Buffalo, NY

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Population

258,592

0.655% growth

Median Age

32.9


Median Household Income

$34,814

5.87% growth

Poverty Rate

30.9%


Number of Employees

120,219

12.4% growth

Median Property Value

$92,700

11% growth

About

In 2017, Buffalo, NY had a population of 259k people with a median age of 32.9 and a median household income of $34,814. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Buffalo, NY grew from 256,908 to 258,592, a 0.655% increase and its median household income grew from $32,883 to $34,814, a 5.87% increase.

The population of Buffalo, NY is 43.2% White Alone, 34.6% Black or African American Alone, and 12.1% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Buffalo, NY speak a non-English language, and 94.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Buffalo, NY are SUNY Buffalo State (2,607 degrees awarded in 2016), Erie Community College (2,322 degrees), and Canisius College (1,472 degrees).

The median property value in Buffalo, NY is $92,700, and the homeownership rate is 41%. Most people in Buffalo, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Buffalo, NY is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Buffalo City Hall at twilight.

Economy

The economy of Buffalo, NY employs 120k people. The largest industries in Buffalo, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,367 people), Accommodation & Food Services (13,440 people), and Educational Services (13,380 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($60,877), Information ($52,111), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,075).

Median household income in Buffalo, NY is $34,814. Males in Buffalo, NY have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $60,672. The income inequality in Buffalo, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.497, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$34,814

2017 value

± $2,348

5.87%

1 Year Growth

± 11%

Households in Buffalo, NY have a median annual income of $34,814, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,883 in 2016, which represents a 5.87% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Buffalo, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New York.

$78,550

Average Male Salary

± $1,168

$60,672

Average Female Salary

± $854

In 2017, full-time male employees in New York made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $67,169 ± $870

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $62,618 ± $15,800

  3. Asian

    $62,444 ± $2,225

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.07 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Buffalo, NY is from New York.

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

0.499

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New York was 0.497 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.375% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 63.02

  2. Census Tract 48

  3. Census Tract 52.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Buffalo, NY was Census Tract 63.02 with a value of $76,250, followed by Census Tract 48 and Census Tract 52.01, with respective values of $72,578 and $66,587.

The following map shows all of the places in Buffalo, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

30.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Buffalo, NY (77.8k out of 251k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    35,160 ± 1,267

  2. White

    24,185 ± 1,134

  3. Hispanic

    12,990 ± 747

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Buffalo, NY is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

120k

2017 Value

± 5,822

12.4%

1 Year growth

± 6.01%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Buffalo, NY grew at a rate of 12.4%, from 107k employees to 120k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Buffalo, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (16,895 people), Sales & Related Occupations (11,727 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (11,109 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Buffalo, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Buffalo, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (16,895 people), Sales & Related Occupations (11,727 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (11,109 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Buffalo, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.78 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (1.77 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.57 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Buffalo, NY, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($75,343), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($62,234), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($60,784).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

120k

2017 Value

± 5,822

12.4%

1 Year growth

± 6.01%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Buffalo, NY grew at a rate of 12.4%, from 107k employees to 120k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Buffalo, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,367 people), Accommodation & Food Services (13,440 people), and Educational Services (13,380 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Buffalo, NY, though some of these residents may live in Buffalo, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Buffalo, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,367 people), Accommodation & Food Services (13,440 people), and Educational Services (13,380 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Buffalo, NY has an unusually high number of Accommodation & Food Services (1.46 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.27 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.23 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Buffalo, NY, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($60,877), Information ($52,111), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,075).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics ($47.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($45.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.9% of the population of Buffalo, NY has health coverage, with 36.6% on employee plans, 41.5% on Medicaid, 8.18% on Medicare, 7.62% on non-group plans, and 0.996% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Buffalo, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Buffalo, NY see 1202 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1199 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1240 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 393 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

1,202 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,202 patients per year. This represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1,199 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.08%

