Billings, MT

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Population

109,082

0.00642% decline

Median Age

37


Median Household Income

$55,585

4.99% growth

Poverty Rate

10.8%


Number of Employees

56,218

0.107% growth

Median Property Value

$206,100

3.93% growth

About

In 2017, Billings, MT had a population of 109k people with a median age of 37 and a median household income of $55,585. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Billings, MT declined from 109,089 to 109,082, a -0.00642% decrease and its median household income grew from $52,944 to $55,585, a 4.99% increase.

The population of Billings, MT is 85.5% White Alone, 6.26% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.14% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. N/A% of the people in Billings, MT speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Billings, MT are Montana State University-Billings (981 degrees awarded in 2016), Rocky Mountain College (235 degrees), and Bold Beauty Academy (86 degrees).

The median property value in Billings, MT is $206,100, and the homeownership rate is 62.9%. Most people in Billings, MT commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16 minutes. The average car ownership in Billings, MT is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Billings, MT employs 56.2k people. The largest industries in Billings, MT are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,973 people), Retail Trade (6,994 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (4,957 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($90,556), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($66,667), and Utilities ($58,625).

Median household income in Billings, MT is $55,585. Males in Billings, MT have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,968. The income inequality in Billings, MT (measured using the Gini index) is 0.465, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,585

2017 value

± $1,636

4.99%

1 Year Growth

± 4.32%

Households in Billings, MT have a median annual income of $55,585, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,944 in 2016, which represents a 4.99% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Billings, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Montana.

$56,921

Average Male Salary

± $3,007

$39,968

Average Female Salary

± $2,184

In 2017, full-time male employees in Montana made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Montana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Montana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,515 ± $1,780

  2. Other

    $39,395 ± $16,377

  3. Asian

    $33,231 ± $11,940

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Montana workers was White. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Other workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Montana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Billings, MT is from Montana.

0.465

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Montana was 0.465 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.554% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Montana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Montana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Montana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 18.01

  2. Census Tract 9400

  3. Census Tract 13

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Billings, MT was Census Tract 18.01 with a value of $114,792, followed by Census Tract 9400 and Census Tract 13, with respective values of $72,088 and $71,472.

The following map shows all of the places in Billings, MT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Billings, MT (11.4k out of 106k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    9,243 ± 727

  2. Native American

    1,285 ± 247

  3. Hispanic

    892 ± 251

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Billings, MT is White, followed by Native American and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

56.2k

2017 Value

± 1,601

0.107%

1 Year growth

± 4%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Billings, MT grew at a rate of 0.107%, from 56.2k employees to 56.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Billings, MT, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,113 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,787 people), and Management Occupations (5,397 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Billings, MT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Billings, MT, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,113 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,787 people), and Management Occupations (5,397 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Billings, MT has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.54 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.44 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.42 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Billings, MT, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($69,423), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($65,734), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($60,655).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

56.2k

2017 Value

± 1,601

0.107%

1 Year growth

± 4%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Billings, MT grew at a rate of 0.107%, from 56.2k employees to 56.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Billings, MT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,973 people), Retail Trade (6,994 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (4,957 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Billings, MT, though some of these residents may live in Billings, MT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Billings, MT, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,973 people), Retail Trade (6,994 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (4,957 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Billings, MT has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.13 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.41 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Billings, MT, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($90,556), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($66,667), and Utilities ($58,625).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $6.47B

  2. $6.17B

  3. $5.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $6.47B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($6.17B) and Fuel oils ($5.98B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Montana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Montana state.

$44.7B

2015 Value

$53.9B

Projected 2045 Value

20.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Montana trade was $44.7B. This is expected to increase 20.7% to $53.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Montana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $4.59B

  2. $2.98B

  3. $2.88B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Dakota with $4.59B, followed by Wyoming with $2.98B and Idaho and $2.88B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Montana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.3% of the population of Billings, MT has health coverage, with 50.4% on employee plans, 12.9% on Medicaid, 11.5% on Medicare, 12.5% on non-group plans, and 1.99% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Billings, MT was $8,221 in 2014. This is a 2.84% increase from the previous year ($7,994).

