Buffalo, NY

Census Place

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2019 Population
255,300
0.399% 1-year decline
US Senator
Chuck Schumer
Democratic Party
US Senator
Kirsten Gillibrand
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
32.7
1.8% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
30.1%
0.676% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$40,843
9.33% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$117,500
19.5% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
114,902
0.37% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Buffalo, NY had a population of 255k people with a median age of 32.7 and a median household income of $40,843. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Buffalo, NY declined from 256,322 to 255,300, a −0.399% decrease and its median household income grew from $37,359 to $40,843, a 9.33% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Buffalo, NY are White (Non-Hispanic) (40.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (35.5%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (6.97%), Other (Hispanic) (6.83%), and White (Hispanic) (4.23%). 0% of the households in Buffalo, NY speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

94.3% of the residents in Buffalo, NY are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Buffalo, NY are SUNY Buffalo State (2,322 degrees awarded in 2019), Erie Community College (2,272 degrees), and Canisius College (1,217 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Buffalo, NY was $117,500, and the homeownership rate was 40.6%. Most people in Buffalo, NY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Buffalo, NY was 1 car per household.

About the photo: Buffalo City Hall at twilight.

Diversity

Buffalo, NY is home to a population of 255k people, from which 94.3% are citizens. As of 2019, 16.6% of Buffalo, NY residents were born outside of the country (42.3k people).

In 2019, there were 1.15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (104k people) in Buffalo, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 90.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 17.8k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Buffalo, NY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    104k ± 4.32k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    90.6k ± 4.64k
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    17.8k ± 2.54k
13.8%
Hispanic Population
35.3k people

In 2019, there were 1.15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (104k people) in Buffalo, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 90.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 17.8k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

13.8% of the people in Buffalo, NY are hispanic (35.3k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Buffalo, NY as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

16.6%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
42.3k people
10%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
25.7k people

As of 2019, 16.6% of Buffalo, NY residents (42.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Buffalo, NY was 10%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Buffalo, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

33
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.8
34
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 2.5

In 2019, the median age of all people in Buffalo, NY was 32.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 34. But people in Buffalo, NY are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Buffalo, NY residents was 33.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New York.
Most Common Origin
  1. Dominican Republic
    478,796 ± 16,778 people
  2. China
    419,011 ± 15,720 people
  3. Jamaica
    240,058 ± 11,955 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 478,796 New York residents, followed by China with 419,011 and Jamaica with 240,058.

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Citizenship

94.3%
2019 Citizenship
93.9%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 94.3% of Buffalo, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Buffalo, NY was 93.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Buffalo, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,386 ± 850
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,245 ± 790
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,644 ± 647

Buffalo, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.51 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New York. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New York, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in New York. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New York.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New York across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Buffalo, NY is $40,843. In 2019, the place with the highest median household income in Buffalo, NY was Census Tract 63.02 with a value of $82,156, followed by Census Tract 48 and Census Tract 7, with respective values of $76,270 and $75,023.

Males in New York have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $67,637. The income inequality in New York (measured using the Gini index) is 0.496, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Buffalo, NY employs 115k people. The largest industries in Buffalo, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,288 people), Educational Services (12,375 people), and Retail Trade (11,558 people), and the highest paying industries are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($100,420), Information ($56,151), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($54,383).

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,843
2019 value
± $2,789
9.33%
1 Year Growth
± 8.47%

Households in Buffalo, NY have a median annual income of $40,843, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,359 in 2018, which represents a 9.33% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Buffalo, NY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New York.
$85,908
Average Male Salary in New York
± $1,276
$67,637
Average Female Salary in New York
± $947

In 2019, full-time male employees in New York made 1.27 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New York.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in New York
  1. Asian
    $74,300 ± $2,732
  2. White
    $72,836 ± $938
  3. Two or More Races
    $53,831 ± $3,271

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.02 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in New York.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Buffalo, NY is from New York.
0.496
2019 Wage GINI in New York
0.493
2018 Wage GINI in New York

In 2019, the income inequality in New York was 0.496 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.739% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 63.02
  2. Census Tract 48
  3. Census Tract 7

In 2019, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Buffalo, NY was Census Tract 63.02 with a value of $82,156, followed by Census Tract 48 and Census Tract 7, with respective values of $76,270 and $75,023.

The following map shows all of the places in Buffalo, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

30.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Buffalo, NY (74.6k out of 248k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    32,171 ± 1,337
  2. White
    23,448 ± 1,208
  3. Hispanic
    12,788 ± 752

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Buffalo, NY is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

115k
2019 Value
± 5,892
0.37%
1 Year growth
± 7.12%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Buffalo, NY grew at a rate of 0.37%, from 114k employees to 115k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Buffalo, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (14,360 people), Management Occupations (9,300 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (8,939 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Buffalo, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Buffalo, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (14,360 people), Management Occupations (9,300 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (8,939 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Buffalo, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.95 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.89 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.85 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Buffalo, NY, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($90,448), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($82,056), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($77,423).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

