Alexandria, VA

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Population

154,710

2.14% growth

Median Age

36.4


Median Household Income

$93,370

4.67% growth

Poverty Rate

10.5%


Number of Employees

95,344

2.13% growth

Median Property Value

$537,900

3.3% growth

About

In 2017, Alexandria, VA had a population of 155k people with a median age of 36.4 and a median household income of $93,370. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Alexandria, VA grew from 151,473 to 154,710, a 2.14% increase and its median household income grew from $89,200 to $93,370, a 4.67% increase.

The population of Alexandria, VA is 51.8% White Alone, 21.7% Black or African American Alone, and 16.7% Hispanic or Latino. 32.2% of the people in Alexandria, VA speak a non-English language, and 82.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Alexandria, VA are Global Health College (110 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Alexandria, VA is $537,900, and the homeownership rate is 43.1%. Most people in Alexandria, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 30.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Alexandria, VA is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Dawn breaking over the Potomac River as seen from the waterfront in Old Town Alexandria, Virginia.

Economy

The economy of Alexandria, VA employs 95.3k people. The largest industries in Alexandria, VA are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (17,677 people), Public Administration (15,668 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,472 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($101,674), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($100,909), and Finance & Insurance ($94,538).

Median household income in Alexandria, VA is $93,370. Males in Alexandria, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Alexandria, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$93,370

2017 value

± $1,553

4.67%

1 Year Growth

± 2.66%

Households in Alexandria, VA have a median annual income of $93,370, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $89,200 in 2016, which represents a 4.67% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Alexandria, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alexandria, VA made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alexandria, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alexandria, VA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alexandria, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Alexandria, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 2002.02

  2. Census Tract 2020.01

  3. Census Tract 2009

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Alexandria, VA was Census Tract 2002.02 with a value of $204,318, followed by Census Tract 2020.01 and Census Tract 2009, with respective values of $184,038 and $180,893.

The following map shows all of the places in Alexandria, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Alexandria, VA (16.1k out of 153k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    6,557 ± 691

  2. White

    6,481 ± 628

  3. Hispanic

    4,820 ± 605

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Alexandria, VA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

95.3k

2017 Value

± 2,126

2.13%

1 Year growth

± 3.16%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Alexandria, VA grew at a rate of 2.13%, from 93.4k employees to 95.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Alexandria, VA, are Management Occupations (15,578 people), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (9,045 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,684 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Alexandria, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Alexandria, VA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (15,578 people), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (9,045 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,684 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Alexandria, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (5.27 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (2.53 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.32 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Alexandria, VA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($132,019), Management Occupations ($93,437), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($92,248).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

95.3k

2017 Value

± 2,126

2.13%

1 Year growth

± 3.16%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Alexandria, VA grew at a rate of 2.13%, from 93.4k employees to 95.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Alexandria, VA, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (17,677 people), Public Administration (15,668 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,472 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Alexandria, VA, though some of these residents may live in Alexandria, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Alexandria, VA, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (17,677 people), Public Administration (15,668 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,472 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Alexandria, VA has an unusually high number of Public Administration (3.52 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2.65 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.7 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Alexandria, VA, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($101,674), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($100,909), and Finance & Insurance ($94,538).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $26B and Electronics and $22.4B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.3% of the population of Alexandria, VA has health coverage, with 56.2% on employee plans, 8.27% on Medicaid, 6.53% on Medicare, 12.5% on non-group plans, and 2.75% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Alexandria, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Alexandria, VA see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1317 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1494 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 684 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

1,316 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Virginia see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1,317 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.7%

Uninsured

56.2%

Employer Coverage

8.27%

Medicaid

6.53%

Medicare

12.5%

Non-Group

2.75%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Alexandria, VA declined by 3.78% from 14.3% to 13.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Alexandria, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Alexandria, VA is home to a population of 155k people, from which 82.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 28.4% of Alexandria, VA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Alexandria, VA is composed of 80.1k White Alone residents (51.8%), 33.6k Black or African American Alone residents (21.7%), 25.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (16.7%), 9.42k Asian Alone residents (6.09%), 5.19k Two or More Races residents (3.35%), 371 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.24%), 100 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0646%), and 34 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.022%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Alexandria, VA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (18,536 speakers), African Languages (9,217 speakers), and Arabic (3,298 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Alexandria, VA was 36.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Alexandria, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Alexandria, VA residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

28.4%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

27.8%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 28.4% of Alexandria, VA residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Alexandria, VA was 27.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Alexandria, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alexandria, VA was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Alexandria, VA residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

82.9%

2017 Citizenship

82.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 82.9% of Alexandria, VA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Alexandria, VA was 82.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Alexandria, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    80.1k ± 153

  2. Black or African American Alone

    33.6k ± 583

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    25.9k ± 1.77k

In 2017, there were 2.39 times more White Alone residents (80.1k people) in Alexandria, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 33.6k Black or African American Alone and 25.9k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Alexandria, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    18,536 speakers (13.4%)

  2. African Languages

    9,217 speakers (6.67%)

  3. Arabic

    3,298 speakers (2.39%)

32.2% of Alexandria, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Alexandria, VA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 13.4% of the overall population of Alexandria, VA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 6.67% speak African Languages and 2.39% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,950 ± 465

  2. Vietnam

    2,158 ± 256

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,864 ± 285

Alexandria, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.29 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Alexandria, VA awarded 110 degrees. The student population of Alexandria, VA is skewed towards women, with 36 male students and 297 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Alexandria, VA are Unknown (42 and 47.7%), followed by Black or African American (34 and 38.6%), Asian (4 and 4.55%), and Hispanic or Latino (3 and 3.41%).

The largest universities in Alexandria, VA by number of degrees awarded are Global Health College (110 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Alexandria, VA are Registered Nursing (80 and 72.7%), Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (17 and 15.5%), and Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (13 and 11.8%).

The median tuition costs in Alexandria, VA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 80 degrees awarded

  2. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Alexandria, VA was Registered Nursing with 80 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Alexandria, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

110 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Alexandria, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Global Health College with 110 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

13

Degrees Awarded to Men

97

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 13 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Alexandria, VA, which is 0.134 times less than the 97 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Alexandria, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Unknown

    42 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    34 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    4 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Alexandria, VA were to Unknown students. These 42 degrees mean that there were 1.24 times more Unknown students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 34 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Alexandria, VA was $537,900 in 2017, which is 2.47 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $520,700 to $537,900, a 3.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Alexandria, VA is 43.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Alexandria, VA have an average commute time of 30.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Alexandria, VA is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$93,370

Median Household Income

± $1,553

68.7k

Number of Households

± 1,663

In 2017, the median household income of the 68.7k households in Alexandria, VA grew to $93,370 from the previous year's value of $89,200.

The following chart displays the households in Alexandria, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Housing

Property Value

$537,900

2017 Median

± $12,597

$520,700

2016 Median

± $12,026

In 2017, the median property value in Alexandria, VA grew to to $537,900 from the previous year's value of $520,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Alexandria, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Alexandria, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Alexandria, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Alexandria, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

43.1%

2017 Homeownership

42.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 43.1% of the housing units in Alexandria, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 42.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Alexandria, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Alexandria, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Alexandria, VA have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

30.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Alexandria, VA have a longer commute time (30.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.24% of the workforce in Alexandria, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Alexandria, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    58.2%

  2. Public Transit

    21.9%

  3. Carpooled

    8.35%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Alexandria, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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