Bellingham, WA

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Population

85,388

1.1% growth

Median Age

31.1


Median Household Income

$47,886

7.75% growth

Poverty Rate

21.6%


Number of Employees

43,898

3.24% growth

Median Property Value

$328,300

7.18% growth

About

In 2017, Bellingham, WA had a population of 85.4k people with a median age of 31.1 and a median household income of $47,886. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Bellingham, WA grew from 84,462 to 85,388, a 1.1% increase and its median household income grew from $44,441 to $47,886, a 7.75% increase.

The population of Bellingham, WA is 78.5% White Alone, 8.27% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.18% Asian Alone. 13% of the people in Bellingham, WA speak a non-English language, and 95% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Bellingham, WA are Western Washington University (3,881 degrees awarded in 2016), Whatcom Community College (1,225 degrees), and Bellingham Technical College (912 degrees).

The median property value in Bellingham, WA is $328,300, and the homeownership rate is 45.3%. Most people in Bellingham, WA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Bellingham, WA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Bellingham, WA employs 43.9k people. The largest industries in Bellingham, WA are Retail Trade (6,760 people), Educational Services (6,179 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (5,396 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($58,125), Utilities ($49,706), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($44,737).

Median household income in Bellingham, WA is $47,886. Males in Bellingham, WA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,882. The income inequality in Bellingham, WA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.468, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,886

2017 value

± $2,510

7.75%

1 Year Growth

± 7.15%

Households in Bellingham, WA have a median annual income of $47,886, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,441 in 2016, which represents a 7.75% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Bellingham, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Bellingham City public use microdata area, WA.

$73,040

Average Male Salary

± $1,385

$53,882

Average Female Salary

± $1,130

In 2017, full-time male employees in Bellingham, WA made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Bellingham, WA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the Bellingham City public use microdata area, WA.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,555 ± $3,156

  2. White

    $57,225 ± $943

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,049 ± $3,328

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Bellingham, WA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Bellingham, WA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Bellingham, WA is from Bellingham City PUMA, WA.

0.468

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Bellingham City PUMA, WA was 0.468 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.695% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Bellingham City PUMA, WA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Bellingham City PUMA, WA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Bellingham City PUMA, WA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 8.04

  2. Census Tract 9.02

  3. Census Tract 4

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Bellingham, WA was Census Tract 8.04 with a value of $82,180, followed by Census Tract 9.02 and Census Tract 4, with respective values of $68,621 and $65,174.

The following map shows all of the places in Bellingham, WA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Bellingham, WA (17.4k out of 80.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    13,796 ± 992

  2. Hispanic

    2,219 ± 454

  3. Two Or More

    1,206 ± 293

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Bellingham, WA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

43.9k

2017 Value

± 1,656

3.24%

1 Year growth

± 5.29%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bellingham, WA grew at a rate of 3.24%, from 42.5k employees to 43.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Bellingham, WA, are Sales & Related Occupations (5,540 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,182 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (3,910 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Bellingham, WA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Bellingham, WA, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (5,540 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,182 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (3,910 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Bellingham, WA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.86 times higher than expected), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.52 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.47 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Bellingham, WA, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($76,837), Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($62,061), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($60,969).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

43.9k

2017 Value

± 1,656

3.24%

1 Year growth

± 5.29%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bellingham, WA grew at a rate of 3.24%, from 42.5k employees to 43.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Bellingham, WA, are Retail Trade (6,760 people), Educational Services (6,179 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (5,396 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Bellingham, WA, though some of these residents may live in Bellingham, WA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Bellingham, WA, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (6,760 people), Educational Services (6,179 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (5,396 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Bellingham, WA has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.79 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.52 times), and Retail Trade (1.35 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Bellingham, WA, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($58,125), Utilities ($49,706), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($44,737).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $38.6B

  2. $37.2B

  3. $28.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington product (by dollars) was Transport equip. with $38.6B, followed by Mixed freight with $37.2B and Gasoline and $28.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Washington products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Washington state.

$296B

2015 Value

$444B

Projected 2045 Value

50.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Washington trade was $296B. This is expected to increase 50.1% to $444B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Washington trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.3B

  2. $14.2B

  3. $9.45B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Oregon with $26.3B, followed by California with $14.2B and Tennessee and $9.45B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Washington shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93% of the population of Bellingham, WA has health coverage, with 49.7% on employee plans, 15.8% on Medicaid, 10.1% on Medicare, 16.1% on non-group plans, and 1.29% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Bellingham, WA was $7,913 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,609).

