which is 1.21 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $280,100 to $277,800, a 0.821% decrease. The homeownership rate in Charlottesville, VA is 44.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Charlottesville, VA have an average commute time of 16.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Charlottesville, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$277,800

2017 Median

± $8,978

$280,100

2016 Median

± $9,083

In 2017, the median property value in Charlottesville, VA declined from to $277,800 from the previous year's value of $280,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Charlottesville, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Charlottesville, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,739

Median Household Income

± $3,418

18.4k

Number of Households

± 857

In 2017, the median household income of the 18.4k households in Charlottesville, VA grew to $54,739 from the previous year's value of $50,727.

The following chart displays the households in Charlottesville, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Charlottesville, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Charlottesville, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

44.1%

2017 Homeownership

42.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 44.1% of the housing units in Charlottesville, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 42.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Charlottesville, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

16.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Charlottesville, VA have a shorter commute time (16.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.45% of the workforce in Charlottesville, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Charlottesville, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    59.8%

  2. Walked

    12.5%

  3. Carpooled

    8.44%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Charlottesville, VA was Drove Alone (59.8%), followed by those who Walked (12.5%) and those who Carpooled (8.44%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Charlottesville, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Charlottesville, VA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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