Primary care physicians in Billings, MT see 1308 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.305% decrease from the previous year (1312 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1416 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 378 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.8%). Additionally, Big Horn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

1,308 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Montana see an average of 1,308 patients per year. This represents a 0.305% decrease from the previous year (1,312 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Montana in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

$8,221

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,882

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,378

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,238

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Montana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.84%, from $7,994 to $8,221.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.7%

Uninsured

50.4%

Employer Coverage

12.9%

Medicaid

11.5%

Medicare

12.5%

Non-Group

1.99%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Billings, MT declined by 13.2% from 12.4% to 10.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Billings, MT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.8% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 12.3% prevalence

Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Montana, at 14.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Montana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Billings, MT is home to a population of 109k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.43% of Billings, MT residents were born outside of the country (2.65k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Billings, MT is composed of 93.3k White Alone residents (85.5%), 6.83k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.26%), 4.52k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (4.14%), 2.71k Two or More Races residents (2.48%), 825 Black or African American Alone residents (0.756%), 675 Asian Alone residents (0.619%), 124 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.114%), and 99 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0908%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Billings, MT are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Billings, MT was 37. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Billings, MT are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Billings, MT residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.43%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.65k people

2.08%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.27k people

As of 2017, 2.43% of Billings, MT residents (2.65k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Billings, MT was 2.08%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Billings, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Montana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    4,272 ± 1,601 people

  2. Mexico

    2,817 ± 1,301 people

  3. Philippines

    2,040 ± 1,108 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Montana was Canada, the natal country of 4,272 Montana residents, followed by Mexico with 2,817 and Philippines with 2,040.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

99.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Billings, MT residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Billings, MT was 99.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Billings, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    93.3k ± 673

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    6.83k ± 764

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    4.52k ± 549

In 2017, there were 13.7 times more White Alone residents (93.3k people) in Billings, MT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.83k Hispanic or Latino and 4.52k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Billings, MT as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Billings, MT citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Billings, MT was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Billings, MT are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,678 ± 311

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,292 ± 237

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,229 ± 214

Billings, MT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.07 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Billings, MT awarded 1,302 degrees. The student population of Billings, MT is skewed towards women, with 2,140 male students and 3,347 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Billings, MT are White (1,093 and 87%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (50 and 3.98%), American Indian or Alaska Native (32 and 2.55%), and Unknown (29 and 2.31%).

The largest universities in Billings, MT by number of degrees awarded are Montana State University-Billings (981 and 75.3%), Rocky Mountain College (235 and 18%), and Bold Beauty Academy (86 and 6.61%).

The most popular majors in Billings, MT are General Business (163 and 12.5%), Elementary Education & Teaching (79 and 6.07%), and General Cosmetology (45 and 3.46%).

The median tuition costs in Billings, MT are $26,136 for private four year colleges, and $4,397 and $16,662 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 163 degrees awarded

  2. 79 degrees awarded

  3. 39 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Billings, MT was General Business with 163 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Billings, MT according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 981 degrees awarded

  2. 235 degrees awarded

  3. 86 degrees awarded

$4,397

Median In-State Public

$26,136

Median Private

In 2016, the Billings, MT institution with the largest number of graduating students was Montana State University-Billings with 981 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

442

Degrees Awarded to Men

860

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 442 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Billings, MT, which is 0.514 times less than the 860 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Billings, MT by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,093 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    50 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    32 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Billings, MT were to White students. These 1,093 degrees mean that there were 21.9 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 50 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Billings, MT was $206,100 in 2017, which is 0.947 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $198,300 to $206,100, a 3.93% increase. The homeownership rate in Billings, MT is 62.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Billings, MT have an average commute time of 16 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Billings, MT is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,585

Median Household Income

± $1,636

45.7k

Number of Households

± 1,394

In 2017, the median household income of the 45.7k households in Billings, MT grew to $55,585 from the previous year's value of $52,944.

The following chart displays the households in Billings, MT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$206,100

2017 Median

± $3,947

$198,300

2016 Median

± $3,221

In 2017, the median property value in Billings, MT grew to to $206,100 from the previous year's value of $198,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Billings, MT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Billings, MT the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Billings, MT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Billings, MT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

62.9%

2017 Homeownership

62.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62.9% of the housing units in Billings, MT were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Billings, MT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Billings, MT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Billings, MT have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

16 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Billings, MT have a shorter commute time (16 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.11% of the workforce in Billings, MT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Billings, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.3%

  2. Carpooled

    8.88%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.81%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Billings, MT was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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