Abilene, TX

Census Place

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Population
123,676
0.745% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
Median Age
31.3

Poverty Rate
17%

Median Household Income
$47,689
3.46% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$114,000
6.74% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
53,528
0.42% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Abilene, TX had a population of 124k people with a median age of 31.3 and a median household income of $47,689. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Abilene, TX grew from 122,762 to 123,676, a 0.745% increase and its median household income grew from $46,093 to $47,689, a 3.46% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Abilene, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (58.3%), White (Hispanic) (13.3%), Other (Hispanic) (11.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (10%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.27%). 0% of the households in Abilene, TX speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 96.3% of the residents in Abilene, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Abilene, TX are Abilene Christian University (1,356 degrees awarded in 2019), Hardin-Simmons University (558 degrees), and McMurry University (157 degrees).

In 2018, the median property value in Abilene, TX was $114,000, and the homeownership rate was 54.1%. Most people in Abilene, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 14.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Abilene, TX was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Start Year
Y-Axis
-5.78%
Year-over-year decline
Employment change between November 2019 and November 2020

As of November 2020, there are 145M people employed in Texas. This represents a -5.78% decrease in employment when compared to November 2019.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Taylor County, TX went to Donald J. Trump with 72.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (22%), followed by Other (5.3%). The most partisan county was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Texas.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Taylor County, TX
72.7% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Texas
  1. 94.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 93.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 92% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Texas was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Texas colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Abilene, TX is home to a population of 124k people, from which 96.3% are citizens. As of 2018, 6.41% of Abilene, TX residents were born outside of the country (7.93k people).

In 2018, there were 4.39 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (72.1k people) in Abilene, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 16.4k White (Hispanic) and 13.7k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Abilene, TX
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    72.1k ± 551
  2. White (Hispanic)
    16.4k ± 1.4k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    13.7k ± 1.5k
26.7%
Hispanic Population
33k people

In 2018, there were 4.39 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (72.1k people) in Abilene, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 16.4k White (Hispanic) and 13.7k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

26.7% of the people in Abilene, TX are hispanic (33k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Abilene, TX as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.41%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
7.93k people
6.15%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
7.54k people

As of 2018, 6.41% of Abilene, TX residents (7.93k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Abilene, TX was 6.15%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Abilene, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

31
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.3
39
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 2.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Abilene, TX was 31.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Abilene, TX are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Abilene, TX residents was 31.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,517,866 ± 37,182 people
  2. India
    267,786 ± 12,644 people
  3. El Salvador
    216,011 ± 11,367 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,517,866 Texas residents, followed by India with 267,786 and El Salvador with 216,011.

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Citizenship

96.3%
2018 Citizenship
96.3%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.3% of Abilene, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Abilene, TX was 96.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Abilene, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,269 ± 404
  2. Vietnam
    2,334 ± 318
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,551 ± 263

Abilene, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.4 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Abilene, TX is $47,689. In 2018, the place with the highest Median Household Income in Abilene, TX was Census Tract 120 with a value of $107,070, followed by Census Tract 134.04 and Census Tract 126, with respective values of $87,942 and $83,125.

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,245. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Abilene, TX employs 53.5k people. The largest industries in Abilene, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,918 people), Retail Trade (7,075 people), and Educational Services (5,405 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($77,524), Wholesale Trade ($50,000), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($46,557).

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,689
2018 value
± $1,754
3.46%
1 Year Growth
± 4.81%

Households in Abilene, TX have a median annual income of $47,689, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,093 in 2017, which represents a 3.46% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Abilene, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.
$68,707
Average Male Salary in Texas
± $741
$49,245
Average Female Salary in Texas
± $549

In 2019, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Texas
  1. Asian
    $69,055 ± $2,236
  2. White
    $55,439 ± $530
  3. American Indian
    $49,081 ± $7,151

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Texas.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Abilene, TX is from Texas.
0.48
2019 Wage GINI in Texas
0.482
2018 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2019, the income inequality in Texas was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.281% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 120
  2. Census Tract 134.04
  3. Census Tract 126

In 2018, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Abilene, TX was Census Tract 120 with a value of $107,070, followed by Census Tract 134.04 and Census Tract 126, with respective values of $87,942 and $83,125.

