Birmingham, MI

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Population

20,836

0.886% growth

Median Age

41.5


Median Household Income

$114,537

1.77% growth

Poverty Rate

4.39%


Number of Employees

10,795

1.14% decline

Median Property Value

$467,700

6.54% growth

About

In 2017, Birmingham, MI had a population of 20.8k people with a median age of 41.5 and a median household income of $114,537. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Birmingham, MI grew from 20,653 to 20,836, a 0.886% increase and its median household income grew from $112,545 to $114,537, a 1.77% increase.

The population of Birmingham, MI is 89% White Alone, 2.94% Asian Alone, and 2.78% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Birmingham, MI speak a non-English language, and 95.4% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Birmingham, MI is $467,700, and the homeownership rate is 74.7%. Most people in Birmingham, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21 minutes. The average car ownership in Birmingham, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Cranbrook Gardens

Economy

The economy of Birmingham, MI employs 10.8k people. The largest industries in Birmingham, MI are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2,212 people), Manufacturing (1,764 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,565 people), and the highest paying industries are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($123,026), Manufacturing ($114,868), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($110,000).

Median household income in Birmingham, MI is $114,537. Males in Birmingham, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Birmingham, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$114,537

2017 value

± $4,982

1.77%

1 Year Growth

± 5.57%

Households in Birmingham, MI have a median annual income of $114,537, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $112,545 in 2016, which represents a 1.77% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Birmingham, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Birmingham, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1527

  2. Census Tract 1505

  3. Census Tract 1526

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Birmingham, MI was Census Tract 1527 with a value of $157,411, followed by Census Tract 1505 and Census Tract 1526, with respective values of $135,893 and $135,536.

The following map shows all of the places in Birmingham, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 45 - 54

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

4.39% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Birmingham, MI (914 out of 20.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    726 ± 155

  2. Black

    92 ± 98

  3. Hispanic

    67 ± 95

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Birmingham, MI is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

10.8k

2017 Value

± 536

-1.14%

1 Year decline

± 7.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Birmingham, MI declined at a rate of -1.14%, from 10.9k employees to 10.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Birmingham, MI, are Management Occupations (2,340 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,409 people), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1,092 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Birmingham, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Birmingham, MI, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (2,340 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,409 people), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1,092 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Birmingham, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (6.82 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (2.38 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (2.28 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Birmingham, MI, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($127,000), Legal Occupations ($119,792), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($104,426).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

10.8k

2017 Value

± 536

-1.14%

1 Year decline

± 7.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Birmingham, MI declined at a rate of -1.14%, from 10.9k employees to 10.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Birmingham, MI, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2,212 people), Manufacturing (1,764 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,565 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Birmingham, MI, though some of these residents may live in Birmingham, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Birmingham, MI, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2,212 people), Manufacturing (1,764 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,565 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Birmingham, MI has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2.93 times higher than expected), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (2.23 times), and Manufacturing (1.61 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Birmingham, MI, by median earnings, are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($123,026), Manufacturing ($114,868), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($110,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.9% of the population of Birmingham, MI has health coverage, with 64.4% on employee plans, 2.67% on Medicaid, 11.6% on Medicare, 18.2% on non-group plans, and 0.096% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Birmingham, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Birmingham, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.09%

Uninsured

64.4%

Employer Coverage

2.67%

Medicaid

11.6%

Medicare

18.2%

Non-Group

0.096%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Birmingham, MI declined by 0.101% from 3.09% to 3.09%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Birmingham, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Birmingham, MI is home to a population of 20.8k people, from which 95.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.22% of Birmingham, MI residents were born outside of the country (1.92k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Birmingham, MI is composed of 18.5k White Alone residents (89%), 612 Asian Alone residents (2.94%), 580 Black or African American Alone residents (2.78%), 580 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.78%), 499 Two or More Races residents (2.39%), 14 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0672%), 7 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0336%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Birmingham, MI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.8

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Birmingham, MI was 41.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Birmingham, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Birmingham, MI residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.22%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.92k people

8.72%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.8k people

As of 2017, 9.22% of Birmingham, MI residents (1.92k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Birmingham, MI was 8.72%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Birmingham, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Michigan residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

95.4%

2017 Citizenship

95.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.4% of Birmingham, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Birmingham, MI was 95.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Birmingham, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    18.5k ± 416

  2. Asian Alone

    612 ± 203

  3. Black or African American Alone

    580 ± 254

In 2017, there were 30.3 times more White Alone residents (18.5k people) in Birmingham, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 612 Asian Alone and 580 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Birmingham, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Birmingham, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Birmingham, MI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Birmingham, MI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    317 ± 98

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    134 ± 110

  3. Korea

    81 ± 47

Birmingham, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.37 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Birmingham, MI was $467,700 in 2017, which is 2.15 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $439,000 to $467,700, a 6.54% increase. The homeownership rate in Birmingham, MI is 74.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Birmingham, MI have an average commute time of 21 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Birmingham, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$114,537

Median Household Income

± $4,982

8.98k

Number of Households

± 459

In 2017, the median household income of the 8.98k households in Birmingham, MI grew to $114,537 from the previous year's value of $112,545.

The following chart displays the households in Birmingham, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Housing

Property Value

$467,700

2017 Median

± $21,968

$439,000

2016 Median

± $19,602

In 2017, the median property value in Birmingham, MI grew to to $467,700 from the previous year's value of $439,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Birmingham, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Birmingham, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Birmingham, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Birmingham, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

74.7%

2017 Homeownership

75.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.7% of the housing units in Birmingham, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Birmingham, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Birmingham, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Birmingham, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Birmingham, MI have a shorter commute time (21 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.515% of the workforce in Birmingham, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Birmingham, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86%

  2. Worked At Home

    7.61%

  3. Carpooled

    4.26%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Birmingham, MI was Drove Alone, followed by those who Worked At Home and those who Carpooled.

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