Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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Population
193,881
0.194% 1-year growth
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
Median Age
39.5

Poverty Rate
16.7%

Median Household Income
$48,217
4.78% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$112,500
4.65% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
77,683
2.84% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI had a population of 194k people with a median age of 39.5 and a median household income of $48,217. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew from 193,505 to 193,881, a 0.194% increase and its median household income grew from $46,018 to $48,217, a 4.78% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (90.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.94%), White (Hispanic) (2.64%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.75%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.465%). 3.24% of the people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI speak a non-English language, and 99.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are Ferris State University (4,357 degrees awarded in 2017), Montcalm Community College (343 degrees), and School of Missionary Aviation Technology (31 degrees).

The median property value in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is $112,500, and the homeownership rate is 77.2%. Most people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Michigan. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Michigan, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Michigan across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Michigan went to Donald J. Trump with 47.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (47.3%), followed by Gary Johnson (3.59%). The most partisan county was Missaukee County, MI with 73.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Michigan.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Michigan
47.5% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Michigan
  1. 73.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 70.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 69.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Michigan was Missaukee County, MI with 73.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Michigan colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is home to a population of 194k people, from which 99.2% are citizens. As of 2018, 1.46% of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country (2.83k people).

In 2018, there were 30.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (176k people) in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 5.13k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are Spanish (2,459 speakers), German (1,083 speakers), and Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (809 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    176k ± 47
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    5.7k ± 287
  3. White (Hispanic)
    5.13k ± 228
3.41%
Hispanic Population
6.61k people

In 2018, there were 30.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (176k people) in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 5.13k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.41% of the people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are hispanic (6.61k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    2,459 speakers (1.34%)
  2. German
    1,083 speakers (0.591%)
  3. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages
    809 speakers (0.441%)

3.24% of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Spanish. 1.34% of the overall population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are native Spanish speakers. 0.591% speak German and 0.441% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.46%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
2.83k people
1.48%
2016 Foreign-Born Population
2.85k people

As of 2018, 1.46% of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents (2.83k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 1.48%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.2
45
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 39.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    439 ± 514 people
  2. Germany
    284 ± 413 people
  3. Canada
    145 ± 296 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 439 Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents, followed by Germany with 284 and Canada with 145.

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Citizenship

99.2%
2018 Citizenship
99.3%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 99.2% of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,934 ± 270
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,622 ± 200
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,449 ± 194

Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is $48,217. In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $119,171, followed by Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Washtenaw County (West, Northeast & Southeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $96,957 and $95,670.

Males in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.25 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,105. The income inequality in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.424, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI employs 77.7k people. The largest industries in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are Construction (4,477 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,446 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (4,127 people), and the highest paying industries are Natural gas distribution ($85,160), Household appliance manufacturing ($82,413), and Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($74,892).

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,217
2018 value
± $867
4.78%
1 Year Growth
± 2.24%

Households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have a median annual income of $48,217, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,018 in 2017, which represents a 4.78% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$47,490
Average Male Salary in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI
± $5,086
$38,105
Average Female Salary in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI
± $4,135

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI made 1.25 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI
  1. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races
    $51,954 ± $16,400
  2. Asian
    $48,060 ± $60,264
  3. American Indian
    $42,722 ± $66,661

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI workers was American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.424
2017 Wage GINI in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI
0.428
2016 Wage GINI in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was 0.424 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.874% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $119,171, followed by Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI and Washtenaw County (West, Northeast & Southeast) PUMA, MI, with respective values of $96,957 and $95,670.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI (30.7k out of 184k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    28,500 ± 888
  2. Hispanic
    1,210 ± 172
  3. Two Or More
    839 ± 158

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

77.7k
2017 Value
2.84%
1 Year growth
± 2.84%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 2.84%, from 75.5k employees to 77.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,564 people), Cashiers (2,414 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (2,107 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,564 people), Cashiers (2,414 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (2,107 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Shoe & leather workers (25.7 times higher than expected), Forging machine setters, operators, & tenders, metal & plastic (23.6 times), and Model makers, patternmakers, & molding machine setters, metal & plastic (9.42 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($255,202), Dentists ($180,695), and Chief executives & legislators ($111,348).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

77.7k
2017 Value
2.84%
1 Year growth
± 2.84%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 2.84%, from 75.5k employees to 77.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, are Construction (4,477 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,446 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (4,127 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Construction (4,477 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,446 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (4,127 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of Footwear manufacturing (24.2 times higher than expected), Metalworking machinery manufacturing (12.3 times), and Fuel dealers (8.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Natural gas distribution ($85,160), Household appliance manufacturing ($82,413), and Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($74,892).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $135B
  2. $35.4B
  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan.
$448B
2015 Value in Michigan
$623B
Projected 2045 Value in Michigan
39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $35.1B
  2. $25.1B
  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Education

In 2017, universities in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI awarded 4,731 degrees. The student population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is skewed towards women, with 7,073 male students and 8,447 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are White (3,785 and 84.4%), followed by Black or African American (229 and 5.11%), Hispanic or Latino (150 and 3.35%), and Two or More Races (126 and 2.81%).

The largest universities in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI by number of degrees awarded are Ferris State University (4,357 and 92.1%), Montcalm Community College (343 and 7.25%), and School of Missionary Aviation Technology (31 and 0.655%).

The most popular majors in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are Criminal Justice - Police Science (411 and 8.69%), General Business Administration & Management (345 and 7.29%), and Registered Nursing (253 and 5.35%).

The median tuition costs in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $11,564 and $18,570 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 210 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 303 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 218 degree-majorss awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Registered Nursing with 210 degree-majorss awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 4,357 degrees awarded
  2. 343 degrees awarded
  3. 31 degrees awarded
$11,564
Median In-State Public
$N/A
Median Private

In 2017, the Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Ferris State University with 4,357 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,355
Degrees Awarded to Men
2,376
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,355 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI, which is 0.991 times less than the 2,376 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    3,785 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    229 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    150 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI were to White students. These 3,785 degrees mean that there were 16.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 229 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was $112,500 in 2018, which is 0.49 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $107,500 to $112,500, a 4.65% increase. The homeownership rate in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is 77.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$112,500
2018 Median
± $1,935
$107,500
2017 Median
± $1,565

In 2018, the median property value in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew to to $112,500 from the previous year's value of $107,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$48,217
Median Household Income
± $867
71.6k
Number of Households
± 1,329

In 2018, the median household income of the 71.6k households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI grew to $48,217 from the previous year's value of $46,018.

The following chart displays the households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

77.2%
2018 Homeownership
77.5%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 77.2% of the housing units in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 77.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have a longer commute time (25.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 3.02% of the workforce in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    81.4%
  2. Carpooled
    9.62%
  3. Worked At Home
    4.39%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI was Drove Alone (81.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.62%) and those who Worked At Home (4.39%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

92.7% of the population of Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI has health coverage, with 46.6% on employee plans, 19.2% on Medicaid, 13.5% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.14% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Michigan was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Michigan see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
1,254 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Michigan

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
$8,055
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Michigan
$3,950
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,915
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,318
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.33%
Uninsured
46.6%
Employer Coverage
19.2%
Medicaid
13.5%
Medicare
12.3%
Non-Group
1.14%
Military or VA

Between N/A and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI N/A by N/A from N/A% to 7.33%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ionia, Montcalm, Mecosta & Osceola Counties PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 14.5% prevalence
  2. 14.1% prevalence
  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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