Billings City PUMA, MT

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Population

107,105

0.427% decline

Median Age

37.1


Median Household Income

$54,219

5.19% growth

Poverty Rate

11.3%


Number of Employees

50,096

1.43% growth

Median Property Value

$199,900

3.52% growth

About

In 2017, Billings City PUMA, MT had a population of 107k people with a median age of 37.1 and a median household income of $54,219. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Billings City PUMA, MT declined from 107,564 to 107,105, a -0.427% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,544 to $54,219, a 5.19% increase.

The population of Billings City PUMA, MT is 85.1% White Alone, 6.24% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.38% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. 4.03% of the people in Billings City PUMA, MT speak a non-English language, and 98.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Billings City PUMA, MT are Montana State University-Billings (902 degrees awarded in 2017), Rocky Mountain College (252 degrees), and Bold Beauty Academy (70 degrees).

The median property value in Billings City PUMA, MT is $199,900, and the homeownership rate is 63.3%. Most people in Billings City PUMA, MT commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16 minutes. The average car ownership in Billings City PUMA, MT is 2 cars per household.

Billings City PUMA, MT borders East Montana (Outside Billings City) PUMA, MT.

Economy

The economy of Billings City PUMA, MT employs 50.1k people. The largest industries in Billings City PUMA, MT are Restaurants & Food Services (4,050 people), Construction (3,682 people), and Hospitals (3,513 people), and the highest paying industries are Support activities for mining ($128,307), Legal services ($107,880), and Offices of physicians ($107,757).

Median household income in Billings City PUMA, MT is $54,219. Males in Billings City PUMA, MT have an average income that is 1.46 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,494. The income inequality in Billings City PUMA, MT (measured using the Gini index) is 0.455, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,219

2017 value

± $1,499

5.19%

1 Year Growth

± 3.58%

Households in Billings City PUMA, MT have a median annual income of $54,219, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,544 in 2016, which represents a 5.19% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Billings City PUMA, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$60,501

Average Male Salary

± $9,599

$41,494

Average Female Salary

± $7,327

In 2017, full-time male employees in Billings City PUMA, MT made 1.46 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Billings City PUMA, MT by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $45,885 ± $5,786

  2. Asian

    $44,561 ± $30,003

  3. Two or More Races

    $34,497 ± $31,898

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Billings City PUMA, MT workers was White. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Billings City PUMA, MT by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.455

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Billings City PUMA, MT was 0.455 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.684% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Billings City PUMA, MT was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Billings City PUMA, MT in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Billings City PUMA, MT across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Billings City PUMA, MT was Bozeman City PUMA, MT with a value of $67,804, followed by East Montana (Outside Billings City) PUMA, MT and Butte-Silver Bow & Helena City PUMA, MT, with respective values of $57,167 and $55,560.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Billings City PUMA, MT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Billings City PUMA, MT (11.7k out of 104k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    9,360 ± 733

  2. Hispanic

    919 ± 252

  3. Black

    121 ± 127

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Billings City PUMA, MT is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

50.1k

2017 Value

1.43%

1 Year growth

± 1.43%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Billings City PUMA, MT grew at a rate of 1.43%, from 49.4k employees to 50.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Billings City PUMA, MT, are Cashiers (1,307 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,301 people), and Miscellaneous managers (1,209 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Billings City PUMA, MT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Billings City PUMA, MT, by number of employees, are Cashiers (1,307 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,301 people), and Miscellaneous managers (1,209 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Billings City PUMA, MT has an unusually high number of residents working as Miscellaneous vehicle & mobile equipment mechanics, installers, & repairers (8.32 times higher than expected), Miscellaneous community & social service specialists, including health educators & community health workers (7.08 times), and Mining machine operators (6.47 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Billings City PUMA, MT, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($200,991), Medical & health services managers ($155,184), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($153,675).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

50.1k

2017 Value

1.43%

1 Year growth

± 1.43%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Billings City PUMA, MT grew at a rate of 1.43%, from 49.4k employees to 50.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Billings City PUMA, MT, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,050 people), Construction (3,682 people), and Hospitals (3,513 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Billings City PUMA, MT, though some of these residents may live in Billings City PUMA, MT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Billings City PUMA, MT, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,050 people), Construction (3,682 people), and Hospitals (3,513 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Billings City PUMA, MT has an unusually high number of Petroleum refining (12.6 times higher than expected), Metal ore mining (10.8 times), and Coal mining (8.67 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Billings City PUMA, MT, by average salary, are Support activities for mining ($128,307), Legal services ($107,880), and Offices of physicians ($107,757).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $7.36B

  2. $6.5B

  3. $6.26B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $7.36B, followed by Gasoline ($6.5B) and Fuel oils ($6.26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Montana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Montana state.

$47.3B

2020 Value

$53.9B

Projected 2045 Value

13.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Montana trade was $47.3B. This is expected to increase 13.9% to $53.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Montana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $5.46B

  2. $3.06B

  3. $3.03B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Dakota with $5.46B, followed by Wyoming with $3.06B and Idaho and $3.03B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Montana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.3% of the population of Billings City PUMA, MT has health coverage, with 49.3% on employee plans, 13.2% on Medicaid, 11.3% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 1.97% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Billings City PUMA, MT was $8,221 in 2014. This is a 2.84% increase from the previous year ($7,994).