Uninsured

36.6%

Employer Coverage

41.5%

Medicaid

8.18%

Medicare

7.62%

Non-Group

0.996%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Buffalo, NY grew by 11.2% from 4.57% to 5.08%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Buffalo, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Buffalo, NY is home to a population of 259k people, from which 94.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.49% of Buffalo, NY residents were born outside of the country (24.5k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Buffalo, NY is composed of 112k White Alone residents (43.2%), 89.6k Black or African American Alone residents (34.6%), 31.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (12.1%), 17.4k Asian Alone residents (6.74%), 7.16k Two or More Races residents (2.77%), 856 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.331%), 360 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.139%), and 8 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00309%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Buffalo, NY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Buffalo, NY was 32.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Buffalo, NY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Buffalo, NY residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.49%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

24.5k people

9.01%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

23.1k people

As of 2017, 9.49% of Buffalo, NY residents (24.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Buffalo, NY was 9.01%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Buffalo, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New York.

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    527,485 ± 17,593 people

  2. China

    441,157 ± 16,125 people

  3. Jamaica

    239,203 ± 11,935 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 527,485 New York residents, followed by China with 441,157 and Jamaica with 239,203.

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Citizenship

94.2%

2017 Citizenship

93.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.2% of Buffalo, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Buffalo, NY was 93.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Buffalo, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    112k ± 4.07k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    89.6k ± 4.36k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    31.4k ± 4.27k

In 2017, there were 1.25 times more White Alone residents (112k people) in Buffalo, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 89.6k Black or African American Alone and 31.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Buffalo, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Buffalo, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Buffalo, NY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Buffalo, NY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,084 ± 704

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,897 ± 939

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,511 ± 602

Buffalo, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.63 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Buffalo, NY awarded 8,657 degrees. The student population of Buffalo, NY is skewed towards women, with 13,115 male students and 18,468 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Buffalo, NY are White (5,696 and 68.4%), followed by Black or African American (1,138 and 13.7%), Unknown (565 and 6.78%), and Hispanic or Latino (510 and 6.12%).

The largest universities in Buffalo, NY by number of degrees awarded are SUNY Buffalo State (2,607 and 30.1%), Erie Community College (2,322 and 26.8%), and Canisius College (1,472 and 17%).

The most popular majors in Buffalo, NY are General Studies (717 and 8.28%), General Business Administration & Management (634 and 7.32%), and Registered Nursing (415 and 4.79%).

The median tuition costs in Buffalo, NY are $26,008 for private four year colleges, and $6,470 and $16,320 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 169 degrees awarded

  2. 143 degrees awarded

  3. 287 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Buffalo, NY was Criminal Justice - Safety Studies with 169 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Buffalo, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,607 degrees awarded

  2. 2,322 degrees awarded

  3. 1,472 degrees awarded

$6,470

Median In-State Public

$26,008

Median Private

In 2016, the Buffalo, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was SUNY Buffalo State with 2,607 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,473

Degrees Awarded to Men

5,184

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,473 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Buffalo, NY, which is 0.67 times less than the 5,184 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Buffalo, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,696 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,138 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    565 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Buffalo, NY were to White students. These 5,696 degrees mean that there were 5.01 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,138 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Buffalo, NY was $92,700 in 2017, which is 0.426 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $83,500 to $92,700, a 11% increase. The homeownership rate in Buffalo, NY is 41%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Buffalo, NY have an average commute time of 20.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Buffalo, NY is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$34,814

Median Household Income

± $2,348

111k

Number of Households

± 5,549

In 2017, the median household income of the 111k households in Buffalo, NY grew to $34,814 from the previous year's value of $32,883.

The following chart displays the households in Buffalo, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$92,700

2017 Median

± $6,027

$83,500

2016 Median

± $4,339

In 2017, the median property value in Buffalo, NY grew to to $92,700 from the previous year's value of $83,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Buffalo, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buffalo, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Buffalo, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buffalo, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

41%

2017 Homeownership

39.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 41% of the housing units in Buffalo, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 39.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Buffalo, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Buffalo, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Buffalo, NY have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

20.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Buffalo, NY have a shorter commute time (20.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.3% of the workforce in Buffalo, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Buffalo, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    67.3%

  2. Public Transit

    12.3%

  3. Carpooled

    10.3%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Buffalo, NY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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