Alexandria, VA

Census Place

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Population
156,505
1.16% 1-year growth
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
Median Age
36.5

Poverty Rate
10.6%

Median Household Income
$96,733
3.6% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$557,000
3.55% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
96,180
0.877% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Alexandria, VA had a population of 157k people with a median age of 36.5 and a median household income of $96,733. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Alexandria, VA grew from 154,710 to 156,505, a 1.16% increase and its median household income grew from $93,370 to $96,733, a 3.6% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Alexandria, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (51.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (21.3%), White (Hispanic) (10.2%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (6.04%), and Other (Hispanic) (4.37%). 0% of the households in Alexandria, VA speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 83.6% of the residents in Alexandria, VA are U.S. citizens.

In 2018, the median property value in Alexandria, VA was $557,000, and the homeownership rate was 42.9%. Most people in Alexandria, VA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 30.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Alexandria, VA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Dawn breaking over the Potomac River as seen from the waterfront in Old Town Alexandria, Virginia.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Virginia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Start Year
Y-Axis
-5.78%
Year-over-year decline
Employment change between November 2019 and November 2020

As of November 2020, there are 145M people employed in Virginia. This represents a -5.78% decrease in employment when compared to November 2019.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Virginia.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Alexandria city, VA went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 75.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (17.5%), followed by Other (6.92%). The most partisan county was Petersburg city, VA with 87.2% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Virginia.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Alexandria city, VA
75.5% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Virginia
  1. 87.2% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 82% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 81.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Virginia was Petersburg city, VA with 87.2% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Virginia colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Alexandria, VA is home to a population of 157k people, from which 83.6% are citizens. As of 2018, 27.7% of Alexandria, VA residents were born outside of the country (43.4k people).

In 2018, there were 2.43 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (81.1k people) in Alexandria, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 33.4k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 16k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Alexandria, VA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    81.1k ± 120
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    33.4k ± 690
  3. White (Hispanic)
    16k ± 984
16.8%
Hispanic Population
26.2k people

In 2018, there were 2.43 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (81.1k people) in Alexandria, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 33.4k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 16k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

16.8% of the people in Alexandria, VA are hispanic (26.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Alexandria, VA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

27.7%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
43.4k people
28.4%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
44k people

As of 2018, 27.7% of Alexandria, VA residents (43.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Alexandria, VA was 28.4%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Alexandria, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

35
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.3
39
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.8

In 2018, the median age of all people in Alexandria, VA was 36.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Alexandria, VA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Alexandria, VA residents was 36.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    110,628 ± 8,112 people
  2. India
    90,134 ± 7,331 people
  3. Mexico
    55,497 ± 5,765 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 110,628 Virginia residents, followed by India with 90,134 and Mexico with 55,497.

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Citizenship

83.6%
2018 Citizenship
82.9%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 83.6% of Alexandria, VA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Alexandria, VA was 82.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Alexandria, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    4,867 ± 475
  2. Vietnam
    2,240 ± 247
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,951 ± 327

Alexandria, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Alexandria, VA is $96,733. In 2018, the place with the highest Median Household Income in Alexandria, VA was Census Tract 2002.02 with a value of $213,155, followed by Census Tract 2020.01 and Census Tract 2009, with respective values of $205,278 and $191,375.

Males in Virginia have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,617. The income inequality in Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Alexandria, VA employs 96.2k people. The largest industries in Alexandria, VA are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (17,747 people), Public Administration (15,518 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,342 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($102,884), Finance & Insurance ($96,753), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($92,678).

Wages

Median Household Income

$96,733
2018 value
± $1,933
3.6%
1 Year Growth
± 2.51%

Households in Alexandria, VA have a median annual income of $96,733, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $93,370 in 2017, which represents a 3.6% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Alexandria, VA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
$78,421
Average Male Salary in Virginia
± $1,407
$58,617
Average Female Salary in Virginia
± $1,090

In 2019, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Virginia
  1. Asian
    $72,838 ± $3,429
  2. White
    $64,618 ± $1,052
  3. Two or More Races
    $51,601 ± $4,191

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Virginia.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Alexandria, VA is from Virginia.
0.479
2019 Wage GINI in Virginia
0.479
2018 Wage GINI in Virginia

In 2019, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.00766% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Virginia was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 2002.02
  2. Census Tract 2020.01
  3. Census Tract 2009

In 2018, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Alexandria, VA was Census Tract 2002.02 with a value of $213,155, followed by Census Tract 2020.01 and Census Tract 2009, with respective values of $205,278 and $191,375.