Primary care physicians in Bellingham, WA see 1202 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.839% increase from the previous year (1192 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1254 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 335 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14%). Additionally, Adams County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (36.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

1202 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Washington see an average of 1202 patients per year. This represents a 0.839% increase from the previous year (1192 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Washington in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

$7,913

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,328

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,851

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,997

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Washington (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,609 to $7,913.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.97%

Uninsured

49.7%

Employer Coverage

15.8%

Medicaid

10.1%

Medicare

16.1%

Non-Group

1.29%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Bellingham, WA declined by 18.4% from 8.54% to 6.97%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Bellingham, WA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14% prevalence

  2. 13.6% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Washington, at 14%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Washington by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Bellingham, WA is home to a population of 85.4k people, from which 95% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.3% of Bellingham, WA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Bellingham, WA is composed of 67k White Alone residents (78.5%), 7.06k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.27%), 5.28k Asian Alone residents (6.18%), 3.33k Two or More Races residents (3.9%), 1.26k Black or African American Alone residents (1.48%), 1.22k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.43%), 152 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.178%), and 44 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0515%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Bellingham, WA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (3,972 speakers), Russian (1,012 speakers), and Other Indic Languages (877 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Bellingham, WA was 31.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Bellingham, WA are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Bellingham, WA residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

10.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 10.3% of Bellingham, WA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Bellingham, WA was 10.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Bellingham, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,445 ± 11,764 people

  2. Philippines

    67,799 ± 6,362 people

  3. India

    67,429 ± 6,345 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Bellingham, WA was Mexico, the natal country of 237,445 Bellingham, WA residents, followed by Philippines with 67,799 and India with 67,429.

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Citizenship

95%

2017 Citizenship

95%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95% of Bellingham, WA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Bellingham, WA was 95%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Bellingham, WA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    67k ± 998

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    7.06k ± 1.07k

  3. Asian Alone

    5.28k ± 535

In 2017, there were 9.5 times more White Alone residents (67k people) in Bellingham, WA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.06k Hispanic or Latino and 5.28k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Bellingham, WA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    3,972 speakers (5.02%)

  2. Russian

    1,012 speakers (1.28%)

  3. Other Indic Languages

    877 speakers (1.11%)

13% of Bellingham, WA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Bellingham, WA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 5.02% of the overall population of Bellingham, WA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.28% speak Russian and 1.11% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,840 ± 281

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    708 ± 275

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    530 ± 184

Bellingham, WA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.6 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Bellingham, WA awarded 6,042 degrees. The student population of Bellingham, WA is skewed towards women, with 9,916 male students and 12,591 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Bellingham, WA are White (4,422 and 74.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (434 and 7.3%), Two or More Races (378 and 6.36%), and Asian (305 and 5.13%).

The largest universities in Bellingham, WA by number of degrees awarded are Western Washington University (3,881 and 64.2%), Whatcom Community College (1,225 and 20.3%), and Bellingham Technical College (912 and 15.1%).

The most popular majors in Bellingham, WA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (705 and 11.7%), General Psychology (180 and 2.98%), and General Business Administration & Management (172 and 2.85%).

The median tuition costs in Bellingham, WA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $4,623 and $13,888 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 112 degrees awarded

  2. 180 degrees awarded

  3. 127 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Bellingham, WA was Sociology with 112 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Bellingham, WA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,881 degrees awarded

  2. 1,225 degrees awarded

  3. 912 degrees awarded

$4,623

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Bellingham, WA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Western Washington University with 3,881 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,623

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,419

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,623 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Bellingham, WA, which is 0.767 times less than the 3,419 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Bellingham, WA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,422 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    434 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    378 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Bellingham, WA were to White students. These 4,422 degrees mean that there were 10.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 434 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Bellingham, WA was $328,300 in 2017, which is 1.51 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $306,300 to $328,300, a 7.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Bellingham, WA is 45.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Bellingham, WA have an average commute time of 16.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Bellingham, WA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,886

Median Household Income

± $2,510

35.3k

Number of Households

± 1,368

In 2017, the median household income of the 35.3k households in Bellingham, WA grew to $47,886 from the previous year's value of $44,441.

The following chart displays the households in Bellingham, WA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$328,300

2017 Median

± $7,801

$306,300

2016 Median

± $9,339

In 2017, the median property value in Bellingham, WA grew to to $328,300 from the previous year's value of $306,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Bellingham, WA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bellingham, WA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Bellingham, WA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bellingham, WA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

45.3%

2017 Homeownership

45%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 45.3% of the housing units in Bellingham, WA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 45%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Bellingham, WA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Bellingham, WA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Bellingham, WA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

16.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Bellingham, WA have a shorter commute time (16.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.81% of the workforce in Bellingham, WA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Bellingham, WA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    68%

  2. Carpooled

    8.79%

  3. Walked

    8.05%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Bellingham, WA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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