Ballard County, KY

County

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2019 Population
8,032
0.717% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
43.6
0.693% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
15.4%
9.44% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$45,048
1.57% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$102,900
3.11% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
3,319
0.658% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Ballard County, KY had a population of 8.03k people with a median age of 43.6 and a median household income of $45,048. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Ballard County, KY declined from 8,090 to 8,032, a −0.717% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,350 to $45,048, a 1.57% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Ballard County, KY are White (Non-Hispanic) (92.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (4.08%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.59%), Two+ (Hispanic) (0.598%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Hispanic) (0.361%). 0% of the households in Ballard County, KY speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 99.6% of the residents in Ballard County, KY are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Ballard County, KY was $102,900, and the homeownership rate was 80.7%. Most people in Ballard County, KY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Ballard County, KY was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Kentucky. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Kentucky, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Start Year
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Kentucky. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Kentucky.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Kentucky across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Ballard County, KY is home to a population of 8.03k people, from which 99.6% are citizens. As of 2019, 3.71% of Ballard County, KY residents were born outside of the country (298 people).

In 2019, there were 22.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (7.43k people) in Ballard County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 328 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 128 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Ballard County, KY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    7.43k ± 3
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    328 ± 54
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    128 ± 60.2
1.36%
Hispanic Population
109 people

In 2019, there were 22.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (7.43k people) in Ballard County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 328 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 128 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.36% of the people in Ballard County, KY are hispanic (109 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Ballard County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.71%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
298 people
2.13%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
172 people

As of 2019, 3.71% of Ballard County, KY residents (298 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ballard County, KY was 2.13%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ballard County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

43
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.8
48
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 11.6

In 2019, the median age of all people in Ballard County, KY was 43.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Ballard County, KY are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Ballard County, KY residents was 43.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    31,769 ± 4,360 people
  2. India
    12,409 ± 2,731 people
  3. Cuba
    11,319 ± 2,609 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 31,769 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 12,409 and Cuba with 11,319.

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Citizenship

99.6%
2019 Citizenship
99.6%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 99.6% of Ballard County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Ballard County, KY was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ballard County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    259 ± 61
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    131 ± 78
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    76 ± 52

Ballard County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.98 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Ballard County, KY is $45,048. In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Ballard County, KY was Census Tract 9502 with a value of $48,068, followed by Census Tract 9501 and Census Tract 9503, with respective values of $47,285 and $40,625.

Males in Kentucky have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,437. The income inequality in Kentucky (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Ballard County, KY employs 3.32k people. The largest industries in Ballard County, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (623 people), Manufacturing (413 people), and Retail Trade (398 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($59,808), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($49,643), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($46,719).

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,048
2019 value
± $5,463
1.57%
1 Year Growth
± 14%

Households in Ballard County, KY have a median annual income of $45,048, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,350 in 2018, which represents a 1.57% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Ballard County, KY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
$59,994
Average Male Salary in Kentucky
± $1,633
$44,437
Average Female Salary in Kentucky
± $1,156

In 2019, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Kentucky
  1. Asian
    $58,983 ± $10,861
  2. White
    $46,691 ± $986
  3. American Indian
    $38,377 ± $15,879

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Kentucky.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ballard County, KY is from Kentucky.
0.456
2019 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.456
2018 Wage GINI in Kentucky

In 2019, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.114% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9502
  2. Census Tract 9501
  3. Census Tract 9503

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ballard County, KY was Census Tract 9502 with a value of $48,068, followed by Census Tract 9501 and Census Tract 9503, with respective values of $47,285 and $40,625.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Ballard County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ballard County, KY (1.21k out of 7.89k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 12 - 14.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    1,131 ± 168
  2. Black
    42 ± 76
  3. Native American
    17 ± 81

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ballard County, KY is White, followed by Black and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.32k
2019 Value
± 298
−0.658%
1 Year decline
± 12.5%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Ballard County, KY declined at a rate of −0.658%, from 3.34k employees to 3.32k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ballard County, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (399 people), Sales & Related Occupations (398 people), and Management Occupations (321 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ballard County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ballard County, KY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (399 people), Sales & Related Occupations (398 people), and Management Occupations (321 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ballard County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.71 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.68 times), and Production Occupations (1.68 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ballard County, KY, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($88,194), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($87,188), and Community & Social Service Occupations ($85,449).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.32k
2019 Value
± 298
−0.658%
1 Year decline
± 12.5%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Ballard County, KY declined at a rate of −0.658%, from 3.34k employees to 3.32k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ballard County, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (623 people), Manufacturing (413 people), and Retail Trade (398 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ballard County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Ballard County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ballard County, KY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (623 people), Manufacturing (413 people), and Retail Trade (398 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ballard County, KY has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.42 times higher than expected), Construction (1.76 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.36 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ballard County, KY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($59,808), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($49,643), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($46,719).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $85.2B
  2. $36.6B
  3. $29.3B

In 2018, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $85.2B, followed by Electronics ($36.6B) and Machinery ($29.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky.
$373B
2018 Value in Kentucky
$703B
Projected 2045 Value in Kentucky
88.6% growth

In 2018, total outbound Kentucky trade was $373B. This is expected to increase 88.6% to $703B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $27.8B
  2. $22.6B
  3. $21.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $27.8B, followed by Indiana with $22.6B and California and $21.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Ballard County, KY went to Donald J. Trump with 77.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (19.9%), followed by Other (3.02%). The most partisan county was Leslie County, KY with 89.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Kentucky.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Ballard County, KY
77.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Kentucky
  1. 89.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 88.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 88.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Kentucky was Leslie County, KY with 89.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Kentucky colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Kentucky

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ballard County, KY was $102,900 in 2019, which is 0.428 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $99,800 to $102,900, a 3.11% increase. The homeownership rate in Ballard County, KY is 80.7%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Ballard County, KY have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Ballard County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$102,900
2019 Median
± $10,773
$99,800
2018 Median
± $9,579

In 2019, the median property value in Ballard County, KY grew to to $102,900 from the previous year's value of $99,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ballard County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ballard County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$45,048
Median Household Income
± $5,463
3.07k
Number of Households
± 262

In 2019, the median household income of the 3.07k households in Ballard County, KY grew to $45,048 from the previous year's value of $44,350.

The following chart displays the households in Ballard County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ballard County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ballard County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

80.7%
2019 Homeownership
79.8%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 80.7% of the housing units in Ballard County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 79.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ballard County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ballard County, KY have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.54% of the workforce in Ballard County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ballard County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (91.8%)
  2. Worked At Home (2.48%)
  3. Carpooled (2.45%)

In 2019, 91.8% of workers in Ballard County, KY drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (2.48%) and those who carpooled to work (2.45%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ballard County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ballard County, KY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

92.4% of the population of Ballard County, KY has health coverage, with 40.2% on employee plans, 25.1% on Medicaid, 13.7% on Medicare, 11.2% on non-group plans, and 2.2% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Kentucky was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Comparing across all counties in the state, Knott County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21%). Additionally, Owsley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.7%)

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
$8,004
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Kentucky
$4,551
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,016
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,368
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.62%
Uninsured
40.2%
Employer Coverage
25.1%
Medicaid
13.7%
Medicare
11.2%
Non-Group
2.2%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ballard County, KY declined by 20% from 9.52% to 7.62%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ballard County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 21% prevalence
  2. 20.3% prevalence
  3. 20.2% prevalence

Knott County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 21%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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