Primary care physicians in Billings City PUMA, MT see 1308 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.305% decrease from the previous year (1312 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1416 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 378 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.8%). Additionally, Big Horn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

1,308 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Montana see an average of 1,308 patients per year. This represents a 0.305% decrease from the previous year (1,312 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Montana in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

$8,221

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,882

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,378

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,238

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Montana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.84%, from $7,994 to $8,221.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.7%

Uninsured

49.3%

Employer Coverage

13.2%

Medicaid

11.3%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

1.97%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Billings City PUMA, MT stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 12.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Billings City PUMA, MT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.8% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 12.3% prevalence

Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Montana, at 14.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Montana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Billings City PUMA, MT is home to a population of 107k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2016, 2.13% of Billings City PUMA, MT residents were born outside of the country (2.29k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Billings City PUMA, MT is composed of 91.2k White Alone residents (85.1%), 6.68k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.24%), 4.69k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (4.38%), 2.81k Two or More Races residents (2.63%), 780 Black or African American Alone residents (0.728%), 758 Asian Alone residents (0.708%), 124 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.116%), and 89 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0831%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Billings City PUMA, MT are Spanish (1,761 speakers), Other Native Languages of North America (482 speakers), and German (412 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Billings City PUMA, MT was 37.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Billings City PUMA, MT are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Billings City PUMA, MT residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.13%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.29k people

2.1%

2015 Foreign-Born Population

2.24k people

As of 2016, 2.13% of Billings City PUMA, MT residents (2.29k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2015, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Billings City PUMA, MT was 2.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Billings City PUMA, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    594 ± 597 people

  2. Canada

    442 ± 515 people

  3. Philippines

    294 ± 420 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Billings City PUMA, MT was Mexico, the natal country of 594 Billings City PUMA, MT residents, followed by Canada with 442 and Philippines with 294.

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Citizenship

98.9%

2017 Citizenship

99.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.9% of Billings City PUMA, MT residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Billings City PUMA, MT was 99.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Billings City PUMA, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    91.2k ± 823

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    6.68k ± 799

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    4.69k ± 553

In 2017, there were 13.6 times more White Alone residents (91.2k people) in Billings City PUMA, MT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.68k Hispanic or Latino and 4.69k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Billings City PUMA, MT as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    1,761 speakers (1.76%)

  2. Other Native Languages of North America

    482 speakers (0.481%)

  3. German

    412 speakers (0.412%)

4.03% of Billings City PUMA, MT citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Billings City PUMA, MT was Spanish. 1.76% of the overall population of Billings City PUMA, MT are native Spanish speakers. 0.481% speak Other Native Languages of North America and 0.412% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,609 ± 311

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,218 ± 230

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,179 ± 222

Billings City PUMA, MT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.14 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Billings City PUMA, MT awarded 1,224 degrees. The student population of Billings City PUMA, MT is skewed towards women, with 2,096 male students and 3,403 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Billings City PUMA, MT are White (1,029 and 86.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (49 and 4.13%), American Indian or Alaska Native (35 and 2.95%), and Unknown (24 and 2.02%).

The largest universities in Billings City PUMA, MT by number of degrees awarded are Montana State University-Billings (902 and 73.7%), Rocky Mountain College (252 and 20.6%), and Bold Beauty Academy (70 and 5.72%).

The most popular majors in Billings City PUMA, MT are General Business (145 and 11.8%), Elementary Education & Teaching (75 and 6.13%), and Health Care Administration & Management (42 and 3.43%).

The median tuition costs in Billings City PUMA, MT are $27,036 for private four year colleges, and $4,397 and $17,162 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 145 degrees awarded

  2. 75 degrees awarded

  3. 36 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Billings City PUMA, MT was General Business with 145 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Billings City PUMA, MT according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 902 degrees awarded

  2. 252 degrees awarded

  3. 70 degrees awarded

$4,397

Median In-State Public

$27,036

Median Private

In 2017, the Billings City PUMA, MT institution with the largest number of graduating students was Montana State University-Billings with 902 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

447

Degrees Awarded to Men

777

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 447 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Billings City PUMA, MT, which is 0.575 times less than the 777 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Billings City PUMA, MT by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,029 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    49 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    35 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Billings City PUMA, MT were to White students. These 1,029 degrees mean that there were 21 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 49 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Billings City PUMA, MT was $199,900 in 2017, which is 0.87 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $193,100 to $199,900, a 3.52% increase. The homeownership rate in Billings City PUMA, MT is 63.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Billings City PUMA, MT have an average commute time of 16 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Billings City PUMA, MT is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$199,900

2017 Median

± $3,837

$193,100

2016 Median

± $3,066

In 2017, the median property value in Billings City PUMA, MT grew to to $199,900 from the previous year's value of $193,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Billings City PUMA, MT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Billings City PUMA, MT the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,219

Median Household Income

± $1,499

44.7k

Number of Households

± 1,349

In 2017, the median household income of the 44.7k households in Billings City PUMA, MT grew to $54,219 from the previous year's value of $51,544.

The following chart displays the households in Billings City PUMA, MT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Billings City PUMA, MT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Billings City PUMA, MT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

63.3%

2017 Homeownership

63%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.3% of the housing units in Billings City PUMA, MT were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Billings City PUMA, MT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

16 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Billings City PUMA, MT have a shorter commute time (16 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.11% of the workforce in Billings City PUMA, MT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Billings City PUMA, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.05%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.68%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Billings City PUMA, MT was Drove Alone (82.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.05%) and those who Worked At Home (3.68%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Billings City PUMA, MT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Billings City PUMA, MT have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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