Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
187,255
0.14% 1-year decline
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
42.8
0.706% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
13%
2.25% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$63,829
9.95% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$146,900
15.1% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
81,519
1.09% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI had a population of 187k people with a median age of 42.8 and a median household income of $63,829. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI declined from 187,517 to 187,255, a −0.14% decrease and its median household income grew from $58,051 to $63,829, a 9.95% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (89.5%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.89%), White (Hispanic) (2.31%), Two+ (Hispanic) (1.42%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (1.36%).

2.73% of the households in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.4% of the residents in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI are Delta College (1,039 degrees awarded in 2022), Northwood University (841 degrees), and Ross Medical Education Center-Midland (88 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI was $146,900, and the homeownership rate was 76.6%.

Most people in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI is home to a population of 187k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.85% of Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country (3.47k people).

In 2022, there were 30.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (168k people) in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.42k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 4.32k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI are Spanish (1,945 households), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (418 households), and German (318 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
94,246
Women
50.4%
92,932
Men
49.6%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 187,178 inhabitants, with 49.6% men, and 50.4% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

99.4%
2022 Citizenship
99%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99.4% of Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    168k ± 379
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    5.42k ± 492
  3. White (Hispanic)
    4.32k ± 563
4.58%
Hispanic Population
8.58k people

In 2022, there were 30.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (168k people) in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.42k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 4.32k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.58% of the people in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI are hispanic (8.58k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. China
    497 ± 547 people
  2. Canada
    472 ± 533 people
  3. India
    400 ± 491 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI was China, the natal country of 497 Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI residents, followed by Canada with 472 and India with 400.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.85%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
3.47k people
2.2%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
4.12k people

As of 2022, 1.85% of Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI residents (3.47k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI was 2.2%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    1,945 households (1.09%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    418 households (0.235%)
  3. German
    318 households (0.179%)

2.73% of the households in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI was Spanish. 1.09% of the households in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,071 ± 465
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,212 ± 335
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,586 ± 315

Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.84 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI employs 81.5k people. The largest industries in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI are Restaurants & Food Services (5,531 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (5,395 people), and Construction (4,784 people), and the highest paying industries are Pipeline transportation ($295,407), Offices of other health practitioners ($148,596), and Legal services ($135,888).

Males in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,869. The income inequality in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
38,740
Women
48.2%
41,638
Men
51.8%

The workforce of Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI in 2020 was 80,378 people, with 48.2% woman, and 51.8% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI.

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Occupations

81.5k
2022 Value
1.09%
1 Year growth
± 1.09%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 1.09%, from 80.6k employees to 81.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI, are Registered nurses (2,390 people), Cashiers (2,212 people), and Retail salespersons (1,986 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

81.5k
2022 Value
1.09%
1 Year growth
± 1.09%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 1.09%, from 80.6k employees to 81.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI, are Restaurants & Food Services (5,531 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (5,395 people), and Construction (4,784 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$51,350
Median earning men ± $1,508
$34,732
Median earning women ± $1,070

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($67,379), Manufacturing ($67,127), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($64,213).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Manufacturing ($61,571), Public Administration ($57,258), and Construction ($55,263).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Y-Axis
2.16%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.37M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 2.16% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 23.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Michigan went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 50.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (47.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.09%).

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI awarded 2,005 degrees. The student population of Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 4,031 male students and 5,416 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI are White (1,502 and 75.8%), followed by Black or African American (165 and 8.32%), Hispanic or Latino (117 and 5.9%), and Unknown (109 and 5.5%).

The largest universities in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI by number of degrees awarded are Delta College (1,039 and 51.8%), Northwood University (841 and 41.9%), and Ross Medical Education Center-Midland (88 and 4.39%).

The most popular majors in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI are General Business Administration & Management (471 and 23.5%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (217 and 10.8%), and General Studies (196 and 9.78%).

The median tuition cost in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI for private four year colleges is $30,020.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI, the percentage of applicants admitted was 79.7%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 22.7%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 9,447 (42.7% men and 57.3% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 9,447 students enrolled in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI, 42.7% men and 57.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 6,865 records, of which 57.7% were women and 42.3% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 132 degrees awarded
  2. 216 degrees awarded
  3. 196 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI was Registered Nursing with 132 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,039 degrees awarded
  2. 841 degrees awarded
  3. 88 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Delta College with 1,039 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 838 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI, which is 0.718 times less than the 1,167 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,502 degrees mean that there were 9.1 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 165 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($30,020) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,580) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($2,070) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.666% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.59% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (48.6k), Some college (35.2k), and Bachelors Degree (24.2k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI was $146,900 in 2022, which is 0.521 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $127,600 to $146,900, a 15.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI is 76.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 23.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI is $63,829. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI was Oakland County (Central)--Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $138,062, followed by Oakland County (East Central)--Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $115,047 and $111,400.

Property

$146,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,353
$60,798
Median Property Taxes
±$1,614

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

76.6%
Homeownership
2022
61.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 76.6% of the housing units in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 76.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI was Oakland County (Central)--Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $138,062, followed by Oakland County (East Central)--Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $115,047 and $111,400.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$63,829
Median Household Income
± $1,398
79.3k
Number of Households
± 1,957

In 2022, the median household income of the 79.3k households in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI grew to $63,829 from the previous year's value of $58,051.

The following chart displays the households in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.466
2022 Wage GINI in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI
0.467
2021 Wage GINI in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI

In 2022, the income inequality in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.251% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (82.3%)
  2. Worked At Home (7.9%)
  3. Carpooled (6.76%)

In 2022, 82.3% of workers in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (7.9%) and those who carpooled to work (6.76%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI have a shorter commute time (23.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.98% of the workforce in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

13% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI (24.1k out of 185k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

95.4% of the population of Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI has health coverage, with 49.1% on employee plans, 17.1% on Medicaid, 15.2% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 1.38% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Michigan see 1246 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1266 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1294 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 332 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
1,246 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Michigan

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,246 patients per year. This represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1,266 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21.7% under 18 years, 18.8% between 18 and 34 years, 39.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.8% were men and 51.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.59%
Uninsured
49.1%
Employer Coverage
17.1%
Medicaid
15.2%
Medicare
12.6%
Non-Group
1.38%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI declined by 6.96% from 4.94% to 4.59%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Bay & Midland Counties PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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