Altoona, PA

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2020 Population
122,495
0.538% 1-year decline
US Senator
Bob Casey Jr.
Democratic Party
US Senator
Pat Toomey
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
43.6
0.461% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
13.8%
6.04% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$50,856
3.41% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$128,200
3.72% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Altoona, PA had a population of 122k people with a median age of 43.6 and a median household income of $50,856. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Altoona, PA declined from 123,157 to 122,495, a −0.538% decrease and its median household income grew from $49,181 to $50,856, a 3.41% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Altoona, PA are White (Non-Hispanic) (94.2%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.94%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (1.72%), White (Hispanic) (0.995%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.59%).

None of the households in Altoona, PA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.5% of the residents in Altoona, PA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Altoona, PA are Greater Altoona Career & Technology Center (144 degrees awarded in 2020), The Salon Professional Academy-Altoona (42 degrees), and Altoona Beauty School Inc (210748) (39 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Altoona, PA was $128,200, and the homeownership rate was 70.3%.

Most people in Altoona, PA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Altoona, PA was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Altoona, PA is home to a population of 122k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 1.33% of Altoona, PA residents were born outside of the country (1.63k people).

In 2020, there were 48.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (115k people) in Altoona, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.38k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 2.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99.5%
2020 Citizenship
99.7%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 99.5% of Altoona, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Altoona, PA was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Altoona, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Altoona, PA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    115k ± 469
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    2.38k ± 546
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    2.1k ± 203
1.26%
Hispanic Population
1.55k people

In 2020, there were 48.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (115k people) in Altoona, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.38k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 2.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.26% of the people in Altoona, PA are hispanic (1.55k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Altoona, PA as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.33%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
1.63k people
1.22%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
1.5k people

As of 2020, 1.33% of Altoona, PA residents (1.63k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Altoona, PA was 1.22%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Altoona, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,457 ± 321
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,570 ± 326
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    981 ± 209

Altoona, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.2 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Altoona, PA employs 56.4k people. The largest industries in Altoona, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,555 people), Retail Trade (7,923 people), and Manufacturing (5,916 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($54,734), Utilities ($54,205), and Public Administration ($51,627).

Occupations

56.4k
2020 Value
± 1,622
−0.803%
1 Year decline
± 3.88%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Altoona, PA declined at a rate of −0.803%, from 56.8k employees to 56.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Altoona, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,261 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,604 people), and Management Occupations (5,112 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Altoona, PA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Pennsylvania (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

56.4k
2020 Value
± 1,622
−0.803%
1 Year decline
± 3.88%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Altoona, PA declined at a rate of −0.803%, from 56.8k employees to 56.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Altoona, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,555 people), Retail Trade (7,923 people), and Manufacturing (5,916 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Altoona, PA, though some of these residents may live in Altoona, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$40,484
Median earning men ± $1,398
$29,770
Median earning women ± $1,250

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($63,456), Public Administration ($56,452), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,817).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Information ($42,188), Wholesale Trade ($40,278), and Manufacturing ($36,503).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Pennsylvania. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Pennsylvania.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,559
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 715
    Other Services, Except Public Administration
  3. 699
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $110B
  2. $74.2B
  3. $44.2B

In 2020, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $110B, followed by Mixed freight ($74.2B) and Electronics ($44.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania.
$734B
2020 Value in Pennsylvania
$1.46T
Projected 2050 Value in Pennsylvania
99.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $734B. This is expected to increase 99.3% to $1.46T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $73.5B
  2. $71.1B
  3. $36.8B

In 2020, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $73.5B, followed by New York with $71.1B and Ohio and $36.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

Bob Casey Jr. and Pat Toomey are the senators currently representing the state of Pennsylvania. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Pennsylvania

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Bob Casey Jr.
Senator from Pennsylvania1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Pat Toomey
Senator from Pennsylvania3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Bob Casey Jr. and Pat Toomey are the senators currently representing Pennsylvania.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Pennsylvania over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Pennsylvania have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Altoona, PA awarded 245 degrees. The student population of Altoona, PA in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 62 male students and 251 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Altoona, PA are White (225 and 91.8%), followed by Black or African American (8 and 3.27%), Asian (5 and 2.04%), and Hispanic or Latino (3 and 1.22%).

The largest universities in Altoona, PA by number of degrees awarded are Greater Altoona Career & Technology Center (144 and 58.8%), The Salon Professional Academy-Altoona (42 and 17.1%), and Altoona Beauty School Inc (210748) (39 and 15.9%).

The most popular majors in Altoona, PA are Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (76 and 31%), General Cosmetology (48 and 19.6%), and HVAC Maintenance (23 and 9.39%).

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Measure

In 2020, 0.658% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.701% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (3.5M), Bachelors Degree (1.89M), and Some college (1.84M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Altoona, PA was $128,200 in 2020, which is 0.558 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $123,600 to $128,200, a 3.72% increase. The homeownership rate in Altoona, PA is 70.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Altoona, PA have an average commute time of 20.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Altoona, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Altoona, PA is $50,856. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Altoona, PA was Chester County, PA with a value of $104,161, followed by Montgomery County, PA and Bucks County, PA, with respective values of $93,518 and $93,181.

Property

$128,200
Median Property Value 2020
±$3,433
$36,288
Median Property Taxes
±$1,235

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Altoona, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Altoona, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

70.3%
Homeownership
2020
60.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 70.3% of the housing units in Altoona, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.8%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Altoona, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Altoona, PA was Chester County, PA with a value of $104,161, followed by Montgomery County, PA and Bucks County, PA, with respective values of $93,518 and $93,181.

The following map shows all of the counties in Altoona, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$50,856
Median Household Income
± $1,517
51.6k
Number of Households
± 1,477

In 2020, the median household income of the 51.6k households in Altoona, PA grew to $50,856 from the previous year's value of $49,181.

The following chart displays the households in Altoona, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Altoona, PA is from Pennsylvania.
0.466
2020 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania
0.469
2019 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania

In 2020, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.614% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (83.1%)
  2. Carpooled (7.93%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.78%)

In 2020, 83.1% of workers in Altoona, PA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.93%) and those who worked at home (3.78%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Altoona, PA have a shorter commute time (20.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.95% of the workforce in Altoona, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Altoona, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Altoona, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Altoona, PA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

13.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Altoona, PA (16.5k out of 120k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Altoona, PA is White, followed by Two Or More and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

94.9% of the population of Altoona, PA has health coverage, with 44.6% on employee plans, 19.4% on Medicaid, 15.1% on Medicare, 13.9% on non-group plans, and 1.91% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Pennsylvania was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see 1235 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.162% decrease from the previous year (1237 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1408 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 454 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Pennsylvania. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Pennsylvania, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.
1,235 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Pennsylvania

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,235 patients per year. This represents a 0.162% decrease from the previous year (1,237 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Pennsylvania across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21.9% under 18 years, 18.8% between 18 and 34 years, 39.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.1% were men and 51.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.09%
Uninsured
44.6%
Employer Coverage
19.4%
Medicaid
15.1%
Medicare
13.9%
Non-Group
1.91%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Altoona, PA grew by 6.47% from 4.78% to 5.09%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Altoona, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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