115k
2019 Value
± 5,892
0.37%
1 Year growth
± 7.12%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Buffalo, NY grew at a rate of 0.37%, from 114k employees to 115k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Buffalo, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,288 people), Educational Services (12,375 people), and Retail Trade (11,558 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Buffalo, NY, though some of these residents may live in Buffalo, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Buffalo, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,288 people), Educational Services (12,375 people), and Retail Trade (11,558 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Buffalo, NY has an unusually high number of Health Care & Social Assistance (1.58 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.33 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Buffalo, NY, by median earnings, are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($100,420), Information ($56,151), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($54,383).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $125B
  2. $81.4B
  3. $68B

In 2018, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Misc. mfg. prods. with $125B, followed by Mixed freight ($81.4B) and Electronics ($68B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York.
$785B
2018 Value in New York
$1.85T
Projected 2045 Value in New York
135% growth

In 2018, total outbound New York trade was $785B. This is expected to increase 135% to $1.85T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $54B
  2. $46.7B
  3. $28.6B

In 2018, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $54B, followed by Pennsylvania with $46.7B and California and $28.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Erie County, NY went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 50.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (44.5%), followed by Other (4.69%). The most partisan county was Bronx County, NY with 88.5% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing the state of New York. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New York is currently represented by 27 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of New York.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Erie County, NY
50.9% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in New York
  1. 88.5% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 86.6% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  3. 79.5% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in New York was Bronx County, NY with 88.5% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in New York colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from New York

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Chuck Schumer
Senator from New York3
Assumed office on January 3, 1999
Kirsten Gillibrand
Senator from New York1
Assumed office on January 26, 2009
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Hillary Clinton, who had become Secretary of State.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing New York.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New York over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New York

New York is currently represented by 27 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New York have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Buffalo, NY awarded 8,269 degrees. The student population of Buffalo, NY is skewed towards women, with 11,820 male students and 17,486 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Buffalo, NY are White (5,300 and 65.6%), followed by Black or African American (1,369 and 17%), Unknown (506 and 6.27%), and Hispanic or Latino (416 and 5.15%).

The largest universities in Buffalo, NY by number of degrees awarded are SUNY Buffalo State (2,322 and 28.1%), Erie Community College (2,272 and 27.5%), and Canisius College (1,217 and 14.7%).

The most popular majors in Buffalo, NY are General Business Administration & Management (769 and 9.3%), General Studies (616 and 7.45%), and Registered Nursing (468 and 5.66%).

The median tuition costs in Buffalo, NY are $27,490 for private four year colleges, and $7,070 and $16,980 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 375 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 186 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 146 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Buffalo, NY was General Business Administration & Management with 375 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Buffalo, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,322 degrees awarded
  2. 2,272 degrees awarded
  3. 1,217 degrees awarded
$7,070
Median In-State Public
$27,490
Median Private

In 2019, the Buffalo, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was SUNY Buffalo State with 2,322 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,154
Degrees Awarded to Men
5,115
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 3,154 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Buffalo, NY, which is 0.617 times less than the 5,115 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Buffalo, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    5,300 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    1,369 degrees awarded
  3. Unknown
    506 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Buffalo, NY was White students. These 5,300 degrees mean that there were 3.87 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,369 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Buffalo, NY was $117,500 in 2019, which is 0.489 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $98,300 to $117,500, a 19.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Buffalo, NY is 40.6%, which is lower than the national average of 64.1%. People in Buffalo, NY have an average commute time of 19.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Buffalo, NY is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$117,500
2019 Median
± $9,671
$98,300
2018 Median
± $8,984

In 2019, the median property value in Buffalo, NY grew to to $117,500 from the previous year's value of $98,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Buffalo, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buffalo, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$40,843
Median Household Income
± $2,789
109k
Number of Households
± 5,545

In 2019, the median household income of the 109k households in Buffalo, NY grew to $40,843 from the previous year's value of $37,359.

The following chart displays the households in Buffalo, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Buffalo, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buffalo, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

40.6%
2019 Homeownership
41.6%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 40.6% of the housing units in Buffalo, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 41.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Buffalo, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Buffalo, NY have a shorter commute time (19.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26 minutes). Additionally, 1.89% of the workforce in Buffalo, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Buffalo, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (67.2%)
  2. Carpooled (10%)
  3. Public Transit (9.12%)

In 2019, 67.2% of workers in Buffalo, NY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10%) and those who used public transit to get to work (9.12%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Buffalo, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Buffalo, NY have 1 car, followed by false.

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Health

96.7% of the population of Buffalo, NY has health coverage, with 34.5% on employee plans, 39.2% on Medicaid, 8.4% on Medicare, 13.5% on non-group plans, and 1.13% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New York was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Erie County, NY see 1255 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.32% increase from the previous year (1251 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1148 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 306 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Orleans County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.7%). Additionally, Chenango County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Erie County, NY.
1,255 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Erie County, NY

Primary care physicians in Erie County, NY see an average of 1,255 patients per year. This represents a 0.32% increase from the previous year (1,251 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Erie County, NY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
$9,778
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in New York
$5,338
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,803
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$12,179
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.33%
Uninsured
34.5%
Employer Coverage
39.2%
Medicaid
8.4%
Medicare
13.5%
Non-Group
1.13%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Buffalo, NY declined by 31% from 4.83% to 3.33%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Buffalo, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 15.7% prevalence
  2. 14.3% prevalence
  3. 14.2% prevalence

Orleans County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 15.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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