Ballard County, KY

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Population

8,152

0.779% decline

Median Age

43.3


Median Household Income

$42,988

2.13% decline

Poverty Rate

18.2%


Number of Employees

3,394

0.963% decline

Median Property Value

$102,600

5.35% decline

About

In 2017, Ballard County, KY had a population of 8.15k people with a median age of 43.3 and a median household income of $42,988. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ballard County, KY declined from 8,216 to 8,152, a -0.779% decrease and its median household income declined from $43,923 to $42,988, a -2.13% decrease.

The population of Ballard County, KY is 93% White Alone, 3.9% Black or African American Alone, and 1.23% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Ballard County, KY speak a non-English language, and 99.7% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Ballard County, KY is $102,600, and the homeownership rate is 78.5%. Most people in Ballard County, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Ballard County, KY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Ballard County, KY employs 3.39k people. The largest industries in Ballard County, KY are Manufacturing (530 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (524 people), and Retail Trade (500 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($75,972), Manufacturing ($60,857), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($49,000).

Median household income in Ballard County, KY is $42,988. Males in Ballard County, KY have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,451. The income inequality in Ballard County, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,988

2017 value

± $2,753

-2.13%

1 Year Growth

± 7.64%

Households in Ballard County, KY have a median annual income of $42,988, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,923 in 2016, which represents a -2.13% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ballard County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$56,557

Average Male Salary

± $1,518

$41,451

Average Female Salary

± $1,092

In 2017, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,164 ± $10,370

  2. White

    $43,856 ± $923

  3. American Indian

    $34,557 ± $13,648

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ballard County, KY is from Kentucky.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.455

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.329% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9502

  2. Census Tract 9501

  3. Census Tract 9503

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ballard County, KY was Census Tract 9502 with a value of $47,731, followed by Census Tract 9501 and Census Tract 9503, with respective values of $45,994 and $40,136.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Ballard County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ballard County, KY (1.44k out of 7.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,307 ± 159

  2. Black

    55 ± 81

  3. Hispanic

    46 ± 79

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ballard County, KY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.39k

2017 Value

± 278

-0.963%

1 Year decline

± 11.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ballard County, KY declined at a rate of -0.963%, from 3.43k employees to 3.39k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ballard County, KY, are Sales & Related Occupations (456 people), Production Occupations (408 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (351 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ballard County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ballard County, KY, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (456 people), Production Occupations (408 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (351 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ballard County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.07 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.53 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.5 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ballard County, KY, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($90,682), Legal Occupations ($88,750), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($85,000).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.39k

2017 Value

± 278

-0.963%

1 Year decline

± 11.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ballard County, KY declined at a rate of -0.963%, from 3.43k employees to 3.39k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ballard County, KY, are Manufacturing (530 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (524 people), and Retail Trade (500 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ballard County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Ballard County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ballard County, KY, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (530 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (524 people), and Retail Trade (500 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Ballard County, KY has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.17 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.55 times), and Manufacturing (1.54 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ballard County, KY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($75,972), Manufacturing ($60,857), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($49,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $74.6B

  2. $17.8B

  3. $17.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $74.6B, followed by Base metals ($17.8B) and Gasoline ($17.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$301B

2020 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

32.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Kentucky trade was $301B. This is expected to increase 32.3% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.5B

  2. $20.7B

  3. $17.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $23.5B, followed by Indiana with $20.7B and Tennessee and $17.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.1% of the population of Ballard County, KY has health coverage, with 39.3% on employee plans, 22% on Medicaid, 14.4% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 2.17% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Ballard County, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Ballard County, KY see 0 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (0 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4027 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 8054 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

0 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ballard County, KY see an average of 0 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (0 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ballard County, KY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.9%

Uninsured

39.3%

Employer Coverage

22%

Medicaid

14.4%

Medicare

11.3%

Non-Group

2.17%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ballard County, KY grew by 6.44% from 10.2% to 10.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ballard County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ballard County, KY is home to a population of 8.15k people, from which 99.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.89% of Ballard County, KY residents were born outside of the country (154 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Ballard County, KY is composed of 7.58k White Alone residents (93%), 318 Black or African American Alone residents (3.9%), 100 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.23%), 97 Two or More Races residents (1.19%), 31 Asian Alone residents (0.38%), 20 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.245%), 3 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0368%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 8.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ballard County, KY was 43.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Ballard County, KY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Ballard County, KY residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.89%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

154 people

1.72%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

141 people

As of 2017, 1.89% of Ballard County, KY residents (154 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ballard County, KY was 1.72%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ballard County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,622 ± 4,418 people

  2. India

    10,932 ± 2,564 people

  3. Cuba

    8,780 ± 2,298 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 32,622 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 10,932 and Cuba with 8,780.

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Citizenship

99.7%

2017 Citizenship

99.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.7% of Ballard County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Ballard County, KY was 99.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ballard County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    7.58k ± 3

  2. Black or African American Alone

    318 ± 45

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    100 ± 44.9

In 2017, there were 23.8 times more White Alone residents (7.58k people) in Ballard County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 318 Black or African American Alone and 100 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ballard County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    180 ± 57

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    95 ± 54

  3. Korea

    80 ± 33

Ballard County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.89 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ballard County, KY was $102,600 in 2017, which is 0.447 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $108,400 to $102,600, a 5.35% decrease. The homeownership rate in Ballard County, KY is 78.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ballard County, KY have an average commute time of 22.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ballard County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$102,600

2017 Median

± $8,718

$108,400

2016 Median

± $8,242

In 2017, the median property value in Ballard County, KY declined from to $102,600 from the previous year's value of $108,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ballard County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ballard County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,988

Median Household Income

± $2,753

3.23k

Number of Households

± 264

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.23k households in Ballard County, KY declined from $42,988 from the previous year's value of $43,923.

The following chart displays the households in Ballard County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ballard County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ballard County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

78.5%

2017 Homeownership

81.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 78.5% of the housing units in Ballard County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 81.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ballard County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ballard County, KY have a shorter commute time (22.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.806% of the workforce in Ballard County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ballard County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    89.3%

  2. Carpooled

    3.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.56%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ballard County, KY was Drove Alone (89.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (3.8%) and those who Worked At Home (3.56%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ballard County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ballard County, KY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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