The following map shows all of the places in Abilene, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Abilene, TX (18.8k out of 111k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    11,748 ± 870
  2. Hispanic
    6,802 ± 638
  3. Other
    3,258 ± 500

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Abilene, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

53.5k
2018 Value
± 1,705
0.42%
1 Year growth
± 4.44%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Abilene, TX grew at a rate of 0.42%, from 53.3k employees to 53.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Abilene, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,540 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,836 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (4,100 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Abilene, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Abilene, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,540 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,836 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (4,100 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Abilene, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.95 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.59 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.42 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Abilene, TX, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,535), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,156), and Management Occupations ($55,440).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

53.5k
2018 Value
± 1,705
0.42%
1 Year growth
± 4.44%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Abilene, TX grew at a rate of 0.42%, from 53.3k employees to 53.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Abilene, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,918 people), Retail Trade (7,075 people), and Educational Services (5,405 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Abilene, TX, though some of these residents may live in Abilene, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Abilene, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,918 people), Retail Trade (7,075 people), and Educational Services (5,405 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Abilene, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.89 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.45 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.34 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Abilene, TX, by median earnings, are Utilities ($77,524), Wholesale Trade ($50,000), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($46,557).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $358B
  2. $332B
  3. $284B

In 2018, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $358B, followed by Crude petroleum ($332B) and Gasoline ($284B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.8T
2018 Value in Texas
$5.07T
Projected 2045 Value in Texas
81.2% growth

In 2018, total outbound Texas trade was $2.8T. This is expected to increase 81.2% to $5.07T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $97.6B
  2. $67.7B
  3. $60.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.6B, followed by Michigan with $67.7B and California and $60.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Education

In 2019, universities in Abilene, TX awarded 2,161 degrees. The student population of Abilene, TX is skewed towards women, with 3,595 male students and 5,316 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Abilene, TX are White (1,394 and 66.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (328 and 15.7%), Black or African American (189 and 9.06%), and Two or More Races (91 and 4.36%).

The largest universities in Abilene, TX by number of degrees awarded are Abilene Christian University (1,356 and 62.7%), Hardin-Simmons University (558 and 25.8%), and McMurry University (157 and 7.27%).

The most popular majors in Abilene, TX are General Business Administration & Management (208 and 9.63%), Accounting (132 and 6.11%), and Speech-Language Pathology (84 and 3.89%).

The median tuition costs in Abilene, TX are $28,390 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 116 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 88 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 76 degree-majorss awarded

In 2018, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Abilene, TX was General Business Administration & Management with 116 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Abilene, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,356 degrees awarded
  2. 558 degrees awarded
  3. 157 degrees awarded
$N/A
Median In-State Public
$28,390
Median Private

In 2019, the Abilene, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Abilene Christian University with 1,356 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

870
Degrees Awarded to Men
1,291
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 870 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Abilene, TX, which is 0.674 times less than the 1,291 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Abilene, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    1,394 degrees awarded
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    328 degrees awarded
  3. Black or African American
    189 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Abilene, TX was White students. These 1,394 degrees mean that there were 4.25 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 328 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Abilene, TX was $114,000 in 2018, which is 0.496 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $106,800 to $114,000, a 6.74% increase. The homeownership rate in Abilene, TX is 54.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Abilene, TX have an average commute time of 14.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Abilene, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$114,000
2018 Median
± $3,578
$106,800
2017 Median
± $3,493

In 2018, the median property value in Abilene, TX grew to to $114,000 from the previous year's value of $106,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Abilene, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Abilene, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$47,689
Median Household Income
± $1,754
42.3k
Number of Households
± 1,379

In 2018, the median household income of the 42.3k households in Abilene, TX grew to $47,689 from the previous year's value of $46,093.

The following chart displays the households in Abilene, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Abilene, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Abilene, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

54.1%
2018 Homeownership
54.5%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 54.1% of the housing units in Abilene, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 54.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Abilene, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

14.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Abilene, TX have a shorter commute time (14.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 1.64% of the workforce in Abilene, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Abilene, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2018
  1. Drove Alone (79.8%)
  2. Carpooled (10.7%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.38%)

In 2018, 79.8% of workers in Abilene, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.7%) and those who worked at home (5.38%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Abilene, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Abilene, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

86.3% of the population of Abilene, TX has health coverage, with 41.8% on employee plans, 15.7% on Medicaid, 8.78% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 6.85% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Taylor County, TX see 1464 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.2% increase from the previous year (1405 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1266 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 557 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (23.2%). Additionally, Burleson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Taylor County, TX.
1,464 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Taylor County, TX

Primary care physicians in Taylor County, TX see an average of 1,464 patients per year. This represents a 4.2% increase from the previous year (1,405 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Taylor County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
$6,998
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Texas
$4,696
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,273
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,895
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.7%
Uninsured
41.8%
Employer Coverage
15.7%
Medicaid
8.78%
Medicare
13.2%
Non-Group
6.85%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Abilene, TX declined by 10.8% from 15.3% to 13.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Abilene, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 23.2% prevalence
  2. 22.7% prevalence
  3. 22.5% prevalence

Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 23.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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