Berkeley, CA

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Population

120,179

1.34% growth

Median Age

31


Median Household Income

$75,709

7.55% growth

Poverty Rate

19.8%


Number of Employees

62,055

1.74% growth

Median Property Value

$861,800

8.38% growth

About

In 2017, Berkeley, CA had a population of 120k people with a median age of 31 and a median household income of $75,709. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Berkeley, CA grew from 118,585 to 120,179, a 1.34% increase and its median household income grew from $70,393 to $75,709, a 7.55% increase.

The population of Berkeley, CA is 54.6% White Alone, 19.6% Asian Alone, and 11% Hispanic or Latino. 27.9% of the people in Berkeley, CA speak a non-English language, and 88.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Berkeley, CA are University of California-Berkeley (12,233 degrees awarded in 2016), Berkeley City College (647 degrees), and The Wright Institute (158 degrees).

The median property value in Berkeley, CA is $861,800, and the homeownership rate is 42.9%. Most people in Berkeley, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Berkeley, CA is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Claremont Canyon at Dawn

Economy

The economy of Berkeley, CA employs 62.1k people. The largest industries in Berkeley, CA are Educational Services (15,694 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (11,053 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (6,746 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($113,929), Utilities ($110,750), and Finance & Insurance ($74,970).

Median household income in Berkeley, CA is $75,709. Males in Berkeley, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,252. The income inequality in Berkeley, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.5, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$75,709

2017 value

± $2,316

7.55%

1 Year Growth

± 4.92%

Households in Berkeley, CA have a median annual income of $75,709, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $70,393 in 2016, which represents a 7.55% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Berkeley, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

$72,235

Average Male Salary

± $699

$57,252

Average Female Salary

± $582

In 2017, full-time male employees in Berkeley, CA made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Berkeley, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,946 ± $1,081

  2. White

    $59,925 ± $556

  3. Two or More Races

    $49,289 ± $1,826

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Berkeley, CA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Berkeley, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Berkeley, CA is from California.

0.5

2017 Wage GINI

0.5

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.5 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.16% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4226

  2. Census Tract 4212

  3. Census Tract 4211

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Berkeley, CA was Census Tract 4226 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 4212 and Census Tract 4211, with respective values of $150,673 and $148,750.

The following map shows all of the places in Berkeley, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Berkeley, CA (21.4k out of 108k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,438 ± 781

  2. Asian

    7,355 ± 814

  3. Black

    2,819 ± 492

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Berkeley, CA is White, followed by Asian and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

62.1k

2017 Value

± 1,584

1.74%

1 Year growth

± 3.52%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Berkeley, CA grew at a rate of 1.74%, from 61k employees to 62.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Berkeley, CA, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (8,988 people), Management Occupations (7,863 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,667 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Berkeley, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Berkeley, CA, by number of employees, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (8,988 people), Management Occupations (7,863 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,667 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Berkeley, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (7.95 times higher than expected), Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (3.49 times), and Legal Occupations (2.45 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Berkeley, CA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($108,068), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($99,236), and Management Occupations ($82,988).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

62.1k

2017 Value

± 1,584

1.74%

1 Year growth

± 3.52%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Berkeley, CA grew at a rate of 1.74%, from 61k employees to 62.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Berkeley, CA, are Educational Services (15,694 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (11,053 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (6,746 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Berkeley, CA, though some of these residents may live in Berkeley, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Berkeley, CA, by number of employees, are Educational Services (15,694 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (11,053 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (6,746 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Berkeley, CA has an unusually high number of Educational Services (2.73 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2.54 times), and Information (2.16 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Berkeley, CA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($113,929), Utilities ($110,750), and Finance & Insurance ($74,970).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight with $157B and Gasoline and $127B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95% of the population of Berkeley, CA has health coverage, with 53.9% on employee plans, 8.49% on Medicaid, 10.5% on Medicare, 21.4% on non-group plans, and 0.697% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Berkeley, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Berkeley, CA see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