The following map shows all of the places in Alexandria, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Alexandria, VA (16.4k out of 155k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    7,077 ± 665
  2. Black
    6,215 ± 691
  3. Hispanic
    5,363 ± 587

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Alexandria, VA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

96.2k
2018 Value
± 2,188
0.877%
1 Year growth
± 3.21%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Alexandria, VA grew at a rate of 0.877%, from 95.3k employees to 96.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Alexandria, VA, are Management Occupations (15,569 people), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (9,904 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,564 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Alexandria, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Alexandria, VA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (15,569 people), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (9,904 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,564 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Alexandria, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (5.2 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (2.48 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.25 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Alexandria, VA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($132,558), Management Occupations ($98,610), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($96,504).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

96.2k
2018 Value
± 2,188
0.877%
1 Year growth
± 3.21%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Alexandria, VA grew at a rate of 0.877%, from 95.3k employees to 96.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Alexandria, VA, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (17,747 people), Public Administration (15,518 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,342 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Alexandria, VA, though some of these residents may live in Alexandria, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Alexandria, VA, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (17,747 people), Public Administration (15,518 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,342 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Alexandria, VA has an unusually high number of Public Administration (3.47 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2.6 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.64 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Alexandria, VA, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($102,884), Finance & Insurance ($96,753), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($92,678).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $35.1B
  2. $31.5B
  3. $30.5B

In 2018, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $35.1B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($31.5B) and Electronics ($30.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia.
$307B
2018 Value in Virginia
$648B
Projected 2045 Value in Virginia
111% growth

In 2018, total outbound Virginia trade was $307B. This is expected to increase 111% to $648B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $21.8B
  2. $20B
  3. $11.7B

In 2018, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $21.8B, followed by North Carolina with $20B and Pennsylvania and $11.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Alexandria, VA was $557,000 in 2018, which is 2.42 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $537,900 to $557,000, a 3.55% increase. The homeownership rate in Alexandria, VA is 42.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Alexandria, VA have an average commute time of 30.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Alexandria, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$557,000
2018 Median
± $11,123
$537,900
2017 Median
± $12,597

In 2018, the median property value in Alexandria, VA grew to to $557,000 from the previous year's value of $537,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Alexandria, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Alexandria, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$96,733
Median Household Income
± $1,933
70k
Number of Households
± 1,671

In 2018, the median household income of the 70k households in Alexandria, VA grew to $96,733 from the previous year's value of $93,370.

The following chart displays the households in Alexandria, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Alexandria, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Alexandria, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

42.9%
2018 Homeownership
43.1%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 42.9% of the housing units in Alexandria, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 43.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Alexandria, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

30.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Alexandria, VA have a longer commute time (30.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 2.22% of the workforce in Alexandria, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Alexandria, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2018
  1. Drove Alone (59.1%)
  2. Public Transit (20.7%)
  3. Carpooled (8.02%)

In 2018, 59.1% of workers in Alexandria, VA drove alone to work, followed by those who used public transit to get to work (20.7%) and those who carpooled to work (8.02%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Alexandria, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Alexandria, VA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

87.6% of the population of Alexandria, VA has health coverage, with 56.7% on employee plans, 7.82% on Medicaid, 6.81% on Medicare, 13.1% on non-group plans, and 3.18% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Virginia was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Alexandria city, VA see 1408 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.23% decrease from the previous year (1455 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1172 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 288 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Nottoway County and Bristol city have the highest prevalence of diabetes (22.5%). Additionally, King and Queen County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (48.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Alexandria city, VA.
1,408 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alexandria city, VA

Primary care physicians in Alexandria city, VA see an average of 1,408 patients per year. This represents a 3.23% decrease from the previous year (1,455 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alexandria city, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
$7,556
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Virginia
$4,218
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,361
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,677
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.4%
Uninsured
56.7%
Employer Coverage
7.82%
Medicaid
6.81%
Medicare
13.1%
Non-Group
3.18%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Alexandria, VA declined by 9.61% from 13.7% to 12.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Alexandria, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 22.5% prevalence
  2. 22.5% prevalence
  3. 20.3% prevalence

Nottoway County and Bristol city have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 22.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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