Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI

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Population

193,505

0.0134% growth

Median Age

39.4


Median Household Income

$46,018

3.99% growth

Number of Employees

77,683

2.84% growth

Median Property Value

$107,500

3.86% growth

About

In 2017, Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI had a population of 194k people with a median age of 39.4 and a median household income of $46,018. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew from 193,479 to 193,505, a 0.0134% increase and its median household income grew from $44,254 to $46,018, a 3.99% increase.

The population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is 91% White Alone, 3.34% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.88% Black or African American Alone. 3.51% of the people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI speak a non-English language, and 99.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are Ferris State University (4,219 degrees awarded in 2016), Montcalm Community College (423 degrees), and School of Missionary Aviation Technology (31 degrees).

The median property value in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is $107,500, and the homeownership rate is 77.5%. Most people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI commute by N/A, and the average commute time is 26 minutes. The average car ownership in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is N/A per household.

Economy

The economy of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI employs 77.7k people. The largest industries in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are Construction (4,477 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,446 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (4,127 people), and the highest paying industries are Natural gas distribution ($85,160), Household appliance manufacturing ($82,413), and Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($74,892).

Median household income in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is $46,018. Males in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.25 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,105. The income inequality in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.424, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,018

2017 value

± $693

3.99%

1 Year Growth

± 2.1%

Households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have a median annual income of $46,018, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,254 in 2016, which represents a 3.99% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$47,490

Average Male Salary

± $5,086

$38,105

Average Female Salary

± $4,135

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI made 1.25 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $51,954 ± $16,400

  2. Asian

    $48,060 ± $60,264

  3. American Indian

    $42,722 ± $66,661

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI workers was American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.424

2017 Wage GINI

0.428

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 0.424 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.874% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $112,116, followed by Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI and Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI, with respective values of $95,855 and $94,911.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is false, followed by false and false.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

77.7k

2017 Value

2.84%

1 Year growth

± 2.84%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 2.84%, from 75.5k employees to 77.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,564 people), Cashiers (2,414 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (2,107 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,564 people), Cashiers (2,414 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (2,107 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Shoe & leather workers (25.7 times higher than expected), Forging machine setters, operators, & tenders, metal & plastic (23.6 times), and Model makers, patternmakers, & molding machine setters, metal & plastic (9.42 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($255,202), Dentists ($180,695), and Chief executives & legislators ($111,348).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

77.7k

2017 Value

2.84%

1 Year growth

± 2.84%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 2.84%, from 75.5k employees to 77.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, are Construction (4,477 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,446 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (4,127 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Construction (4,477 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,446 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (4,127 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of Footwear manufacturing (24.2 times higher than expected), Metalworking machinery manufacturing (12.3 times), and Fuel dealers (8.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Natural gas distribution ($85,160), Household appliance manufacturing ($82,413), and Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($74,892).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight with $35.4B and Machinery and $31.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is home to a population of 194k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is composed of 176k White Alone residents (91%), 6.46k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.34%), 5.58k Black or African American Alone residents (2.88%), 3.37k Two or More Races residents (1.74%), 912 Asian Alone residents (0.471%), 872 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.451%), 127 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0656%), and 62 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.032%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are Spanish or Spanish Creole (2,560 speakers), German (974 speakers), and Other West Germanic Languages (884 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 39.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.48%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, N/A% of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 1.48%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    439 ± 514 people

  2. Germany

    284 ± 413 people

  3. Canada

    145 ± 296 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 439 Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents, followed by Germany with 284 and Canada with 145.

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Citizenship

99.3%

2017 Citizenship

99.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.3% of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    176k ± 60

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    6.46k ± 392

  3. Black or African American Alone

    5.58k ± 266

In 2017, there were 27.3 times more White Alone residents (176k people) in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.46k Hispanic or Latino and 5.58k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    2,560 speakers (1.4%)

  2. German

    974 speakers (0.533%)

  3. Other West Germanic Languages

    884 speakers (0.484%)

3.51% of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.4% of the overall population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.533% speak German and 0.484% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI awarded 4,673 degrees. The student population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is skewed towards women, with 7,259 male students and 8,619 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are White (3,756 and 84.6%), followed by Black or African American (204 and 4.59%), Unknown (163 and 3.67%), and Hispanic or Latino (141 and 3.17%).

The largest universities in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI by number of degrees awarded are Ferris State University (4,219 and 90.3%), Montcalm Community College (423 and 9.05%), and School of Missionary Aviation Technology (31 and 0.663%).

The most popular majors in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are Criminal Justice - Police Science (381 and 8.15%), General Business Administration & Management (328 and 7.02%), and Registered Nursing (317 and 6.78%).

The median tuition costs in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $11,144 and $17,910 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 310 degrees awarded

  2. 268 degrees awarded

  3. 205 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Criminal Justice - Police Science with 310 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,219 degrees awarded

  2. 423 degrees awarded

  3. 31 degrees awarded

$11,144

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Ferris State University with 4,219 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,287

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,386

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,287 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, which is 0.959 times less than the 2,386 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,756 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    204 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    163 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI were to White students. These 3,756 degrees mean that there were 18.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 204 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was $107,500 in 2017, which is 0.494 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $103,500 to $107,500, a 3.86% increase. The homeownership rate in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is 77.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 26 minutes, and they commute by N/A. Car ownership in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of N/A per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,018

Median Household Income

± $693

N/A

Number of Households

± N/A

In 2017, the median household income of the N/A households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew to $46,018 from the previous year's value of $44,254.

The following chart displays the households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the N/A range.

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Housing

Property Value

$107,500

2017 Median

± $1,565

$103,500

2016 Median

± $1,704

In 2017, the median property value in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew to to $107,500 from the previous year's value of $103,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

77.5%

2017 Homeownership

76.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 77.5% of the housing units in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 76.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

N/A

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have N/A, followed by N/A.

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Commute Time

26 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have a longer commute time (26 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.09% of the workforce in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

In N/A, the most common method of travel for workers in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was N/A, followed by those who N/A and those who N/A.

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