1,281 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5%

Uninsured

53.9%

Employer Coverage

8.49%

Medicaid

10.5%

Medicare

21.4%

Non-Group

0.697%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Berkeley, CA declined by 10.5% from 5.58% to 5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Berkeley, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Berkeley, CA is home to a population of 120k people, from which 88.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 20.2% of Berkeley, CA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Berkeley, CA is composed of 65.7k White Alone residents (54.6%), 23.5k Asian Alone residents (19.6%), 13.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (11%), 10k Black or African American Alone residents (8.34%), 6.61k Two or More Races residents (5.5%), 567 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.472%), 323 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.269%), and 295 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.245%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Berkeley, CA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (8,654 speakers), Chinese (6,964 speakers), and Korean (1,773 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

33

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Berkeley, CA was 31. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 33. But people in Berkeley, CA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Berkeley, CA residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

20.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20.6%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 20.2% of Berkeley, CA residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Berkeley, CA was 20.6%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Berkeley, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,212,695 ± 47,591 people

  2. Philippines

    836,199 ± 22,209 people

  3. China

    612,429 ± 19,062 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Berkeley, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 4,212,695 Berkeley, CA residents, followed by Philippines with 836,199 and China with 612,429.

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Citizenship

88.2%

2017 Citizenship

88.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 88.2% of Berkeley, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Berkeley, CA was 88.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Berkeley, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    65.7k ± 1.19k

  2. Asian Alone

    23.5k ± 1.04k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    13.2k ± 1.05k

In 2017, there were 2.79 times more White Alone residents (65.7k people) in Berkeley, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.5k Asian Alone and 13.2k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Berkeley, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    8,654 speakers (7.64%)

  2. Chinese

    6,964 speakers (6.15%)

  3. Korean

    1,773 speakers (1.57%)

27.9% of Berkeley, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Berkeley, CA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 7.64% of the overall population of Berkeley, CA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 6.15% speak Chinese and 1.57% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,166 ± 217

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    471 ± 156

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    283 ± 102

Berkeley, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.48 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Berkeley, CA awarded 13,327 degrees. The student population of Berkeley, CA is skewed towards women, with 23,653 male students and 24,591 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Berkeley, CA are White (4,021 and 36.2%), followed by Asian (3,701 and 33.3%), Hispanic or Latino (1,575 and 14.2%), and Unknown (763 and 6.87%).

The largest universities in Berkeley, CA by number of degrees awarded are University of California-Berkeley (12,233 and 91.8%), Berkeley City College (647 and 4.85%), and The Wright Institute (158 and 1.19%).

The most popular majors in Berkeley, CA are General Business Administration & Management (943 and 7.08%), General Economics (565 and 4.24%), and Cellular & Molecular Biology (512 and 3.84%).

The median tuition costs in Berkeley, CA are $18,150 for private four year colleges, and $11,220 and $37,902 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 538 degrees awarded

  2. 482 degrees awarded

  3. 422 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Berkeley, CA was General Economics with 538 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Berkeley, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 12,233 degrees awarded

  2. 647 degrees awarded

  3. 158 degrees awarded

$11,220

Median In-State Public

$18,150

Median Private

In 2016, the Berkeley, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of California-Berkeley with 12,233 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,452

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,875

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 6,452 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Berkeley, CA, which is 0.938 times less than the 6,875 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Berkeley, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,021 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    3,701 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1,575 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Berkeley, CA were to White students. These 4,021 degrees mean that there were 1.09 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 3,701 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Berkeley, CA was $861,800 in 2017, which is 3.96 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $795,200 to $861,800, a 8.38% increase. The homeownership rate in Berkeley, CA is 42.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Berkeley, CA have an average commute time of 25.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Berkeley, CA is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$75,709

Median Household Income

± $2,316

45.5k

Number of Households

± 1,232

In 2017, the median household income of the 45.5k households in Berkeley, CA grew to $75,709 from the previous year's value of $70,393.

The following chart displays the households in Berkeley, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Housing

Property Value

$861,800

2017 Median

± $14,560

$795,200

2016 Median

± $15,816

In 2017, the median property value in Berkeley, CA grew to to $861,800 from the previous year's value of $795,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Berkeley, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Berkeley, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $750k - $1000k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Berkeley, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Berkeley, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

42.9%

2017 Homeownership

42.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 42.9% of the housing units in Berkeley, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 42.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Berkeley, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Berkeley, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Berkeley, CA have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

25.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Berkeley, CA have a longer commute time (25.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.63% of the workforce in Berkeley, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Berkeley, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    32.3%

  2. Public Transit

    23%

  3. Walked

    18%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Berkeley, CA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Walked.

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